IJARP Impact Factor(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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VARIATION IN TOPSOIL ELECTRCIAL RESISTIVITY WITH CHROMIUM CONCENTRATION

Authors: AROWOSERE, F.O., JONAH, A.G., AKINTADE, S.A., AKAWU, P.I., JAKHENG, W.E., ABDULWAHAB, S.

Abstracts: This study is focused at variation in topsoil electrical resistivity with chromium concentration in NILEST samaru Zaria with an objective to propose adequate disposal method. The study focused on articulating the soil, sampling and assessing contaminated soil and uncontaminated soil, determining and comparing the soil characteristics of the contaminated and uncontaminated soil. The sample were collected in the institute and it was carried out in institute of agricultural research (I A R) A B U Zaria on soil PH and soil electrical resistivity. The result shows that there was a change in the PH level of the soil which was mostly alkaline to become acidic as a result of heavy metals. The result shows that they is increase in soil electrical resistivity 80%.Thus soil physical and general properties of soil leading to poor growth and death of living organisms. It is recommended that the tanneries and textile industries should developed a highly efficient method of treating chromium and other pollutant present to ensure that effluent are within the FEPA standard discharging in to the environment.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Arowosere, F.O., Jonah, A.G., Akintade, S.A., Akawu, P.I., Jakheng, W.E., Abdulwahab, S. , "VARIATION IN TOPSOIL ELECTRCIAL RESISTIVITY WITH CHROMIUM CONCENTRATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


AEROBIC FITNESS LEVELS AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY USING COOPER’S 12-MINUTE WALK TEST

Authors: OGUNDIPE AKANNI OLUWADARE, OGUNDIRAN OPEYEMI OLUFEMI

Abstracts: The objective of this study was to compare the aerobic capacity of the undergraduate students (non-athletes) of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, with the minimum normative values of aerobic capacity in non-athletes, males and females. The sample for this research consisted of one hundred (100) undergraduate students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, with the age between 18-25 years. A post-test only design, involving the Cooper’s 12-minute walk test was used to evaluate their cardiorespiratory fitness. Data were collected, organized, and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. T-tests were used in testing the null hypotheses at 0.01 level of significance. It was evidenced that the aerobic capacity of males was higher than females. Furthermore, the mean VO2 max values in the male and female participants were significantly lower than their respective minimum normative values. The outcome of the study suggested a low cardiorespiratory fitness among the undergraduate, non-athlete students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

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Pages: 6-8

Cite this Article: Ogundipe Akanni Oluwadare, Ogundiran Opeyemi Olufemi , "AEROBIC FITNESS LEVELS AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF A NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY USING COOPER’S 12-MINUTE WALK TEST", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 6-8 #ijarporg


EVALUATION OF HEAVY TRAFFIC VEHICULAR EXHAUSTS ROADS SIDE POLLUTED GUINEA GRASS (PANIAUM MAXIMUM) ON HEALTH PERFORMANCE AND PATHOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GUINEA PIGS IN HUMANS AS THE CONSUMER OF ITS MEAT.

Authors: NDUKWU E.C., JOHNSON N.C.., EZENWANNE NKECHI H., OKOROAFOR DORCAS, O.

Abstracts: The detrimental effects of pollutants caused by traffic vehicular exhausts emissions on roads side vegetation particularly guinea grass (panicum maximum), human health as well as animals have been a major concern would wide. Guinea grass is grazing plant of great economic importance for guinea pigs and has contributed up to 80% in its nutrition. There are possible indications that when these roads side guinea grass are polluted by traffic vehicle exhausts emission, it affects the health of the guinea pigs that depends on the plants for life as well as the health of the consumers of its meat. Increase in the motor vehicular traffic and its associated emissions on the roads side areas have led to a sharp increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis. However, the indirect adverse effect of air pollution from traffic vehicular emission on humans via the consumption of animals that depends on polluted grass for life is unprecedented. This study was an evaluation of heavy traffic vehicular roads side polluted guinea grass by motor exhausts emissions on health performance and pathological responses of guinea pigs in human as the consumer of its meat. Twenty four (24) guinea pigs of varying age ranging from 6 to 16 weeks old were used in 8 weeks experiment which were allotted to four (4) dietary treatments (T2, T3, T4 and T5) and the control (T1) with 6 guinea pigs per treatment and two replicates each. Heavy metals from 4 roads side polluted guinea grass and the control grass in Rivers State which include Aba Road (T2), Ikwerre Road (T3), NTA Road (T4) and East West Road (T5) were analyzed to determine the degree of contamination. Result indicated the body weight values obtained for the experiment (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were not comparable with the control value despite the fact that the control had the least initial body weight. The values obtained in the control were significantly higher than the test experiment (Table 1). All the roads side guinea grass were contaminated compared to the values obtained in the control (T1). Guinea grass on the Aba road had the highest contamination with Nikel (6.4 mg/kg) and Manganese (4.8mg/kg) followed by Leord (4.1mg/kg) and chromium (3.1mg/kg). Similar values were obtained for other treatments.

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Pages: 9-12

Cite this Article: Ndukwu E.C., Johnson N.C.., Ezenwanne Nkechi H., Okoroafor Dorcas, O. , "EVALUATION OF HEAVY TRAFFIC VEHICULAR EXHAUSTS ROADS SIDE POLLUTED GUINEA GRASS (PANIAUM MAXIMUM) ON HEALTH PERFORMANCE AND PATHOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GUINEA PIGS IN HUMANS AS THE CONSUMER OF ITS MEAT.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 9-12 #ijarporg


EFFICIENCY OF PROPORTIONAL ALLOCATION PROCEDURE OVER OTHER ALLOCATION PROCEDURES IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING

Authors: FAYOSE TAIWO STEPHEN, ADEBARA LANRE

Abstracts: The study is designed to examine the efficiency of Proportional allocation procedure over equal and Neyman allocations. The data used for this study were secondary data collected from the National Bureau of Statistics in Ondo State, Nigeria on the income of Household Heads. A stratified random sampling scheme was used in selecting 5 income categories (stratum) in the study. A 10% sample was randomly selected from each category and the mean, variance and standard errors of incomes were obtained. Having analyzed the data collected using Equal Allocation, Proportional Allocation and Neyman Allocation procedures, the variance and standard error of proportional allocation procedure were smaller than that of Neyman Allocation and equal allocation procedures. Hence, Proportional allocation procedure is the best and hence the most efficient. The mean and variance of Optimum Allocation were not considered because the cost of sampling was not available. Finally, the least income was ₦10,000 and highest income was ₦1,650,000. This indicated that incomes were unevenly distributed.

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Pages: 13-15

Cite this Article: Fayose Taiwo Stephen, Adebara Lanre , "EFFICIENCY OF PROPORTIONAL ALLOCATION PROCEDURE OVER OTHER ALLOCATION PROCEDURES IN STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 13-15 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF MULTIMEDIA AND SCAFFOLDING STRATEGIES ON THE PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEAKING SKILLS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: MIDAT, C., MALACHY, C., FINFANG, S., DASHE,N.E, AUWAL, M.S

Abstracts: The study investigated the Effects of Multimedia and Scaffolding Methods on the Performance of SSSII in English Language Speaking Skills in Kaduna State. Pre-test, Post-test Quasi-experimental control group design was used for the study. Random sampling technique was used to select two schools from the Giwa educational zone in Kaduna State. The two schools were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (Experimental group N = 60 and control group N = 70). The students in the experimental group were exposed to multimedia and scaffolding strategies, while those in the control group were exposed to conventional (lecture) method alone for the period of eight weeks. The research instrument used for data collection was (ELSSAT) English Language Speaking Skills Achievement Test with a reliability coefficient of 0.86. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that: students performed significant better in multimedia and scaffolding strategies. It was recommended that secondary school teachers should be trained and retrained as well as encouraged to use multimedia and scaffolding strategies to enhance students’ academic performance in English language speaking skills.

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Pages: 16-18

Cite this Article: MIDAT, C., MALACHY, C., FINFANG, S., DASHE,N.E, AUWAL, M.S , "EFFECTS OF MULTIMEDIA AND SCAFFOLDING STRATEGIES ON THE PERFOMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEAKING SKILLS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 16-18 #ijarporg


INVESTMENT IN BURSA MALAYSIA BETWEEN RETURNS AND RISKS

Authors: AHMED KADHUM JAWAD AL-SULTANI , MUSTAQIM MUHAMMAD BIN MOHD TARMIZI

Abstracts: It became necessary to develop stock markets in light of the big challenges facing the economies of countries recently, especially after the increase in financing needs imposed by economic and social development plans. Hence invest in more asset types. One way to reduce the volatility of a portfolio is to add some alternative assets like commodities or real estate, which don't generally track the markets for stocks and bonds. in our paper A total of 30 companies listed in Bursa Malaysia are chosen to formed a single portfolio. The portfolio consists of different stock from different sub-industries, a well-diversified portfolio is will be best bet for consistent long-term growth of any investments. It protects investor’s assets from the risks of large declines and structural changes in the economy over time. Always monitor the diversification of your portfolio, making adjustments when necessary and it will greatly increase your chances of long-term financial success. From the Markovitz mean variance method we found that investing our biggest chunk in Bursa Malaysia Berhad is an ideal way to diversify the portfolio. From the industry perspective investing in construction and industry section is the best way.

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Pages: 19-26

Cite this Article: AHMED KADHUM JAWAD AL-SULTANI , MUSTAQIM MUHAMMAD BIN MOHD TARMIZI , "INVESTMENT IN BURSA MALAYSIA BETWEEN RETURNS AND RISKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 19-26 #ijarporg


COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELLING TECHNOLOGY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON THE JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS CREATIVE ARTS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Authors: ODEWUMI, MICHAEL OLUBUNMI ADENIRAN ADEWALE OLUSEGUN FALADE, AYOTUNDE ATANDA

Abstracts: The city of Abuja is blessed with rich tradition of creative modelling because of the availability of the modelling medium i.e clay. The introduction of plastercine a modern creative modelling medium of instruction, posed challenges to the students over the traditional medium. Therefore this study examines the comparative effectiveness of modern and indigenous creative modelling instructional media (clay and plastercine) on the junior secondary creative arts education in Abuja, Nigeria. Gender influence on students’ performances was also examined. Three questions were raised and three hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance. The study adopted quasi experimental design, of pre-test and post-test non-randomized control group. Sample comprised of 90 students drawn from three Junior Secondary Schools. Researchers’ designed instruments of Clay-Plastercine Performance Test (CPPT), Clay substances and Plastercine material were treatment and test instruments. Finding indicated that there is no significant difference between the performance of students taught with clay and plastercine. Student gender was also not a factor in students’ performance. Therefore, the recommendation was made that clay and plastercine should be encouraged for teaching creative modelling in Nigerian Junior Secondary Schools context.

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Pages: 27-32

Cite this Article: ODEWUMI, Michael Olubunmi ADENIRAN Adewale Olusegun FALADE, Ayotunde Atanda , "COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELLING TECHNOLOGY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON THE JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS CREATIVE ARTS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 27-32 #ijarporg


CONTROL OF WEED THRESHOLD USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS

Authors: FENNI MOHAMED, BOUHARATI SADDEK, ZERROUG KHALED

Abstracts: Cereal production is a function of several parameters. Weeds play an important role according to their density and the period in which they proliferate. Their spatial distribution in terms of wheat competition is also a factor that should not be overlooked. The use of pesticides, the adaptability of crops, the agricultural mode, the climatic impact, the nature of the soil, the weed species and the crop species are combined parameters. What characterizes this environment is complexity and imprecision. This study proposes an intelligent analysis system with artificial neural networks. The proposed network has three layers. An input layer comprising the variables that enter the process, a hidden layer and an output layer express the wheat yield. It is a question of making the correspondence between the two spaces of inputs and output starting from the real values measured. This phase represents the learning of the network. Once the transfer function is established, it will be possible to predict the yield of a plot from the conditions and the growing environment.

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Pages: 33-36

Cite this Article: Fenni Mohamed, Bouharati Saddek, Zerroug Khaled , "CONTROL OF WEED THRESHOLD USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 33-36 #ijarporg


DEFORESTATION, FOREST SCARCITY AND ADAPTATION STATEGY IN SAPELE, DELTA STATE NIGERIA

Authors: IKENYEI N. SANDRA

Abstracts: With the onset of large scale deforestation, the forest was considered untenable in performing rituals that sustains lives and social order. Before the onset of deforestation, the forest, related beliefs and practices prescribed the wholesome and sustainable use of its resources. Forest was useful in observing rituals that maintain wellness and social order. As time passes, deforestation altered the forest and dis-approbated its sacredness for the performance of substantive practices. As deforestation increased, forest decreased and observance of ritual practices declined. The forest was no longer adequate for observing rituals which were exclusive in maintaining lives and systemic order. While researchers have documented impacts of deforestation, there have been few studies on deforestation, forest scarcity and adaptation strategy in Sapele, Delta State Nigeria. Thus, this study examined deforestation, forest scarcity related crises and adaptation strategy in Sapele, Delta State Nigeria. The environmental precedence and forest scarcity related crisis theory provided the framework for explanations of core variables. From five major communities that make up Sapele local government area, total of 369 participants were randomly selected: Sapele (91), Elume (85), Amukpe (71), Ozum-Okokporo (61) and Ugborhen (61). The questionnaire collected data on the deforestation, forest scarcity and adaptation strategy. Five focus group discussions comprising eight participants each, 10 key informants among household heads/women 15 in-depth interviews with chiefs/forest custodians were conducted. Quantitative data were analysed using probit regression model at 0.05 level of significance. Qualitative data were content analysed. The mean age of respondents was 52±1.0 years. More than half (55.0%) were male, while 45.0% were females. Majority (90.0%) endorsed forest and related beliefs as important for maintaining personal health and group order. However, 90.2% indicated perceptions of ongoing changes to these beliefs and practices. Deforestation had displaced the significance of the forest which sustained the beliefs and practice of related rituals that enhance wellness and systemic sustainability.

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Pages: 37-45

Cite this Article: Ikenyei N. Sandra , "DEFORESTATION, FOREST SCARCITY AND ADAPTATION STATEGY IN SAPELE, DELTA STATE NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 37-45 #ijarporg


CORONARY DISEASES: MODELING OF SOME RISK FACTORS USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES

Authors: BOUCENA N., BOUHARATI K., KHENCHOUCHE A., AMRANE M., BOUSSOUF K., FOUDI N., KENDRI S., DJABER Y., BOUHARATI S.

Abstracts: Objective. To estimate the variation in the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (prevalence of smoking, obesity and systolic blood pressure), we try preventing according coronary heart disease risk factors observed in elderly men and women in the region of Setif – Algeria. Participants.100 men and women aged 26 to 86 years for whom the physiological parameters were recorded. These parameters are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Main outcome measures. The expected analysis was estimated using an artificial intelligence model including the principles of fuzzy logic. Risk factors are inputs of the system and the number of patients with coronary heart disease is output. The observed data recorded from Analysis Central Laboratory of Setif university hospital - Algeria. Results. Factors that promote coronary heart disease are inaccurate and uncertain. The effect of these factors varies from person to person. Their consideration as fuzzy variables is perfectly adequate. Conclusion. A database is established. Fuzzy inference rules are highlighted according to the recorded values. An algorithmic application is established making it possible to read instantly the number likely the person with a coronary disease just by the random introduction of the variables at the input of the system.

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Pages: 46-50

Cite this Article: Boucena N., Bouharati K., Khenchouche A., Amrane M., Boussouf K., Foudi N., Kendri S., Djaber Y., Bouharati S. , "CORONARY DISEASES: MODELING OF SOME RISK FACTORS USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition, 46-50 #ijarporg