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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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EFFECT OF CARBON BLACK EMITTED FROM GASOLINE AUTOMOBILE ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Authors: OKPARAKU, V. I., IGBOKWE, K. K., OGBUEHI, G. I.

Abstracts: The research on effect of carbon black (CB) from gasoline automobile on the environment was carried out to determine the absorption rate of radiations by carbon black. In the experiment conducted in which two aluminum foils of same dimension (100cm x 100cm) were placed under sun with one foil covered with one gram (1g) of carbon black and the other foil uncovered with carbon black (kept uncovered). The specimens were allowed under the sun for total time of two hundred minutes (12000 seconds). Temperature changes of both foils were recorded in the interval of twenty minutes (1200 seconds) for some repeated readings. At the end of the experiment, results showed that the temperature change of foil covered with CB was higher (29.0 0C) than the temperature change of foil not covered with CB (28.0 0C). The difference in the temperature changes of both foils is in average of 1.0 0C. This is to say that carbon black emitted from gasoline automobile can be applied in the activities and practices that require radiation absorption.

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Pages: 1-3

Cite this Article: OKPARAKU, V. I., IGBOKWE, K. K., OGBUEHI, G. I. , "EFFECT OF CARBON BLACK EMITTED FROM GASOLINE AUTOMOBILE ON THE ENVIRONMENT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 1-3 #ijarporg


BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING OF SERVICE INDUSTRIES IN CALABARZON

Authors: DR. JEFFREY PEREZ MARANAN

Abstracts: Outsourcing of service is a relatively young and fast-growing industry. The Philippine government is focusing on the social environment requirements of business operations 24/7 and providing a continuous review of policies for ICT infrastructure. These issues prompted the researcher to study BPO industries using descriptive research. Descriptive method of research was used and based on the findings, majority works in call centers of multi-national industry that exists for less than five years of more than Php20 million capital and more than 1501 employees. The respondents agreed that career, training, community and organizational development of BPO is moderately evident. Moreover, there is no significant difference on the comparison of assessment of the respondents in BPO while the length of existence and business capital relate significantly in BPO of service industries. Lastly, the proposed input to Human Resource Development signifies a model of the cyclical pattern of legal issues, training and skills development, human resource maintenance and control, and strategic synergy.

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Pages: 4-9

Cite this Article: Dr. Jeffrey Perez Maranan , "BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING OF SERVICE INDUSTRIES IN CALABARZON", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 4-9 #ijarporg


FINANCIAL SYNERGY ON MERGERS AND ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL BANKS

Authors: DR. SHIRLEY EJE MARANAN, SHAIRA MARIE D. REYES, ANGELICA G. AMAR, CLARCK D. BALAGUER, SHANNON ARIELLE F. MEDINA

Abstracts: The study focused on the financial synergy on mergers and acquisition of commercial banks in CALABARZON, Philippines. Descriptive method using questionnaire was treated with frequency and percentage, weighted mean, t – test and Pearson’s r correlation. Based on the study, commercial banks were above 21 years, 100–199 employees, more than Php10, 001, 000.00 capital, engaged in horizontal merger, and acquired financing decision. Respondents assessed that profitability, leverage, and liquidity were financially synergized to a moderate extent. Moreover, respondents have fairly serious problems and a characteristic of commercial banks is not significantly different to the factors of financial synergy. Thus, lessen risk, maximization of shareholders’ return, increase dynamic buyouts, invest and maintain advances in technology, focus on affiliate companies and analysis of inflation and foreign exchange were proposed strategies on financial synergy. In connection, commercial banks should promote quality of services and innovation, avail the ability of maximizing their assets, and valuate/assess plan comprehensively.

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Pages: 10-14

Cite this Article: Dr. Shirley Eje Maranan, Shaira Marie D. Reyes, Angelica G. Amar, Clarck D. Balaguer, Shannon Arielle F. Medina , "FINANCIAL SYNERGY ON MERGERS AND ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL BANKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 10-14 #ijarporg


AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS CRYPTOCURRENCIES IN RELATION TO ADOPTION AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN A PRIVATE TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, PHILIPPINES

Authors: MARK P. DOBLAS

Abstracts: The paramount need to understand the intricate details about cryptocurrency not only as a technology but also as an investment vehicle or a commodity has struck popularity even before it reached the top of its fame after the 2008 Financial Crisis. However the success of cryptocurrency will largely depend on the extent to which society is willing to adopt it. In this note, awareness and attitude tend to be the most common antecedent to explain adoption partly because of the of several technology adoption models that involve the mentioned factors. Thus, this study aimed at determining the level of awareness and attitude of college students towards cryptocurrency and how these may result to eventual decision to adopt. The study utilized a descriptive research design utilizing a researcher made questionnaire as research instrument. Logistics regression was used to identify the knowledge and attitude on cryptocurrency relates to adoption. The results of the study proved that Attitude is a significant factor, at 0.05 level of significance, in explaining possible adoption (p= 0.027) while Awareness is only significant (p=0.082) at 0.10 significance level. The over-all fit of the model was found significant at 5% with a x2 value of 7.72 (p=0.021).

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Pages: 15-19

Cite this Article: Mark P. Doblas , "AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS CRYPTOCURRENCIES IN RELATION TO ADOPTION AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN A PRIVATE TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, PHILIPPINES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 15-19 #ijarporg


COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT OF STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN THE PHILIPPINES: TOWARDS SOCIALLY AND CULTURALLY RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES

Authors: BENEDICT OMANDAP MEDINA

Abstracts: This research paper aimed to present and discuss community engagement of State Universities and Colleges in the Philippines, and if SUCs do community engagement in a socially and culturally-responsible way. It also identified some issues and challenges of SUCs in establishing community engagement. It employed the descriptive research design, and purposively collected conceptual and research literature to answer the research objectives. Questions were also asked from considered experts in community engagements. The community engagements of SUCs generally were its four plus one-function namely instruction, production, and internationalization but it was found out that the heart of community engagement is research and extension. There were issues and challenges identified in conducting research and extension, relevant to the attainment of community engagement. Lastly, SUCs were socially and culturally-responsible in conducting its research and extension initiatives.

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Pages: 20-25

Cite this Article: Benedict Omandap Medina , "COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT OF STATE UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES IN THE PHILIPPINES: TOWARDS SOCIALLY AND CULTURALLY RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INITIATIVES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 20-25 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF MULTIPLE TAXATION ON SMALL/MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA

Authors: DR. CROSS OGOHI DANIEL

Abstracts: This research is based The Effects of Multiple Taxation on Small/Medium Enterprises in Nigeria" focused on finding the changes in the operations of Small/Medium Enterprises prompted by imposition of multiple taxation. Therefore, the objective of this study to examine the relationship between multiple taxation and SMEs survival, and to find out the effects of multiple taxation on 'the growth and development of small/medium scale enterprise. It also looked at the impact of multiple taxation on investment decision of SMEs operators. Descriptive statistics was used to study the data collected for this work through a well-structured questionnaire. The mortality rate of Small and medium enterprises which make up 95% of the economy is very high and these Small and medium enterprises serve as source of employment generation; innovation, competition, and economic dynamism in the development of Nigerian economy. Tax policy is one of the factors that constitutes the small business economic environment

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Pages: 26-31

Cite this Article: Dr. Cross Ogohi Daniel , "EFFECT OF MULTIPLE TAXATION ON SMALL/MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 26-31 #ijarporg


SUBJECTIVES ASPECTS OF FRENCH CRAWL’S TEXTS IN SEVEN CAMEROONIAN TELEVISION CHANNELS

Authors: AUREOLE CHARLENE WABO KENGNE, LADISLAS NZESSE

Abstracts: This paper provides an analysis of subjective aspects of crawl texts in French. Crawl of six Cameroonian television channels, also referred to as screeper, title crawl, crawling title, running title, or title roll, is defined as those pieces of information that creep along the bottom side of the television screen. Based on enunciative data, subjectivity elements are analysed in order to highlight the mechanisms used by the transmitter and aiming at seeing the receiver act in some way. Analyses show that there is an expressive duality of persons in crawl texts. On the one hand, the enunciator interpellates the receiver through linguistic processes such as person clues, time and verbal mode, adverbial use and demonstrative determinants. On the other hand, he makes the latter enter his statement to arouse a posture in him.

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Pages: 32-38

Cite this Article: Aureole Charlene WABO KENGNE, Ladislas NZESSE , "SUBJECTIVES ASPECTS OF FRENCH CRAWL’S TEXTS IN SEVEN CAMEROONIAN TELEVISION CHANNELS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 32-38 #ijarporg


ETHNO PHILOSOPHY CRITIQUE

Authors: DIONISIO CARLOS MAVUME

Abstracts: The question of African identity has always been quite instigating and raised many debates, especially when it comes to assessing first works produced by Europeans on African philosophy. In the 70s, many philosophers wrote on Ethno philosophy criticizing its methods and the western perspective of its “philosophical?” works. In fact, according to scholars there are many cons than pros; very little positive contribution to the current African philosophy is credited to ethno philosophy. This paper gives an overview of ethno philosophy and then briefly presents the key criticisms as well as critics to ethno philosophy, and somehow counterparts the positions put forward by many philosophers toward ethno philosophy.

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Pages: 39-41

Cite this Article: Dionisio Carlos Mavume , "ETHNO PHILOSOPHY CRITIQUE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 39-41 #ijarporg


ANALYSIS OF LEAD (PB) AND MERCURY (HG) HEAVY METAL CONTENT IN OCTOPUS (OCTOPUS SPP.) AT SOME TRADITIONAL MARKETS IN MEDAN CITY, NORTH SUMATRA

Authors: ERI YUSNI, EDDIE SATRIA HARTONO

Abstracts: Octopus is an economically important fishery commodity. All types of octopus including octopus become fishery products that can be consumed. The export value of world octopus in 2014 can reach 350,710 tons with a value of $ 133 trillion. The objective of the present study was to examine the heavy metal content of Lead and Mercury In Octopus obtained from several traditional markets in the City of Medan. The sampling time is carried out three times, namely in June, July, and August 2018. The results showed octopus in the results of laboratory tests of Lead (Pb) heavy metals with the AAS tool furnace graph method on Lead (Pb) and the Hydrid method on Mercury (Hg). It is known that the highest Pb content is in the sample of 6 which is 0.017 mg / kg and the lowest is in the sample 2 which is 0.007 mg/kg. Pb and Hg in each sample of octopus is low according to the World Health Organization (WHO), EU and BPOM.

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Pages: 42-46

Cite this Article: Eri Yusni, Eddie Satria Hartono , "ANALYSIS OF LEAD (PB) AND MERCURY (HG) HEAVY METAL CONTENT IN OCTOPUS (OCTOPUS SPP.) AT SOME TRADITIONAL MARKETS IN MEDAN CITY, NORTH SUMATRA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 42-46 #ijarporg


ASSAY OF DETOXIFICATION POTENTIAL OF DL-METHIONINE ON DIETARY GLIRICIDIA LEAF MEAL IN RABBIT NUTRITION: RELATIVE ORGAN WEIGHT AND BLOOD INDICES

Authors: J.H. EDOH, A.A. ANNONGU, F.M. HOUNDONOUGBO, P.V. HOUNDONOUGBO, S.O. AJIDE

Abstracts: An investigation on the detoxification potential of DL-Methionine on Gliricidia Leaf Meal (GLM) was performed. Gliricidia sepium leaves were dried and milled into meal (GLM) and incorporated in diets at 0% (F0, control), 10% (F10) and 15% (F15) raw and at 10% (FSM10) and 15% (FSM15) with 0.3% DL-methionine supplementation. 60-weaned rabbits (of 49-days old) averaging 1066±16.3 g/rabbit were used as test animal models and fed the 5-diets to appetite over a feeding trial lasting 42-days. At the age of 91±2 days, 4-rabbits were sampled per treatment for internal organ weight and three (3) for haematological and biochemical studies. Dietary treatment gave no significant differences (p>0.05) for all the relative organ weights (liver, kidneys, heart and spleen) but the lungs (p<0.05). Haematological parameters such as PCV, RBC as well as MCH, MCV and MCHC were not significantly affected by the dietary treatment (P>0.05) while WBC counts decreased in diets FSM10, F15 and FSM15. The biochemical determinants (glucose, albumin, globulin, ALT, ALP, Na+, P, Mg2+,Cl-, HCO3-) measured on the rabbits fed the test diets were comparable to those fed the conventional diets (p>0.05). Diet F15 significantly increased AST enzyme (p<0.05) while ALT value was significantly augmented (p<0.05) in all the experimental treatments compared to the control diet. Besides, methionine supplementation in diet FSM10 and FSM15 reduced ALT activities compared to methionine unsupplemented diets F10 and F15 respectively. However, this latter was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Dietary leaf meal of G. sepium with or without methionine treatment had no significant effect (p>0.05) on blood concentration of sodium (Na+), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg2+), chloride and bicarbonate ions (HCO3-). Calcium electrolyte was increased (p<0.05) with dietary treatments compared to the conventional diet (F0). In summary, GLM at level up to15% in diets had no adverse effects on internal organs status, haematological parameters, some biochemical determinants and electrolyte profile of growing rabbits. Elevation in serum ALT and AST suggested that antinutrients in GLM elicited mild tissue lesions in rabbit which is slightly corrected by methionine supplementation. It is recommended that in subsequent researches, methionine supplementation, to facilitate detoxification, should include other detoxicant like Choline chloride and Polyethylene Glycol (PEG).

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Pages: 47-53

Cite this Article: J.H. Edoh, A.A. Annongu, F.M. Houndonougbo, P.V. Houndonougbo, S.O. Ajide , "ASSAY OF DETOXIFICATION POTENTIAL OF DL-METHIONINE ON DIETARY GLIRICIDIA LEAF MEAL IN RABBIT NUTRITION: RELATIVE ORGAN WEIGHT AND BLOOD INDICES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 47-53 #ijarporg


DERIVATION OF FORMULAS FOR EVALUATING INTEGRALS OF POWERS AND PRODUCTS OF HYPERBOLIC SINE AND HYPERBOLIC COSINE

Authors: RENSON AGUILAR ROBLES

Abstracts: The study aimed to develop formulas in evaluating integrals of powers and products of hyperbolic sine and hyperbolic cosine. Integrals of the form , where or ; and , where and for all except zero were considered. Through basic knowledge on algebraic methods, differentiation and integration procedures, the study presented the generalized formulas in finite series forms in evaluating integrals of some hyperbolic functions. This study, as a pure research, is descriptive and expository in nature. This provided comprehensive description of the concepts in Mathematics, particularly on the context of hyperbolic functions, which may simplify formulas in evaluating hyperbolic integrals. The generalized formulas of hyperbolic integrals of various forms stated above were developed to shorten up the solutions in evaluating such integrals.

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Pages: 54-59

Cite this Article: Renson Aguilar Robles , "DERIVATION OF FORMULAS FOR EVALUATING INTEGRALS OF POWERS AND PRODUCTS OF HYPERBOLIC SINE AND HYPERBOLIC COSINE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 54-59 #ijarporg


PHYSICAL MOTOR DEFICIENCY IN ADOLESCENCE - A PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE FROM THE DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE

Authors: MARINELA RUSU

Abstracts: This paper addresses, both theoretically and experimentally, the complex problem of teenagers with physical motor deficiency (PMD). Is presented first the etiology and define the specialty terms regarding physical, motor impairment. In order to outline the psychological profile of teenagers from the perspective of personality development, a methodological investigation was carried out, involving the application of a set of psychological tests with deep resonance within the personality (Woodworth-Mathews / WM Personality Inventory, Introversion-Extraversion-Neurosis / Eysenck Test, Depression-Anxiety Questionnaire / DE-AN). The statistical results obtained in the two groups of teenage girls who participated in the experiment (basic group - teens with PMD and the control group - teens without physical deficiencies) are presented and compared. The interpretation of the obtained results gives us interesting data on the special psychological profile of people with physical deficiency. The elements of novelty and interest were followed. The findings of the investigation highlight the need to seriously address the PMD issue in terms of social integration, psychological counseling for these young people but also to change as far as possible the perception and attitude of society towards physical disability. The experimental analysis presented here is enrolled in a more comprehensive project on teenagehood deficiency, conducted by the author in previous years.

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Pages: 60-66

Cite this Article: Marinela Rusu , "PHYSICAL MOTOR DEFICIENCY IN ADOLESCENCE - A PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE FROM THE DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 60-66 #ijarporg


THE EFFECT OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSK AS COATING MATERIAL ON THE HYDROPHOBICITY OF COTTON FABRIC

Authors: EUFRONIA M. MAGUNDAYAO

Abstracts: Cotton is the most cost effective and comfortable clothing material that is characterized as highly flammable and a good moisture absorbent. Introducing nanotechnology to the fabric is one of the most effective approaches in improving and developing its hydrophobicity. Nanosilica derived from rice husk was utilized in this study and showed that the percentage yield of nanosilica derived from rice husk is 23.19%. The produced nanosilica have particle diameters of less than 1 micrometer and exhibited non-spherical and irregular fiber-like structures. Three different concentrations of coating solution, that is, 0.10 g, 0.25 g and 0.50 g for every 100 mL of coating solution were produced to see the effect on the cotton fabric. The produced cotton-fabric after deep coating was subjected to characterization tests such as water contact angle, water absorption and surface morphology. The water contact angles of the samples were greater than 900 but the sample with 0.50 grams of nanosilica exhibited the highest value which is 112.7360 and 118.4710 on the left side and right side respectively therefore, the cotton fabrics were considered hydrophobic. When the samples were subjected to water absorption test, the cotton fabric that used 0.5g of nanosilica took 23.45 hours to absorb water which shows that the amount of nanosilica hinders the penetrability of the water on the cotton fabric. Based on the above properties, 0.50 g of nanosilica was considered as the best amount of coating material on cotton fabric. The surface morphology was taken at 15 000 magnifications and showed that the nanoparticles adhered to the surface of the cotton having sizes of 52 nm, 87 nm, 80 nm, 104 nm, 95 nm and 104 nm. The nanoparticles penetrated deeper and adhered strongly into the fabric matrix thus providing the fibers a rough surface.

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Pages: 67-70

Cite this Article: Eufronia M. Magundayao , "THE EFFECT OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSK AS COATING MATERIAL ON THE HYDROPHOBICITY OF COTTON FABRIC", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 67-70 #ijarporg


THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ENGLISH PROGRAMS IN SELECTED HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN BATANGAS CITY

Authors: THEREZIA O. CONTI

Abstracts: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the English programs in selected Higher Educational Institutions in Batangas City. This study utilized the descriptive method of research. The respondents of this study were taken from four Higher Educational Institutions of Batangas City offering engineering courses, namely: Lyceum of the Philippines- Batangas, University of Batangas, Golden Gate Colleges and Batangas State University Main Campus I. Data gathering instrument utilized was a questionnaire which was answered by the teacher and student respondents during the SY 2011-2012. The student respondents were five hundred twenty-five ( 525) out of the total of 1286 second year engineering students and twenty (20) out of the total of 23 English mentors. The researcher assessed the effectiveness of the English program components such as Program Content, Facilities, Faculty Competence, Teaching Methodologies/ Strategies, Linkages and Funds in selected Higher Educational Institutions of Batangas City. The results of the study revealed there are significant differences in perception as to the six items on the level of effectiveness of the English program components among the two groups of respondents. It can be attributed toStudents assert the importance of the English language. Likewise, teacher trainings are vital in attaining academic progress.

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Pages: 71-73

Cite this Article: Therezia O. Conti , "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ENGLISH PROGRAMS IN SELECTED HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN BATANGAS CITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 71-73 #ijarporg


THE FINNISH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER AND SANITATION; A CASE STUDY INSIGHTS FOR THE LUSAKA WATER AND SANITATION SYSTEM OF ZAMBIA

Authors: BRIAN CHANDA CHILUBA

Abstracts: Water and sanitation situation is worse for the cities within the developing countries like Lusaka city of Zambia. currently, more than 2 billion people have been estimated to be living at a reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected that lack proper supply of water and sanitation services. Fortunately, progress has been scored in some countries of the developed world like Finland, whereby n developed communities over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water. This is therefore good platform for insight for the cities of the developing world. According to the sustainable development goal number 6 of water and sanitation, the accessibility of clean water and good sanitation services for every community is an important human endeavor. However, this is not so and it is because of an array of many reasons coupled with bad economics or poor infrastructure, a lot of communities do not have access to adequate water supply and sanitation services. This study set out to understand the Finish sustainable development of water and sanitation system and what insights Lusaka can learn from such undertaking. This review assessed management approaches employed in water supply and sanitation service provision in selected parts of Lusaka, Zambia, following the 1994 Water Sector Reforms in Zambia. One of the successful sustainable development ideas of Lusaka is that of the faecal sludge system which has been presented in this paper to show some strides that Lusaka has scored in this area. In the Lusaka sanitation case study, the purpose of the review is to try to contribute towards measures meant to address the sanitation service delivery model for urban and peri-urban areas of Lusaka. In conclusion to improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there is need to increase investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in Zambia and other several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Pages: 74-79

Cite this Article: Brian Chanda Chiluba , "THE FINNISH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER AND SANITATION; A CASE STUDY INSIGHTS FOR THE LUSAKA WATER AND SANITATION SYSTEM OF ZAMBIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 74-79 #ijarporg


IMAGE BLUR REMOVAL BY ADAPTIVE FILTERING

Authors: ABDUSSALAM ALHADI ADDEEB, AHMED ABDULLAH ABURAS

Abstracts: Digital image processing (DIP) has many significant advantages over analog image processing. DIP allows a much wider range of algorithms to treat the impairment effects such as the build-up of blurred and noisy signal distortion during the diverse image processes. This paper is to assess couple of adaptive filters in estimating an image out of blur distortion. The image is distorted with Motion blur and Gaussian blur separately. The utilized restoration techniques are Lucy Richardson (LR) Algorithm filter and Wiener filter (WF). The proposed filters are tested against the color image. Different performance measures are employed, including, Mean Square Error (MSE), Performance Index (PI), and Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR). Repeatedly, these measures show that LR filter demonstrates a much higher performance than its counterpart. In fact, this filter outcome shows a decent match between subjective and objective assessments of the images.

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Pages: 80-85

Cite this Article: Abdussalam Alhadi Addeeb, Ahmed Abdullah Aburas , "IMAGE BLUR REMOVAL BY ADAPTIVE FILTERING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 80-85 #ijarporg


THE FATE OF WATER QUALITY SECTOR IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Authors: MESIA LUFINGO

Abstracts: The aspect of water quality is gaining attention in domestic water uses on a global scale. Irrigation, livestock, ecosystem, recreation and construction sectors are also oriented on the same merit. The accuracy and precision of water quality analytical findings become critical. Method to preserve water sample for laboratory analysis are available, the limited maximum holding time is realized for microbial and anionic parameters. In situ analyses are made possible with portable devices, good practices during in-situ and in-house procedures are essential. The need for extensive water quality analysis of new and developed water sources is challenged, major natural water mineral contents being central to this case. The relationship between major dissolved minerals and Electric Conductivity (EC) is utilized. Treatment of polluted water sources follows the same water quality monitoring concept; issues of free Chlorine and Microbes assessment are clearly addressed. The concept will equip water laboratory managers with sound reasoning on deciding parameters to be analyzed, individuals at household scale as well as professionals in other related sectors will serve time and cost for unnecessary water quality analyses.

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Pages: 86-90

Cite this Article: Mesia Lufingo , "THE FATE OF WATER QUALITY SECTOR IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 86-90 #ijarporg


AN INTELLIGENT CAREER ADVISOR EXPERT SYSTEM

Authors: LEDISI G. KABARI, FRANCIS AGABA

Abstracts: No two persons are born exactly alike, each differs from each other in natural endowments, one being suited for one occupation and the other for another. All things will be produced in superior quantity and quality and with greater ease, when each man works at a suitable occupation in accordance with natural gifts. In today’s technology driven world, with innumerable options available, students are generally confused on choosing the right suited career. This work design and developed an intelligent based expert career guidance system. The waterfall methodology was used and C# Programming language was used to develop the software while Microsoft access was used to develop the database. This system gives a counselling report using student skills and area of career interest. This system allow users to fill in their personal information, area of career interest, subject and grades. After the successful completion of the required information, the student will receive his/her advice along with a detail explanation stating the reason as to why certain career is better for him/her and why not the other. The opportunities provided by this electronic-medium are immense and many students can make use of this medium to choose a career more appropriate to their skills.

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Pages: 91-94

Cite this Article: Ledisi G. Kabari, Francis Agaba , "AN INTELLIGENT CAREER ADVISOR EXPERT SYSTEM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 91-94 #ijarporg


PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF FOG AND CLOUD COMPUTING DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM IN IOT ENVIRONMENT

Authors: MD. MOHYMINUL ISLAM, MUZAHIDA RAHMAN, ABDUL BARI RABIN, MOHAMMAD GOLAM SARWAR BHUYAN

Abstracts: Internet of Things has been acquiring a lot of focus in the era of technological evolution. Current augmentation in various technologies has covered the way for many IoT services that are now being spread out in different sectors. Uses of The internet of things are simultaneously increasing day by day and those things make a huge amount of data. Now comes a question, how can we transmit this huge amount of data, store data, handle data & secure data? Cloud computing and Fog computing is mostly used in IoT datagram. IoT can enlarge its scope and service provisioning capabilities with the integration of the cloud computing & fog computing paradigm. We proposed a comparison framework that separately illustrated with some factors to compare Fog and Cloud computing data transmission from the edge to the core level of the IoT environment. We collect real-time sensor data through Raspberry Pi and send separately to the Firebase Cloud server and FOG server and estimate the dataset with two factors: latency analysis, Accuracy analysis.

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Pages: 95-98

Cite this Article: Md. Mohyminul Islam, Muzahida Rahman, Abdul Bari Rabin, Mohammad Golam Sarwar Bhuyan , "PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF FOG AND CLOUD COMPUTING DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM IN IOT ENVIRONMENT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 95-98 #ijarporg


ESTIMATING RAINFALL INTENSITY-DURATION-FREQUENCY (IDF) CURVES FOR A TROPICAL RIVER BASIN

Authors: RAPHAEL MULI WAMBUA

Abstracts: Characterization of rainfall based on Intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves is crucial in water resources engineering. IDF curves are used in management of hydraulic structures within a river basin. IDF curves for tropical river basins are still scanty. In this research, characterization of rainfall was achieved by developing the IDF curves for Upper Tana River basin using data from eight meteorological stations. Monthly rainfall quantities were first ranked in descending order. The corresponding return period for the data series was determined using Weibull method. An empirical function for IDF curves was then formulated using regression analysis. The IDF curves for different rainfall intensities that correspond to return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 years and rainfall duration ranging from 1 to 12 hours were generated using the empirical function. The IDF curves are recommended for use as decision support tool in water resource systems within the basin.

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Pages: 99-106

Cite this Article: Raphael Muli Wambua , "ESTIMATING RAINFALL INTENSITY-DURATION-FREQUENCY (IDF) CURVES FOR A TROPICAL RIVER BASIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 99-106 #ijarporg


GOAL-ORIENTED MODEL DRIVEN ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE VALIDATION APPROACH

Authors: JOE ESSIEN

Abstracts: Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been defined as the organization of a system embodied in its components, relationships to each other, environment, the principle guiding its design and evolution (IEEE, 2000). Thus an important characteristic of EA is to provide a holistic view of the enterprise visualizing the relevant aspects of the business for specific stakeholders. However, one of the many concerns of this interest has been how to deal with the complex challenges of implementing the models with the ability to validate its integrated components to ensure conformity with individual stakeholder’s motivation. To achieve this, methodologies that describe components in relation to their behavioral attributes, impact on other elements in the domain and their dependencies have been postulated. Albeit, studies show that these taxonomies do not adequately address validation requirements (Lankhorst, 2013). This article analyzes the EA concepts of ArchiMate, focusing on the business and application layers with the objective to extend motivation with tests specifications using the model-driven approach thus offer descriptive semantics for validation. The paper contributes to a better understanding on how EA models can be validated thus improve alignment with the business vision and strategy. Student Internship Program case study is used to exemplify this hypothesis.

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Pages: 107-114

Cite this Article: Joe Essien , "GOAL-ORIENTED MODEL DRIVEN ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE VALIDATION APPROACH", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 107-114 #ijarporg


APPLICATION OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS IN RURAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

Authors: JOE ESSIEN

Abstracts: This article draws multiple theoretical concepts and exploits abstractions from knowledge repositories on rural, social networks literatures to investigate rural agricultural practices with intelligent systems and technological trends. A qualitative research methodology is adopted to gain an understanding to underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. The methodology also provides insights into the challenges of rural agriculture practice automation and helps to develop ideas and solutions for transforming the rural community. Findings from this work indicate that international food policies and agencies play a significant role in driving innovations for rural agriculturist than governmental institutions and networks. Knowledge management and exchange among producers is limited and does not provide the bridge to formal implementation of intelligent systems. The findings also demonstrate how territorial contingent factors profile automation in the agricultural sector, and how they impact upon involvement in intelligent systems and in turn facilitate or restrict innovation in this context. This paper addresses how to minimize the challenges of intelligent systems implementation in agricultural practise based on the acquaintance of participatory approach during the design and development phases. This has been identified as one of the most imperative factors for framing technology implementation. The maturity of sustainable intelligent systems through theories and methodologies from the fields of human computer interaction and user-centric designs are explored. Despite the challenges this concept presents, intelligent systems can contribute significantly to long-term sustainable development in agriculture.

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Pages: 115-119

Cite this Article: Joe Essien  , "APPLICATION OF INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS IN RURAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 115-119 #ijarporg


ENSURING FOOD SECURITY: A SYNERGY OF FOOD IMPORTATION AND AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION IN DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

Authors: JOE ESSIEN

Abstracts: The proliferation of numerous and widespread import agents inhibit the initiative to engage in mass mechanization of agricultural enterprise. With a synergised import and mechanization policy, a competitive relationship can emerge that allows an import-dependent country to hedge strategically against price manipulation and accession. For these reasons and other enabling factors, a synergy of food import with agricultural mechanization policies is recommended both as a flexible measure for remodelling changes in food security and as a means for sustainability in developing economies. This article present ways in which this can be achieved, consequently it is structured as follows; Section one places the current food importation in Nigeria in perspective by discussing extent and dominance of national corporations in global food markets; section two presents the root cause of food insecurity, effects of trade and food aid policies as the underpinning legislation for food importation; section three discusses the benefits of mechanization, use of technology and financial support; section four elaborates on models for implementing mechanization in rural agriculture; section five presents concepts for synthesising importation and mechanization while section six concludes the discourse with suggestions on promoting food security through a synergy of food policies, importation and mechanization.

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Pages: 120-124

Cite this Article: Joe Essien , "ENSURING FOOD SECURITY: A SYNERGY OF FOOD IMPORTATION AND AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION IN DEVELOPING ECONOMIES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/apr2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition, 120-124 #ijarporg