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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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PROBLEMATIC OF CONTRAST STRATEGIES AND SEASONAL INDIGENOUS WATER SUPPLY IN A PLINTH AREA: CASE OF DASSA-ZOUMé COMMUNE (REPUBLIC OF BENIN, WEST AFRICA)

Authors: RENé AYéMAN ZODEKON, BRICE SATURNIN DANSOU, LéOCADIE ODOULAMI

Abstracts: The water supply of the population is strongly influenced by the phenomenon of seasonal contrast in the commune of Dassa-Zoume. This study analyzes the endogenous water supply strategies of the population against those contrasts in the commune. The data pluviométriques to collect to the ASCENA of 1954 to 2015, then demographic gotten to the INSAE are used in the setting of this research. They have been completed by the socio - anthropological information gotten by the documentary research and the investigations of land tracks by questionnaire in 200 households chosen The Factorial analysis of the Correspondences (AFC) achieved in the software Minitab and the FFOM model) permitted to analyze the gotten results. It results from the statistical processing and analysis of data collected an increase of average temperatures and declining of rainfall from 353.9 mm in 1995 to 1514.18 mm in 2010, a reduction of rainy season, a prolongation of the dry season. In response to these climate changes, 52 % of households use well water, 22 % water drilling, 9 % water alveolar pots and 17 % use surface water. Other strategies are needed to address this challenge: the optimal water management available, the application of IWRM, water purification and wastewater reuse, use of impluviums.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: René Ayéman ZODEKON, Brice Saturnin DANSOU, Léocadie ODOULAMI , "PROBLEMATIC OF CONTRAST STRATEGIES AND SEASONAL INDIGENOUS WATER SUPPLY IN A PLINTH AREA: CASE OF DASSA-ZOUMé COMMUNE (REPUBLIC OF BENIN, WEST AFRICA)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


OPTIMAL TAXATION IN AFRICA: HOW RELEVANT IS WARREN BUFFET MODEL?

Authors: FALANA ABOLADE

Abstracts: Initially taxation was not a compulsory levy but a contribution for a common goal to be achieved but now it is a compulsory levy imposed on citizenry for the collective development of the country. Optimal taxation deals with variety of tax rates the government will employ and also what type of taxes should be imposed on the citizenry whether it is income tax or commodity tax. Apart from determining the tax rate by the government and the type of taxes, optimal taxation also deals with the trends of the tax system of the country. Base on the peculiar externalities of a developing continent which makes Warren Buffet model irrelevant in achieving optimal taxation in Africa. Such externalities are corruption, inflation “godfatherizm” .This study emphasized optimality in taxation in Africa through the reduction of tax rate, apart from tax incentive in the tax structures to mitigates tax evasion and tax avoidance. The methodology employed for this study is content analysis, explorative research study from relevant literatures For optimal taxation in Africa especially Nigeria been a developing country tax rate of 30% corporate tax is high, and 7% individual tax, 5% VAT or sales tax. To attract more foreign investors into the economy, Qatar tax rate should be adopted which have 10% tax rate on corporate tax, 0% on income tax which will have a positive effect on both formal and informal sectors of the country. With this system of tax rate small scale industry will be willing to pay their tax with hiding their asset for tax deductibility. 10% on corporate tax will boost more small scale industries and strengthens the profitability of large firms in Nigeria

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Pages: 6-12

Cite this Article: Falana Abolade , "OPTIMAL TAXATION IN AFRICA: HOW RELEVANT IS WARREN BUFFET MODEL?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 6-12 #ijarporg


HEALTH IMPLICATIONS ON TECHNOLOGY USAGE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS

Authors: AARON CARLO C. DECENDARIO

Abstracts: This study aimed to determine the demographic profiles, general technology usage and health implications on technology usage among college students. A descriptive design was utilized to describe the demographic profiles, general technology usage and its health implications among college students. Frequency, percentile and weighted mean were used for statistical treatment. Developmental design was used for the development of Health Implication on Technology Usage Program. Findings of the study revealed that age bracket of 18-19 obtained the highest percentage of 54.44 while the lowest was the age bracket of 24-25 which obtained 3.33 percent. The gender showed that females comprised of 58.89% while males comprised only of 41.11%. In terms of course taken by the respondents, BSEd obtained the highest percentage of 21.66%, while the lowest comprised of BSCS, BSRE and BSBio with a percentage of 1.11. The data also revealed that their parent’s income ranges of P 20,001-30,000 got the highest percentage of 41.66 while the lowest was the parent’s income ranges of P 80,000 and above which obtained 2.78 percent. In overall result, the medium of use among college students has a weighted mean of 2.88 which is high in extent. The extent of usage for the purpose of use among college students has a weighted mean of 2.95 which is high in extent. The extent of usage for technological programs among college students has a weighted mean of 2.06 which is moderate in extent. And the extent of usage for technological applications among college students has a weighted mean of 3.56 which is very high in extent. However, the health implications among college students in the use of technology has a weighted mean of 3.16 which is moderately caused health implications. From the data analysis, conclusions were drawn that most of the respondents belongs to the age bracket of 18-19 years old and mostly are females with parent’s monthly income of P 20,000-30,000 per month. The use of cellphones has highest usage among college students. College students spend class assignments, class projects and personal matters to at least 4-5 hours a day. The use technological programs of MS word have the highest use among college students. Social media, Internet, communication and multimedia paralleled in terms of highest usage among college students. And Sleep-rest pattern has the highest problem among college students. The researcher then recommends that there is a need to adapt the Short Course Program on Health Implications of Technology and the need to the college students to prevent possible health implications from over-usage of technology. There is a need to embed the Health Implications on Technology Usage Program to the Personal Growth Session and teachers of the Notre Dame of Dadiangas University may utilize other technology applications to create virtual leaning and enhance teaching learning process to students. Lastly, future researchers may evaluate the implementation of the Short Course Program on Health Implications of Technology and conduct similar studies on the areas of technology addiction and academic performance among college students.

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Pages: 13-16

Cite this Article: Aaron Carlo C. Decendario , "HEALTH IMPLICATIONS ON TECHNOLOGY USAGE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 13-16 #ijarporg


ANOTHER LOOK INTO PHILIPPINE ENGLISH: TOWARDS USERS’ AWARENESS AND CELEBRATION

Authors: NIMFA G. DIMACULANGAN

Abstracts:  This paper is a review of literature and studies on Philippine English (henceforth PhilE) which have been conducted in almost two decades. I argue that a big number of Filipino speakers of English, particularly the ESL/EFL teachers in the provinces are either incognizant or still unopen to the thought of celebrating Philippine English; hence, I present briefly the concept of World Englishes (WE), review the existence of PhilE, and briefly describe its lexicon and grammar, as well as teachers’ attitude towards the language which has become one among more than a hundred Philippine languages. I advance its implication to ESL/EFL teaching while encouraging readers, especially my fellow speakers of PhilE to respect World Englishes paradigm and to celebrate PhilE.

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Pages: 17-22

Cite this Article: Nimfa G. Dimaculangan , "ANOTHER LOOK INTO PHILIPPINE ENGLISH: TOWARDS USERS’ AWARENESS AND CELEBRATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 17-22 #ijarporg


DOES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTS GRANGER CAUSE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN NIGERIA OR VICE VERSA?

Authors: BASSEY ENYA NDEM, EGESI, ONYEMAECHI KEVIN

Abstracts: This study examined the causal relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth in Nigeria. It therefore employed the Granger causality test to investigate the interrelationship between carbondioxide (Co2) emission (environmental pollution) and economic growth in Nigeria and vice versa. It was surprising to found that environmental pollution promotes economic growth in Nigeria, but economic growth does not promote environmental pollution in Nigeria. This is because, Nigeria depend mostly on pollution prone activities for her income owing from the massive pollution of the Niger Delta area which is the major income source for Nigeria, to the burning of fuel (CO2 emission) for other economic activities by firms and individual. The study then recommend that: government should initiate better policy measure that will reduce the level of pollution even while striving to achieve certain level of economic growth to protect the environment from degradation.

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Pages: 23-27

Cite this Article: Bassey Enya Ndem, Egesi, Onyemaechi Kevin , "DOES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTS GRANGER CAUSE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN NIGERIA OR VICE VERSA?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 23-27 #ijarporg


WOMEN MANAGER IN BAHRAIN: POSITIVE STEPS TOWARDS GENDER EQUALITY AND SUCCESSFUL CAREERS

Authors: DR LAYLA FAISAL ALHALWACHI, HUSSAIN ALI SABT, HUSSAIN TAHER ALMAJED

Abstracts: The purpose of this research is to explore the career success of women managers in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The paper examines the interplay of cultural, national, and organizational factors in explaining individuals’ experience of career success. The underlying reason for this research is that there is a gap in the knowledge, regarding the context of the Arab region as such issues are rarely tackled in this region, this paper hopes to fill the gap in the literature regarding the women managers careers experience and success in addition to the underlying reason for their experience. The method recommended for this research is semi-structured interviews that should be conducted with women from a multitude of echelons in management such as junior, senior and high management the interviews may last for 30 minutes to 90 minutes, moreover the interviews should be conduct in locations that are private or in accordance with the interviews preference to allow the interviews to speak freely about their experiences, interviews should be recoded and coded for research purposes. The findings of this paper indicate that women are likely to perceive themselves as successful in non-monetary terms such as balance between family and work in addition to colleague’s respect and appreciation, furthermore, findings indicate that cultural, national, and organizational have an influential impact on women careers success and behaviors. This research hopes to augment this study as a platform for future researches, furthermore this research seeks to appeal for decision makers in the region in contemplation of realizing women potential in the workforce by eliminating cultural, national, and organizational that subliminally halt women progression and society development

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Pages: 28-31

Cite this Article: Dr Layla Faisal Alhalwachi, Hussain Ali Sabt, Hussain Taher Almajed , "WOMEN MANAGER IN BAHRAIN: POSITIVE STEPS TOWARDS GENDER EQUALITY AND SUCCESSFUL CAREERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 28-31 #ijarporg


EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A PHET SIMULATION FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ‘TURNING EFFECT OF FORCE’ IN PHYSICS AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL

Authors: MADAWALA LIYANAGE SHANAKA PIYATISSA, MD GAPAR MD JOHAR, ARUN KUMAR TAROFDER

Abstracts: This paper is based on the results of a pilot study conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a PhET simulation (sim) called, ‘Balancing Act’ developed by Colorado University, Boulder, when it is used as a visualization tool in teaching the secondary school physics lesson ‘Turning Effect of Force’. A sample of 72 students of grade 11 from two government schools in Sri Lanka was selected for the study. This is a field study to assess the effectiveness of a teaching approach to elaborate the visualization aspect of the lesson. A ‘pre-test and post-test experimental and control group design’ was used in the study. The experimental group was taught the lesson using the sim in addition to the usual classroom teaching and the control group was also taught for the same time period in the usual way without the use of sim. A set of physics questions to test the students’ attainment of visualizing the lesson which is called Visualization Related Test (VRT) in the study was used as a pre-test and a post-test. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.738 showed in the pre-test administration for the VRT for all students ensured its reliability. The students in experimental group showed a 27% gain in the post-test administration of VRT compared to the pre-test while that in the control group was 2%, proving the effectiveness of the new teaching approach in grasping the theories built for the purpose of explaining invisible phenomenon (what is visible here is only the effects of it).

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Pages: 32-39

Cite this Article: Madawala Liyanage Shanaka Piyatissa, Md Gapar Md Johar, Arun Kumar Tarofder , "EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A PHET SIMULATION FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ‘TURNING EFFECT OF FORCE’ IN PHYSICS AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 32-39 #ijarporg


THE CHALLENGES OF CALABAR SEA PORT OPERATIONS, CALABAR, SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA

Authors: INAH ETENG OKON, ELIJAH ASIME SMART

Abstracts: The paper identified the impact of marine services on port efficiency in the study area, the effectiveness of terminal and support base services in the Calabar port, among others. Data collection involved the use of both open and closed ended questionnaires administered on port agents, importers, exporters and other port workers and users with a success rate of 87%. The result revealed that container terminal efficiency is measured by the level of increase in inputs and throughput. It further indicated that the volume of container handled at the Calabar port is low compared to other ports and thus was revealed that expansion of the current terminal as well as depth of the quay will certainly increase the volume of container inputs and throughput to meet international standards. The findings also revealed that the performance of container terminal at the Calabar Port is on average. Chi-square statistics was used to test the hypothesis in SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The Chi-square (3) = 13.370, p< 0.05 shows that there is statistically significant association between cargo handling operation and availability of cargo designated area in Calabar port. It is recommended that the Government of Nigeria invests in expanding port physical infrastructure such as adequate berthing facilities, wharves, yard capacity, quayside depth, railway, as well as expanding the hinterland road network.

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Pages: 40-49

Cite this Article: Inah Eteng Okon, Elijah Asime Smart , "THE CHALLENGES OF CALABAR SEA PORT OPERATIONS, CALABAR, SOUTH-SOUTH NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 40-49 #ijarporg


BAMBOO UTILIZATION PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES OF COTTAGE INDUSTRIES: THE CASE OF SELECTED TOWNS IN ETHIOPIA

Authors: OMER HINDE, GEMECHU KABA

Abstracts: Large amount of bamboo resource is found in both highland and lowland areas of Ethiopia. Even though the uses of bamboo stems culms are numerous, its utilization in Ethiopia has been limited due to lack of awareness about bamboo resource utilization, scarce technologies, scientific knowledge about the species and it’s susceptibility to biological and physical deterioration. This study is therefore, intended to describe the current status and constraints of bamboo furniture producing industries. The survey was done by adopting purposive sampling procedure in selected cities/towns. Snowball sampling was used for this study due to absence of registered information on Bamboo industries. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected mainly from primary sources. Closed and open ended structured questionnaires were used, for collecting both quantitative and qualitative data. Data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were applied to calculate frequency and other tests of significance. The study found that bamboo was one of the most neglected sector and its industries have low capacity and produce low quality of furniture products due to various barriers. Lack of training on improved bamboo technologies for drying and treatment during processing and producing furniture was found by survey result. Moreover, the most common problems confronted were the borer attack on bamboo furniture and raw materials, shortage of production space and lack of capacity with regard to tools/machine and finance. The study implied the need to intervene and train bamboo cottage industries practitioners on improved bamboo technologies and capacity building.

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Pages: 50-55

Cite this Article: Omer Hinde, Gemechu Kaba , "BAMBOO UTILIZATION PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES OF COTTAGE INDUSTRIES: THE CASE OF SELECTED TOWNS IN ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 50-55 #ijarporg


TOWARDS A SPECIALIST SYSTEM TO SUPPORT THE CALIBRATION PROCESS OF ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS OVER UPCOMING TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE OVERALL EXHAUST EMISSIONS

Authors: BRUNO SéRGIO ADAMCZYK, OLíCIO DA SILVA JUNIOR

Abstracts: Each year new strict regulations and homologations cycles have been released and in order to fulfill these rules, new technologies appeared as a solution for better engine efficiency and reduction of overall emissions; however, only cost efficient technologies are applied on large scale production, those technologies have to be studied because it represents most of the world fleet. New technologies in tandem with more restrictive regulations increase the complexity over the engine calibration process. Calibration is the key to engine control and mistakes can lead to consequences that represent safety risks, environmental treats and enormous costs for vehicle manufactures. As the companies thrive for a shorter development time to compete on the automotive market, the calibration process complexity demands time, being more expensive and challenging over time. Arguments are given in order to explain the necessity for an engine calibration specialist system capable of fully representing the knowledge e cross domains evolved on the process while dealing with cross requirements and necessary interoperability to help the addition of new technologies.

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Pages: 56-61

Cite this Article: Bruno Sérgio Adamczyk, Olício da Silva Junior , "TOWARDS A SPECIALIST SYSTEM TO SUPPORT THE CALIBRATION PROCESS OF ENGINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS OVER UPCOMING TECHNOLOGIES TO REDUCE OVERALL EXHAUST EMISSIONS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 56-61 #ijarporg


STUDY THE IMPACT OF CELL CAPACITY AND APPLICATION TYPE ON WIMAX NETWORK PERFORMANCE

Authors: DR. ELMABRUK M LAIAS, MOAHAMMED ALNASS

Abstracts: This paper aims to introduce WiMAX technology. In addition study the effect of the size of the network on the performance of the network in terms of the number of stations and the area covering using most famous and powerful applications We also explained about this technology, its advantages and uses, and compared it to other broadband technologies which currently used in the world. We also explained the general architecture of the WiMAX network. The study of the network through eight scenarios using HTTP and VoIP applications, the performance has been studied for some parameters such as throughput, delay, and load Using the OPNET v14.5 simulator.

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Pages: 62-67

Cite this Article: Dr. Elmabruk M Laias, Moahammed Alnass , "STUDY THE IMPACT OF CELL CAPACITY AND APPLICATION TYPE ON WIMAX NETWORK PERFORMANCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 62-67 #ijarporg


PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY-BASED TRAINING PROGRAM FOR MATHEMATICS TEACHERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Authors: WENONA L. RAMOS, LEODEGARIA D. ABANTO, FAUSTINO I. DE CHAVEZ

Abstracts: This descriptive study determined the level of application of technology integration in mathematics in selected private sectarian higher education institutions in the provinces of Batangas, Laguna and Rizal in terms of instruction, learning experience and faculty competence. It explored the strength and weaknesses of technology integration in terms of capabilities of the school, teachers and students. Respondents involved 142 education students major in mathematics and 24 mathematics teachers. Statistical tools were frequency, percentage, ranking, weighted mean and F-test. The study revealed that there was moderate level of competency and frequency of use of ICT hardware and software. The level of application of technology integration in teaching mathematics was high on instruction, faculty competency and learning experience of students. Despite such high level of ICT integration, teachers still need to undergo a type of training that will focus on technology-based instruction to maintain the high level of integration. Teachers need to be relevant and updated with the latest trend in technology for further enhancement of their competencies. Thus, a technology-based training program is proposed as an effective way to stimulate interest, cultivate the skills and maintain the level of proficiency of teachers and students required in technology-integrated teaching and learning mathematics.

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Pages: 68-71

Cite this Article: Wenona L. Ramos, Leodegaria D. Abanto, Faustino I. de Chavez , "PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY-BASED TRAINING PROGRAM FOR MATHEMATICS TEACHERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 68-71 #ijarporg


MANOSRIN A NEW HYPOGLYCAEMIC COMPOUND FROM ANISOPUS MANNII N.E.BR.

Authors: M. Z. ZARUWA, J. MANOSROI, T. AKIHISA, A. MANOSROI

Abstracts: The aqueous extracts of ten selected herbal traditional medicinal plants namely, Catunaregam tormentosa, Raulfia serpentine, Moringa oleifera and Anisopus mannii among others from the North Eastern Nigeria were screened ab initio in albino mice (n = 5) using standard procedures. The fraction with the highest hypoglycaemic activity was later extracted with 80% v/v MeOH using soxhlet extractor. The crude MeOH extract was partitioned with CHCl3 and other solvents after TLC, and sub-fractions obtained were tested in diabetic mice (n = 5) using standard procedures to ascertain the most potent hypoglycaemic sub-fraction. This was further purified using HPLC and tested on diabetic mice (n = 5) with doses ranging from 1 to 1000 folds (µg/kg bw) and compared to standards drugs, Glibenclamide and Insulin, respectively. The sub-fraction was characterized using 1H and 13C - NMR and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy COSY, NOESY, HMQC and HMBC. A new compound “3, 23, 28–Trihydroxy-12-oleanen-3-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1,6)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1,6)-β-D-xylopyranosyl)-28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1,6)-β-D-glucopyranoside” (Manosrin) was obtained after characterization. Manosrin showed 45.15 and 67.97 % hypoglycaemic effect with 10 and 100 N folds dosages, respectively. The observed effects were almost at par with the standard drugs. The discovery of Manosrin from A. mannii N. E. Br. is as a new compound will add to the already existing list of known pharmaceutical hypoglycaemic compounds and a new development in the management of diabetes mellitus. Studies on toxicity, mechanism of Manosrin action will be published soon.

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Pages: 72-78

Cite this Article: M. Z. Zaruwa, J. Manosroi, T. Akihisa, A. Manosroi , "MANOSRIN A NEW HYPOGLYCAEMIC COMPOUND FROM ANISOPUS MANNII N.E.BR.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 72-78 #ijarporg


EXTRACTION, UTILIZATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND CONFIRMATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF GORLI OIL FROM THE DRY SEEDS OF THE TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT CALONCOBA ECHINATA IN SIERRA LEONE

Authors: LAHAI KOROMA, T.B.R. YORMAH, L.M. KAMARA, G.M.T. ROBERT

Abstracts: A novel source of non-edible vegetable oil (LKO3) for soap making and cosmetic production has been extracted from the dry seeds of Caloncoba echinata plant in Sierra Leone. 31.5% of fat was obtained from the dry weight of seeds of the plant much higher than palm oil obtained from the Palm tree fruits. Unlike other unsaturated fatty acids, LK03 is solid at room temperature having a fairly high melting point (68.5 °C) and boiling point (247.5 °C) with Saponification Value (89.76) and Iodine value (99.00) supporting the use of the oil in soap making and cosmetic production. Antimicrobial sensitivity tests carried out on the Oil (LK03) using bacterial and fungal isolates showed very potent antibacterial activity on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus known to stimulate wound and skin infections and antifungal activity on Epidermophyton floccosum and Candida albicans known to cause dermatophytes. These results support the use the oil extracted from the seeds of Caloncoba echinata in healing of wounds and skin eruptions in Traditional Medicine. The structure of LK03 was confirmed by both NMR400 Bruker Bio.Spin GmbH (Germany), LCMS/ GCMS analysis (China), by McLafferty Rearrangement and identified as d-13 (2-cyclopentenyl) tridecanoic acid.

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Pages: 79-85

Cite this Article: Lahai Koroma, T.B.R. Yormah, L.M. Kamara, G.M.T. Robert , "EXTRACTION, UTILIZATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND CONFIRMATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF GORLI OIL FROM THE DRY SEEDS OF THE TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT CALONCOBA ECHINATA IN SIERRA LEONE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/aug2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition, 79-85 #ijarporg