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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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CHEMICAL AND BIOSENSOR TECHNOLOGIES FOR WASTEWATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Authors: NOR ARYMASWATI ABDULLAH, SALIZA RAMLI, NOR HANA MAMAT, SAMIA KHAN, CHANDIMA GOMES

Abstracts: Chemical-sensor and bio-sensor technologies commonly used for quality management of wastewater have been critically reviewed. The applications of electrochemical, opto-chemical, piezoelectric, acoustic wave, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), amperometric BOD, bio-enzymatic, bio-acetylcholinesterase and bio-optical algal sensors are detailed. The effectiveness of sensor measurement in terms of accuracy, selectivity, overall cost, and practicality are the main attributes for appropriate selection of sensor technologies in wastewater quality management. This study provides up-to-date information for researchers who look forward to developing better improved and improvised sensors for the future.

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Pages: 1-10

Cite this Article: Nor Arymaswati Abdullah, Saliza Ramli, Nor Hana Mamat, Samia Khan, Chandima Gomes , "CHEMICAL AND BIOSENSOR TECHNOLOGIES FOR WASTEWATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 1-10 #ijarp


REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO AND REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT CLIMATE IN BATANGAS PROVINCE

Authors: GEMAR G. PEREZ

Abstracts: This study aimed to characterize the real estate investment portfolio and describe the real estate investment climate in Batangas province particularly the residential real estate property. The researcher used descriptive research design to attain its objective. Questionnaire is the primary instrument used to gather pertinent data from the 391 residential real estate investors from different subdivisions and condominium projects within Batangas province. The researcher used stratified proportional random sampling to determine the qualified respondents of the study In order to analyze the data gathered, frequency, percentage, mean and One way Analysis of Variance were utilized. Findings revealed that the common real estate investment portfolio in Batangas province are single detached properties, funded through their salary, paid through instalment basis and owned the property for 6 to 10 years. The status of real estate investment climate is favorable in terms of socio-cultural, technological, economic, ecological and political aspects. There is significant difference on the assessment of the respondents to socio-cultural aspect when grouped according to source of fund to buy the property and years of ownership; technological aspect when grouped according to source of fund to buy the property; economic aspect when respondents are grouped according to source of fund and financial option to buy the property; ecological aspect when respondents are grouped according to financial option to buy the property; political aspect when respondents are grouped according to real estate property purchased and source of fund to buy the property.

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Pages: 11-19

Cite this Article: Gemar G. Perez , "REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO AND REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT CLIMATE IN BATANGAS PROVINCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 11-19 #ijarp


A PROMISING CONCEPT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT THROUGH PYROLYSIS OF LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE

Authors: OSIGBESAN A. A., FASANYA, O. RBED, A. I.

Abstracts: Waste management has been a topic of concern among researchers and this has led to the research into various methods of managing them. Pyrolysis otherwise known as thermal decomposition of waste polymeric materials is a renowned technology that is gaining popularity among researchers. This process helps to reduce the environmental menace caused by the conventional methods of waste disposal which include incineration and land filling. Waste low density polyethylene in the form of water sachets was collected from households over time, dried and shredded in preparation for pyrolysis. A measured weight of the waste Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) was fed into the reactor for the pyrolysis to take place at temperatures above 350oC. The products of the pyrolysed waste LDPE which include the condensable gases and the non condensable gases were collected in their different collectors. The residue otherwise known as char was also collected. The liquid product also known as pyrolysis oil was analysed using analytical instruments such as GC-MS and FTIR. The analysis shows that the hydrocarbon components present in the oil are C9 to C25 which are in forms of aliphatics, aromatics, esters and alkanoic acids.

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Pages: 20-23

Cite this Article: Osigbesan A. A., Fasanya, O. Rbed, A. I. , "A PROMISING CONCEPT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT THROUGH PYROLYSIS OF LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 20-23 #ijarp


A NOVEL FLYING CAPACITOR MULTILEVEL INVERTER WITH STABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE

Authors: DHIVYA.K, MAHES KUMAR.V, BABU.E

Abstracts: Multilevel inverters (MLI) are plays an important role in industrial power applications. Generally conventional MLIs are categorized into diode clamped, flying capacitor clamped and cascaded H bridge type. They are having a more number of switches with less number of levels or more. Due to this it can provides a more switching losses and less accuracy. And also it can require more drivers for turn ON the switches, also difficulties in pulse width modulation. The proposed MLI is a new configuration in Flying Capacitor Multilevel Inverter (FCMI). The introduced MLI gives that it consists of less number of switches and gate drivers. And also it has features of voltage balancing property, purge the more dc source, double the output voltage levels, get better the output frequency range. The PWM control by using phase shift PWM. The simulations are made with help of PSIM simulation package and captivating all the parameters values.

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Pages: 24-30

Cite this Article: Dhivya.K, Mahes Kumar.V, Babu.E , "A NOVEL FLYING CAPACITOR MULTILEVEL INVERTER WITH STABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 24-30 #ijarp


EXAMINING MOTIVATIONAL INCENTIVES TO MEDIA PRACTITIONERS

Authors: SILAS UDENZE

Abstracts: Staff motivation is crucial to the survival of any organization. The media landscape is always in dire need of well-motivated media personnel for it to continuously carry out its information, education and entertainment functions. Media managers must make it a point of duty to seeing that their staff are well-motivated. This paper explores motivational incentives to media personnel. Findings from the scholarly review of literatures indicate that money/finance is a crucial motivating factor for media workers. However, other motivating factors for media practitioners are good working condition, social rewards; informal recognization, verbal recognization, use of company’s etc. Furthermore, the study also found that people differ widely in the reward they desire and the value they attach to it. Hence, media managers should critically study their employees in order to determine the kind of reward each personnel desires. The paper concludes that media practitioners should be well-motivated as a matter of urgency in order to engender high productivity.

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Pages: 31-33

Cite this Article: Silas Udenze , "EXAMINING MOTIVATIONAL INCENTIVES TO MEDIA PRACTITIONERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 31-33 #ijarp


PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SOME INSECT-BASED FOOD FOR LOCAL CONSUMPTION IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE

Abstracts: Based on the fact that insects are highly nutritional exciting materials with no doubt as future prospects of being included in consumer’s common diet in various countries in the world, they are vital resource proven with varied nutritional aspects and rich in dietary symbolism for daily nutritional healthiness. Due to high cost and shortage in food availability, it was considered to design a local production method for the available in our local community to provide for unmarketable production and the catalyst for commercial production to complement the available in the market. Edible insects including adults and larvae were partitioned into category A and B respectively while accessory raw materials indicated. Preparation techniques and formulations for selected edible insects involve selection of desirable species with reference to consumer preference, proper milling, thorough mixing, oven drying or steaming at considerable length and storing in dry cool non-freezing sections of the refrigerator for storage longevity before use. Edible insects contribute a small whole processed fractions to the nutrient requirements sold in nook and crannies in local Nigerians market. Therefore, it is recommended to eat only insects that are reported in studies to redress neophobia and avoid risk linked with consumption. More studies on mass production techniques is needed to conquer the hurdle of harvesting from the wild and aiding the local production of insect-based food of different forms at affordable cost for sale to local Nigerians and subsistent consumption. Finally, more research is required to find out more edible species, explore the impact of insect based food on length-weight gain of consumers and how sustainability for high quality protein and calories requisite can be realized for indigenes.

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Pages: 34-36

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe , "PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SOME INSECT-BASED FOOD FOR LOCAL CONSUMPTION IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 34-36 #ijarp


FLOOR-TYPE CHARACTERIZATION, TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY TOLERANCE FOR TUNGA PENETRANS INFESTATION IN IGBOKODA, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE

Abstracts: Tunga penetrans, the jigger flea is causal agent of the skin inflammatory disease so-called tungiasis which is considered common with unhygienic, poor and indigent residents of communities in the world. This study illustrates the various floor type characteristics and designated key environmental factors that buoy up infestations in endemic foci. Sand fleas were sampled using a clean white cloth laid on floors of house and verandas and environmental variables determined using EOSUN electronic device for temperature cum relative humidity measures. Result divulge that majority of the fleas were obtained from inside house of Zion (36 fleas) and verandas of Kofawe (29 fleas). Inside the house of the various locations, unpaved floor types accounted for 52.8% and 70% of the sampled fleas in Zion and Kofawe respectively and 50% of the sampled in both paved and paved floors with cracks in Laranda while in verandas, 36.7% and 62.1% of the sampled fleas were from unpaved floor types in Zion and Kofawe and 54.2% of the fleas recorded in paved floors with cracks in Laranda. Temperature ranges of 28.00C-35.60C and relative humidity ranges of 50.0%-88% were reported for this study. Since the various floor-type characteristics and selected environmental conditions are optimum for flea population growth, targeting the temperature and relative humidity tolerance level through manipulation for species and paving the unpaved and amending the paved with cracks floor types is recommended to discourage infestations.

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Pages: 37-43

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe , "FLOOR-TYPE CHARACTERIZATION, TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY TOLERANCE FOR TUNGA PENETRANS INFESTATION IN IGBOKODA, ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 37-43 #ijarp


PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EFFECT OF SENNE-SIAMEA METHANOLIC LEAVE EXTRACT AGAINST TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI BRUCEI IN ALBINO RAT IN-VIVO

Authors: OBADAHUN. J, ENYERIBE.C.C, AGHO.O.B, ARUNG.Y, SHITTU.J, IDOKO.G.O,

Abstracts: A two week study was carried out on the anti-trypanosomal activities of the leave extract of senna siamea which was obtained using Soxhlet extraction technique. The in vitro study of anti-trypanosomal activity of the crude extract was conducted using Atawodi S.E, 2005 method on albino rats. Two groups of infected rats were treated with 2mg/Kg of the methanolic extract of the leave of senna siamea resulted in the reduction parasite without any weight lostmaking the extract a potent trypanocidal agent while another group was treated with 1.5mg/Kg of diminazene aceturate which served as a positive control, one group served as a negative control method and the last group was uninfected and untreated. The study also investigated the qualitative phytochemical constituents of the methanolic extract of the leave of Senna siamea and the phytochemicals present are: tannin, saponins and alkaloid.

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Pages: 44-47

Cite this Article: Obadahun. J, Enyeribe.C.C, Agho.O.B, Arung.Y, Shittu.J, Idoko.G.O, , "PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EFFECT OF SENNE-SIAMEA METHANOLIC LEAVE EXTRACT AGAINST TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI BRUCEI IN ALBINO RAT IN-VIVO", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 44-47 #ijarp


PREPARATION OF NANO PORE MOR MEMBRANES: EXPERIMENTAL, MODELING AND SIMULATION

Authors: MANSOOR KAZEMIMOGHADAM, ZAHRA AMIRI-RIGI

Abstracts: Nano pore Mordenite membranes were prepared on the outer surface of ceramic tubular tubes via hydrothermal synthesis and evaluated for dehydration pervaporation of water unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine UDMH mixtures. Highly water-selective mordenite membranes were prepared and the optimum reaction condition was found to be 24 h crystallization time and 170oC crystallization temperature. Effect of gel composition on separation factor and water flux of the water-UDMH mixtures was investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that mordenite is the only zeolite material which presents in the membrane. Morphology of the supports subjected to crystallization was characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). In PV of the water-UDMH mixtures, the membrane exhibits a hydrophilic behavior, with a high selectivity towards water and a good flux. The best membranes had a water flux of 2.67 kg/m2.h at 27oC. The best PV selectivity was obtained to be 264. A comprehensive, unsteady state model was also developed for pervaporation of water-UDMH mixture by COMSOL Multiphysics 5.2 software, based on solving continuity and momentum equations simultaneously. COMSOL solves Navier-Stokes equations by finite element method (FEM). The 2D model was capable of predicting concentration in feed and membrane sections and velocity distribution in feed compartment.

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Pages: 48-57

Cite this Article: Mansoor Kazemimoghadam, Zahra Amiri-Rigi , "PREPARATION OF NANO PORE MOR MEMBRANES: EXPERIMENTAL, MODELING AND SIMULATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 48-57 #ijarp


OCCURRENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA IN SACHET AND BOTTLED WATER BRANDS IN ONDO CITY, NIGERIA

Authors: OLORUNJUWON O. BELLO, MATHEW O. ONI, TEMITOPE K. BELLO, OLUMAYOWA T. AMOO

Abstracts: Antibiotic resistance is the ability of a microorganism to withstand the effects of an antibiotic. Today, almost all important bacterial infections are becoming resistant to antibiotics. Unavailability of good quality drinking water is widespread and this has serious health implications. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in some sachet and bottled water brands in Ondo city, Nigeria. Twenty brands of sachet and twelve brands of bottled waters sold in Ondo city, Nigeria were investigated using 3-3-3 regimen of MPN index method. The total coliform count (TCC), faecal coliform count (FCC) and heterotrophic plate count (HPC) in water samples were determined in accordance with standard procedures. The Kirby-Bauer method was used to determine the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the bacterial isolates.Fifty-five percent of sachet water brands belonged to class I (excellent), 25% belonged to class II (satisfactory), 25% belonged to class III (suspicious) while 5% belonged to class IV (unsatisfactory). However, 100% bottled water brands were of class I (excellent). HPC in sachet water brands ranged from 0 - 3.5 x 103 cfu/ml while FCC ranged from 0 - 2.7 x 102 cfu/ml. HPC in bottled water ranged from 0 - 3.5 x 103 cfu/ml while no faecal coliform was present. The bacteria in this study were P. aeruginosa (23.81%), S. aureus (19.05%), Serratia sp (14.29%), Micrococcus sp (14.29%), C. freundii (9.52%), E. aerogenes (9.52%) and K. pneumoniae (9.52%).The overall percentage antibiotic resistance and susceptibility of the bacteria were 43% and 49%, respectively, while 8% of bacteria were intermediately susceptible.This study revealed acceptable bacteriological quality of bottled water brands but questions some sachet water brands from bacteriological standpoints as they fell below WHO drinking water standards. This study also indicted sub-standard packaged waters as a vehicle of spread of antibiotic-resistant potential pathogens, and this poses a high risk to public health.

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Pages: 58-67

Cite this Article: Olorunjuwon O. Bello, Mathew O. Oni, Temitope K. Bello, Olumayowa T. Amoo , "OCCURRENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT BACTERIA IN SACHET AND BOTTLED WATER BRANDS IN ONDO CITY, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 58-67 #ijarp


PATH TO GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

Authors: NWANKWO, IGNATUIS UCHE, UDEOBASI, OBIANUJU CHINYELU

Abstracts: Governance among other things, involves making and implementing crucial decisions that could affect lives of individuals in a variety of ways. It has several interrelated dimensions such as economic governance, administrative governance, political governance, national governance, and systematic governance. In this review paper, emphasis is laid on national governance. Eight characteristics of good governance were examined which should be applicable to both advanced nations of the world and their developing counterparts. The specific features and contributory factors for bad governance which is the bane of underdevelopment and poverty in Nigeria were highlighted. Finally ways of ensuring good governance in Nigeria were discussed which will promote formidable national security and stable socio-political system for the nation.

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Pages: 68-73

Cite this Article: Nwankwo, Ignatuis Uche, Udeobasi, Obianuju Chinyelu , "PATH TO GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 68-73 #ijarp


PREDICTION OF CONCRETE STRENGTH USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

Authors: OGBODO MUNACHISO C, DUMDE DINEBARI K

Abstracts: This report presents the prediction of concrete mix ratio using Artificial Neural Network mode (ANN)l. An artificial neural network model was developed, trained and tested with 259 concrete mix data sets. These data sets were gotten from concrete companies, sorted and used, for which 70%, 15% and 15% were used for training, validation and testing phases respectively. A 3-layered feed-forward neural network model with a back-propagation algorithm was adopted. Input layer comprises of 4 nodes representing the Fineness Modulus, Coarse Aggregate ratio, Water cement ratio, and Maximum aggregate size and five output parameters which are compressive strength, water content, fine aggregate content, coarse aggregate content and cement contents all in (grams) which are the expected output. The ANN model result was compared with other approach of concrete mix design and was considered adequate. The absolute error between the output from conversional mix design and the Artificial Neural Network predicted data was 0.00083. The results indicate the utility, reliability and usefulness of the artificial neural network for accurately predicting concrete mix ratio.

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Pages: 74-77

Cite this Article: Ogbodo Munachiso C, Dumde Dinebari K , "PREDICTION OF CONCRETE STRENGTH USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 74-77 #ijarp


WIRELESS NETWORK SECURITY AND MOBILE SYSTEM

Authors: LALITA DEVI

Abstracts: The current wireless local area network face some of the major security issues, In recent years, with the popularity of a variety of wireless devices and wireless local area network with its easy access ,integrity, availability and confidentiality. Wireless LANs go on improve the quality of life. The evolution of security standardization based upon the work of the IEEE has evolved from WEP to WPA which introduced new key management and integrity mechanism through to WPA2 (IEEE 802.11).

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Pages: 78-80

Cite this Article: Lalita Devi , "WIRELESS NETWORK SECURITY AND MOBILE SYSTEM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 78-80 #ijarp


OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

Authors: ABHISHEK A. SUTAR, ADITYA P. MEHENDALE

Abstracts: Human Resource Management or HRM is the process of managing people in a company/firm as well as managing their existing interpersonal relationships. These two processes are key in the success and growth of a business. Human resource management is the management process of an organization's workforce, or human resources. It is responsible for the attraction, selection, training, assessment, and rewarding of employees, while also overseeing organizational leadership and culture and ensuring compliance with employment and labor laws. HR now focuses on strategic initiatives like mergers and acquisitions, talent management, succession planning, industrial and labor relations, and diversity and inclusion.

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Pages: 81-84

Cite this Article: Abhishek A. Sutar, Aditya P. Mehendale , "OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 81-84 #ijarp


STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT: THE EFFECTS OF CULTURE ON FIRM PERFOMAMCE

Authors: MAJOR BHEBHE

Abstracts: The success of an organisation heavily depends on the skills, knowledge ability and the goes fairly deep into the enduring part of the organisation: the values and beliefs and principles of organisational members determine the success of an organisation. Through questionnaire methodology, this paper analyses the success or failure of the Financial Services Industry. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of Organisational culture on organizational performance in order know how culture of an organisation assist in enhancing the organizational performance. Balanced Score card is used to measure the organizational performance and Handy`s culture model is used. Qualitative approach is adopted in which a questionnaire is used to collect the data. 20 questionnaires have been distributed to the research participants out of which 15 questionnaire are returned to the researcher with complete information. The findings indicate that most banks have a Task culture according to hardy’s model and regarding the Balanced score card, the financial and customer perspective the culture have a negative impact. Most respondents say the bank is not performing well and has no good relationship with customers and customers are not satisfied. Overall the findings were not conclusive and further research is needed

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Pages: 85-90

Cite this Article: Major Bhebhe , "STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT: THE EFFECTS OF CULTURE ON FIRM PERFOMAMCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 85-90 #ijarp


CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF DEFORESTATION IN RURAL SECTOR OF PAKISTAN

Authors: DR. NAUSHAD KHAN, SYED FAWAD ALI

Abstracts: Deforestation is the process where wood is cutting through different techniques and methods from the surface of the earth for the purpose of livelihood while such type activities disturb the ecosystem of the world and make the environment unfavorable. Seeing to its importance the present study was carried out in Pakistan since September 2017. The major objective was that to critically review the past literature about deforestation and reach to conclusion what is the positive and negative effects of this phenomena in Pakistan. Purposively total 17 studies were selected and reviewed 20 times in depth and analyzed the situation. The review shows that deforestation disturb the ecosystem in Pakistan and make environment unfavorable and raised different type diseases in the community and affect the climate in different angle. Through deforestation problem of soil erosion occur which speed up the flood in the area and destroy crops and building and increase poverty in the long run while latter on taking changes in cropping pattern. However deforestation speed up the melting point of glacier in the mountain and disturb the natural habitat not only in Pakistan but also in the whole world and also affect biodiversity in the country The review further explain that the major reason of deforestation is poverty because rural people cut the wood for their survival of life while miss management of forest department is also considered the main reason of deforestation. They cut the wood for their own purpose and miss utilized the means of the government. On the basis of finding following recommendation were suggested for further improvement of the forest. Reforestation program should be arranged every year in the country for multiplication of trees; Honest and mature staff should be selected in forest department; Awareness program about ill effect of deforestation should be launched in the rural community of Pakistan; Forest institution should be multiplied in Pakistan for the purpose of research for uplifting forest in the country; Forest check post should be multiplied for the purpose of forest protection in the county. Powerful policy should be developed by government for forest protection in the country.

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Pages: 91-94

Cite this Article: Dr. Naushad Khan, Syed Fawad Ali , "CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF DEFORESTATION IN RURAL SECTOR OF PAKISTAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 91-94 #ijarp


PREVALENCE OF MASTITIS IN DAIRY COWS IN SELECTED AREAS OF SYLHET DISTRICT

Authors: DR. MD. MATIUR RAHMAN, JANNATUL MAWA MOMU, MAHFUZ RAHMAN ADNAN, MOWDUDUL HASAN TALHA, MAMUN UR RAHMAN, MUSTAQ AHMAD, AKASH KHASNOBISH, MD. ABDUS SABUR, MD ALTAFUR RAHMAN

Abstracts: This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of mastitis in lactating Dairy Cow at District Dairy Farms in Sylhet and UVH, at Jaintapur during the period of January 2016 to December 2016. Mastitis was most frequently seen in cross breed cows. In Jaintapur Upazilla, most of cows were indigenous, but there were many farmers rear cross breed cow for the purpose of selling milk in market. In Dairy Farm, all cows were cross breed. The overall prevalence was higher in crossbred cows than indigenous cows. The prevalence of mastitis was higher in advancing age and in lactation period. The cows were more prone to mastitis during 1st month of lactation. There was significant relationship between prevalence of mastitis and associated risk factors like general physical condition, herd size, frequency of dung removal, floor drainage quality and condition of floor. Reproductive diseases and periparturiant diseases showed higher incidence of mastitis in cows.The overall prevalence of mastitis at Jaintapur was 7.15%. The prevalence of mastitis of dairy cows in Jaintapur Upazilla was more in rainy season and less in winter season. The prevalence of mastitis was 3.47% in summer season, 11.52% in rainy season and 5% in winter season. The overall prevalence of mastitis at Dairy farm was 6.91%. The prevalence of mastitis in dairy farm was more in rainy season and less in summer season. The prevalence of mastitis was 4.97% in summer season; 16.53% in rainy season and 5.29% in winter season.

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Pages: 95-98

Cite this Article: Dr. Md. Matiur Rahman, Jannatul Mawa Momu, Mahfuz Rahman Adnan, Mowdudul Hasan Talha, Mamun Ur Rahman, Mustaq Ahmad, Akash Khasnobish, Md. abdus Sabur, Md Altafur Rahman , "PREVALENCE OF MASTITIS IN DAIRY COWS IN SELECTED AREAS OF SYLHET DISTRICT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 95-98 #ijarp


THE PROTECTIVE AND CURATIVE EFFECT OF LOW AND HIGH DOSES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF FICUS VOGELII (FV) ON LEAD ACETATE INDUCED REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY OF AN ADULT WISTAR RATS.

Authors: UCHEWA, O. O; EGWU, O. A, UZOMBA, G. C, OKECHUKWU, G. N, OKORONKWO, A. C

Abstracts: Ficus vogelii is one of the locally used vegetables to cook soup. The herb has also been used as an herbal remedy for some aliments such as malaria, seizure, etc. This research aimed at finding out the effects of lead toxicity on the histology and physiology of the reproductive organs (vagina and cervix) using adult female Wistar rats and also to ascertained the role of Ficus vogelii can play in environmental lead toxicity. This research lasted for a period of 35days involving 35 adult female Wistar rats weighting an average of 250g. The rats were randomly assigned into seven (7) groups and the groups numbered as follow 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7. Group 1 severed as negative control which received tap water ad libitum, group 2 is positive control that received lead acetate solution, groups 3and 5 received ethanolic extract of Fv (low dose, 100g/kg) and lead acetate solution, groups 4and 6 received aqueous extract of Fv (high dose, 300g/kg) and lead acetate solution each while group 7 received ethanolic extract of Fv only. Microscopical examination of the organs showed various alterations which include necrosis, oedema and denudation suspected to be as a result of lead toxicity. The lead effects on the organs were either protected or cured with the administration of ethanolic extract of Ficus vogelii from these changes caused by induced lead acetate. The organs especially group 2 presented a significant reduction in blood supply which would have been the cause of mucosa necrosis. These distortions to the walls of reproductive organs (vagina and cervix) can lead to female infertility. The groups that received higher doses (4 and 6) appeared to be more vascularized suspected to be as a result of blood supply restored by the extract. The extract also helped in restoring the integrity of the walls of the lower reproductive organs. The results of this study suggest that F. vogelii leave extract can serve as an herbal remedy that can be very effective in treating reproductive toxicity especially that of lead. In conclusion, lead is very poisonous to all parts of the animal body and Ficus vogelii can go a long way to either protect or cure the organs against its deleterious effects and Ficus vogelii acts better in its high dose.

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Pages: 99-104

Cite this Article: Uchewa, O. O; Egwu, O. A, Uzomba, G. C, Okechukwu, G. N, Okoronkwo, A. C , "THE PROTECTIVE AND CURATIVE EFFECT OF LOW AND HIGH DOSES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF FICUS VOGELII (FV) ON LEAD ACETATE INDUCED REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY OF AN ADULT WISTAR RATS.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 99-104 #ijarp


IS WHATSAPP MESSAGING SUBSUMING CONVENTIONAL SMS?

Authors: SILAS UDENZE

Abstracts: The surge in social media platforms have impacted greatly on information sharing. Similarly, communication is becoming cheaper by the day due to increased innovation in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). This article focuses on WhatsApp as an alternative for SMS. This article is anchored on scholarly review of literatures. Based on domestication theory, the theory provides valuable insights into how ICTs fit into different constructs of our day to day lives and routines. The paper concludes that WhatsApp messaging has surpassed conventional Short Message Service (SMS). In this light, mobile service providers are advised to be innovative in order to retain the relevance of SMS in communication.

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Pages: 105-109

Cite this Article: Silas Udenze , "IS WHATSAPP MESSAGING SUBSUMING CONVENTIONAL SMS?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/dec2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 6, December 2017 Edition, 105-109 #ijarp