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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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DEVELOPMENT OF A SMART SOLAR ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Authors: VINCENT B. UMOH, JOSIAH J. OBOT, UNWANA. M. EKPE

Abstracts: The increasing demand for clean electrical energy coupled with recent advances in power electronic devices has driven researchers to seek better ways to harness electrical energy from renewable sources. One of such renewable energy sources is solar energy and this paper documents the efforts that have been put into the development of a Smart Solar Energy Management System (SSEMS). SSEMS has been designed to effectively harness the sun’s energy, utilise the energy to drive electrical loads and store any excess energy for use when demanded. The paper provides a preliminary documentation of the design, simulation, construction and testing stages of the energy conversion and supply subunits of the SSEMS.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Vincent B. Umoh, Josiah J. Obot, Unwana. M. Ekpe , "DEVELOPMENT OF A SMART SOLAR ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND HORIZONTAL MOBILITY AMONG LOCAL SOCIETY: A STUDY OF MAHASHA COMMUNITY IN HIRANAGAR TEHSIL

Authors: JASBIR SINGH, DR. NEHARICA SUBHASH

Abstracts: The caste system is arguably the most distinctive feature in Indian society. The Indian population is divided into four hierarchical classes or Varna’s with large sub population of untouchables excluded entirely from the system. Recent genetic evidence indicates that this rule has been followed for over 2,000 years. Spatial segregation on caste lines with in the village results in a high degree of local social connectedness with caste clusters in distant villages and select urban locations linked to each other through marriage over many generations. Under the effect of certain intense variables, caste system is experiencing extraordinary changes in modern India. The rapid improvement of transportation and correspondence are additionally in charge of the breaking down of Caste system to some degree. The nullification of different social issues which are made by Caste System in Indian culture is the principal point of the social change development. Indian caste system is profoundly influenced by the political development. The rigid barriers of caste not only practice the most pungent form of exclusion but also regulate economic and social life. The caste systems fundamental characteristics of fixed civil, cultural and economic rights for each caste with restrictions for change, imply forced exclusion of one’s caste to from undertaking the occupation of other castes.

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Pages: 6-13

Cite this Article: Jasbir Singh, Dr. Neharica Subhash , "SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND HORIZONTAL MOBILITY AMONG LOCAL SOCIETY: A STUDY OF MAHASHA COMMUNITY IN HIRANAGAR TEHSIL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 6-13 #ijarporg


CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION: ENHANCING YOUNG PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN NIGERIA

Authors: ANTHONY ABAH EBONYI

Abstracts: Research has shown that young people are showing increased interest in the political process in their respective countries. However, in Nigeria, and perhaps globally, there is the belief that the young people are lazy and politically indifferent, preferring instead to be allowed to live as they deem fit. The young people view politics as essentially the exclusive domain of the old people, who, soon after they are elected into political office, tended to focus on enriching themselves, and frantically seek to perpetuate their stay in office, thereby forestalling any hope of they (youth) becoming political leaders in the society. Using empirical documents and other available literatures sourced online this paper reinforces the need for citizenship education in order to promote a culture of active citizenship and democratic participation by the youths in Nigeria. The study showed that young people were not apathetic to politics and that citizenship education was considered to be imperative to enhancing their active participation in the political processes. It concluded that youth participation in the political process could be enhanced by educating the citizens to imbibe moral and ethical values in line with democratic tenets, through the family, schools, the mass media, as well as the political parties; for the overall development of the society.

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Pages: 14-18

Cite this Article: Anthony Abah Ebonyi , "CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION: ENHANCING YOUNG PEOPLE’S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 14-18 #ijarporg


EVALUATION OF OUTLIER DETECTION FOR TRAJECTORY DATA

Authors: NWE NWE

Abstracts: Outlier of trajectory dataset is different from other in this trajectory dataset. The outlier is involved according to human error, sensors or mechanical faults and system behavior or environment. It becomes challenges in accuracy of clustering, classification and other data mining task. The problem statement is how to detect the outlier and what will be more effective method to detect these outliers. Outlier is detected to increase data quality for all applications. To detect these outliers, similarity measurement is used. In this system, Longest Common Subsequence (LCSS) based measurement and Housdroff Distance (HD) are applied. A comparison result of experimental study on effectiveness of these two methods is described. Experimental observation demonstrates that LCSS Distance produces better results than the other algorithm.

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Pages: 19-23

Cite this Article: Nwe Nwe , "EVALUATION OF OUTLIER DETECTION FOR TRAJECTORY DATA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 19-23 #ijarporg


FORECASTING ATTRITION - SURVIVAL TENDENCY TO COMPLETE THE SEQUENCE OF COURSES IN CALCULUS

Authors: ROCELYN BANAWA- CADACIO

Abstracts: Achievement in mathematics could be predicted or estimated by the previous academic performance of students. Such inclination and tendency could also hold true in the case of completing or finishing a sequence of two required subjects in Calculus which is the similar situation concerning attrition-survival tendency. The discriminant function was used to ascertain appropriate weights for a series of variables yielding maximum separation of two groups that is, the attrition-survival groups. The relative contributions of variables such as college entrance examination on mathematical ability (X3) English Proficiency Test result (X4) which has a discriminant equation of V = 0.0205475 X3 + 0.0989086 X4 , as well as variables such as average grade in two Algebra subjects (X5) and average grade in Trigonometry, Solid Mensuration, and Analytic Geometry (X6), which has a discriminant equation of V = 0.3223143 X5 + 0.7444917 X6 – 2.6331281 to the effectiveness of the combination in forecasting attrition-survival indicated significant result which implies that both combinations of variables can be used to forecast the tendency of a student to complete the sequence of courses in Calculus. However, fourth year high school average grade (X1) and NCAE percentile score (X2) have relatively low contributions to the effective forecasting of attrition-survival tendency in completing the sequence of courses in Calculus. Forecasting models were developed for the two sets of combinations of prediction variables. For convenience, table of chances in 100 of survival were also developed. The higher the numerical value of ∆ of X_i (relative effectiveness of variable used in forecasting attrition-survival tendency), the greater the tendency to complete the sequence of courses in Calculus.

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Pages: 24-27

Cite this Article: Rocelyn Banawa- Cadacio , "FORECASTING ATTRITION - SURVIVAL TENDENCY TO COMPLETE THE SEQUENCE OF COURSES IN CALCULUS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 24-27 #ijarporg


ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND HEALTH CHALLENGES OF THE OGONI PEOPLE, RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: DR. LEKPA KINGDOM DAVID, DR. TOMBARI BODO

Abstracts: The study investigated the possible linkages between pollutions caused by petroleum exploration and the health challenges among the people of Ogoni in Rivers State. The specific objectives were to determine the rural awareness of the people to the consequences of the pollution of their land; and to find the linkages between the health challenges in the communities and the polluted environment. Employing the survey design method, 12 oil bearing communities were purposively selected across the four Local Government Areas that constitute Ogoniland. 400 questionnaires were distributed as the means of data collection, of which 385 were retrieved. The analyses of the questionnaires were through simple descriptive statistics methods such as frequency counts, percentages and mean scores. The result revealed that the people of Ogoni are fully aware of the consequences of pollution to their health. Also the result revealed that the short term effects of pollution are now in manifestation among the people (like chest pain, coughing fatigue, anxiety etc.); and some are now suffering from the long term exposures to the polluted environment with depression, skin cancer, brain damage, etc already visible among the people.

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Pages: 28-32

Cite this Article: Dr. Lekpa Kingdom David, Dr. Tombari Bodo , "ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND HEALTH CHALLENGES OF THE OGONI PEOPLE, RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 28-32 #ijarporg


HEALTH EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR REVAMPING ACADEMIC PERFROMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA

Authors: DR ALEBIOSU, EUNICE OLUYEMISI, ADEYEMI, BEATRICE ABIMBOLA

Abstracts: Dr Eunice Alebiosu The transmission of accumulated knowledge from one generation to another through formal education has led to significant advances in mankind’s ability to protect and maintain health. This study presented health education as a tool for revamping academic performance of primary school pupils in Southwest Nigeria. The population consisted of all health education teachers in public primary schools in Southwest Nigeria out of which 1006 health educators were sampled all primary six pupils. Multistage and purposive random sampling techniques were adopted for the study. The instrument used was a questionnaire designed by the researcher and a proformal titled Data Retrieval Format (DRF). The reliability of the instrument was ensured by test-retest method using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and a coefficient of 0.86 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of percentage and frequency counts were used to answer the research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistics was used to test the hypothesis generated at 0.05 alpha level. Findings showed that the level of School Health Education in primary schools in Southwest Nigeria was moderate while academic performance of primary school pupils was high. Findings also revealed that there was significant relationship between school health education and academic performance of primary school pupils in Southwest Nigeria. Based on the findings, recommendations was made that government, health educators, curriculum planners and school administrators should design school health education programme that will address current health issues to further boost the level of health education and benefit school pupils and staff.

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Pages: 33-36

Cite this Article: Dr Alebiosu, Eunice Oluyemisi, Adeyemi, Beatrice Abimbola , "HEALTH EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR REVAMPING ACADEMIC PERFROMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 33-36 #ijarporg


THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETENCY MODEL FOR TOURISM OFFICERS IN THE PHILIPPINES: A RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Authors: JOREEN T. ROCAMORA, DR. HECTOR M. AGUILING

Abstracts: The study focuses on the development and validation of competency model for the Tourism officers in the Philippines. It aims to identify the competency constructs of the profession aligned with Tourism Act 2009, based from literature review, document analysis and interview. The process is furthered by acquiring consensus from panel of experts for content validity and exploratory analysis from the result of initial questionnaire survey in order to come up with a measurement instrument of the competency model. The methodological aspects described in this paper will present both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Further research explores the assessment of the acquired competencies of tourism officers and the importance of interventions to address gap of competencies as perceived by local and provincial tourism officers. The study will utilize Anova, T-test and weighted mean through random sampling. Implications for future research and program enhancement will be discussed.

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Pages: 37-42

Cite this Article: Joreen T. Rocamora, Dr. Hector M. Aguiling , "THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETENCY MODEL FOR TOURISM OFFICERS IN THE PHILIPPINES: A RESEARCH METHODOLOGY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 37-42 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF FLUORIDE RELEASE OF DIFFERENT RESTORATIVE MATERIALS ON REMINERALIATION OF DENTIN

Authors: ALAA M. MOHARAM, SAMEH M. NABIH, NADY M. IBRAHIM

Abstracts: Background: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases affecting humanity, its progression or control depends on the balance between pathological and protective factors, and the best strategy for caries management is focused on methods of improving the remineralizing process. Three different fluoride restorative materials were used and compared to study the effect of fluoride release on remimeralization of dentin. Objectives: To evaluate the fluoride release of three different fluoride releasing restorative materials, Fuji IX GC, Fuji II LC and Beautifil injectable and their effects on remineralization of dentin before and after recharging. Materials and Methods: The experiement required measurement of cumulative fluoride release, through a microprocessor based portable fluoride meter by subjecting three groups of fluoride release restorative materials (Fuji IX GC, Fuji II LC and Beautifil injectable) to pH cycling three times daily for twenty minutes between the artificial saliva for neutralization at pH 7 and citric acid at PH4. The cumulative fluoride release measured at one week, four weeks and twelve weeks. The remineraliation of dentin is assessed through dentin restorative materials samples exposed to pH cycling and measured by measurement of fluoride uptake into dentinal tubules at one week and twelve weeks before and after recharging. Through using quantitative environmental scanning electron microscope (QESEM). Results: Regarding cumulative fluoride release assessment Fuji IX GC is the highest statistically significant than other tested fluoride releasing restorative material at the three aging periods tested at this study and at the two aging media exposed the three tested materials ,and regarding fluoride uptake assessment beautifil injectable highly significant difference than other two tested restorative materials at both aging periods and both aging media tested at this study. Also, the results revealed that there was no statistically significant difference between fluoride uptake values after recharging. Conclusion: Under the circumstances of this study conventional glass ionomer restorative material is the martial of choice regarding fluoride release represented by Fuji IX GC, the glass ionomer modified resin composite (Giomer represented by newly introduced beatifil injectable) has the advantage of fluoride uptake and remineralization.no statistical significance before and after recharging of glass ionomer rstoratives.

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Pages: 43-50

Cite this Article: Alaa M. Moharam, Sameh M. Nabih, Nady M. Ibrahim , "EFFECT OF FLUORIDE RELEASE OF DIFFERENT RESTORATIVE MATERIALS ON REMINERALIATION OF DENTIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 43-50 #ijarporg


THE EXPORT-LED GROWTH HYPOTHESIS: THE PHILIPPINE CASE

Authors: EDGAR H. MENDOZA

Abstracts: This study aimed to find out whether the Export-Led Growth Hypothesis holds true in the Philippine. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to attain the objective of the study and the model generated were tested using Augmented Dickey-Fuller Unit Root Test, Jarque Bera, Correlation Matrix, Durbin-Watson Test, Auto-regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Test, Chow-break point test, Ramsey Reset Test and Johansen Co-integration Test to ensure the validity of model. The results of the study revealed that all the variables of the model passed unit root test at first difference. Analysis of correlation results showed that the rate of growth in real export and rate of growth in export budget had a positive relationship with the rate of growth in RGDP. Rate of growth in real export significantly affected the rate of growth in RGDP. A one percentage point increase in real exports brought about 0.001448 percent to RGDP growth. Rate of growth in export budget also significantly affected the growth in RGDP. Thus, a one percent increase in export budget led to a 0.000221 percent rose in RGDP’s growth rate, ceteris paribus. Moreover, the model itself was statistically significant with a goodness of fit or adjusted R2 of 0.65. The model also satisfied all the econometric criteria of absence of autocorrelation, no trace of specification error, and the stability of the regression parameters. Lastly, the variables were cointegrated ruling out spurious regression results. In this study, the Export-led growth hypothesis holds true in the Philippines based on the empirical results. A long run equilibrium relationship was present among the selected variables and the results therefore are not spurious. It can be said that, an increase in export would lead to RGDP growth.

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Pages: 51-57

Cite this Article: Edgar H. Mendoza , "THE EXPORT-LED GROWTH HYPOTHESIS: THE PHILIPPINE CASE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 51-57 #ijarporg


THE CONFUSION BETWEEN INFRASPINATUS RADIATING PAIN AND C5-C6 RADICULOPATHY: A CASE REPORT

Authors: AWS OBAID, DEON BARNARD, NAA-IELAH PANDEY

Abstracts: Objectives of the Study: 1- To establish how infraspinatus radiating pain and C5-C6 radiculopathy differ. 2- To summarise the comparable symptoms and signs of C5-C6 radiculopathy and Infraspinatus radiating pain. Case Description: A male patient aged 38 complained of numbness, neck pain and pain moving to his left arm which began two years ago. As more symptoms and signs emerged, the physician advised that he should undergo surgery. The patient encountered no symptoms subsequent to surgery and was able to return to work. However, after a period of four months, the radiating left-arm pain symptoms returned. Following this, neck pain became more frequent, and ultimately resulted in continuous pain. Following this, he underwent a complete evaluation when he visited the physiotherapy clinic. The results did not reveal the origin of the pain and numbness as the cervical spine. He was then given the following treatment: stretching exercise for the infraspinatus muscle, myofascial release technique of the trigger points and Kinesio detoning taping. The patient experienced an improvement subsequent to this treatment and the symptoms began to recede. By conducting a comprehensive evaluation for the shoulder and the cervical, we detected the difference between C5-C6 radiculopathy for the cervical spine and the shoulder girdle infraspinatus trigger points.Conclusion: Subsequent to the clinical examination in this case, no clinical evidence was found that the origin of the numbness and pain was due to nerve root compression or disc bulge. The infraspinatus muscle referral zone has considerable similarity with that of the C5-C6 dermatomes. Consequently, this shows that differential diagnosis is significant in establishing the origin of the symptoms experienced by the patient.

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Pages: 58-61

Cite this Article: Aws Obaid, Deon Barnard, Naa-ielah Pandey , "THE CONFUSION BETWEEN INFRASPINATUS RADIATING PAIN AND C5-C6 RADICULOPATHY: A CASE REPORT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 58-61 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF MOISTURE LEVELS AND FERTILIZER RATES ON GROWTH, YIELD AND WATER USE EFFICIENCY OF UPLAND RICE

Authors: ROSEMARY KARIMI KIRAMBIA, KIMANI JOHN MUNJI, PHD, PROF. ELIAS NJOKA

Abstracts: Introduction of NERICA (New Rice for Africa) upland rice has been projected to transform rice farming in stress-afflicted ecologies by producing high yield with minimum inputs. This has not been realized due to the vulnerability of upland rice cultivation to yield limiting constraints such as inadequate water control and low soil fertility particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The study was carried out in a greenhouse environment to determine the effect of water levels, fertilizer rates and Water use efficiency of NERICA 1 rice variety at KALRO-Mwea in two cropping seasons of 2017. Two water levels; 3.5mm day-1 , 7.00mm day-1 and sixteen fertilizer rates encompassing four levels of phosphorus; 0, 20, 40, 60 kg P2O5 ha-1 from Triple super phosphate and four levels of potassium; 0, 10, 20, 30 kg K2O ha-1 from murate of potash were applied. The experiment was laid up in split plot design with three replications with water levels assigned in the main plot and fertilizer rate in sub-plot. Growth parameters measured were, plant height, number of tillers and number of leaves while yield indicators used were panicle weight, spikelet fertility, 100 grain weight, grain length & width plus grain yield. The data collected was summarized in MS Excel and analyzed using SPSS version 23 for ANOVA and post-hoc tests at α = 5%. Water levels significantly affected growth parameters, grain yield and WUE. The highest grain yield of 4.535.57 kgha-1and 2,705.1kgha-1 was attained with 7.00mm/day while 3.5mm/day significantly gave higher WUE of .75 kgha-1m-3 and .53 kgha-1m-3 in season 1 and 2 respectively. Highest grain yield of 3.745.41kgha-1 was attained by P1K2 (0 kgha-1 P2O5 + 0 Kgha-1 K2O) fertilizer rate, P3K3 (40 kgha-1 P2O5+20 Kgha-1 K2O) fertilizer rate gave the highest WUE of .69 kgha-1m-3 average of the two seasons. P3K3W2 (40 kgha-1 P2O5+20 kgha-1 K2O)-7.00mm/day water fertilizer interaction significantly gave highest grain yield of 4,114.2 kgha-1and highest WUE of .86 kgha-1m-3 was attained in the interaction P1K2W1 (0 kgha-1 P2O5 + 10 kgha-1 K2O-3.5mm day-1). With (3.5mm day-1) it is possible achieve over 75% grain yields as can be attained with rainfall of 833 mm (7.0mm day-1) in soils not deficient of phosphorus and moderate Potassium plus sustained Nitrogen supply of 60 kg ha-1. While considering the economics, WUE, growth and yield parameters, application of P1K2 (0 kgha-1 P2O5 + 10 kgha-1 K2O) with 3.5mm/day appears to the viable option for NERICA 1 rice in loam sandy soils of Kirogo -Mwea.

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Pages: 62-68

Cite this Article: Rosemary Karimi Kirambia, Kimani John Munji, PhD, Prof. Elias Njoka , "EFFECT OF MOISTURE LEVELS AND FERTILIZER RATES ON GROWTH, YIELD AND WATER USE EFFICIENCY OF UPLAND RICE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 62-68 #ijarporg


MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOL ACTIVITY IN MODERN CONDITIONS

Authors: NATAVAN HAYDAROVA

Abstracts: The state of the Azerbaijan general education system in recent years has been characterized as dynamic. A variety of changes in the content of education, in teaching methods, in the management of the education system and other social institutions are noted by teachers. The scale and diversity of the changes have a direct impact on educational institutions. This necessitates the modernization of school management. Organized pedagogical management is presented as a mechanism of purposeful influence on the organization of the educational process at school in order to change the directions of specialized education based on the managerial competence of teachers and parents.

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Pages: 69-71

Cite this Article: Natavan Haydarova , "MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOL ACTIVITY IN MODERN CONDITIONS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 69-71 #ijarporg


SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT APPROACH AMONG PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN CALABARZON

Authors: EVELYN A. FLORES

Abstracts: This study aimed to assess the systems approach management in Public Secondary Schools in CALABARZON, with the end in view of coming up with a management plan for a more effective utilization of the Systems Approach. Specifically, the study sought to answer the following questions: 1. How may the school heads be described by the teachers and school heads themselves relative to the following attributes: 1.1. professional characteristics; 1.2. personal characteristics; 1.3. work ethics; 1.4. communication skills; 1.5. intra - personal sills; 2. What constraints are met by school heads in carrying out the dimensions of Systems Approach Management? 3. Based on the analysis, what management plan may be designed for a more effective utilization of the Systems Approach? This study used the descriptive method of research to trace the status of the Systems Approach Management Among Public Secondary Schools in Calabarzon. This method was thought the most suitable in identifying current status and practices of the indicator used. The study used a questionnaire in the form of a checklist/rating scale to elicit data from the two groups of the respondents. The questionnaire contains school heads and teachers description on the school heads’ attributes. To futher elaborate the discussion on the data gathered an interview and focus group discussion with the respondents, both teachers and school heads was done regarding their own experiences. The subjects of the study are the public secondary school heads and teachers. Sampling technique was used applying Slovin’s formula at five percent margin of error to obtain the sample population of teachers and school heads from Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon. For the study to become accurate, statistical measures were used for the analytical presentation of results of the study. The responses on the questionnaire were measured through the respondents’ answer on each corresponding weight value, with one as the lowest and five as the highest. Descriptive equivalents or verbal descriptions of numerical results were interpreted using the following scale continuum. Option Scale Range Verbal Description 5 4.5 – 5.0 Very Greatly Manifested 4 3.5 – 4.49 Greatly Manifested 3 2.5 – 3.49 Moderately Manifested 2 1.5 – 2.49 Least Manifested 1 1.0 – 1.49 Not Manifested At All The results of the study revealed that schools heads are aware of their functions, while teachers revealed a lesser extent of awareness of the status school heads relative to the dimension of the systems approach management. From the data obtained, it was concluded that the school heads and teachers differ significantly in their assessments as regards the description of the school heads on the systems approach management. On the other hand, the personal characteristics assesses by the school heads are all very greatly manifested, while teachers assessed this attributes greatly manifested only. With regards on professional characteristics, work ethics, communication skills, intra-personal skills, interpersonal skills, skills in managing time and financial skills were all assessed by the school heads as very greatly manifested, while teachers assessed these attribute as moderately manifested. Based from the findings, it is but imperative that the school heads must do their best to show to their teachers that they possess the different attributes that a school leader must have.

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Pages: 72-79

Cite this Article: Evelyn A. Flores , "SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT APPROACH AMONG PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN CALABARZON", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 72-79 #ijarporg


IMPACTS OF CRACKS ON UNDERGROUND FLOWS OF THE SUPERFICIAL AQUIFER: CASE OF THE NORTHERN SECTOR OF THE CITY OF BANGUI.

Authors: C.L. DJEBEBE-NDJIGUIM, J.S. MBANE, E.FOTO, M L.KONGANDEMBOU, J.MABINGUI

Abstracts: Bangui, capital of the Central African Republic is a city whose groundwater is fed by two aquifers, one deep fissured and the other porous surface. The latter is a better transfer medium by runoff and underground flow for various pollutants from wastewater and anthropogenic activities. This study focuses on the impact of cracks on underground flow of superficial aquifer of the sector starting from an approach that takes into account firstly both the study of various geological formations of the northern sector, structures and broad directions to which subsurface flows and secondly the physicochemical quality of the water wells sector. The different results allow to know the hydrogeological potential of the north of Bangui. Physicochemical and isotopic analyzes, as well as in situ measurements, show the influence of aquifer materials on water through water-rock exchanges through major ion concentrations (Ca2+,Mg2+,K+,Na+,Cl-,SO42-,HCO3-). The chemical composition of these waters depends on the geological environments crossed, the runoff and infiltration that would have gained the surface water table. Two main factors control the mineralization namely, alteration of the rocks composing the schisto-quartzitic superficial aquifer, laterites and anthropogenic pollution through nitrates. The elevation of NH4+ and NO3- levels shows a slight contamination due to the well-latrine distance. The results obtained made it possible to confirm the hypothesis of the impact of the fissures on the underground flows of the surface water of the north sector through the large fractures measured on the different formations translated by the piezometric maps.

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Pages: 80-89

Cite this Article: C.L. Djebebe-Ndjiguim, J.S. Mbane, E.Foto, M L.Kongandembou, J.Mabingui , "IMPACTS OF CRACKS ON UNDERGROUND FLOWS OF THE SUPERFICIAL AQUIFER: CASE OF THE NORTHERN SECTOR OF THE CITY OF BANGUI.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2019 Edition, 80-89 #ijarporg