IJARP
SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION Ä°N A PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY TO IDENTIFY MAJOR HAZARDS

Authors: V VIPIN DEV, DR RAJA K, PL RUPESH, D SURYA PRAKASH

Abstracts: The pharmaceutical industry is responsible for discovering, developing, manufacturing, and marketing drugs that are given to patients in order to cure them. Chemical and physical procedures are used to create pharmaceutical medications and components from basic materials. During this process, hazardous chemicals are used to perform unit activities such as separation, crystallisation, evaporation, filtering, distillation, and reaction. Because of the wide range of flammable liquids, flammable substances handled in the pharmaceutical sector, there is a . The scientific and engineering-based assessment and classification of hazardous (classified) locations within facilities where chemicals are manufactured, processed, or used, as well as the safe and proper specification and installation of electrical/ electronic equipment located there, is known as hazardous area classification in pharmaceuticals.

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Pages: 1-3

Cite this Article: V Vipin Dev, Dr Raja K, PL Rupesh, D Surya Prakash , "HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION Ä°N A PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY TO IDENTIFY MAJOR HAZARDS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 1-3 #ijarporg


THE EFFECT OF MONETARY POLICY ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN MOGADISHU SOMALIA, CASE STUDY CENTRAL BANK OF SOMALIA

Authors: FARHAN BASHIR ALI

Abstracts: The Main purpose of this article was examining the effect of monetary policy on economic growth in Mogadishu Somalia. to describe the effect of unemployment rate on economic growth in Mogadishu Somalia, to examine the effect of inflation on economic growth in Mogadishu, to investigate the relationship between currency exchange rate and economic growth in Mogadishu Somalia. the target population was 60 and sample size was 38, employees at central bank; The study was conducted through descriptive research design and used questionnaires as the main instrument for collecting data. Data was analyzed using SPSS by assessing the frequency of respondents per question.The findings of study that the effect of unemployment rate on economic growth at the have objective one, agree which represents (76.3%), the second groups are answered strongly agree which represents (13.2%), third groups are answered neutral which represents (2.6%) and fourth groups are disagree which represents are (7.9%). There is inverse relationship between economic growth and unemployment. While objective two examines the effect of inflation on economic growth have the following findings under this objective.The majority of the respondents are reported agree which represents (57.9%), the second groups are answered strongly agree which represents (26.3%), third groups are answered neutral which represents (2.6%) and fourth groups are disagree which represents are (2.6%) and fifth groups are answered strongly disagree Which represents (10.5%). The effect of inflation on economic growth is nonlinear which means negative effect. Third objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between the currency exchange rate and economic growth. The majority of the respondents are answered agree which represents (55.3%), the second groups are answered strongly agree which represents (26.8%), third groups are answered neutral which represents (5.3%) and fourth groups are disagree which represents are (5.3%) and fifth groups are answered strongly disagree Which represents (7.9%). The relationship between the exchange rate and economic growth is certainly a positive. The result further showed that there is a significant relationship between monetary policy and economic growth.The Article recommends Formulating and implementing monetary and exchange rate policies. The federal government of Somalia must tackle widespread unemployment in the country by creating job opportunities. Central bank of federal government of Somalia should use capital controls, foreign reserve accumulation and foreign exchange management to reduce the risk of financial crises. Central bank of federal Governments of Somalia should use a contractionary monetary policy to fight inflation. Central bank of the government of Somalia should be center of financial management.

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Pages: 4-9

Cite this Article: Farhan Bashir Ali , "THE EFFECT OF MONETARY POLICY ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN MOGADISHU SOMALIA, CASE STUDY CENTRAL BANK OF SOMALIA ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 4-9 #ijarporg


SUSTAINABLE GENERATION OF PHOSPHATE BASED FERTILIZERS BY EXTRACTION FROM BIOGENIC APATITE

Authors: MAKHANU MAXMILLA

Abstracts: Phosphorus obtained from finite rock phosphate is one of the essential elements for food production and modern agriculture. Therefore, for sustainability of food supply and development in agriculture, management of phosphorus is key. Animal bones have a high concentration of phosphate that can be harvested and used in fertilizer production but they take many years to decompose and release the phosphate. This study set out to prepare bone phosphate enriched phosphoric acid from the otherwise discarded animal bones. Animal bones (predominantly cattle bones) were collected, washed, dried and crashed to smaller particles using a hammer after which they were ground in a mill. The ground bones were extracted with 0.275M H3PO4 to give a 4.58 M bone phosphate-enriched phosphoric acid solution. Nitrogen was extracted from air by passing the air over heated copper filings and reacted with lithium to form lithium nitride. The lithium nitride was later hydrolysed to form ammonia which was reacted with the bone-phosphate enriched phosphoric acid to generate the diammonium phosphate (NH4)2HPO4) fertilizer. The percent composition of nitrogen (Kjeldahl) in the diammonium phosphate was found to be 17.14 % N while that of the phosphate was found to be 44.58 % P2O5. The efficacy of diammonium phosphate in the growing of tomatoes in a greenhouse was determined with the commercially obtained diammonium phosphate as the positive control and no fertilizer as the negative control. Growth parameters of the tomatoes including plant heights, leaf length, leaf width and root length were obtained over a period of twelve weeks. The results showed that the growth parameters recorded for tomato plants grown with synthesized fertilizer were not significantly different from those recorded for tomato plants grown with commercial fertilizer (p-values = 0.000 <0.05). Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the bone phosphate based fertilizer prepared in this study was as efficacious as the commercial fertilizer. This is a significant finding in that it shows that it shows that animal bones can be converted into readily available phosphatic fertilizer.

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Pages: 10-17

Cite this Article: Makhanu Maxmilla , "SUSTAINABLE GENERATION OF PHOSPHATE BASED FERTILIZERS BY EXTRACTION FROM BIOGENIC APATITE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 10-17 #ijarporg


IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE HEALTH OF THE SMALL BUSINESS IN THE UNITED STATES

Authors: OUMEIMA TOUMIA1, INES ZAHOU-LAMTI2

Abstracts: The Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is getting worse and it continues to severely affect economic development along with social development, entrepreneurial activity, and financial markets. This article examines the impact of COVID-19 on small businesses. We investigate the case of the United States over the period 1995-2020 through means of linear regression. We find that the GDP annual growth, the inflation consumer price, and COVID have a significant and positive impact on business activity. However, the index of economic freedom is not significant. To our best knowledge, no studies have been conducted to investigate this issue.

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Pages: 18-22

Cite this Article: Oumeima Toumia1, Ines Zahou-Lamti2 , "IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE HEALTH OF THE SMALL BUSINESS IN THE UNITED STATES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 18-22 #ijarporg


WORKING TO LEAVE OR LIVING TO WORK? A STUDY ON DCLC EMPLOYEES’ QUALITY WORK LIFE FACTORS AND ITS IMPACT ON TURNOVER INTENTION

Authors: LEONILO M. CRUZ1, BEA TERESA S. SENGCO2, NUQUIE P. GADIN3

Abstracts: Turnover intentions are the main concern for an organization as this corresponds to the actual behavior. This, however, could be solved if the quality of work life of employees is satisfied. To address this, the purpose of this study is to determine through a quantitative research design whether the quality of work life factors (development, participation, compensation, supervision, and working environment) has a negative impact on turnover intentions of employees at Dr. Carlos S. Lanting College. Purposive sampling was utilized among the 152 teaching and non-teaching employees and accomplished the questionnaire, which includes the Quality of Work Life Factors Scale and Turnover Intention Scale (TIS-6). The data were statistically analyzed using multiple regression analysis. Findings indicated that quality of work life significantly predicts turnover intentions; however, it has been found that among the five factors, only three were significant with turnover intentions. In addition, only compensation and work environment negatively predicted turnover intentions, while in contrast, development positively predicted turnover intentions of employees. In conclusion, this demonstrates that when employees perceive they have insufficient compensation and are employed in an unsafe and unpleasant work environment, therefore it would lead them to have higher turnover intentions. Finally, it is recommended that the institution concentrates on developing and implementing compensation and work environment policies and programs in order to reduce the employee turnover rate.

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Pages: 23-30

Cite this Article: Leonilo M. Cruz1, Bea Teresa S. Sengco2, Nuquie P. Gadin3 , "WORKING TO LEAVE OR LIVING TO WORK? A STUDY ON DCLC EMPLOYEES’ QUALITY WORK LIFE FACTORS AND ITS IMPACT ON TURNOVER INTENTION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 23-30 #ijarporg


COOPERATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP MINDSET DEVELOPMENT FOR BEEKEEPERS IN MANICALAND PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE.

Authors: JOHN MWANDIFURA, DR. LOVEMORE CHIKAZHE, DR. JOSPHAT MANYERUKE, DR. NILTON MASHAVAKURE, CHIDZISO BEN.

Abstracts: Cooperatives have a universal image as an instrument of economic, social and cultural support, and yet their known record has been less than exemplary in any country. The study provides an overview of Manicaland province of Zimbabwe beekeepers’ status and their interest in establishing cooperative business that has to improve their position in the market place within the country and abroad. Two hundred and ten beekeepers were surveyed from October 2021 and completed in December 2021 from seven districts of Manicaland. The survey was covering four objective of the study: 1.To examine the entrepreneurship mindset of respondents regarding present and future beekeeping business in Zimbabwe. 2. To establish the source of information and knowledge associated to cooperative business and possible cooperative impact on honey producers’ income in Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. 3. To determine the beekeepers’ willingness for membership in the cooperative business and the prospects of successfully organizing a beekeepers’ marketing cooperative in Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. 4. To identify the beekeepers respondents’ assumptions pertaining to the successful development or failure of a Zimbabwean beekeepers marketing as a cooperative business. Questionnaires were used to collect data from the bee keepers and beekeepers supporters. Microsoft Excel software was used to calculate all statistics collected from the studied districts. Focus group discussion was carried out in each district and photos were taken after permission granted by the farmers. Small scale beekeepers in Zimbabwe is more than 79% and are willing to increase the number of their beehives to increase the production of honey in the country. The results indicate that the level of honey production in Zimbabwe can increase in the near future.

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Pages: 31-38

Cite this Article: John Mwandifura, Dr. Lovemore Chikazhe, Dr. Josphat Manyeruke, Dr. Nilton Mashavakure, Chidziso Ben. , "COOPERATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP MINDSET DEVELOPMENT FOR BEEKEEPERS IN MANICALAND PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2022 Edition, 31-38 #ijarporg