ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition
All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.
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METHODOLOGY IN PRODUCTION OF LOCAL INTEGRATED FISH MEAL: OUR AFFORDABILITY IN ABRAKA, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE
Abstracts: Fish for food is a vital resource for indigenous people in Nigeria, known for their hyper-prolific proteins and immerse contribution in rich dietary symbolism for daily nutritional healthiness. Due to high cost and shortage in commercialized fish meal, it was deemed to design a formulated preparation and processing techniques for local integrated fish meal which would provide a guide to unmarketable production and the catalyst for commercialization of integrated fish feed production process to lessen financial stress on fish farming. Macronutrients including carbohydrates, protein and fat feedstuffs were partitioned in category B, A and C respectively while category D indicated micronutrient feedstuffs. Preparation techniques and formulations for selected feedstuffs stacked in categories involve proper milling, thorough mixing, packing in cellophane at considerable quantity, steaming for recommended hours, sun drying to cake, cutting into pellets or desired sizes and storing in dry cool non-freezing sections of the refrigerator for storage longevity before use. Calculations to justify that integrated feed product meets standard requirement adopted the Pearson square method. Fresh cow blood is the familiar waste vital product known as the principal feed-meal ingredient for the feedstuff integration in this study. Therefore, it is recommended that the incorporation of local integrated fish meal to supplement for high-cost of feed meal and fish nutritionist in mass production of the local integrated at affordable cost be encouraged, that more supplementary feed production techniques be sorted and reported by local fish farmers to allow for continuity in fish farming. Finally, more research to explore the susceptibility and impact of integrated fish meals on increasing length-weight gain of fish species for successes in fish mass production and fish sustainability for high quality protein requisite of indigenes is required.
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Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe , "METHODOLOGY IN PRODUCTION OF LOCAL INTEGRATED FISH MEAL: OUR AFFORDABILITY IN ABRAKA, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarp
OVERVIEW OF PPP PROJECTS IN INDIA
Authors: ADITYA P. MEHENDALE, VINUTA V. DHUPADALE, ABHISHEK A. SUTAR
Abstracts: Infrastructure projects are complex, capital intensive, having long gestation period and involves multiple risk to the project participants. In many countries shortage of public funds have forced the government to enter into long term contractual agreement for financing construction and operation of infrastructure projects. A PPP can be defined to be the private sector construction and operation of infrastructure which would otherwise have been provided by the public sector. PPP structures are typically more complex than traditional public procurement projects. PPPs complexity is due to number of parties involved and the mechanism use to share the risk.
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Cite this Article: Aditya P. Mehendale, Vinuta V. Dhupadale, Abhishek A. Sutar , "OVERVIEW OF PPP PROJECTS IN INDIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 6-11 #ijarp
DAIRY INPUT SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM BY LEAD FARM TO DAIRY FARMERS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF DAIRYING IN THREE ZONES OF OROMIA, ETHIOPIA.
Authors: DEGU TOLERA, CHALA MERERA, ULFINA GELMESSA, JAN VAN DER LEE, ASAAH NDAMBI
Abstracts: The study was carried out to identify the types dairy input services delivered by various lead farms and assess the role of dairy input service delivery of the lead farms on the dairy farmers in three districts of Oromia region, Ethiopia. From Ada’a district Alfa Dairy farm, Cowgrow and Genesis farm, from Welmera district Holetta agricultural Research Center (HARC) and from Ambo district Gadisa Gobena commercial farm were selected for this study. A total of 196 respondents (98 respondents who received and 98 who did not receive dairy input services) were randomly selected with respect to five lead farms and from around lead farm interviewed individually by using semi structured questionnaires. The data collected were analyzed by using SPSS version 20. The results of the study indicate that the dairy input service provision was mainly carried out by private, public sector, lead farms and perdiem worker (veterinarian personnel of different organization). Among these, private sector plays a leading role in providing animal feed, drug supply and milk marketing. The study results showed that public and a perdiem worker plays a significant role in AI, vaccination and treatment service. In cross bred heifers/cows service 48.5 and 19.9 % were provided by smallholder dairy farmers and lead farms respectively. In general lead farm services consist of feed (7.7 %), crossbred heifers & cows (19.9 %), bull service (27.1 %) and milk marketing (19.9 %). However, there was no designed mechanism to coordinate dairy input service providers for effective delivery of service. It was observed that lack of adequate feed in quantities and quality, inappropriate breed, treatment, disease control and milk marketing were found to be the major constraint hindering dairy production and productivity in the study area. Even though the lead farms played roles in the improvement of dairy sector in general and dairy farmers who received service production performance in particular, their service did not improve significantly the dairy production performance in the study area. It could be suggested from the study that any type of dairy input service delivery should go along with provision of improved dairy heifers/cows because either feed, health or market service alone did not result in any change in the performance of dairy cows. Moreover the dairy input service delivery system by lead farm should be demand driven and participatory to create trust and accelerate the transformation of dairy farmers.
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Cite this Article: Degu Tolera, Chala Merera, Ulfina Gelmessa, Jan van der Lee, Asaah Ndambi , "DAIRY INPUT SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM BY LEAD FARM TO DAIRY FARMERS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF DAIRYING IN THREE ZONES OF OROMIA, ETHIOPIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 12-19 #ijarp
STAFF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICES ADOPTED BY PRINCIPALS’ FOR PROMOTING TEACHER-JOB PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: CAROL OBIAGELI EZEUGBOR, LOYCE, C. ONYALI. FAITH OGECHUKWU OKOYE
Abstracts: The purpose of the study was to determine the staff personnel administrative practices adopted by Principals for promoting teacher job performance. The study was carried out in Secondary Schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study was guided by two research questions. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population consisted of 57 Principals, and 1639 teachers, totally 1696. The entire 57 Principals’ and 500 teachers drawn through stratified random sampling technique, making a total of 557 subjects participated in the study. Stratification was based on the already existing local government areas. Data collection was done using structured questionnaire of 20 items, which was validated by experts. A total reliability index of 0.81 was obtained using Crombach alpha co-efficient. Out of 557 copies of the instrument distributed, 555 representing 99% return rate were dully filled and retrieved. Data analysis was done using mean and standard deviation, while the hypotheses were tested using z-test at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed among others that the Principals adopted most of the staff professional development and motivational practices. However, they failed to sponsor teachers for ICT proficiency in this technological driven world and furnishing of teachers offices for a healthy working environment. Consequently, it was recommended among others that Principals should explore possible ways of raising funds especially through internally generation of funds (IGR) to furnish teachers’ offices so as to promote a healthy environment for teachers to put in their best for qualitative teaching.
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Cite this Article: Carol Obiageli Ezeugbor, Loyce, C. Onyali. Faith Ogechukwu Okoye , "STAFF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICES ADOPTED BY PRINCIPALS’ FOR PROMOTING TEACHER-JOB PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 20-26 #ijarp
APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES TO ASSESS TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL AVAILABILITY OF FORAGE IN RELATION TO GRAZING CONFLICTS IN NORTHERN KENYA.
Authors: DOMINIC MARINGA, MWORIA MUGAMBI, GICHUKI NATHAN
Abstracts: Grazing conflicts in Northern Kenya is invoking heightened concern which is drawing the attention of many stakeholders, communities and Governments alike. These conflicts are as a result of many conspiring factors in the North of Kenya. However, most of the grazing conflicts occur on the already established community conservancies, before they filter out to the private ranches and conservancies. The objective of this study was to use Geographical Information Systems to evaluate the available forage on 4 conservancies in Laikipia and Isiolo counties, as part of a larger study undertaken to predict grazing conflicts in Northern Kenya. We used Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to classify the vegetation into 11 classes using MODIS 1km spatial resolution. A 27-year rainfall data of the area was obtained from the Meteorological department for correlation with the satellite images on land use changes in the study area from 1990-2017. NDVI maps were developed to depict spatial and temporal vegetation trends to draw conclusions on the availability of forage in the study area. The results were presented in NDVI maps, tables and graphs for easy interpretation. The results showed that large areas have transited from one land use type to another in the study period, encompassing both reduction and increase in size of various vegetation classes. It also shows that in most areas, green vegetation classes have changed to the negative as depicted in reduction in the spatial resolution. The low greenness indicated lesser availability of browsable biomass mostly in the months of January to April, and June to September, while the browner colours indicated mostly bare grounds around the same seasons. The results further showed that there is a positive correlation between the low precipitation and increase in grazing conflicts, with the months of January-April being the most affected. The results will be useful to grazing planners, drought managers and regional and national governments in mitigation of grazing conflicts.
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Cite this Article: Dominic Maringa, Mworia Mugambi, Gichuki Nathan , "APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES TO ASSESS TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL AVAILABILITY OF FORAGE IN RELATION TO GRAZING CONFLICTS IN NORTHERN KENYA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 27-33 #ijarp
EFFECT OF COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING TECHNIQUE ON FEAR TENDENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF IMO STATE
Authors: OGUZIE, ALPHONSUS EKEJIUBA, ANI DONPEDRO NNACHETAM, OBI BIBIANA AKUKANANWA, ONYEGIRIM BERNADETH OGECHI
Abstracts: This study investigated the Effect of Cognitive Restructuring Technique on Fear Tendency among Secondary School Students in Owerri Municipal Council of Imo State. Two research questions and two null hypotheses tested at 0.05 guided this study. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted for this study. The population for this study was a total of 468 (SS2) students that have fear tendency from all public Secondary Schools in Owerri Municipal. Research sample consisted of 56 students with the highest pretest mean scores of fear tendency measuring instrument from the two co-educational schools selected through purposive sampling technique. The Fear Tendency Detecting Instrument (FTDI) was the instrument used for data collection. Data collected from the study were analysed using mean and ANCOVA. Results obtained from the study indicated that cognitive restructuring technique was significantly effective in reducing fear tendency among the students. The results equally showed that cognitive restructuring technique was more effective in reducing fear tendency among the female participants than their male counterpart. However, the difference in the reduction of students’ fear tendency was not significant based on gender. The researchers recommended, among others, that cognitive restructuring technique should be adopted by school counsellors as an effective means of controlling fear tendency among their students.
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Cite this Article: Oguzie, Alphonsus Ekejiuba, Ani Donpedro Nnachetam, Obi Bibiana Akukananwa, Onyegirim Bernadeth Ogechi , "EFFECT OF COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING TECHNIQUE ON FEAR TENDENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF IMO STATE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 34-38 #ijarp
ANALYSIS OF RECYCLING SOLID WASTE BY MINING TECHNIQUE
Authors: SHARNJEET KAUR
Abstracts: Environment issues are increasing day by day as population is growing on. Wastes are main issue that put effect on environment. The substances in waste are vary according to their category. Some substances are recycled but some are not recycled. This paper presents the mining of solid waste according to their classification. Material present in solid waste are arranged into classes according to their features. After arrangement the recycling technique is applied on each class to recycle and reuse them.
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Cite this Article: Sharnjeet Kaur , "ANALYSIS OF RECYCLING SOLID WASTE BY MINING TECHNIQUE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 39-42 #ijarp
ASSESMENT OF PRINCIPALS’ COMMUNICATION STYLES AND ADMINISTRATIVE IMPACT ON SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: AKINWALE AYOTUNDE SAMUEL, OKOTONI, C. A.
Abstracts: The study identified the communication styles adopted by principals in secondary schools in the study area. The study employed survey research design. The study population consisted of 6,922 secondary school teachers and 466 principals in Osun State while the sample for the study consisted of 720 teachers and 36 principals. From the 30 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in the State, nine LGAs were selected using simple random sampling technique. From each of the nine LGAs, four schools were selected also using simple random sampling technique. The principal and twenty teachers were selected from each of the 36 schools using simple random sampling technique. Two instruments were used for the study, namely; ‘Principals’ Communication Styles Questionnaire for Principals (PCSQP) which was used to elicit information on principals’ communication styles and ‘Principals’ Communication Styles Questionnaire for Teachers (PCSQT) was also used to elicit information on principals’ communication styles. Data were analysed using frequency counts and percentages. The results showed that the common communication styles adopted by secondary school principals in Osun State were inclusive, open and assertive communication styles in that order. The results further showed that only a few secondary school principals adopted aggressive communication style in their various schools. The study concluded that principals’ communication styles play important roles in the smooth running of schools as well as enhancing school effectiveness. The study recommended that secondary school principals should be encouraged to adopt communication styles that will enhance smooth administration of their schools.
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Cite this Article: Akinwale Ayotunde Samuel, Okotoni, C. A. , "ASSESMENT OF PRINCIPALS’ COMMUNICATION STYLES AND ADMINISTRATIVE IMPACT ON SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 43-48 #ijarp
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF INSECT-PESTS AND DISEASES OF COMMON VEGETABLE CROPS OF SELECTED DISTRICTS OF CENTRAL AND NORTHERN TANZANIA
Authors: JULIUS S. MISSANGA1, CHRISPINUS D. RUBANZA2
Abstracts: Vegetable crops are known for their enriched vitamins and essential nutrients. Vegetable production is among the main sources of income to a majority of smallholder farmers in central and northern Tanzania. Despite a number of factors affecting vegetable production, farmers’ knowledge and skills are so important towards proper management of insect-pests and diseases. This study was therefore carried out to assess the farmers’ management practices of insect-pest and diseases of common vegetable crops mainly tomatoes and sweet peppers in selected districts of semi-arid climates of central and northern Tanzania. To obtain baseline data, a socio-economic survey was carried out is the selected areas with a total of 60 respondents involved. In general, this study revealed unsustainable farming practices that resulted in notable insect-pests and diseases infestation within the farms across Dodoma Municipality, Kongwa, Babati, and Kiteto districts. Proper control and management practices were therefore recommended through training, use of improved varieties and proper agronomic practices for enhanced production.
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Cite this Article: Julius S. Missanga1, Chrispinus D. Rubanza2 , "MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF INSECT-PESTS AND DISEASES OF COMMON VEGETABLE CROPS OF SELECTED DISTRICTS OF CENTRAL AND NORTHERN TANZANIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 49-53 #ijarp
CONVENTIONAL PHYSIOTHERAPY AND ADDITIONAL KRISHNA’S KINETIKINETIC MANUAL THERAPY (KKMT) FOR KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS REHABILITATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY.
Authors: CHU BUH FRANKLIN, VUKUGAH ACHOMBWOM THOMAS, GHYSLAINE BRUNA DJEUNANG DONGHO, ATEMKENG TSATEDEM FAUSTIN, KRISHNA NAND SHARMA
Abstracts: Background: Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent chronic rheumatic disease in the World and Physiotherapy care is an integral part of its management. The development of new Physiotherapy techniques will, therefore, be helpful. This is why we conducted this study, to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional Physiotherapy alone (CPA) versus CPK (Conventional Physiotherapy associated with Krishna’s Kinetikinetic Manual Therapy, which is a new technique) on pain, stiffness, function and knee Range of motion in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: a controlled single blinded experimental study was undertaken on 14 patients with knee Osteoarthritis. Patients were recruited into two groups of 7 each: CPA and CPK. Both groups received treatment protocols for 5 weeks: 3 sessions per week. The WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index), VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) and Goniometer were used for data collection before and after treatment. Data were analyzed using MS Excel 2010 and SPSS version 20 software. Results: Among our 14 patients were, 5 males, 9 females. In the intervention group (CPK), the mean score before treatment for WOMAC, VAS, and ROM (Range of Motion) were respectively 52.43 on 96, 77.86 on 100, and 107.14°. After treatment, they were 17.86, 26.86 and 117.21° respectively. In the control group (CPA), before treatment, they were respectively 50.00, 64.29, and 95.07°. After treatment, they were: 26.00; 38.86 and 104.28° respectively. The difference between the two groups was not significant for WOMAC (p=0.477), VAS (p=0.263) and knee ROM (p=0.884). Conclusion: KKMT added to conventional therapy was found to improve the treatment of symptoms in patients with knee osteoarthritis. More studies with larger and randomized sample sizes and longer periods of treatment may assess better, this new technique.
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Cite this Article: Chu Buh Franklin, Vukugah Achombwom Thomas, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Atemkeng Tsatedem Faustin, Krishna Nand Sharma , "CONVENTIONAL PHYSIOTHERAPY AND ADDITIONAL KRISHNA’S KINETIKINETIC MANUAL THERAPY (KKMT) FOR KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS REHABILITATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 1, January 2018 Edition, 54-58 #ijarp