IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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USING DATA ANALYTICS TO EXTRACT KNOWLEDGE FROM MIDDLE-OF-LIFE PRODUCT DATA

Authors: FATIMA-ZAHRA ABOU EDDAHAB, IMRE HORVáTH

Abstracts: Data analytics needs dedicated tools, which are getting complex. In this paper we summarize the results of our literature research done with special attention to existing and potential future tools. The attention is paid mainly to processing big data, rather than to effective semantic processing of middle-of-life data (MoLD). The issue of handling of big MoLD of specific characteristics efficiently has not yet been addressed by the commercialized tools and methods. Another major limitation of the current tools is that they are typically not capable to adapt themselves to designers’ needs and to support knowledge/experience reusability in multiple design tasks. MoLD require quasi-real life handling due to their nature and direct feedback relationships to the operation process and the environment of products. Nowadays products are equipped with smart capabilities. This offers new opportunities for exploiting MoLD. The knowledge aggregated in this study will be used in the development of a toolbox, which (i) integrates various tools under a unified interface, (ii) implements various smart and semantics orientated functions, and (iii) facilitates data transformations in contexts by the practicing designers themselves.

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Pages: 1-21

Cite this Article: Fatima-Zahra Abou Eddahab, Imre Horváth , "USING DATA ANALYTICS TO EXTRACT KNOWLEDGE FROM MIDDLE-OF-LIFE PRODUCT DATA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 1-21 #ijarporg


MODEL FOR MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF THE UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA

Authors: YAWO MAMOUA KOBARA, SALIFU KATARA, ABDUL-RAHAMAN ISSAHAKU

Abstracts: This paper analyzes and use a Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model to jointly forecast minimum and maximum temperature values. The study was carried out using data collected in the Upper East Region of Ghana. It examines the best trend of the temperature data and it illustrates how the VAR (p) model can be fitted to the data based on the Lag selection for the model using the AIC, SIQ and BIC. Particular attention was given to the unit root test of stationary, the Johansen test of co-integration and the Granger causality test to investigate the bilateral causality of the data. Interest is paid to the properties of VAR model, to the estimation of the parameters of the model and to the determination of the number of co-integration vectors. The study was carried on a monthly data from January 1954 to December 2014 and finally the study permits the forecast of three years ahead. The results conclude that the relationship between the minimum and maximum temperature is a bilateral causality since both are co-integrated and granger cause.

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Pages: 22-32

Cite this Article: Yawo Mamoua Kobara, Salifu Katara, Abdul-Rahaman Issahaku , "MODEL FOR MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE OF THE UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 22-32 #ijarporg


DETOXICATION AND ARTISANAL TRANSFORMATION OF THREE CASSAVA VARIETIES (MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ) IN FLOUR

Authors: RANDRIANANTENAINA ANTONI, RAZAFIMAHEFA, FENORADOSOA ANDREE TARATRA

Abstracts: After rice, cassava is the second most important source of energy in Madagascar. The artisanal cassava detoxification method reduces the rate of cyanogenic potential by 3.40 ± 0.00 ppm HCN for the Menarevaka variety; 4.51 ± 0.54 ppm HCN for the Mena variety and 2.44 ± 0.86 ppm HCN for the Fotsy variety. This method produces flours production yields of 32.76 % (Menarevaka), 30.99 % (Mena) and 32.00 % (Fotsy). The flours thus obtained are white and unfermented. They can be used to prepare modern foods.

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Pages: 33-36

Cite this Article: Randrianantenaina Antoni, Razafimahefa, Fenoradosoa Andree Taratra , "DETOXICATION AND ARTISANAL TRANSFORMATION OF THREE CASSAVA VARIETIES (MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ) IN FLOUR", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 33-36 #ijarporg


DETERMINATION OF THE ACTUAL NUMBER OF STAGES IN A BINARY DISTILLATION COLUMN USING EXCEL

Authors: YOUSUO DIGIENENI , OSARIBE NELSON A. , THANKGOD EREFAGHA RUFUS

Abstracts: The study highlighted the applications of distillation and explained the effect of the minimum number of stages in separation process in a distillation column. The study also looked at the design steps of a binary distillation column. The Excel software which is cheap, common and can be easily gotten was used to determine the minimum number of stages. The study showed that the minimum number of stages obtained were approximately seven. Thus a column with fewer than the minimum number of trays cannot achieve the desired separation, even at very high reflux.

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Pages: 37-41

Cite this Article: Yousuo Digieneni , Osaribe Nelson A. , ThankGod Erefagha Rufus  , "DETERMINATION OF THE ACTUAL NUMBER OF STAGES IN A BINARY DISTILLATION COLUMN USING EXCEL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 37-41 #ijarporg


IMPROVING STUDENT’S MATHEMATICAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS THROUGH MATHEMATICS WORKSHEET BASED ON REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

Authors: YERIZON, I MADE ARNAWA, RAFKI NASUHA ISMAIL

Abstracts: Students' mathematical communication skills are still low. The reason is that the presentation of material is less related to student life. The purposes of this research is to develop mathematics worksheets based on Realistic Mathematics Education to improve students' communication skills. This type of research is the Plomp design research model with three stages, namely the preliminary investigation, prototyping stage, and assessment phase. The instruments used were observation sheets, interview guidelines, questionnaires, and tests. The results showed that the worksheet was practical, effective, and valid, and was able in improving students' mathematical communication skills. The use of problems related to the students’ life makes learning more meaningful.

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Pages: 42-46

Cite this Article: Yerizon, I Made Arnawa, Rafki Nasuha Ismail , "IMPROVING STUDENT’S MATHEMATICAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS THROUGH MATHEMATICS WORKSHEET BASED ON REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 42-46 #ijarporg


POVERTY DATA ANALYSIS IN RIAU PROVINCE USING GEOGRAPHICALLY WEIGHTED REGRESSION MODEL WITH EXPONENTIAL AND TRICUBE ADAPTIVE KERNELS

Authors: MIA AMIATI, ARISMAN ADNAN, RADO YENDRA

Abstracts: one of the serious problems in Riau Province is the poverty rate. To overcome the problem the government has made various efforts, in the hope that poverty alleviation will become more directed, but these efforts have do not get effective results so a new aproach is needed to look specifically at poverty cases in each location. The regression analysis approach has often been used in predicting poverty rates, but still global and enforced at all observed locations without involving geographical location based on earth's longitude and latitude. One model could accommodate geographical effects on data is the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) model. The data used in this study is the poverty in Riau Province (y) and three independent factors (x) which will be modeled using the GWR model. The parameters of the model are calculated at each location, so it observation location has a local regression parameter value. The method for estimating the parameters of the GWR model is the Weighted Least Square (WLS) method. The weighti functions used are exponential and tricube adaptive kernels. The selection of optimum bandwidth use the Cross Validation (CV) method. The best selection criteria used are R^2, AIC and RMSE. The study show the GWR model with tricube adaptive kernel weighting function is better than the GWR model with an exponential adaptive kernel.

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Pages: 47-50

Cite this Article: Mia Amiati, Arisman Adnan, Rado Yendra , "POVERTY DATA ANALYSIS IN RIAU PROVINCE USING GEOGRAPHICALLY WEIGHTED REGRESSION MODEL WITH EXPONENTIAL AND TRICUBE ADAPTIVE KERNELS ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 47-50 #ijarporg


ISOLATION AND ANTIBIOGRAM PROFILE OF MULTIPLE DRUGS RESISTANCE PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA FROM BURN WOUND INFECTION IN WESTERN NEPAL

Authors: RAM BAHADUR KHADKA, BALRAM NEUPANE, BIKRAM KHADKA, MANOJ KAFLE

Abstracts: Different microorganisms that resist multiple antibiotics is considered to be most threatening problems to public health now a days. The aim of this study was to evaluate antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in burn wound infection and the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of P. aeruginosa isolates.Wound pus was collected using a sterile swab from all age group excluding the patients already on antibiotic therapy. One hundred eighty four (184) samples were collected from the wound pus in Medicross Diagnositc Center, Butwal, Nepal from October , 2017 through March , 2018.Out of 184 samples, 48 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were isolated and tested for antibiotic susceptibility against different antibiotics. The pattern of antibiotic susceptibility suggested that 100% of the isolates were resistant to Tobramycin, and 94.1% were resistance to Cefoperazone and Meropenem whereas the least resistance was shown against ciprofloxacin (35.3%) followed by amikacin and gentamicin (47.1%) both. The percentage of multi drug resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates was 100% since all these positive samples were resistant to at least 3 drugs in the following classes: β-lactams, carbapenems, aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones. In P. aeruginosa infections, periodic antimicrobial resistance monitoring is fundamental to update the current activity level of commonly used anti-pseudomonal drugs to minimize the risk of drug resistance.

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Pages: 51-55

Cite this Article: Ram Bahadur Khadka, Balram Neupane, Bikram Khadka, Manoj Kafle , "ISOLATION AND ANTIBIOGRAM PROFILE OF MULTIPLE DRUGS RESISTANCE PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA FROM BURN WOUND INFECTION IN WESTERN NEPAL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 51-55 #ijarporg


CREATIVE DRAMATICS IN NIGERIAN PRE-TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS: A STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE.

Authors: OSEMWEGIE, OMOWUMI MOJISOLA

Abstracts: From time immemorial, drama and education have mutually co-existed, with the former serving the latter, the play-way method of teaching has been of tremendous value to teaching and learning. In fact, many difficult subjects or topics have been demystified through this potent aid to teaching. With this understanding, this dissertation evaluates the effect of creative dramatics in Nigerian pre-tertiary institutions and teacher’s knowledgability and perceptions about drama as a method of teaching. The noticeable result is that teachers are aware of creative dramatics as a means of teaching. However, they only hesitate to use it since they are not well tutored on drama. This work also observes a profound difference between the academic performance of students taught with a means of drama and traditional method of teaching. In addition, the study includes different creative dramatics techniques that are helpful even for traditional teachers (who are not drama inclined). It is therefore, concluded that creative dramatics should not be handled with levity and also be a major part of teaching methods in Nigerian pre-tertiary institutions. The reason is its immense contributions to the development of a child to become a rounded person.

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Pages: 56-62

Cite this Article: Osemwegie, Omowumi Mojisola , "CREATIVE DRAMATICS IN NIGERIAN PRE-TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS: A STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE. ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 56-62 #ijarporg


A LITERARY REVIEW OF LANGHANA THERAPY

Authors: DR. SUMAN MEENA, DR. ANSHIKA GUPTA, DR. PRADEEP KUMAR MEENA, DR.VIDULA GUJJARWAR

Abstracts: Each medical system has its own principles of diagnosing a disease and hence the management approach. Ayurveda sights health as a equilibrium state of doshas and dhatus (body element), the derangement of which either in the form of undernourishment or over nourishment affects the homeostasis and result in diseases. Management of such a derangement is based on substituting the depleted component and removal of those accumulated in excess. Ayurveda the ancient science of life describes various types of treatments in context of healthy individual and also diseased one. Amongst them shadvidhopkrama bears a lot of significance in todays life. Shadvidhopkrama means union of six types of treatments principles, viz Langhana, Bruhana, Rukshana-Snehana, Swedana-Stambhana. Out of these six therapies Ayurveda advocates two basic treatment principle which are termed as brumhana and Langhana upkarmas. Management of all the disease occurs mainly in or around these two principle. Among the two, langhana upakarma is the one supported in conditions which arise due to atibrumhana or santarpana. The purpose of this therapy is to make the body light by relieving heaviness. Usually lightness is a quality of vata dosha. Heaviness due to kapha. Alike, whenever there is a kapha dosha increase the obstruction of the body channels by kapha dosha, or perhaps the additional kapha association with pitta dosha then the langhana treatment principle is adopted. Elaborate description is available in all the classical text of Ayurveda regarding upakarma in general and langhana upakarma in particular but the information is widely scattered. The purpose of this paper is provide a systematic compilation of langhana therapy for easier application of the concept.

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Pages: 63-67

Cite this Article: Dr. Suman Meena, Dr. Anshika Gupta, Dr. Pradeep Kumar Meena, Dr.Vidula Gujjarwar , "A LITERARY REVIEW OF LANGHANA THERAPY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 63-67 #ijarporg


THE INQUIRY -BASED APPROACH IN TEACHING PROBABILITY AMONG GRADE 8 STUDENTS OF X NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Authors: ARNEL M. DAYAME, LIRAH JEAN Z. GAVILAN, FELIX M. DIANO JR.

Abstracts: The investigation decides the mean score and the critical distinction of the pre-test and post-test consequence of X National High School understudies. The investigation helped the instructor to more readily fathom why inquiry attempts to interface with and invigorate students learning, it is imperative to observe how an inquiry way to deal with manage demonstrating contrasts from a customary methodology. The examination used a pre-test-post-test plan under Pre-Experimental research design to decide the improvement of the students' scholastic execution utilizing the inquiry-based methodology in educating probability. The investigation uncovered that in a inquiry-based learning students adequately participate in learning and thus were dynamically busy with the procedure and content. Along these lines, there will be increasingly viable learning guidance with respect to the educator and utilizing the IBA may prompt better learning improvement.

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Pages: 68-72

Cite this Article: Arnel M. Dayame, Lirah Jean Z. Gavilan, Felix M. Diano Jr. , "THE INQUIRY -BASED APPROACH IN TEACHING PROBABILITY AMONG GRADE 8 STUDENTS OF X NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 68-72 #ijarporg


IMPLICATION OF SCN2A IN THE PROGNOSIS OF EPILEPSY: A REVIEW PAPER.

Authors: RASHA ELHASSAN, PROFESSOR ABASSHAR HUSSEIN, PROFESSOR ABDALLA KHWAD, DR ALSADIG GASOUM, DR SAWSAN ALDEEF, DR GHADA ELHASSAN, DR MOHAMMED SAAD

Abstracts: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder result in firing of the neurons due to channel defect or neuro-transmitters disturbance. Its clinical presentation is guided by the site of the abnormal neurons, and distribution pattern of the neuronal discharge. Treatment is mainly by antiepileptic drugs which have a good prognosis. However the remission and relapse is determined by some clinical and genetic factors. Many genes participate in the response to antiepileptic by affecting the metabolism, transporter, or the drug target. Sodium channel type alpha 2 gene (SCN2A) which is located in chromosome 2 encodes many antiepileptic drug receptors and incriminated in some refractory epilepsies. Science intractable epilepsy is disturbing life and consuming time early prediction of outcome will help in treating patient. More than that, using sodium channel blockers, or other modality of treatment such as ketogenic diet, deep vagus nerve stimulation, or surgery will improve outcome.

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Pages: 73-76

Cite this Article: Rasha Elhassan, Professor Abasshar Hussein, Professor Abdalla Khwad, Dr Alsadig Gasoum, DR Sawsan Aldeef, Dr Ghada Elhassan, Dr Mohammed Saad , "IMPLICATION OF SCN2A IN THE PROGNOSIS OF EPILEPSY: A REVIEW PAPER.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 73-76 #ijarporg


INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY IN THE PHILIPPINES: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF INBOUND STUDENTS RATIONAL DECISIONS ON CHOICE DESTINATION FOR STUDY ABROAD

Authors: ANNA MARIE M. SOPOCO, AMELITA A. GAERLAN

Abstracts: Anchored in the rational choice theory, this study is intended to critically analyze the status of inbound student mobility in selected universities in the Philippines. Exploratory in design, it utilized a mixed method to explore the students’ insights through an analysis of the data gathered from survey questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Thirty-five (N) inbound students were respondents to represent the international student population from selected universities in major regions of the country. Findings reveal that most international students enrolled, comprised mostly of Asians such as the Chinese and Indians who yielded 61.0%, while the rest are from Africa and other regions of the world. The respondents were primarily motivated by the reputation of quality education of selected universities in the Philippines which provide training for professions/skills needed in industries with high labor market demand abroad. Results also indicated “Quality-Affordability–Safe and Student-friendly” (QASSF) framework that characterizes the motivations that engaged the foreign students to choose the Philippines as their study destination abroad. As consumers of education industry, inbound students are rational and non- rational decision makers of the importance of investing time and funds for their education. The inbound students in the Philippines are described to be like practical people who prepare the future by investing in today’s relevant institutions of higher learning. They are patrons of reputable universities whose graduates get immediately employed or to start owned-business and enjoy their ‘return of investment’ (ROI) in international higher education.

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Pages: 77-90

Cite this Article: Anna Marie M. Sopoco, Amelita A. Gaerlan , "INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY IN THE PHILIPPINES: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF INBOUND STUDENTS RATIONAL DECISIONS ON CHOICE DESTINATION FOR STUDY ABROAD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 77-90 #ijarporg


COMMUNITY-BASED ASSESSMENT OF FOREST PROVISIONING ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE NORTHERN VIETNAM

Authors: THI PHUONG MAI NGUYEN, THI DONG NGUYEN

Abstracts: Local communities - as direct users and managers of ecosystems - acutely do know about the provisioning services of forests in their area. Their assessment can support policy-making and strengthen the capacity to manage forest ecosystem services and natural resources at the local scale. Hence, the research investigates local people’s demands for forest provisioning ecosystem services (FPES), and their evaluation of the resource supply that contributes to their well-being. Methods of data collection are group discussions and household interviews in some villages in the Northern Vietnam. The research illustrates that local people have high demands concerning FPES for domestic use purposes, especially, requirements of timber for stilt - house building, fuel wood and water supply. Although the local demands have changed over time, these services are still of major concern while the supplies were evaluated to be at low level and limited in quantity and quality. Local people highly appreciated the role of forests to their income and their daily lives which indicates their considerable dependence on forests. Based on local people’s assessment and awareness of FPES, policy makers and managers could be enabled to perform more effective targeting and forest management interventions.

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Pages: 91-94

Cite this Article: Thi Phuong Mai Nguyen, Thi Dong Nguyen , "COMMUNITY-BASED ASSESSMENT OF FOREST PROVISIONING ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE NORTHERN VIETNAM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 91-94 #ijarporg


CHALLENGES OF THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF FRENCH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN GHANA : THE WAY FORWARD

Authors: AMBROSE BANGNIA

Abstracts: This paper focuses on the grand challenges, which are difficult but solvable facing the teaching and learning of French as a foreign language in Ghana. The paper attempts to identify, define the big challenges and propose suggestions that can provide new opportunities for professionals of every human endeavour, spur new directions and innovation in order to change the Ghanaian public opinion about the role and importance of foreign language teaching and learning. Bilingualism or Multilingualism (knowing more than one language) is no longer a choice or an option but a must for businesses communication, offers employment opportunities and promotes global economic growth. Empirical evidence and research findings confirm and add to our understanding that French is among the principal languages of diplomacy and of important international organizations, a language of instruction, language of government and lingua franca of business. However, there are grand challenges facing the teaching and learning of French in Ghana. The researcher therefore attempts to address these challenges, focusing on priority areas in foreign language education, policy formulation and implementation, monitoring, and suggesting the way forward

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Pages: 95-103

Cite this Article: Ambrose Bangnia , "CHALLENGES OF THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF FRENCH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN GHANA : THE WAY FORWARD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 95-103 #ijarporg


PREVALENCE AND RELATED FACTORS OF INJURY AMONG HANDBALL PLAYERS OF BRAZZAVILLE DURING THE SPORTS SEASON

Authors: YVON ROCK GHISLAIN ALONGO, INNOCENT SIMPLICE MOUSSOUAMI, NATHALIE MAKOUMOUNOU MBAMA

Abstracts: The objective of this descriptive study is to estimate the prevalence and associated determinants of handball physical trauma in a sample of players. It was conducted with 75 practicing handball players in 5 clubs whose average age was 26.4 4.7 years of the players surveyed. The body mass and size of the handball players were measured using an XY-3012 electronic scale. A multi-pronged questionnaire was conducted with results showing a predominance of pelvic limb injuries, including knee (26%) and ankle (24%). However, the shoulder made up of the scapula and collarbone) and the wrist are the joints, the most exposed to physical trauma. Our study identified the most frequent injuries as well as the predominant factors responsible for the physical injuries that occurred during handball competitions. With a view to improving performance and reducing the number of accidents involving Congolese handball players, it is desirable that the public authorities modernise the working conditions of athletes by lining the handball fields with tartan or floor.

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Pages: 104-110

Cite this Article: Yvon Rock Ghislain ALONGO, Innocent Simplice MOUSSOUAMI, Nathalie MAKOUMOUNOU MBAMA , "PREVALENCE AND RELATED FACTORS OF INJURY AMONG HANDBALL PLAYERS OF BRAZZAVILLE DURING THE SPORTS SEASON", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 104-110 #ijarporg


LAXATIVE POTENTIAL OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF THE AERIAL PARTS OF EUPHORBIA HETEROPHYLLA IN LOPERAMIDE-INDUCED CONSTIPATED WISTAR ALBINO RATS

Authors: WELLINGTON, E.O, PETERS, D.E, ONYEIKE, E.N

Abstracts: Background and Objectives: Euphorbia heterophylla is a medicinal plant that is known to elicit several medicinal properties such anti-malaria, anti-anaemic, treatment of asthma and many other health problems. This study investigated the laxative potential of aqueous extract of the aerial parts of E heterophylla in constipated wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Constipation was induced by oral administration of 1ml of 3mg/kg body weight of loperamide for three days and the passage of dry and reduced number of faecal pellet was indicative of the episode of constipation in the rats. Results: The faecal properties such as number of faecal pellet, faecal, faecal water content and gastrointestinal motility were determine following the “Cho’’ method of determination faecal properties in condition of constipation. Plasma electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca2+ and Mg+) and urea concentrations were determined using colorimetric method. Significant increases (p≤0.05) were observed in the number of faecal pellet (171.29± 30.13), weight of faecal pellet (38.69± 2.92g) and faecal water content (2.01±0.12ml) in 1500mg/kg b.w treated group when compared to their respective control values. Gastrointestinal motility significantly increased (p≤0.05) for 1500mgkg b.w treated group (94.23%) in comparison to the constipated control (73.45%). Significant increase (p≤0.05) in concentrations of plasma sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), magnesium (Mg2+), calcium (Ca2+) and urea (147.20 ± 1.48, 4.35± 0.09, 133.20 ± 2.05, 2.19 ± 0.01, 2.71 ± 0.01, and 9.25 ± 0.03 respectively) were observed for 1500mg/kg b.w treatment in comparison to the control values. Conclusion: The significant increases in the number of faecal pellet, weight of faecal pellet, faecal water content, gastrointestinal motility and the plasma electrolyte concentrations is indicative that aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Euphorbia heterophylla elicited laxative potential against constipation induction.

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Pages: 111-117

Cite this Article: Wellington, E.O, Peters, D.E, Onyeike, E.N , "LAXATIVE POTENTIAL OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF THE AERIAL PARTS OF EUPHORBIA HETEROPHYLLA IN LOPERAMIDE-INDUCED CONSTIPATED WISTAR ALBINO RATS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 111-117 #ijarporg


RAIN ATTENUATION AND LINK BUDGET DESIGN FOR KU BAND DOWNLINK SIGNAL IN GHANA

Authors: AKOBRE STEPHEN; MOHAMMED IBRAHIM DAABO; SALIFU ABDUL-MUMIN

Abstracts: Good signal reception depends on a reliable communication link. But as the signal travels through the communication medium, several factors affect the quality of the signal at the receiver. In Ku band digital satellite transmission, rain is the major cause of signal impairment. The ITU-R rain rate and attenuation models are globally accepted models in determining the rain rate and attenuation at various locations worldwide, in the absence of locally measured 1-minute data recommended for rain attenuation studies. In this paper, we used the ITU-R rain rate and attenuation model to determine the rain rate and attenuation for 22 synoptic stations in Ghana. Knowledge of rain attenuation for a given location can be used to develop a link budget design. A link budget design was therefore developed for various climatic zones in Ghana for a Ku band downlink frequency using some assumptions. As Ghana migrates from analogue to digital satellite television broadcasting, it is important for some preliminary work to be undertaken to determine the attenuation levels the signals are likely to suffer. This will serve as a tool for system designers and manufacturers of satellite equipment for Ghana.

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Pages: 118-125

Cite this Article: Akobre Stephen; Mohammed Ibrahim Daabo; Salifu Abdul-Mumin , "RAIN ATTENUATION AND LINK BUDGET DESIGN FOR KU BAND DOWNLINK SIGNAL IN GHANA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 118-125 #ijarporg


CORRUPTION AS ENEMY OF PEACE IN THE SOCIETY: IMPACTS ON SOCIO-POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA

Authors: BABATOLA, ADELEYE MARCUS

Abstracts: This paper examines corruption as enemy of peace in the society which has become undesirable omen to socio-political and economic development in Africa especially Nigeria. Regrettably, efforts at ensuring peace and harmony which are the hallmarks of societal development have been impaired by the ravaging storm of corruption. The more the mechanism put in place to abate the consequential effects of corruption, the higher the perpetration of the syndrome in the society .Indeed, it appears as if every Nigerian is imbibed with the culture of corruption. As a corollary, corruption is nothing but a rape on good governance and societal development. It is noteworthy that once any process is corrupted, the resultant effect would be non-performance and retrogression characterized with underdevelopment. Hence, attaining peace and harmony becomes utopia in the real sense of it. Thus, it is not uncommon for masses to start scouting for the avenue to engage in corruption since it has become the order of the day as far as our society is concerned. The work relies on both primary and secondary sources of data collection. The data sources are complemented with the administration of questionnaires and oral interview with relevant stakeholders and members of the public to elicit more information about the consequential impact of corruption. The study raises fundamental question about the place of corruption in politics and socio-economic development of Nigeria with a view to providing lasting solutions to it.

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Pages: 126-130

Cite this Article: BABATOLA, Adeleye Marcus , "CORRUPTION AS ENEMY OF PEACE IN THE SOCIETY: IMPACTS ON SOCIO-POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 126-130 #ijarporg


MODELING AND FORECASTING VOLATILITY OF PRICE INFLATION IN ETHIOPIA USING GARCH FAMILY MODELS

Authors: DEREJE DEMEKE DANORO

Abstracts: Inflation and its volatility is one of the serious macro-economic problems in every countries economy. Inflation in Ethiopia is not immune from volatility problem nowadays and it was vital to model and forecast it. Therefore, this study aimed at modelling and forecasting price inflation volatility in Ethiopia using GARCH family models for the general inflation data, which spans from 1995 to2016. The Lagrangian Multiplier (ARCH -LM) test statistic was used for testing the existence of ARCH effect in the residuals of conditional mean or ARMA (1,1) model and it confirmed the existence of ARCH effect in the log-return series of the price inflation in Ethiopia. This indicates that price inflation in Ethiopia is suffered from volatility problems and applying GARCH family models is relevant and necessary. To model and forecast the price inflation volatility, ARMA (1,1)-GARCH (1,1) was selected as an appropriate model among EGARCH (1,1) and GARCH (1,1) models with GED, normal and t-distributional assumption for residuals. To select an appropriate model, forecasting error measure statistics such as: MAE (Mean Absolute Error), RMSE(Root Mean Square Error)and Uthail’s inequality coefficient were used in addition to well-known information criteria’s such as: AIC (Akeike Information Criteria) and BIC (Byesian Information Criteria).Moreover, macro-economic variables such as: Broad Money Supply, Exchange Rate and Lending Interest Rate have direct contribution for the price inflation volatility in Ethiopia except Deposit Interest Rate and GDP(Gross Domestic Product). The finding of this study also clearly showed that last shock and volatility had significant contribution to price inflation volatility. Finally, the price inflation volatility was forecasted using ARMA (1,1)-GARCH (1,1) model with GED distributional assumption. The forecast showed the existence of fluctuation of variance which is declining at the end of the study period. This study suggested that, to come up with stable price inflation volatility in Ethiopia, the government as well as concerning bodies must pay great effort to control macro-economic factors of inflation volatility.

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Pages: 131-139

Cite this Article: Dereje Demeke Danoro , "MODELING AND FORECASTING VOLATILITY OF PRICE INFLATION IN ETHIOPIA USING GARCH FAMILY MODELS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/jan2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition, 131-139 #ijarporg