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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LEGUMES ON THE GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELD OF AMARANTH IN KITUI COUNTY, KENYA

Authors: JAMES GITONGA, ELLIS NJOKA, DAVID MUSHIMIYIMANA

Abstracts: Amaranth is an important crop owing to its highly nutritious grains and leaves. The grains are rich in proteins and leaves have high calcium and vitamins levels. Amaranth flour is used to fortify other flours due to its high digestible proteins. Some medicinal properties and industrial use have also been associated with amaranth grains and leaves. Common beans, green grams and cowpeas are important sources of plant proteins. This makes them valuable and cheap substitute for meat and other animal proteins. In this study, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) KB9, green gram (Vigna radiata) N-26 and cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) M66 were intercropped with amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus), KAM 01 to establish and compare their effects on the growth and grain yields of amaranth. Pure stands of the three legumes and the amaranth were also established for comparison purposes. The study was carried out in March- May 2017 rainy season. Treatment combinations were tested in a randomized complete block design (RCBD); with four replicates. Analysis of variance was carried out and treatment means were differentiated at 95% confidence level (P<0.05).Post-hoc tests were carried out using Fishers’ Least Significant Difference (LSD). This study found that intercropping amaranth with common beans, green grams and cowpeas had a significant effect (P<0.05) on grain yields and above ground biomass. Grain yields were highest (1,741 kg/ha) when amaranth was intercropped with green grams and least (1,088 kg/ha) in the amaranth-common beans intercrop. Green grams intercrop gave the highest (4,159 kgs/ha) above ground biomass and common beans intercrop giving the least (2,241 kgs/ha). Common bean intercrop had the highest (0.37) harvest index followed by green gram intercrop (0.34) with cowpeas intercrop giving a harvest index of 0.29. It was concluded that legume intercropping with amaranth was better than sole cropping and that green gram was the most appropriate legume for intercropping with amaranth in Kitui central sub county. It was therefore recommended for use by farmers.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: James Gitonga, Ellis Njoka, David Mushimiyimana , "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LEGUMES ON THE GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELD OF AMARANTH IN KITUI COUNTY, KENYA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


DO SOPHISTICATED SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF SRI LANKAN SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS PREDICT THEIR CONCEPTIONS OF LEARNING SCIENCE? A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING ANALYSIS

Authors: LASANTHI PRASADINI, JUNAINAH ABD HAMID, ALI KHATIBI, S. M. FERDOUS AZAM

Abstracts: This paper attempts to show the predictive effect of Sri lankan senior secondary students’ scientific epistemological beliefs on their conceptions of learning science. The study was a survey using a sample which included 415 Sri lankan senior secondary students (grade 10 and 11).The structural equation modelling was performed to analyse the data to ascertain the predictive effect of scientific epistemological beliefs of these students. The results revealed that the senior secondary students’ scientific epistemological beliefs predict their conceptions of learning science. Moreover it was found that sophisticated scientific epistemological beliefs of these students predict the constructive conceptions of learning science. The findings provide important implications for development of science curriculum and improvement of achievement level of senior secondary students in science.

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Pages: 6-11

Cite this Article: Lasanthi Prasadini, Junainah Abd Hamid, Ali Khatibi, S. M. Ferdous Azam , "DO SOPHISTICATED SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF SRI LANKAN SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS PREDICT THEIR CONCEPTIONS OF LEARNING SCIENCE? A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING ANALYSIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 6-11 #ijarporg


EVALUATING THE RESOURCE SUPPLY THRESHOLDS THAT TRIGGER LIVESTOCK MOVEMENT LEADING TO GRAZING CONFLICTS IN NORTHERN KENYA

Authors: DOMINIC MARINGA, MWORIA MUGAMBI, GICHUKI NATHAN, ELIS NJOKA, EDWARD OUKO

Abstracts: Grazing conflicts in Northern Kenya is causing critical scenario that is drawing the attention of many stakeholders, communities and Governments alike. The objective of this study was to find out the thresholds of grazing resources throughout the year in the Community conservancies, and how these contribute to livestock movements in search of grazing resources. The study used an integrated Mixed-Method approach of experimental and social survey designs to assess how competition for limited resource triggers intra and inter-conservancy conflicts. In this study a total of eight experimental plots measuring 50mx50m were set up, two in each of the three community-owned conservancies, and two in a private conservancy to assess forage availability during dry and wet seasons. The privately owned conservancy acted as the control. Clip-dry-and-weigh method was used to assess forage capacities. Five samples of Clippings were obtained using 0.5mx0.5m wire quadrant randomly distributed in each plot in both seasons. Visual estimates were used to assess ground cover percentages while grass height and weight measurements were taken to assess biomass characteristics. We found that the months of June to October had the lowest forage availability. Through use of Remote Sensing we found that there are general decline in vegetation vigour during the period of January-March, and June to October when most grazing conflicts are experienced, and through Participatory GIS (PGIS) the respondents attested that this has been the cause of movements to unknown areas in search of browsable forage. It was found out that there is a close correlation between grazing conflicts and water and forage availability in the study area.

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Pages: 12-17

Cite this Article: Dominic Maringa, Mworia Mugambi, Gichuki Nathan, Elis Njoka, Edward Ouko , "EVALUATING THE RESOURCE SUPPLY THRESHOLDS THAT TRIGGER LIVESTOCK MOVEMENT LEADING TO GRAZING CONFLICTS IN NORTHERN KENYA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 12-17 #ijarporg


THE ENTRY-LEVEL NURSING COMPETENCIES AND THE GAPS BETWEEN NURSING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE

Authors: MEDEL OABEL CABALSA

Abstracts: Competencies are the sets of skills, knowledge, attitudes that drives performances that guides decision making for nurses to possess the necessary attributes to work competently while meeting the nursing job demands. These competencies give the ability to work effectively in the workplace of nurses for a long time. With the emergence on the use of competency-based approach on most countries, nursing curriculum should focus on skill acquisition and competency development that is necessary to determine the needs required of nurses. Today, it is the common practice in the clinical setting to provide them with a competitive edge which is significant in a strong nursing workforce. While the nursing education aims to produce a globally competitive nurses, training of the students can increase or decrease their practical performance in the healthcare setting. To maintain balance between theory and practice, they have to be enable to properly apply theory into practice. This paper addresses the issue of disconnect between the nursing education and practice. It also shed additional lights on the competencies of the beginning nurses in the Philippines and in other regions in the world.

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Pages: 18-23

Cite this Article: Medel Oabel Cabalsa , "THE ENTRY-LEVEL NURSING COMPETENCIES AND THE GAPS BETWEEN NURSING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 18-23 #ijarporg


COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE TURNOVER BETWEEN SUPERVISORS AND FRONTLINE EMPLOYEES IN THE BPO INDUSTRY

Authors: RUSSELL C. DE OCAMPO, HECTOR M. AGUILING

Abstracts: Employee turnover is one of the biggest challenges of the BPO industry in the Philippines. Though there have been lots of studies on turnover, few studies have examined turnover in the BPO sector. This study aims to compare the significant factors that affect the labor turnover in this industry between the frontline employees and supervisors. Survey questionnaires regarding the levels of influence and importance of 12 identified factors were distributed to a sample of 387 BPO employees in Quezon City – 275 frontline employees and 112 supervisors from February 1, 2018 to March 10, 2018. Results showed that the perceived levels of influence and importance for Career Development and Training were the highest, while lowest for Recruitment and Selection for both frontline employees and supervisors. Moreover, significant differences on the perceived level of influence of Career Development and Training, and perceived level of influence of Recruitment and Selection, Working Environment and Organizational Culture, and Communication were present between frontline employees and supervisors. In summary, frontline employees have a higher level of perceived influence and importance for the factors as compared with the supervisors.

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Pages: 24-29

Cite this Article: Russell C. De Ocampo, Hector M. Aguiling , "COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE TURNOVER BETWEEN SUPERVISORS AND FRONTLINE EMPLOYEES IN THE BPO INDUSTRY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 24-29 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF SPACING AND FERTILIZATION ON GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELDS OF MUNG BEANS (VIGNARADIATA (L) WILCKZECK) IN DRY AREAS OF SUBUKIA, KENYA

Authors: BERNARD MUCHIRA, PETER KAMAU, DAVID MUSHIMIYIMANA

Abstracts: Mung bean (Vigna radiata (L) Wilckzeck)is an important source of easily digestible high-quality protein for vegetarians and sick persons. The seeds are said to be a traditional source of cures for paralysis, rheumatism, coughs, fevers and liver ailments. It contains 24% protein, 0.326% phosphorus, 0.0073% iron, 0.00039% carotene, 0.0021% of niacin and energy 334 Cal/100g of Mung beans. Lack of use of the right spacing and either organic manure or inorganic fertilizers have greatly contributed to low yields of Mung beans in ASALS of SubukiaSub County. The gap between realizable and actual yields needs to be bridged up with appropriate technologies. Knowing the right spacing and correct fertilizer rates would be of paramount importance to low income farmers who depend on the crop. This study was carried out todetermine the effects of spacing and fertilizer application rates on growth and grain yields of mung beansof variety “K22” locally referred to as Ndenguspecial. It was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with threereplicates. Theindividual plots measured 2.1 x 2 m and were separated by 0.5 m path. Application of P was done at the rate of 46kg P205 /hafrom DAP (18:46:0) fertilizer at a rate of 100kg/haDAP. Farm Yard Manure (FYM) was applied at the rate of 5 and 10 tons per ha and a control plot included. Sowing of Mungbean wasdone at 3 spacing i.e.40 x 15cm,45 x15cm and 50 x 15 cm. Data was recorded on Plant height, Number of leaves at flowering, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, 100 seed weight, dry matter yield, grain yield and harvest index. The results showed that there was significant difference in growth and grain yields of mung beans due to use of different spacing and different fertilizer application rates. The spacing for economic yield of mung beans was established as 45 x 15 cm given that this is the spacing that provides optimum plant population. The fertilizer application rate that gives improved productivity of mung beans is DAP applied at the rate of 100kg/ha. Nonetheless, FYM applied at the rate of 10 tons/acre has potential for improving productivity despite its low rate of nutrient release as well as low percentages of major plant nutrients (NPK). The study therefore recommended spacing of 45 x 15cm and application of DAP at the rate of 100kg/ha for improved growth and grain yields of mung beans in Subukia Sub County of Nakuru County. It is also important to note that spacing of 45 x 15 cm and 10 tons/ha of FYM provides an alternative where the cost of inorganic phosphorus is a limiting factor.

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Pages: 30-44

Cite this Article: Bernard Muchira, Peter Kamau, David Mushimiyimana , "EFFECTS OF SPACING AND FERTILIZATION ON GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELDS OF MUNG BEANS (VIGNARADIATA (L) WILCKZECK) IN DRY AREAS OF SUBUKIA, KENYA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 7, July 2018 Edition, 30-44 #ijarporg