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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) FOR TECHNOLOGICAL POLICY

Authors: KASUN D RAMANAYAKE R.A

Abstracts: The most important concept of the economy engages in Research and development (R&D) because of R&D expenditure is designed to locate new or improved products and to reduce the manufacturing cost of the industry. At the same time, industrial structure determines the process of the R&D in the economy. This relationship was introduced by Schumpeter in 1950. This concept and indeed most of the theoretical investigations in recent years on the economic and technological changes have contributed to new economic trends. We called this “Positive economics”. In this Paper we explain this concept of R&D, according to economic theory and technological policy, and importance of the technology policy.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Kasun D Ramanayake R.A , "RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) FOR TECHNOLOGICAL POLICY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


AN AUTOMATIC ELECTRICAL LOAD MONITORING, CONTROL AND ALERT SYSTEM

Authors: ISAAC KOFI NTI, YEBOAH SAMUEL JONAS, ADUHENE WILLIAMS, BOATENG ABOAGYE ISAAC, AGYEMANG ELVIS

Abstracts: Electricity is one of the most vital blessings that science has given to humanity. It has many uses in the day-to-day life activities of human, which include, the lighting of rooms, powering of fans, televisions, and other domestic and industrial applications. The use of electrical energy provides comfort; on the other hand, the users of electrical energy needs to monitor the actual energy consumption (kWh) and wastage (kVAR) in an electrical appliance. The traditional postpaid energy meter used for measuring the consumption of consumers do not offer such facilities. The coming of the smart energy meter (SEM) was expected to provide an enhanced service to consumers of electric energy; however, the current stage of the SEM does not offer daily consumption alert to consumers, neither does it permit the user to set a threshold value for daily or monthly consumption cutoff. This work sought to design and construct an automatic electrical load monitoring, control and alert system using an Arduino UNO (Atmega328p) microcontroller, which offers real-time alert to users on their energy consumption with no additional wiring work required. An implementation of the proposed system provided efficient monitoring, control and warning of electrical energy consumption as compared with the traditional energy meters.

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Pages: 6-10

Cite this Article: Isaac Kofi Nti, Yeboah Samuel Jonas, Aduhene Williams, Boateng Aboagye Isaac, Agyemang Elvis , "AN AUTOMATIC ELECTRICAL LOAD MONITORING, CONTROL AND ALERT SYSTEM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 6-10 #ijarporg


DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE FREQUENCY DIVIDER USING 7490 DECADE COUNTER

Authors: MAY ZAW TUN, EI EI MINN

Abstracts: A frequency divider is a circuit that divides a giving frequency by a factor of n, where n is an integer. Clock frequency dividers generate slower clocks from a faster reference. A frequency divider circuit is a simple clock frequency divider circuit, designed with readily available electronic components. This circuit is based on TTL ICs. It consumes very low power in quiescent state. It consists of a 10MHz crystal oscillator, a hex inverter IC 7404, seven decade counter ICs 7490 and other electronic components. The heart of the frequency divider circuit is seven 7490 decade counters in cascade. Input frequency 10 MHz is reduced to 1Mz through 1Hz by using seven decade counter ICs.

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Pages: 11-15

Cite this Article: May Zaw Tun, Ei Ei Minn , "DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE FREQUENCY DIVIDER USING 7490 DECADE COUNTER", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 11-15 #ijarporg


ENHANCING GROUP COHESIVENESS IN ORGANISATIONS-AN EXPLORATORY REVIEW

Authors: ILUKOR GERESOM

Abstracts: Organisations of any kind function because of human interactions which define the degree of productivity which these organisations can achieve at any time of their existence, these interactions occur in groups bound together by group cohesiveness, and many scholars have posited that the effectiveness of any group of individuals whether they are members in a given family, communities or employees in a given organisation is anchored upon the degree of strength of its group cohesiveness. In other words, typical organisations achieve immense results because of the nature of its team of employees. This article provides any explorative review of key literature which highlights the importance of and ways that Managers in organisations can use to enhance Group Cohesiveness to act as a catalyst that will promote Organisations growth.

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Pages: 16-17

Cite this Article: Ilukor Geresom , "ENHANCING GROUP COHESIVENESS IN ORGANISATIONS-AN EXPLORATORY REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 16-17 #ijarporg


THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION TO THE FILIPINO LANGUAGE

Authors: DR. THEREZIA O. CONTI, JANSSEN HAYAG

Abstracts: This study aimed to find out and analyze the impact of globalization to the Filipino language from 2012-2018. Also, the study determined the significance of globalization to the language. The descriptive type of research was used in the study to gather the needed data and information regarding the changes in the Filipino language. The respondents were selected using purposive sampling method. A number of 10 language teachers were interviewed. The changes in the Filipino language include the surfacing of new words, combination of words, recognition of Filipino words in other countries, and new language discovery like the gay lingo and jejemon. As for the significance of globalization to the language in terms of language teaching abroad, the Filipino will be recognized globally. In terms of eliminating language barriers, globalizing one’s language means it is being known to other countries. In terms of language learning acquisition, globalization played a role as it helped Filipinos in learning how to shorten words and associate new meanings. In terms of language monitoring, it affected the Filipino language because Filipinos became sensitive in using their language. In terms of behavior reinforcement, its impact can be gleaned on how Filipino people behave. Lastly, globalization is very relevant as it affects the language development of a country. It is recommended to conduct studies with different respondents to ensure variety of responses, perspectives, and views from different individuals. Likewise, conduct study with different year coverage besides 2012 to 2018 to know the extensive changes in the Filipino language as it is affected by globalization. Magazines should be utilized and propagated to Filipinos especially those who are illiterate to dispense the information for them to understand the significant events and changes in the Philippine language. There is also the need to understand the concept of globalization to cope with the changes in language and communication methods of individuals. Lastly, future researchers are advised to focus on the different aspects of globalization and not just in language and communication.

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Pages: 18-20

Cite this Article: Dr. Therezia O. Conti, Janssen Hayag , "THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION TO THE FILIPINO LANGUAGE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 18-20 #ijarporg


ACADEMIC TEXT READING SKILLS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF BATANGAS CITY

Authors: ROSE ANN L. CASTILLO, ANGELICA C. CULAWIT, SHENNA ALLESANDRA M. MAPENDAN, RHEYCHELLE ANN P. PLATA

Abstracts: Philippine educational system has changed in line with globalization. Being the last Asian country to implement the K to 12 curriculum, Philippines has mandated to have additional two years in high school that will develop both academic and professional skills of the students. One of the skills that they must develop is their reading skill therefore the study aimed to assess the academic text reading skills of senior high school students in Batangas City. The study made use of descriptive research which involved quantitative and qualitative methods in gathering data. A validated researchers-made test-questionnaire was used to gather the data needed. The subjects of the study were 181 senior high school students in Batangas City. Convenience or accidental sampling, pearson r, ranking, stratified random sampling and weighted mean were used as statistical treatment and analysis of data. Results revealed that based on the test-questionnaire, senior high school students have poor reading performance in terms of academic text and they were experiencing several constraints in reading academic texts.

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Pages: 21-29

Cite this Article: Rose Ann L. Castillo, Angelica C. Culawit, Shenna Allesandra M. Mapendan, Rheychelle Ann P. Plata , "ACADEMIC TEXT READING SKILLS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF BATANGAS CITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 21-29 #ijarporg


BIOGAS AS A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR INDUSTRIAL SECTOR: CASE STUDY OF KILIFI SISAL PLANTATION BIOGAS PLANT

Authors: ESTHER KIARIE

Abstracts: Production of biogas is gaining attraction because it is easy to operate and has a wide feedstock selection. Due to increasing prices of electricity, energy demand, and evolution of the world economy, biogas production is considered a cost-effective proven technology, allowing simultaneous waste management and energy production as the fourth largest energy source for the world. The potential of biogas energy at Kilifi Biogas Plant was determined through types of feedstock available, their cost, suitability for biogas production, sustainable energy consumption, and supply. In this research, the sustainable and economic factors necessary for biogas production was found to have a direct effect on the sisal utilization and also influences the energy demand and consumption at the Plant. The shift to using biogas was a viable alternative producing electricity, heat, and digestate. The potential benefits of biogas range from social, economic and environmental sustainability factors. Therefore, biogas energy generated is sufficient for the sustenance of the plant's operation; it actually reduces energy costs, cleaner technology and sustainably management waste generated hence making biogas best alternative energy for Kilifi Plantation Limited.

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Pages: 30-38

Cite this Article: Esther Kiarie  , "BIOGAS AS A POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR INDUSTRIAL SECTOR: CASE STUDY OF KILIFI SISAL PLANTATION BIOGAS PLANT ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 30-38 #ijarporg


EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF RETTING OF MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ TUBEROUS ROOTS IN CONGO

Authors: CELESTINE KIMINOU NGOUNGA, BOB WILFRID LOUMOUAMOU, MARIE GENEVIèVE MALOUMBI

Abstracts: Given the negative impacts of bitter varieties of Manihot esculenta Crantz on the health of consumers and although retting techniques improve the nutritional quality of these bitter varieties, it is interesting to know the different retting practices in Congo and evaluate its effectiveness by dosing the hydrocyanic acid content before and after retting. A cross-sectional sample survey made it possible to collect the samples and identify the type of laying-out used as retting of cassava roots in the agricultural sites selected by the PRASAC project, namely the Odziba site and the Oyo site. This study has shown that the barrel is the most used retting medium given the presence of water from boreholes close to homes. In areas where streams exist, retting is carried out in the pond or in the river. The highest percentage of detoxification was obtained at Ignié (90.41%) for retting performed in a barrel for four days and the lowest percentage was obtained in Ngo (56.80%) for a retting performed in a pit for three days.

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Pages: 39-42

Cite this Article: Celestine Kiminou Ngounga, Bob Wilfrid Loumouamou, Marie Geneviève Maloumbi , "EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF RETTING OF MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ TUBEROUS ROOTS IN CONGO", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 39-42 #ijarporg


BIOMASS CHARACTERISTICS AS A MEASURE OF GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF (RHIZOPHORA RACEMOSA MEYER) GROWN IN AMENDED SOIL TYPES AND EXPOSED TO SALINE WATER

Authors: OJI O. O., AKONYE, L. A., TANEE, F.B.G.

Abstracts: The mangrove Rhizophora racemosa species was selected to study the survival, growth and response of seedlings grown under two contrasting soil salinity for 12 weeks and later exposed to shoreline saline water for 8weeks. Matured propagules were grown for 12 weeks on mangrove and garden soil amended with saw dust (SD), rice husk (RH), NPK and RH+ SD+NPK combination treatments and exposed to shoreline saline water at the Botanical Garden of the University of Port Harcourt. Biomass accumulation characteristics such as total dry biomass, above ground biomass, below ground biomass, percentage water content and relative growth rate were determined at 12 weeks post-soil treatment and 8 weeks post-saline water treatment respectively. The result showed that Rhizophora racemosa propagules grown under high saline mangrove Soil (8,000 – 20000µS/cm) and high saline water (10,000 - 35,000ppm) were significantly lower at p<0.05 in terms of cumulative total dry biomass, mean above ground biomass, mean below ground biomass, mean percentage water content and mean relative growth rate when compared to those grown in low saline garden soil (<200 µS/cm). These results have demonstrated that raising mangrove nursery for reforestation purposes is ideal on a low saline substrate with amendments especially at its young age in other to achieve maximum growth and development.

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Pages: 43-48

Cite this Article: Oji O. O., Akonye, L. A., Tanee, F.B.G. , "BIOMASS CHARACTERISTICS AS A MEASURE OF GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF (RHIZOPHORA RACEMOSA MEYER) GROWN IN AMENDED SOIL TYPES AND EXPOSED TO SALINE WATER", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 43-48 #ijarporg


URBAN RETROFITTING: UTILISING EXISTING LANDSCAPE FOR GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AS AN APT REMEDY FOR FOOD SECURITY

Authors: OSORE, O.T, ADETONA, O.A

Abstracts: In the late 20th century, the World Resource Institute estimated that 56% of the world’s population was living in urban centres. WRI further stated that by the year 2030, this initial estimate would increase by 27% meaning no less than 5billion people will be residing in urban centres world over. A significant implication of this being increased challenges in food production due to an overwhelming surge in demand and supply of food, which would be as a resulting effect of the population increase. This paper therefore seeks to review the plausibility and benefits of how existing green infrastructure can be retrofitted to facilitate urban agriculture with the sole purpose of enabling urban areas with adequate food production capabilities to feed its host population and also creating a conducive bio-diversified environment in the process. The paper then concluded that adopting integration of green infrastructure and urban agriculture is a sustainable means of food production.

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Pages: 49-52

Cite this Article: Osore, O.T, Adetona, O.A , "URBAN RETROFITTING: UTILISING EXISTING LANDSCAPE FOR GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AS AN APT REMEDY FOR FOOD SECURITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 49-52 #ijarporg


FACTORS AFFECTING THE DECISION-MAKING AMONG THIRD-YEAR STUDENTS OF BACHELOR OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AT BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY MAIN II IN THEIR BUSINESS ENDEAVOR PREFERENCE

Authors: CELERINA R. TEODOSIO

Abstracts: The objective of the study is to know the factors affecting third-year students of Bachelor of Industrial Technology in making decisions on what business they would like to get involved with. In here, the questions the researcher would like to address are: 1.) Is the profile of the respondents affects their business preferences; 2.) What is the preferred business type of those respondents under alternative factors; 3.) What are the interpersonal issues that have relationships in the respondents’ decision-making; 4.) What are the high risks consequences the respondents could encounter in choosing their preferred business; 5.) What are the uncertainties on the part of the respondents in choosing their own business; and 6.) What is hard for them to understand in getting their preferred business? All of these questions were answered through the use of questionnaire as the researcher’s tool in getting the data. The result of this study would be very beneficial for the students to analyze various factors thoroughly before they could come up with the business they would like to have in the future. What really are the factors they have to consider in achieving their business preferences. This study will also serve as a reference for those in the academe teaching Entrepreneurship and Technopreneurship subjects for they could be guided in motivating students to enrich their interest in starting their own business in the near future. Also, those people out there who are business enthusiasts could also evaluate the success and failure in their business decisions experiences.

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Pages: 53-56

Cite this Article: Celerina R. Teodosio , "FACTORS AFFECTING THE DECISION-MAKING AMONG THIRD-YEAR STUDENTS OF BACHELOR OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AT BATANGAS STATE UNIVERSITY MAIN II IN THEIR BUSINESS ENDEAVOR PREFERENCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 53-56 #ijarporg


HISTOMORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF HERBAL COCKTAIL USED IN TREATING MALARIA ON KIDNEYS OF ADULT WISTAR RATS.

Authors: MORONKEJI A, EZE G.I, IGUNBOR M.C, OGBONNA A A, MORONKEJI A.I

Abstracts: Malaria continues to constitute a menace to Africa and the world at large and it remains a major problem in Nigeria with pregnant women and children mostly affected by this disease. This study investigates the histomorphology and biochemical activity of a herbal cocktail and its constituent extract on the kidneys of Plasmodium berghei infected Wistar rats. Thirty-five Wistar rats weighing an average of 200 g were divided into seven groups. Each group consisting of five rats were used in this study. The cocktail and aqueous extracts of Mangifera indica, Carica papaya, and Citrus limon were orally administered to the infected Wistar rats at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day for seven days while the aqueous leaf extract of Azadirachta indica was administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day. Blood was collected into anticoagulated bottles for biochemical assays for renal function tests while the kidneys were immediately excised and transferred into neutral buffered formalin for histological processing. Findings in this study showed that the aqueous extract of C. papaya and the cocktail were the most effective as no pathological lesions associated with malaria were observed in the kidneys, however extracts of M. indica was observed to be the least potent. Variations were observed in the electrolyte values obtained in different groups. Blood Urea values were observed to be normal among all groups with the exception of the group administered with aqueous leaf extract of C. papaya on comparison with the uninfected control group (p<0.03). Creatinine values were within the normal range among the various test groups on comparison with the uninfected control group (p>0.05). In conclusion, plants used in this study have potential antiplasmodial activities which could be exploited in malaria therapy.

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Pages: 57-66

Cite this Article: Moronkeji A, Eze G.I, Igunbor M.C, Ogbonna A A, Moronkeji A.I , "HISTOMORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF HERBAL COCKTAIL USED IN TREATING MALARIA ON KIDNEYS OF ADULT WISTAR RATS. ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 57-66 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO GAS FLARE ON RENAL FUNCTIONS STATUS OF ADULT HUMANS IN FINIMA, BONNY ISLAND

Authors: ODO, CHRISTOPHER EMEKA; IKEWUCHI, JUDE CHIGOZIE; EZIM, OGECHUKWU EBERE

Abstracts: Residents of Finima community, Bonny Island, in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region, for so many years now, have been exposed to the hazardous environmental conditions occasioned by the operations of oil and gas industry. And typical of this, is gas flaring. The flared gases as by-products of incomplete combustion are known to overwhelm the environment with numerous dangerous pollutants. Ultimately, the contamination of man’s food and water sources by these pollutants may trigger several severe health effects. The kidneys and the liver, by their natures are primarily endangered by most external pollutants. Considering the reports and realities on ground of the impact of long-term exposure to flared gases on both humans and the environment, it became imperative to embark on an in depth study based on established biomarkers to underscore the influence of exposure to flared gases on the renal functions of adults resident in Finima, Bonny Island. The individuals recruited as test subjects were those who have resided in this gas flare impacted environment for up to fifteen years and above. The values of this set of subjects were compared to control subjects drawn from non-oil and gas production environments. The subjects (400) were matched for age and sex, and sorted into exposed group (200) and control group (200). Blood samples were obtained from the subjects and analysed for serum levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, urea, creatinine and cystatin-C. The results revealed that individuals exposed to gas flare impacted environment had significantly (p<0.05) higher serum levels of cystatin-C, creatinine, urea, potassium, sodium and chloride with respect to the values of control subjects. The above results suggest that a long time exposure to low level of gas flare may lead to significant elevations of dysfunctional biomarkers of the kidneys and thus, may be predisposed to having renal derangements.

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Pages: 67-72

Cite this Article: Odo, Christopher Emeka; Ikewuchi, Jude Chigozie; Ezim, Ogechukwu Ebere , "EFFECTS OF PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO GAS FLARE ON RENAL FUNCTIONS STATUS OF ADULT HUMANS IN FINIMA, BONNY ISLAND", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 67-72 #ijarporg


OPTIMAL ALIGNMENT FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AFAAN OROMO-ENGLISH STATISTICAL MACHINE TRANSLATION

Authors: YITAYEW SOLOMON, MILLION MESHESHA, WENDEWESEN ENDALE

Abstracts: Statistical machine translation is an approach that mainly use parallel corpus for translation, in which alignment of the given corpus is crucial point to have better translation performance. Alignment quality is a common problem for statistical machine translation because, if sentences are miss-aligned the performance of the translation processes becomes poor. This study aims to explore the effect of word level, phrase level and sentence level alignment on bi-directional Afaan Oromo-English statistical machine translation. Experimental results show that better performance of 47% and 27% BLEU score was registered using phrase level alignment with max phrase length 16 from Afaan Oromo-English machine translation and vice versa, respectively. Grammar structure and variation in concept definition and correspondence are the major challenge during machine translation (MT) which need further research.

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Pages: 73-77

Cite this Article: Yitayew Solomon, Million Meshesha, Wendewesen Endale , "OPTIMAL ALIGNMENT FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AFAAN OROMO-ENGLISH STATISTICAL MACHINE TRANSLATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 73-77 #ijarporg


CHROMATIC INDEX OF SOME CLASSES OF GRAPH

Authors: RENSON AGUILAR ROBLES

Abstracts: Graphs considered in this study are finite simple graphs. Edge coloring properties of fan graph, star graph, bistar graph, helm graph, and friendship graph are investigated and their chromatic indices are determined. The chromatic index determines the minimum number of color used to color the edges of a particular graph. Also, the study aimed to determine the chromatic index polynomial of the graphs stated above. Vizing’s classifications of graph based on its maximum degree are also taken into consideration. This study, as a pure research, is descriptive and expository in nature. This provided comprehensive description of the concepts in mathematics, particularly on the context of graph theory, which may create an abstraction of the concepts of some classes of graphs and the theory of edge coloring. Results of the study showed that almost all graphs stated above are of class 1. Their chromatic indices were determined based on their maximum degree. Furthermore, the chromatic index polynomial of the graphs considered in this study is obtained to determine the number of ways to color the edges of a particular graph by using at most colors

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Pages: 78-82

Cite this Article: Renson Aguilar Robles , "CHROMATIC INDEX OF SOME CLASSES OF GRAPH", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 78-82 #ijarporg


DRONE-BASED DSM FOR MULTISCALE GEOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EPHEMERAL GULLIES.

Authors: JEAN A. DOUMIT, SOUHAIL F. AWAD

Abstracts: The advance uses of drones in geosciences by producing very high spatial resolution Digital Surface Models (DSMs) and Digital Ortho Models (DOM), at various flight heights, led to different digital models scales. Relief plays an important role in the formation of Ephemeral Gullies (EG), this study focuses on the prediction of multiscale EG location using the compound topographic index (CTI) and analyzed their geometrical characteristics as length, depth and volume of the three different spatial resolutions DSM processed from different drone flights height. Ephemeral Gully extracted from the three flight heights of 120, 240 and 360 meters were compared with each other to understand the effect of generalization at different scales. The results highlight the presence of two scales, small scale ephemeral gully expressed by the flight height 240 and 360 m and a much smaller scale in the level of micro relief of the flight height 120 m.

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Pages: 83-88

Cite this Article: Jean A. Doumit, Souhail F. Awad , "DRONE-BASED DSM FOR MULTISCALE GEOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EPHEMERAL GULLIES.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 83-88 #ijarporg


MOTHERS AWARENESS REGARDING ERUPTION OF TEETH IN MATERNAL, CHILDHOOD, AND FAMILY PLANNING CENTRE SUDAN RIVER NILE STATE SHENDI TOWN SUDAN 2017

Authors: MARIAM MOHAMED ELNAGEEB, SHIREEN ABDELFATAH MOHMMED, FATIMA BABIKER

Abstracts: This descriptive, cross-sectional community based study conducted in Shendi town in maternal, childhood and family planning center, to assess mothers awareness regarding eruption of teeth of their children. In period extend from (September to December 2017). Hundred mothers were included in this study, data were collected through structured questionnaire and analyzed by (SPSS) program. The results showed that more than one third (31%)of studied mothers were knowledgeable about age of starting teething selected the age group between 6-7 months, while more than two third (76%) were aware about eruption of first teeth only less than one third (27%) of studied mothers were knowledgeable about all the symptoms associated with teething (fever ,pain, loss of appetite) also more than two third (78%) were aware about complication of teething and the majority of them (86%) using wood smoke for traditional management of the teething symptoms. The study recommended that Implement health education program by health educators to increase the mother’s knowledge regarding teething through organized health programs in different health centers and Provide Information through mass media for mothers about the risk of using of traditional management and the importance of medical management.

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Pages: 89-91

Cite this Article: Mariam Mohamed Elnageeb, Shireen abdelfatah Mohmmed, Fatima Babiker , "MOTHERS AWARENESS REGARDING ERUPTION OF TEETH IN MATERNAL, CHILDHOOD, AND FAMILY PLANNING CENTRE SUDAN RIVER NILE STATE SHENDI TOWN SUDAN 2017", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 89-91 #ijarporg


DRIVING FORCES OF MASTER TEACHERS’ RESEARCH CAPABILITY: TOWARDS BUILDING A RESEARCH CULTURE IN THE DIVISION OF ROMBLON, PHILIPPINES

Authors: AMARANTH M. WONG

Abstracts: This study is in response to the Department of Education’s call for a stronger research orientation among its teachers and staff geared towards the improvement of better policy and program development. It is an attempt to help build a research culture in the basic education institutions particularly in the Division of Romblon by providing baseline information about the master teachers’ research capability as well as the factors predicting their capability thereby providing a capability building program which can be used by the Department of Education to advance the research productivity. Anchored within the theory of Bandura’s Self-Efficacy, this study shed light on the master teachers’ level of capability in conducting, utilizing and disseminating research and what factors can significantly predict their research capability. The study employed the survey method in gathering the needed data. Quantitative data analysis using varied statistical tests yielded the following major findings: Master teachers are incapable in the following research capability dimensions: Research Process, Research Utilization, and Research Dissemination suggesting that their capability in research is indeed low and would explain the reason for non-progressive research productivity among the master teachers. There is a correlation between research capability and the following personal related variables such as age, length of service, teaching position, training attended, research conducted, research project involvement, research knowledge, attitude towards research and institutional support. The regression analysis showed that certain personal related variables such as attendance to training, attitude towards research, and knowledge about research could significantly determine higher-level research capability. The result provides a general implication that for any research capacity building program to succeed, the Department of Education must emphasize the importance of knowledge, attitude, institutional support as driving forces towards research productivity.

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Pages: 92-97

Cite this Article: Amaranth M. Wong , "DRIVING FORCES OF MASTER TEACHERS’ RESEARCH CAPABILITY: TOWARDS BUILDING A RESEARCH CULTURE IN THE DIVISION OF ROMBLON, PHILIPPINES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 92-97 #ijarporg


A STUDY ON IN-PATIENT SATISFACTION IN UKI HOSPITAL USING SERVQUAL AND IMPORTANCE PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS

Authors: SUDUNG NAINGGOLAN

Abstracts: Hospital services are one of the services that are needed by the community regardless of one's social status. According to government regulations, hospitals are health facilities that provide health services evenly, prioritizing efforts to cure diseases and health recovery, and prevention of diseases in a referral order, and can be used for energy education and research. Hospitals continue to experience an increase in demand for outpatient care and hospitalization. The objectives of this study was to find out whether there is a gap between perceived quality of service and the quality of services expected by the inpatients, and identifying variables that must be prioritized by the hospital. Descriptive survey study design was adopted for this study. The respondents in this study were patient hospitalized at UKI General Hospital. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used and 172 patients was selected through face to face interview using a structured questionnaire. The SERVQUAL model with five dimensions namely: tangibility, responsiveness, assurance, empathy and reliability were used to best describe the service quality of the hospital. Data was collected from October 2018 to February 2019. Data analysis techniques using Importance Performance Analysis with SPSS software version 23.0. Based on the study finding, in Quadrant I (Concentrate Here) there were tangible variables considered by patients of the UKI General Hospital to be important but in fact the tangible performance of the UKI General Hospital was considered lacking by patients. In quadrant II (Keep Up the Good Work), there is a reliability and assurance variable where the variable is considered by the patients of the UKI General Hospital important and the performance of these variables is in accordance with the patient's expectations. In quadrant III (Low Priority), there is a responsiveness variable. Where the variable is considered by the patient to be less important and its performance is felt by ordinary patients. In quadrant IV (Possible Overkill), empathy variable where the patient's expectations for this assurance variable are less important and their performance is considered good by patients at UKI General Hospital.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 98-104

Cite this Article: Sudung Nainggolan , "A STUDY ON IN-PATIENT SATISFACTION IN UKI HOSPITAL USING SERVQUAL AND IMPORTANCE PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 98-104 #ijarporg


AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CIDA FORM OF CONSTRUCTION ADJUDICATION; DISPUTANTS’ PERSPECTIVE

Authors: CHANDANA JAYALATH

Abstracts: The Construction Industry Development Authority (CIDA) Act of 2013 in Sri Lanka came into force with provisions for adjudication to be available to the required parties to seek recourse in a dispute. Consequently, CIDA launched a pool of construction adjudicators and a code of conduct with the ground rules applicable for adjudication. Standard Bidding Documents also mandate adjudication as a form of dispute resolution. These altogether provide an initial benchmark for a formal non-adhoc adjudication practice in Sri Lanka. Its’ perceived success has not however been researched in detail for further improvements. Therefore, a desk review was carried out to identify the benchmarks established 5 years ago. A questionnaire survey was conducted to gauge the individual perception of the contractors and employers on CIDA adjudication. Mann Whitney Utest was used to measure differences of opinion. It was found that many of the criticisms within the literature review are not ill-founded. The majority of respondents contended that adjudication is disadvantaged by not adhering to its own directives given in the adjudication guideline.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 105-111

Cite this Article: Chandana Jayalath , "AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CIDA FORM OF CONSTRUCTION ADJUDICATION; DISPUTANTS’ PERSPECTIVE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 105-111 #ijarporg


SEVERITY ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING COST OVERRUN IN ROAD PROJECTS

Authors: CHANDANA JAYALATH

Abstracts: Cost overrun appears to be a common occurrence especially in projects that involve high investments. This study investigated the cost performance in construction projects in Sri Lanka in order to identify the causes of cost overrun and their implications. A quantitative survey was performed for the targeted respondents namely employer, contractor and consultant involved in road projects in Sri Lanka. A total of 44 responses were collected from 50 sets of a questionnaire distributed. The respondents were asked to rate the listed causes on the basis of probability of occurrence and severity of the impact. The causes were ranked according to the degree of importance as responded by the target population. The findings of the study revealed that the majority of cost overrun factors with rating 6 out of 10 lie in medium severity impact zone. Results indicated that the major contributors to poor cost performance include external and material issues that have been elaborately discussed in this work. This research contributes towards best practice of cost monitoring.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 112-116

Cite this Article: Chandana Jayalath , "SEVERITY ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING COST OVERRUN IN ROAD PROJECTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 112-116 #ijarporg


A PERCEPTION SURVEY ON UNABSORBED HEAD OFFICE OVERHEAD RECOVERY METHODOLOGIES

Authors: CHANDANA JAYALATH

Abstracts: Recovery of unabsorbed head office overhead (HOOH) during contract prolongation is a contentious issue among the contractors who lodge their claims on a formula method of calculation. Consultants too have different perceptions as to their appropriateness since a myriad of variables influence the final outcome. This paper reports from an empirical study into the current practice in Sri Lanka, as part of a wider study aimed at developing a framework for improving delay claims analyses. The part of the study reported here is based on a questionnaire survey of key informants from construction and consulting companies. The issues investigated include industry awareness, use of the techniques and their reliability in practice. The Kendall’s coefficient was used to compute the concordance as to opinion between two groups. The main findings of the study are that two groups hold the equal stance of high awareness and low level of success in application.

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Pages: 117-120

Cite this Article: Chandana Jayalath , "A PERCEPTION SURVEY ON UNABSORBED HEAD OFFICE OVERHEAD RECOVERY METHODOLOGIES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 117-120 #ijarporg


MEASURING CONCORDANCE AMONG THE PANEL MEMBERS AT THE ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE

Authors: CHANDANA JAYALATH

Abstracts: Assessment of Professional Competence (APC) is a prerequisite for offering chartered qualification of many professions. APC is to test the candidate’s overall competency against a set criterion. However, a common perception is that the panel members hold different views leading to judgments unfair by the candidates. A research related to a recently completed APC was carried out to objectively test this perception using Kendall’s coefficient of concordance. The underlying principles of assessment approaches used to determine competence were discussed in the literature survey. A panel of 5 assessors had been appointed to interview 18 candidates. Results indicate that a high consensus exists among the panel members in arriving at decisions on the candidates and had no significant deviation in their judgments.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 121-124

Cite this Article: Chandana Jayalath , "MEASURING CONCORDANCE AMONG THE PANEL MEMBERS AT THE ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/july2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition, 121-124 #ijarporg