IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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3D ANIMATION LEARNING MEDIA REGARDING THE TEACHINGS OF KANDA PAT SARI

Authors: GEDE NGURAH YOGA PRAMANA, OKA SUDANA, GUSTI MADE ARYA SASMITA

Abstracts: The Balinese have a variety of cultures and traditions. Most of the culture contained in it is the teachings of Hinduism. Kanda Pat Sari is one of the teachings of Hinduism that is inherent in Balinese culture. The Balinese Hindu community applies the Kanda Pat Sari teachings to birth ceremonies which are performed using sacred facilities and rituals. The teachings of Kanda Pat Sari are teachings that have begun to be forgotten due to the development of the times so the teachings of Kanda Pat Sari need to be preserved by developing 3D Animation Learning Media Regarding the Teachings of Kanda Pat Sari. The application is designed using 3D animated videos and ceremony tools as a source of information provided on the application. The method used in this research is Design and Development Research (DDR). Data collection in making learning media is done through interviews with informants, initial observations, questionnaires, books and other sources of information. The results obtained through this research result that the learning media application is useful for users to learn the teachings provided in the form of animated videos more easily. The application is also equipped with pictures of the ceremonial facilities needed to help the user understand the information provided.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Gede Ngurah Yoga Pramana, Oka Sudana, Gusti Made Arya Sasmita  , "3D ANIMATION LEARNING MEDIA REGARDING THE TEACHINGS OF KANDA PAT SARI", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


A STUDY ON PROBLEMS OF MENSTRUATION AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND ITS RELATED CULTURAL PRACTICES AS EXPRESSED BY MOTHER IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF KAMRUP DISTRICT ASSAM

Authors: DR TARULATA KAKATI MAJHI

Abstracts: Background: Adolescence is a significant period in the life of a female. WHO defined adolescence is as a person between 10 -19 years age. One of the major changes occurs among adolescence girl is menarche. The first menses is called “Menarche”. Menstruation is associated with various symptoms, occurring before or during the menstrual flow, which interfere their life. Menstruation despite being a natural phenomenon this has always been surrounded by secrecy and myths in many societies. Taboos surrounding menstruation exclude women and girls from many aspects of social and cultural life. Such taboos about menstruation present in many societies impact on girls’ and women's emotional state, mental state and lifestyle and most importantly, health. The main objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of menstrual Problem among adolescent girls and its related cultural practices in selected rural community of Kamrup District, Assam. Methodology: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in selected Block Primary Health Centre and Community Health Centre /First Referral Unit of Rural community of Kamrup District Assam. In this study the data were collected from 350 adolescent girls to assess the menstrual problem and data were collected from 250 mothers to assess the cultural practices. The study sample was selected by using multistage stratified random sampling .The data were collected by using Interview schedule and inventory checklist. The data were collected in the year 2012 -2016 in different parts respectively. The collected data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Major findings of the study: The Result reveal that out of 350 adolescent girls majority 223(63.7%) found to be in the age group of 13-16 year. Majority 224(64%) girls started menarche at the age of 12-14 years. 283 (80.86%) adolescent girls suffers from premenstrual problem and 329(94%) adolescent girls face problem during menstruation, Among pre menstrual problem majority 275(73.4%) girls reported abdominal cramps and among menstrual problem majority 309(88.3%) girls reported dysmennorhoea .The study revealed that due to dysmennorhoea 208 (59.4%) adolescent girls absence from school. The study showed that majority 215(61.4%) manage the problem by using home remedies and only 15(4.3%) adolescent girls consult doctor. The common cultural practices related to menarche as revealed by the study are 163(65.2%) mother reported the practices that as soon as the menarche starts the girls are kept isolated, 152(60.8%) mother said that the menarche girl should not take bath and should not eat cooked food for three days. 152(60.8%) said that there is practice of Santi bia or tuloni bia (marriage for menarche girl) for the girl who attend menarche. 249(99.6%) mother consider menstruation as dirty things. The Cultural practice related to menstruation which is revealed by the study includes 169 (67.6%) mother said that the menstruating girl should not take bath for two days. 119 (47.6%) mother reported the practice that menstruating girl Should sit on floor or dhakua (dried areca leaves). According to 100% Mother the menstruating girl should not go to temple and should not go to pooja room at home. According to 248(99.2%) mother the menstruating girl should not eat egg during her period. According to 119 (47.6%) mother the menstruating girl should not eat yogurt and cold water during her period. 119 (47.6%) mother reported that the menstruating girl should not eat cold food during period which can results in cramps during periods. 119(47.6%) mother said the practice that if the menstruating girl drinks sugary drinks during menstruation it can cause blood flow heavier. 5 (3.2%) mother use sanitary pad. 240 (96%) Mother washes and reuses the cloth. 33(13%) Mother practice restriction of Sex during menstruation. 201(80.4%) mother throw used material openly. Conclusion: The present study concluded that adolescent’s girls of rural community of Kamrup District Assam experience many premenstrual and menstrual problems, which affects them psychologically and physically. The study also reported many taboos practices related to menstruation in rural community of Assam. Appropriate knowledge regarding menstrual problem, its management and knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene is still lacking among the adolescent girls of rural community of Kamrup District Assam.

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Pages: 6-11

Cite this Article: Dr Tarulata Kakati Majhi  , "A STUDY ON PROBLEMS OF MENSTRUATION AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND ITS RELATED CULTURAL PRACTICES AS EXPRESSED BY MOTHER IN RURAL COMMUNITY OF KAMRUP DISTRICT ASSAM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 6-11 #ijarporg


RHEOLOGICAL STUDY AND PREBIOTIC POTENTIAL OF CEREUS TRIANGULARIS CLADODES EXTRACT

Authors: PETERA BENJAMIN, DELATTRE CéDRIC, PIERRE GUILLAUME, VIAL CHRISTOPHE , MICHAUD PHILIPPE, FENORADOSOA TARATRA ANDRéE

Abstracts: Abstract: Cereus triangularis is a cactus belonging to the sub-family of Cactoideae. Its cladodes are used in food decoction as a traditional medicine in Madagascar.The chemical structure of polysaccharide extracted from its cladodes is a type I arabinogalactan with a high molecular weight.In this study we have investigated its physicochemical properties, the rheological properties and prebiotic property of the oligo- or polysaccharides cladodes of Cereus triangularis. The rheological properties of this galactan are characteristic of a pseudoplastic fluid with a weak gel behavior. Storage modulus (G′) and loss modulus (G″) of the polysaccharide in 0.5 M NaCl and KCl 0.5 M revealed the viscoelastic properties.Its enzymatic degradation using a fungal galactanase led to the production of oligomers and low molecular weight polysaccharides which have been successfully tested as prebiotics.

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Pages: 12-22

Cite this Article: Petera Benjamin, Delattre Cédric, Pierre Guillaume, Vial Christophe , Michaud Philippe, Fenoradosoa Taratra Andrée , "RHEOLOGICAL STUDY AND PREBIOTIC POTENTIAL OF CEREUS TRIANGULARIS CLADODES EXTRACT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 12-22 #ijarporg


ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF THE MEDICINAL PLANTS IN DARAINA, NORTHWEST MADAGASCAR.

Authors: MICHELINE MARIE ANGE TIDA, OLINIRINA NANJARISOA , JEANNENEY RABEARIVONY, HERY LISY TIANA RANARIJAONA, TARATRA ANDRéE FENORADOSOA.

Abstracts: This document illustrates the results of an ethnobotanical study carried out in Daraina commune (Northwestern Madagascar). A total number of 76 species, belonging to 72 genera and 39 families were mentioned for medicinal purposes in the rural commune of Daraina. FABACEAE Family predominated in number of species. Investigated plants were used to cure 60 different human diseases. Majorities of plants are used in gastrointestinal treatment and skin problems. This document provides new informations on medicinal plants from the North western region of Madagascar for ethnomedicine and can be used as a database and source of information for researchers who follow the ethnopharmacology approach.

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Pages: 23-30

Cite this Article: Micheline Marie Ange Tida, Olinirina Nanjarisoa , Jeanneney Rabearivony, Hery Lisy Tiana Ranarijaona, Taratra Andrée Fenoradosoa. , "ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF THE MEDICINAL PLANTS IN DARAINA, NORTHWEST MADAGASCAR.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 23-30 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF LAND USE ON DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF GROUND DWELLING MACROINVERTEBRATES IN KIRIMIRI FOREST IN EMBU COUNTY, KENYA

Authors: CLIFTON OMONDI, FREDRICK O. OGOLLA, CHRISTOPHER ODHIAMBO

Abstracts: Ground dwelling macro invertebrates are essential for soil functions and other significant ecological process such as nutrient cycling. The distribution and ecological role of crawling macro invertebrates may be influenced by anthropogenic factors. Human factors such as deforestation and agricultural activities that destroy the habitat pose great threat for the survival of macro invertebrates. Most of the natural ecosystems including forests in Kenya have been encroached, segmented and reduced in size by the rapidly growing population. However, studies on the impact of such destructive activities on the abundance and distribution of ground dwelling macro invertebrates are limited. Thus, there exist an information gap on macro invertebrate composition and their distribution in different ecosystem and habitat segments in Kenya. Such studies are necessary in generating knowledge and creating wholesome understanding to facilitate policy making, habitat management and conservation of crawling macro invertebrates. Based on the above highlights, this study was conducted to determine the effect of land use on the distribution and abundance of ground dwelling macro invertebrate in Kirimiri forest in Embu County, Kenya between January and April 2016. The Napier grass plantation, Tea plantation and indigenous intact forest were evaluated for their macro invertebrates. In every habitat studied, crawling macro invertebrates were caught using the pit fall traps set in 50 m by 50 m grid subdivided into six rows at equidistance gap of 8 m. The pit holes comprised of 60 (250 ml capacity) clear plastic containers filled with 30 ml mixture of ethanol and liquid soap. Macro invertebrates were identified using their morphometric features and then stored in 70 % Ethanol for further laboratory identification at the National museums of Kenya headquarter in Nairobi, Kenya. The data collected was log transformed (log10) and analyzed using Scientific Analysis System (SAS) version 9.4 and significance means separated using Least Significance Difference (SLD). The indigenous intact forest recorded the highest mean (6.91) of macro-invertebrates with family of Polydesmidae having a mean of 18.833 being the most abundant. Tea plantation had the second largest mean (5.49) of macro-invertebrates and the family Platydesmidae (14.185) was the most abundant group. Napier grass plantation had a mean of 4.32 and the family Arionidae with a mean of (6.479) was the most abundant group. The data collected was analyzed using Scientific Analysis System (SAS) version 9.4 and significance means separated using Least Significance Difference (SLD). The indigenous intact forest recorded the highest mean of macro invertebrates with family of Polydesmidae being the most abundant (mean=17.33). Tea plantation had the second largest mean (4.59) of macro invertebrates, and the family Gryllidae was the most abundant group with mean of 12.667. Napier grass plantation had a mean of 3.94 and the family Platydesmidae was the most abundant group (mean=12.833). The disparity in abundance and distribution of terrestrial macro invertebrate observed in this study may have resulted from micro climate and microenvironment shift influenced by human activity along and within the forest. Our results provides a baseline information, which is important for future biological monitoring of impacts associated with land use changes in the county.

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Pages: 31-37

Cite this Article: Clifton Omondi, Fredrick O. Ogolla, Christopher Odhiambo , "EFFECT OF LAND USE ON DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF GROUND DWELLING MACROINVERTEBRATES IN KIRIMIRI FOREST IN EMBU COUNTY, KENYA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 31-37 #ijarporg


EXPLORING TUTORS’ SATISFACTION AND ENGAGEMENT IN CURRICULUM REFORMS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN GHANA

Authors: ROBERT AMPOMAH

Abstracts: This study focused on tutors’ satisfaction and engagement in curriculum reforms in colleges of education in Ghana. The sample size was 127 tutors who responded to a questionnaire. The analyses made use of descriptive statistics and descriptions. The study found that the level of tutors’ satisfaction with curriculum reforms is good. All the questionnaire items had a mean response of 1.7 and above which shows that these items significantly constitute satisfaction and engagement in curriculum reforms. The results further showed that support structures or systems and resources are needed to strengthen the curriculum reforms. This include training programmes and upgrading of courses. Again, it came to light that adequate human resource is needed to augment the existing ones. Furthermore, facilities for the smooth running of the reforms must also be in place. The importance of tutors’ taking part in curriculum reforms was found to be necessary, which include contributing to knowledge sharing in the design of the curriculum. Busy timetable schedules emerged as one of the major challenges to tutors’ in the reforms. However, opportunities have been provided for academic staff and other supporting staff to go for professional development. The study recommends that resources needed in curriculum reforms in colleges like any other educational institution must be provided at all times. Workload and schedules of tutors’ must be taken into consideration to relieve them of this challenge. Again, professional development must attract incentive package for tutors’ to be thoroughly engaged in curriculum reforms and implementation process.

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Pages: 38-46

Cite this Article: Robert Ampomah , "EXPLORING TUTORS’ SATISFACTION AND ENGAGEMENT IN CURRICULUM REFORMS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN GHANA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 38-46 #ijarporg


WATER CONCERNS AND STRATEGIES TO DECIPHERING THEM IN COMMERCIAL PIG PRODUCTION - A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B

Abstracts: Water is one of the fundamental nutrients required for the optimization of swine production. Water plays very important functions in the life of the pig. Pig does not just require water but good quality water as to be able to perform optimally. In most swine production areas access to good quality water is increasingly becoming difficult. Poor quality water impedes performance and health of the pig. Poor quality water leads to excessive water consumption resulting in difficulties in manure management principally due to increased slurry volume. Mineral ionization and solubility are also the problems leading to the formation of phytate-mineral-complexes which is the leading cause of high levels of minerals in the pig manure. This also compromises the pig health/welfare and causing eutrophication. This review focuses on water concerns experienced on pig farms and provides the means of managing them.

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Pages: 47-50

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B  , "WATER CONCERNS AND STRATEGIES TO DECIPHERING THEM IN COMMERCIAL PIG PRODUCTION - A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 47-50 #ijarporg


POTATO PEEL EXTRACT AS AN ECO-FRIENDLY CORROSION INHIBITOR FOR CARBON STEEL IN FORMATION WATER

Authors: E. M. ATTIA, OLFAT E. ELAZABAWY, N. S. HASSAN, A. M. HYBA

Abstracts: The inhibitive effect of naturally available potato peel extract (PPE) toward the corrosion of carbon steel (CS) in formation water solution (FW) has been investigated by weight loss and open circuit potential (OCP). The results showed increase in the inhibition efficiency with increasing potato peels extract concentration up to 92.27% obtained at 25oC for a 2.5% (v/v) concentration. The results also showed the increase in the inhibition efficiency with decreasing temperature. The adsorption film of extract on the carbon steel specimen was also found to follow Langmuir adsorption isotherm. SEM and EDX studies supported the adsorption of the inhibitor over the metal surface.

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Pages: 51-56

Cite this Article: E. M. Attia, Olfat E. Elazabawy, N. S. Hassan, A. M. Hyba , "POTATO PEEL EXTRACT AS AN ECO-FRIENDLY CORROSION INHIBITOR FOR CARBON STEEL IN FORMATION WATER", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 51-56 #ijarporg


DETERMINANTS FOR INDUSTRIAL USES OF HIGHLAND BAMBOO IN SELECTED CITIES IN ETHIOPIA

Authors: SAIFU AMANUEL, ZHANG CAIHONG

Abstracts: Bamboo is an alternative construction material to substitute the declining supply of wood raw material in the construction sector and this study aimed to identify determinants for industrial uses of highland bamboo. The study was done in Injibara town and Addis Ababa city in Ethiopia; a snowballing sampling technique was used and both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from primary and secondary sources. Econometrics analysis showed that determinants such as working capital, lack of demand, lack of sufficient technologies, challenges in supply of bamboo, and training availability were significantly influenced the industrial uses of highland bamboo culms at 5% significance level.

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Pages: 57-62

Cite this Article: Saifu Amanuel, Zhang Caihong , "DETERMINANTS FOR INDUSTRIAL USES OF HIGHLAND BAMBOO IN SELECTED CITIES IN ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 57-62 #ijarporg


STUDY OF CAUSES OF TRAFFIC COLLISIONS AND DEVELOPMENT OF TRAFFIC ANTI-COLLISION SYSTEM IN RWANDA

Authors: KAYIBANDA VENANT, SINDIKUBWABO EMMANUEL, NTIHEMUKA PAULIN, HAKIZIMANA EUSTACHE

Abstracts: Road traffic accidents is the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth-leading cause of all deaths globally now make up a surprisingly significant portion of the worldwide burden of ill-health. An estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes each year, and as many as 50 million are injured, occupying 30 percent to 70 percent of orthopedic beds in developing countries hospitals. And if the current trends continue, road traffic injuries are predicted to be the third-leading contributor to the global burden of disease and injury by 2050. The Road traffic crash (RTC) report data from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013in Rwanda, showed that a total of 2589 of RTCs were occurred with 4689 total victims. The majority of victims were male (94.7 %) with an average age of 35.9 years. Cars were the most frequent vehicle involved (43.8 %), followed by motorcycles (14.5 %). Motorcycles had an increased risk of involvement in grievous crashes and pedestrians and cyclists were more likely to have grievous injuries. The hotspots identified were primarily located along the major roads crossing Kigali and the two busiest downtown areas (The epidemiology of road traffic injury hotspots in Kigali, Rwanda from police data. Patel et al. BMC Public Health (2016) 16:697). In 2015, 245 accidents involving public transport vehicles were occurred and killed 91 people while 408 others sustained injuries, a Police report states ,Police said that most of these accidents were caused by reckless driving, wrong maneuvers, violation of right of way, speeding, use of cell phones while driving and wrong overtaking, among others. In overall, Rwanda National Police data showed that 128 persons were killed by motorcycles accidents, 81 killed by public transport vehicles, 81 killed by voitures and pickups and 61 were killed by truck and Lorries and the total deaths were 351 persons in 2015. Studies and engineered technologies to address roads accidents are at early stage or lacking in developing countries. This work contributes to highlighting this prevailing burden and the need of comprehensive solutions that could weigh down traffic accidents which are creating enormous economic hardship due to the loss of family breadwinners and properties damage

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Pages: 63-67

Cite this Article: Kayibanda Venant, Sindikubwabo Emmanuel, Ntihemuka Paulin, Hakizimana Eustache , "STUDY OF CAUSES OF TRAFFIC COLLISIONS AND DEVELOPMENT OF TRAFFIC ANTI-COLLISION SYSTEM IN RWANDA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 63-67 #ijarporg


REVIEW OF RETAIL ALDI (GERMANY) & RELIANCE (INDIA) OF RETAIL TECHNOLOGY FOLLOWED IN THEIR MAIN MARKETS

Authors: BHANU PRIYA, BHARAT JAIN

Abstracts: The focus of this research is on the grocery industry sector and the comparative analysis is between ALDI Supermarket (Germany) and RELIANCE supermarket (India). This study aims to figure out what the retailing and the merchandising procedure used by the Aldi and the Reliance store in their respective countries to increase the sales of their stores & market and what type of techniques they use to fulfill their customer demand. To make a more holistic assessment, this study develops a framework that accounts for all the relevant environmental factors relating to retail/e-commerce activities in different countries. Variables related to consumer shopping behavior such as basket size. This framework is used to build a Life Cycle Analysis model. The model is applied to different retail methods for fast-moving consumer goods & consumer packaged goods. The purpose of the study is to determine the differences between the Aldi store & the Reliance store strategies to target consumers, forms of retailing, product category, how they fulfill their customer demand in their respective countries, their future scope in retailing, pricing strategy & retailing techniques.

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Pages: 68-72

Cite this Article: Bhanu Priya, Bharat Jain , "REVIEW OF RETAIL ALDI (GERMANY) & RELIANCE (INDIA) OF RETAIL TECHNOLOGY FOLLOWED IN THEIR MAIN MARKETS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 68-72 #ijarporg


ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF DISTANCES MEASUREMENT BY GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS)

Authors: LAILUMA YAQOOBI

Abstracts: The main topic of this article is accuracy assessment of distances measurement by Global Positioning System (GPS). To measure the distance between two points where barriers such as tall buildings exist between them, regular geometric shapes are created where horizontal angles and sides can be measured. Trimble R3 GPS has been used for conducting this research. The results of this research indicate the accuracy of 0.45 cm for measuring distance up to 400 meters.

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Pages: 73-74

Cite this Article: Lailuma Yaqoobi , "ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF DISTANCES MEASUREMENT BY GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 73-74 #ijarporg


HEALTH LITERACY, SOCIAL DETERMINANTS AND OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG MIDDLE AGED WOMEN IN MYANMAR: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYTICAL STUDY

Authors: THAN KYAW SOE1, WONGSA LAOHASIRIWONG, SOMSAK PITAKSANURUT, TEERASAK PHAJAN

Abstracts: Introduction: Obesity is major public health challenge worldwide especially among middle aged women. Health literacy have been identified as one of a measured for overweight and obesity control. Objective: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and to identify the association between health literacy, social determinants and overweight and obesity among middle aged women in Magway Region, Myanmar. Methodology: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 4 townships of Magway region, Myanmar. Total of 402 female aged 45-65 years old were selected by using multistage random sampling. After getting the consent from participants, the weighting and measuring were done first and the data was collected with the structured questionnaire. The multiple logistic regressions were used to determine the association presenting adjusted odd ratio with 95% confident interval. Result: The results indicated that majority of middle-aged women were married (65.42%), their average age was 52.91 + 54.13 years. As high as 37.81% were obesity (95% CI: 33.18%-42.68%) and 17.16% (95%CI: 13.77% - 21.19%) were overweight. Most of them had low level of health literacy (73.13%). Factors associated with overweight and obesity were having problematic disease prevention health literacy (AOR=4.23, 95%CI:2.06-8.67; p-value<0.001), inadequate disease prevention health literacy (AOR=6.97, 95%CI:3.12-15.56; p-value<0.001), problematic health promotion health literacy (AOR=2.22, 95%CI:1.14-4.35; p-value=0.019) and inadequate health promotion health literacy (AOR=4.48, 95%CI:2.08-9.66; p-value<0.001). Furthermore, urban residents (AOR=3.31, 95% CI:1.92 to 5.70; p-value<0.001), had family history of overweight and obesity (AOR=2.29, 95% CI:1.29 to 4.45; p-value=0.004), consumed rice more than 8 serving spoons per day (AOR=2.03, 95% CI:1.14 - 3.60; p-value=0.016) and having vigorous activities (AOR=4.63, 95%CI:1.37 to 15.65; p-value=0.014) also associated with overweight and obesity among middle aged women. Conclusions: There were high prevalence of overweight and obesity. Poor health literacy, heredity and behaviors had influence on these nutritional problems.

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Pages: 75-78

Cite this Article: Than Kyaw Soe1, Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Somsak Pitaksanurut, Teerasak Phajan , "HEALTH LITERACY, SOCIAL DETERMINANTS AND OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG MIDDLE AGED WOMEN IN MYANMAR: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYTICAL STUDY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 75-78 #ijarporg


POTENTIODYNAMIC STUDY ON THE CORROSION INHIBITION OF CARBON STEEL IN FORMATION WATER BY POTATO PEEL EXTRACT

Authors: E. M. ATTIA, OLFAT E. ELAZABAWY, N. S. HASSAN, A. M. HYBA

Abstracts: The inhibitory effect of potato peel extract (PPE) on corrosion of carbon steel (CS) in formation water (FW) solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization method. The inhibition efficiency of PPE was found to increase with the concentration and reached 85.18% at 2.5% (v/v). Polarization measurements show that the natural extract acted as a mixed inhibitor. The remarkable inhibition efficiency of PPE was discussed in terms of blocking of electrode surface by adsorption of inhibitor molecules through active centers. The adsorption of PPE was found to accord with the Langmuir isotherm.

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Pages: 79-84

Cite this Article: E. M. Attia, Olfat E. Elazabawy, N. S. Hassan, A. M. Hyba , "POTENTIODYNAMIC STUDY ON THE CORROSION INHIBITION OF CARBON STEEL IN FORMATION WATER BY POTATO PEEL EXTRACT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 79-84 #ijarporg


AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP AND TEACHER MORALE: EFFECTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Authors: MA. CELIA T. RONCESVALLES, AMELITA A. GAERLAN

Abstracts: Higher education institutions constantly deal with issues such as teacher attrition and high turnover rate, which could lead into other serious challenges in the field of education. These challenges call for a leadership style that could help school leaders keep competent and committed teachers who are willing to actively work in order to achieve the goals of the organization. Authentic leadership has been identified as a type of leadership that can build an enduring organization. Unfortunately, only few studies have focused on the positive effect of authentic leadership in an academic environment. The study intended to examine the effects of authentic leadership on teacher morale and organizational commitment in higher education. Moreover, it was aimed at developing a behavioral performance model that could guide educational leaders to attract and retain competent faculty members. The sample of this quantitative study consisted of 150 college teachers from different universities in the Philippines. The study utilized a descriptive-survey research method using multiple regression analysis to investigate the effect of the authentic leadership of the deans on teacher morale and teachers’ organizational commitment. The results revealed that authentic leadership positively influences teacher morale and organizational commitment of the teachers in higher education. It can be drawn that teacher morale positively affects the organizational commitment of the teachers in higher education.

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Pages: 85-94

Cite this Article: Ma. Celia T. Roncesvalles, Amelita A. Gaerlan , "AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP AND TEACHER MORALE: EFFECTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 85-94 #ijarporg


BALNEOTHERAPY/SPA THERAPY: POTENTIAL OF NIGERIAN THERMAL HOT SPRING WATERS FOR MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND CHRONIC HEALTH CONDITIONS

Authors: OLUWASEUN O.T., MAKAMA A.Y., IBRAHIM S.Z., RAHMAN S. A., OLADIMEJI O.

Abstracts: Musculoskeletal disorders and chronic health conditions are leading causes of death and disability all over the world. The prevalence of such disorders pose great social and economic burden due to the wide variety of the pathological conditions. Complementary/integrative interventions are commonly utilized to improve quality of life and productivity in such conditions. One approach often recommended is the use of thermal mineral water from hot springs known as balneotherapy/spa therapy. This practice is prevalent in Turkey, Hungary, Romania, Germany, Portugal, Japan, Poland, Spain, Italy, and France. Its therapeutic potentials being reported for various rheumatic diseases, multiple sclerosis, type 2 Diabetes, dermatitis, fibromyalgia, chronic low back pain, cardiovascular disease, chronic venous insufficiency, stress, psoriasis as well as metabolic and respiratory conditions. There are several known and unknown thermal springs in Nigeria which could be effectively utilized for balneotherapy/spa complementary therapy in various prevalent pathological conditions. Among the available thermal springs in the country, only 2 have been developed for leisure and tourism, with none offering spa facilities for therapeutic purposes. This stipulates that such practice is not well-known in the country. This study therefore aims to provide insights into this significant but neglected healthcare option for musculoskeletal disorders and other chronic health conditions based on the physicochemical data of the thermal springs obtained from literatures. Nigerian thermal springs, if investigated and developed into modern health resort, can promote the health/economic development of the Nation by providing cost effective therapy in various pathological conditions.

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Pages: 95-100

Cite this Article: Oluwaseun O.T., Makama A.Y., Ibrahim S.Z., Rahman S. A., Oladimeji O. , "BALNEOTHERAPY/SPA THERAPY: POTENTIAL OF NIGERIAN THERMAL HOT SPRING WATERS FOR MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AND CHRONIC HEALTH CONDITIONS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 95-100 #ijarporg


APPLYING GIS FOR ASSESSMENT OF RESIDENT'S ATTITUDES TOWARD TOURISM IN WORLD HERITAGE HALONG BAY, VIETNAM

Authors: CHU THANH HUY, NGUYEN THI BICH LIEN

Abstracts: In this paper, we used questionnaires which were designed according the 5 Likert scale to gather informations about the resident’s attitudes (400 samples) towards tourism development in the study area. Next step, we used SPSS to analyze the survey data, and verify the reliability of the samples. Finally, we used GIS as a suported tool to analyse the spatial distribution of resident’s attitudes towards tourism development. The result showed that urban communities had more negative attitudes toward tourism development than rural communites.

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Pages: 101-106

Cite this Article: Chu Thanh Huy, Nguyen Thi Bich Lien , "APPLYING GIS FOR ASSESSMENT OF RESIDENT'S ATTITUDES TOWARD TOURISM IN WORLD HERITAGE HALONG BAY, VIETNAM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 101-106 #ijarporg


ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY OF PLANT SPECIES USED IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN BEKARAOKA REGION, NORTHEASTERN MADAGASCAR

Authors: MICHELINE MARIE ANGE TIDA, OLINIRINA NANJARISOA , JEANNENEY RABEARIVONY, HERY LISY TIANA RANARIJAONA , TARATRA ANDRéE FENORADOSOA.

Abstracts: Madagascar has one of the highest rates of biodiversity and endemism in the world, but the ethnobotanical reputation of Malagasy flora is still mediocre investigation. This article presents a preliminary study on the use of plants carried out in the village of Bekaraoka located in the North East of Madagascar. With the help of standardized questionnaires, two traditional healers and 175 informants were interviewed on the medicinal use of local flora. 76 species turned out to be used as a medicine by residents the area. Fabaceae Family predominates in number of species. Leaves were most commonly used, with 30,1 % of the plants being used to treat gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, abdominal pain, stomach aches). This paper provides new information on medicinal plants from one area of North East Madagascar never investigated for ethnomedicine and may be used as data base and information source for researchers who follow the ethnopharmacology approach.

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Pages: 107-114

Cite this Article: Micheline Marie Ange Tida, Olinirina Nanjarisoa , Jeanneney Rabearivony, Hery Lisy Tiana Ranarijaona , Taratra Andrée Fenoradosoa. , "ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY OF PLANT SPECIES USED IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN BEKARAOKA REGION, NORTHEASTERN MADAGASCAR", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 107-114 #ijarporg


ASSESSMENT OF LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE IN DONG NA TARD PROVINCIAL PROTECTED AREA, SAVANNAKHET PROVINCE, LAO PDR

Authors: PHOUTHASONE KHOUANGVICHIT, CARMELITA M. REBANCOS, ENRIQUE P. PACARDO, RICARDO T. BAGARINAO

Abstracts: The aim of the present study is to assess land use and land cover change in Dong Na Tard Provincial Protected Area (DNT PPA), Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR. The study was applied the integrated approach of remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for the land cover change detection. Historical land use and cover data of the Dong Na Tard PPA were obtained from a classification of Landsat ETM+ imagery obtained from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Explorer. Land use and land cover classification maps of 2007 and 2017 were extracted from Landsat TM/ETM images. Satellite images were pre-processed before classification. Layer stacking was performed to combine bands and then the images were performed radio-metrically corrected. The supervised classification was carried out using the Maximum Likelihood and a composition of bands 2, 3, 4 for Landsat 5 and bands 3, 4, 5 for Landsat 8. Kapa statistics were applied for accuracy assessment of images classification and magnitude of change were analyzed. The study shown that the percentage of land use and land cover change (LULCC) from 2007 to 2017, the agriculture area had the highest positive value indicating a high expansion of 175.88% from its initial 3955.23 has, followed by plantation area with a percentage increase of 155.77% and urban and built-up area had escalated by 100.51%. On the contrary, mixed deciduous forest, dry dipterocarp forest and bare land had negative values indicating a reduction in the size by 20.51%, 3.00% and 75.68%, respectively. The aid of GIS and RS technology with change detection and change analysis of land cover were helpful and best described. The outcome of the present study has provided useful information for managers and decision makers in sustainable management the protected area.

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Pages: 115-120

Cite this Article: Phouthasone Khouangvichit, Carmelita M. Rebancos, Enrique P. Pacardo, Ricardo T. Bagarinao , "ASSESSMENT OF LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE IN DONG NA TARD PROVINCIAL PROTECTED AREA, SAVANNAKHET PROVINCE, LAO PDR", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 115-120 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON ANTIOXIDANTS AND OXIDANTS STATUSES IN PIGS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., OKEJIM, J. A., AMAKIRI, A. O.

Abstracts: Effects of graded levels of crude oil-containing diets were studied on sera levels of antioxidant enzymes: glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and oxidant malondialdehyde (MDA) in growing pigs. 24 growing pigs of average body weight (BW) of 9 ± 1.4 (Mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Animals were randomly assigned to their individual pens. 4 graded crude oil dietary treatments: 0g (control group), 10g, 15g and 20g of crude oil/kg of diet were used with 4 replications per dietary treatment. Animals were fed at 5% of their BW for 4 weeks. GSH sera contents of animals on diets 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) as there were no differences between them but significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of animals in treatments 3 and 4 with group 4 animals demonstrating the lowest content. SOD contents of treatments 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) and significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of treatments 3 and 4 with diet 4 showing the lowest level. CAT sera contents of animals on treatments 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) and significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of treatments 3 and 4 with animals on diet 4 showing the lowest levels. For GSH-Px, there were no differences amongst groups. MDA sera contents of the animals on treatments 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) but significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those of treatments 3 and 4 with treatment 4 showing the highest level. It was concluded that ingestion of 10g crude oil/kg diet had no effect on antioxidant enzymes; however at 15g and above antioxidants were suppressed while MDA levels increased. Beyond the 10g/kg of diet the health of animal was compromised as judged by lowered levels of antioxidants and increased MDA levels.

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Pages: 121-123

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Okejim, J. A., Amakiri, A. O. , "EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON ANTIOXIDANTS AND OXIDANTS STATUSES IN PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 121-123 #ijarporg


IMPROVING FEEDING VALUE OF DEOXYNIVALENOL (DON)-BARLEY INTENDED FOR SWINE BY THE PEARLING PROCEDURE – A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B

Abstracts: Grains form the bulk of animal diets resulting in the competition between man and animals for grains. Feed formulators prefer the use of barley to corn and wheat, since they have similar digestible energy values coupled with the cheaper price of barley compare to corn and wheat. However, barley is more susceptible to DON contamination. DON is the major Fusarium mycotoxin-causing major economic losses in the agricultural industry. The presence of DON in cereal grains, such as barley is a major threat to its advantageous use in swine diets. Fusarium graminearum is majorly responsible for DON production. DON menace by F. graminearum is favoured by environmental conditions, such as moisture and high temperature triggering the proliferation of F. graminearum pathogen and DON accumulation in grains. Thus in growing seasons with high regular incidence of rain showers or snow there is the possibility of DON epidemics which may lead to major financial losses to growers and feed formulators as grains may not be suitable for human consumption as well as for animal feeds, especially swine. DON causes emesis, feed refusal and reduced feed intake in pigs. The ultimate goal of growers is how value can be added to their grains while nutritionists to reduce DON from feed grains. Since DON is typically found predominantly near the exterior surface of the kernel where infection begins pearling or polishing off the outer portions dominated by DON would produce a grain that can be incorporated into swine diets without emesis and reduced feed intake thereby culminating in ‘acceptable barley’ for swine, particularly barrows. This paper delves into the details of the ‘modus operandi’ of the pearling procedure of converting DON-infected barley to palatable feed ingredient for swine. The pearling procedure comes in handy as currently there are commercial machines that can readily be used to effectively convert DON-barley into a palatable grain for swine, such as the Satake Rice De-hullerTM.

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Pages: 124-127

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B , "IMPROVING FEEDING VALUE OF DEOXYNIVALENOL (DON)-BARLEY INTENDED FOR SWINE BY THE PEARLING PROCEDURE – A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 124-127 #ijarporg


DECONTAMINATION STRATEGIES TO REDUCE THE IMPACT OF DEOXYNIVALENOL (DON)-CONTAMINATED GRAIN ON FARM ANIMALS PARTICULARLY SWINE – A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B.

Abstracts: Due to the negative impacts of DON on the growth performance of pigs it is recommended that DON in the diets of pigs should not be above 1 ppm. It is however further recommended that for pregnant and lactating pigs, their diets should be ‘DON-free.’ However, based on data from recent studies it is recommended that DON should not be more than 2 ppm in the diets meant for barrows. Nevertheless, although DON effects on swine is dose-dependent and for the fact that DON occurrence in grains can be sporadic in some growing seasons, the establishment of the threshold of DON would be difficult. In support of findings of some studies, barrows could tolerate DON level of 2 ppm in their diets without reduction in performance. Therefore, in growing seasons of heavy fusarium challenge grains can be highly contaminated by DON thereby making it difficult to feed or use such grains in the diets of swine. Strategies are therefore required to reduce DON loads of such grain if they are intended for swine feeding. During such seasons DON in grains can be as high as 5 ppm. An effective strategy of DON decontamination of the grain therefore may be capable of converting such grains to usable feedstuffs for swine, especially barrows. This paper highlights strategies that can be adopted to better manage DON in grains. The strategy to adopt is dependent on the available technology in the environment. They come under biological, chemical and physical strategies.

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Pages: 128-130

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B. , "DECONTAMINATION STRATEGIES TO REDUCE THE IMPACT OF DEOXYNIVALENOL (DON)-CONTAMINATED GRAIN ON FARM ANIMALS PARTICULARLY SWINE – A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 128-130 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF GRADED LEVELS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) ON SOME BLOOD PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B.

Abstracts: Effect of graded levels of garlic was investigated on some blood parameters of growing pigs. 36 growing landrace pigs of average body weight (BW) of 23 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Pigs were assigned to six dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD). The trial lasted for four weeks (28d). The dietary treatments were: diet 1, control diet (0g garlic/kg of diet), whereas diets 2-6 contained garlic at: 10g, 20g, 30g, 40g and 50g/kg of diet, respectively. Each dietary treatment was assigned to 6 pigs. At the end of the study period blood samples were humanely collected from all pigs into EDTA treated tubes and immediately snaps frozen. Packed cell volume (PCV), red blood cell (RBC), haemoglobin (Hb), total white blood cell (WBC) counts and their differentials for each treatment group were analyzed. Garlic had no effect on RBC as there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences amongst treatment groups. Similarly, garlic had no significant (P > 0.05) effects on Hb and PCV. However, there were tendencies for better Hb and PCV values for the garlic-diets as their values were numerically higher compared with diet 1 (the control group). These were also mirrored for the WBC counts, the lymphocytes (LYM) and monocytes (MON). There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences for neutrophils (NEU) and eosinophils (EOSI). It was concluded that garlic had no effects on blood parameters of the growing pig. However, garlic marginally increased Hb, PCV, WBC and LYM values which might be important in reducing the susceptibility of the pig to environmental stressors as well as sudden death syndrome.

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Pages: 131-133

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B. , "EFFECTS OF GRADED LEVELS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) ON SOME BLOOD PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 131-133 #ijarporg


LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS OF GROWING PIGS FED GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., JOY A. OKEJIM, J. A., AMAKIRI, A. O.

Abstracts: This study was designed to investigate the effects of ingesting graded levels of crude oil-contaminated diets on the liver and kidney functions of the growing pig using their biomarkers. 24 growing pigs weighing on average 8 ± 1.1 (mean ± SD) kg of body weight (BW) were acquired and used in the study. The pigs on arrival at the animal wing of the Rivers State University Teaching and Research Farm were randomly assigned to six dietary treatment groups of 4 pigs per treatment. Dietary treatment groups were as: 0g, 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g and 10g of crude oil/kg of diet, respectively. The experimental animals were fed at 5% of their BW and the experiment lasted for 28 d. Blood samples were collected from all treatment groups into EDTA treated tubes and immediately snaps frozen for later analyses of biomarkers for the liver: Alanine amino transferase (ALT), Aspartic amino transferase (AST) and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as well as for kidney biomarkers: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels. There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in all the liver biomarkers measured, ALT, AST and ALP. Similarly, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the two biomarkers of the kidney measured, BUN and creatinine contents for all dietary treatment groups. It was therefore concluded that crude oil contaminations up to 10g/kg of diet did not affect the liver and kidney of growing pigs, since their functions were not impeded.

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Pages: 134-136

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Joy A. Okejim, J. A., Amakiri, A. O. , "LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS OF GROWING PIGS FED GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 134-136 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., JOY A. OKEJIM, J. A., AMAKIRI, A. O.

Abstracts: Effects of feeding graded levels of crude oil-containing diets were studied on haematological parameters in growing pigs. 24 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 9 ± 1.4 (Mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Animals were randomly assigned to their individual experimental pens. There were 4 graded crude oil dietary treatments: 0g (control group), 10g, 15g and 20g of crude oil/kg of diet. There were 4 replications per dietary treatment. Animals were fed at 5% of their BW for 4 weeks. Blood samples were collected from all animals and snap frozen. Red blood cell (RBC), haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), white blood cell (WBC) and differentials: neutrophils (NEU) and lymphocytes (LYM) were analysed. Eosinophil (EOS), basophils (BAS) and monocytes (MON) were absent. There were significant (P < 0.05) differences in the RBC, Hb and PCV contents. The RBC counts of treatments 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) and were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of treatments 3 and 4 with treatment 4 having the lowest RBC counts. Similar trend was also observed for Hb and PVC concentrations. WBC counts of treatments 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) and significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of treatments 3 and 4; with treatment 4 showing the lowest count. NEU of treatment 1 was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of treatments 2, 3 and 4 with treatment 4 having the lowest. Conversely, treatment 4 significantly (P < 0.05) showed the highest LYM concentration compared with treatments 1 to 3 with treatment 1 showing the lowest concentration. It was concluded that growing pig’s threshold for crude oil ingestion lies between 10g and 15g of crude oil/kg of diet as beyond the 10g blood constituents were negatively impacted and the ratio of NEU to LYM was altered.

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Pages: 137-140

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Joy A. Okejim, J. A., Amakiri, A. O. , "EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 137-140 #ijarporg


HAEMATOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GROWER PIGS FED CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., OKEJIM, J. O., AMAKIRI, A. O.

Abstracts: The effects of graded levels of crude oil-contaminated diets were investigated on haematological parameters in growing pigs. 24 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 8 ± 1.1 (Mean ± SD) kg were used in the trial. The animals on arrival at the Animal Wing, Rivers State University were randomly allotted to their experimental pens. There were 6 dietary treatments with varied levels of crude oil contaminations as: 0g (control group), 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g and 10g of crude oil/kg of diet, respectively. There were 4 replications per treatment. The animals were fed at 5% of their BW. Trial lasted for 4 weeks (28d); blood samples were collected from all animal treatment groups and immediately snap frozen. Red blood cell (RBC) counts, haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV) concentrations as well as white blood cell (WBC) counts, including their differentials: neutrophils (NEU), lymphocytes (LYM), eosinophil (EOS) and monocytes (MON) were analyzed. There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the RBC, Hb and PCV contents. Furthermore, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the WBC counts as well as their differentials. It was concluded that growing pigs can ingest up to 10g of crude oil/kg of diet without any negative effects on blood constituents of the growing pig.

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Pages: 141-143

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Okejim, J. O., Amakiri, A. O. , "HAEMATOLOGICAL RESPONSES OF GROWER PIGS FED CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 141-143 #ijarporg


DIETARY EFFECTS OF SINGLE AND COMBINED ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS ON ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES AND OXIDANTS STATUS OF GROWING PIGS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., POPOOLA, S. O.

Abstracts: The effects of single and combined dietary antioxidant vitamins on antioxidants: antioxidant power (AOP), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione (GSH) as well as oxidants, such as oxidized glutathione (GSSH), xanthine oxidase (OX), cortisol and malondialdehyde (MDA) were studied in growing pigs. Pigs received their dietary antioxidant vitamins as: To (control diet – contained vitamins at their basal levels); TA (200mg of vitamin A); TC (200mg of vitamin C); TAC (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin C); TAE (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin E) and TCE (100mg of vitamin C + 100mg of vitamin E)/kg of diet, respectively for 28 days. AOP and CAT levels, particularly with the combined vitamins were significantly (P < 0.05) higher compared with the control. SOD, GSH-Px and GSH concentrations were significantly (P < 0.05) higher with the combined vitamins compared with the control and single vitamin diets. GSSH concentrations were similar (P > 0.05) for TAE and TCE diets and significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those of control, TA, TC and TAC diets. OX, cortisol and MDA concentrations were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the vitamins diets compared with the control. It was concluded that antioxidant vitamins combinations, especially that of TCE most improved antioxidant statuses while simultaneously reduced oxidant statuses in the growing pig.

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Pages: 144-148

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Popoola, S. O. , "DIETARY EFFECTS OF SINGLE AND COMBINED ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS ON ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES AND OXIDANTS STATUS OF GROWING PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 144-148 #ijarporg


ANTIOXIDANTS AND OXIDANT STATUSES OF GROWING PIGS FED GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., JOY A. OKEJIM., J. A., AMAKIRI, A. O.

Abstracts: This study investigated the impacts of ingested graded levels of crude oil-contaminated diets on the antioxidant and oxidant statuses in the growing pig. 24 growing pigs weighing on average 8 ± 1.1 (mean ± SD) kg of body weight (BW) were used in the investigation. Pigs were randomly assigned to six dietary treatment groups of 4 pigs per treatment: 0g, 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g and 10g of crude oil/kg of diet, respectively. The experiment lasted for four weeks. Blood samples were collected from all treatment groups into EDTA treated tubes and immediately snap frozen for later anti-oxidant and oxidant analyses. Antioxidants: glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-P-x) and the oxidant malondialdehyde (MDA), respectively were analyzed for. There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in all the antioxidants measured. Similarly, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in MDA contents for all dietary treatment groups. It was therefore concluded that crude oil contaminations up to 10g/kg of diet does not induce oxidative stress in growing pigs.

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Pages: 149-151

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Joy A. Okejim., J. A., Amakiri, A. O. , "ANTIOXIDANTS AND OXIDANT STATUSES OF GROWING PIGS FED GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAMINATED DIETS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 149-151 #ijarporg


DEFINING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CALCIUM (CA) AND ZINC (ZN) AND DIETARY STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING THEIR AVAILABILITIES IN THE NOURISHMENT OF THE GROWING SWINE - A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B.

Abstracts: Calcium level in swine diet is above 1g/kg of diet and hence is a macro-mineral whereas Zn is less than 1g/kg of diet and hence is a micro-mineral. Ca is naturally antagonistic to Zn and as such causes Zn deficiency when their dietary concentrations are not balanced. This stresses the need to understand the nature of ionic interactions existing between these two important minerals as well as other important dietary factors affecting their solubilities and assimilations in the nourishment of the growing pig as to better understand their dietary inclusion levels; to ensure their availabilities to the animal. Therefore, it is important to also note that the interactions between dietary Ca and Zn ions are very dynamic, complex and concentration dependent. Defining some of these essential interactions between their soluble ions would help better guard the nutrition and management of these minerals in the nourishment of the growing pig. Here, the possible interactions between Ca and Zn soluble ions are defined and expanded, including other dietary factors that help in maintaining their homeostasis.

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Pages: 152-154

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B. , "DEFINING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CALCIUM (CA) AND ZINC (ZN) AND DIETARY STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING THEIR AVAILABILITIES IN THE NOURISHMENT OF THE GROWING SWINE - A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 152-154 #ijarporg


IMPLICATIONS OF FEED-BORNE MYCOTOXINS IN SWINE AND POULTRY PRODUCTIONS – A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B

Abstracts: Mycotoxins are byproducts of fungi (fusaria) metabolism in crops in the field during production and in storage. There are many species of fusaria that produce mycotoxins. However, deoxynivalenol (DON) produced by Fusarium graminearum is most ubiquitous and mainly responsible for the observed toxicological impacts of mycotoxins in swine and poultry productions probably due to F. graminearum ability to produce more than one mycotoxin. Presence of DON in rations consumed by livestock, particularly swine and poultry negatively impact animal growth and performance with its attendant economic losses. Poultry have the ability to tolerate DON more than swine. This trend has resulted in diverting mycotoxins-contaminated grains for poultry feeding. However, this is still dangerous since diets formulated with mycotoxins also impact poultry production negatively, especially layers. Special precautions therefore should be taken before grain-containing mycotoxins are incorporated into poultry feeds, particularly during the so-called “fusarium years.”

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Pages: 155-157

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B , "IMPLICATIONS OF FEED-BORNE MYCOTOXINS IN SWINE AND POULTRY PRODUCTIONS – A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 155-157 #ijarporg


MINIMIZING STRESS IN PIGS IN CONFINEMENTS WHEN CONDUCTING RESEARCH - A REVIEW

Authors: JOHNSON, N. C., IORLIAM, B

Abstracts: Very often when conducting biomedical research involving pigs, the animals are required to be in a confined environment such as metabolic crates. In confined conditions there are guidelines to be followed as to minimize stress on the animals in order to avoid biasing the data that would eventually be obtained from such studies. The guidelines are simply good practices for the confined animals to be observed as to ensure quality maintenance and safety of the animals while conducting the biomedical or behavioral research, especially when testing for products. Furthermore, they promote the humane care of the animals with specific specifications with the sole objectives that will enhance animal well-being and welfare. Overall, these guidelines fall under three categories of environmental, management and human factors.

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Pages: 158-160

Cite this Article: Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B  , "MINIMIZING STRESS IN PIGS IN CONFINEMENTS WHEN CONDUCTING RESEARCH - A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 158-160 #ijarporg


ESTABLISHING THE EFFECT OF INVESTMENT STRATEGIES ON WEALTH CREATION IN UGANDA.

Authors: BENARD NUWATUHAIRE, ANDREW AINOMUGISHA

Abstracts: The study was carried out to assess the effect of investing strategies on wealth creation in Uganda. Using both quantitative and qualitative approaches, the study adopted correlational and cross-sectional designs on a sample of 96 respondents. Data analysis was carried out at univariate, bivariate and multivariate. Univariate analysis involved use of percentages and descriptive statistics in particular the mean, bivariate was carried out using correlation and multivariate analysis was carried out using regression. The study found out that investment strategies had a significant positive effect on wealth creation. The investment strategies included investment in estates, company shares, income generating businesses, higher qualifications, business partnerships who provide profitable services. It was therefore concluded that Investment strategies which were made matched with the low wealth creation. The study recommended that employers both in private sector and public civil services should enhance the remuneration of employees such that they have some money to spare for investment in order to generate wealth, the government of Uganda should help to train the people in investment, and policy makers in Uganda should design policies that encourage investment to help people create wealth.

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Pages: 161-168

Cite this Article: Benard Nuwatuhaire, Andrew Ainomugisha , "ESTABLISHING THE EFFECT OF INVESTMENT STRATEGIES ON WEALTH CREATION IN UGANDA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 161-168 #ijarporg


CONVERGENCE MODEL OF MOTIVATIONAL ATTRIBUTES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS

Authors: RESTI TITO H. VILLARINO

Abstracts: Motivation as an individual marvel has usually been focused with little studies investigating how motivational characteristics could affect the academic achievement of the learner. The study evaluated the connection of motivational attributes and academic achievement among freshman college students in a state university in Cebu, Philippines. In particular, it attempted to address the following questions: the respondents’ age and sex, the grade point average of the students, and to find out if there is a correlation between motivational attributes and academic achievement for academic year 2017-2018. Using quantitative analysis of information collected, the descriptive technique was used in the research. It used weighted mean, chi-square, contingency coefficient, and t-test to provide interpretation of information. Based on the assessment of their level of motivational attributes, an overall weighted mean was 3.99 with composite weighted means along the areas of Intrinsic Goal Orientation 4.11, Extrinsic Goal Orientation 4.18, Task Value 4.07, and Control of Learning Beliefs 4.19, Self-Efficacy for Learning and Performance 3.78, and Test Anxiety 3.58. All these numerical data were equivalent to a descriptive rating of Agree (A). The results of the chi-square test showed rejection of the null hypothesis. The computed value was greater than the critical value of 9.488 using 5x2 contingency table. It also obtained a computed coefficient of contingency of 0.371 which denotes moderate correlation. The computed t-value was also greater than the tabled value of 1.96 at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that there is a link between motivational attributes and academic achievement.

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Pages: 169-177

Cite this Article: Resti Tito H. Villarino , "CONVERGENCE MODEL OF MOTIVATIONAL ATTRIBUTES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 169-177 #ijarporg


A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL ON EFFECTIVENESS OF MANUAL THERAPY IN MANAGEMENT OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS AT TWO SELECTED TEACHING HOSPITALS IN ZAMBIA

Authors: SPORAH CHISHA, MARGARET M. MWESHI, BRIAN CHANDA CHILUBA

Abstracts: Osteoarthritis which is a degenerative joint disease affecting the articular cartilage, bone and soft tissues around the joint is a highly prevalent condition worldwide with an incidence of 20.4% at the University Teaching Hospital and Levy Mwanawasa Teaching Hospital in Zambia. It has no known effective intervention due to its poorly understood pathogenesis. Combined interventions of Manual Therapy and Conventional Physiotherapy are significant in restoring function, quality of life, reducing disability, drug consumption and surgery in individuals with knee OA. This study evaluated the emerging optimistic evidence on the effectiveness of manual therapy, established the possible factors associated with it and assessed its impact on physical function and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. This study was a single-blinded RCT involving 6 male and 24 female participants with bilateral knee osteoarthritis aged between 30-85 years at University Teaching Hospital and Levy Mwanawasa Teaching Hospital. Participants were randomized using un-labelled opaque envelops to a conventional group (n=15) and intervention group (n=15). The conventional group received a treatment protocol of hot packs, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and exercise therapy, while those in the intervention group received the same protocol combined with manual therapy twice per week for 5 weeks giving 10 treatment sessions. Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Six-minute walk test questionnaire (6-MWT) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were tools used for data collection before and after treatment. Data was entered in SPSS imported into Microsoft Excel and analyzed using STATA software version 13. Paired t-test mean values of group effect for VAS, 6-MWT, WOMAC and SF-36 Questionnaire were compared at week 0 and week 5. There was an improvement in all mean values; VAS (2.4), 6-MWT (195.75), WOMAC (51) and SF-36 (307.9) to 1.5, 276.3, 30 and 542.2 respectively. The difference between conventional and interventional groups was statistically significant for the WOMAC and SF-36 Questionnaire (p = 0.0102 and p = 0.0085). Differences were not significant for 6-MWT (p = 0.1678) and VAS (p = 0.2893). Adding manual therapy to conventional physiotherapy is more effective in reducing knee pain, improving walking distance, physical function and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The effects of manual therapy on knee osteoarthritis were sustained up to 2 weeks after treatment.

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Pages: 178-200

Cite this Article: Sporah Chisha, Margaret M. Mweshi, Brian Chanda Chiluba , "A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL ON EFFECTIVENESS OF MANUAL THERAPY IN MANAGEMENT OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS AT TWO SELECTED TEACHING HOSPITALS IN ZAMBIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 178-200 #ijarporg


EDUCATIONAL GOALS FOR PRACTICAL SUBJECTS: FACTORS THAT DETERMINE IMPLEMENTATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HOME ECONOMICS CURRICULUM IN MASVINGO PRIMARY SCHOOLS, ZIMBABWE

Authors: JENET MUDEKUNYE, LILIAN MANWA, LOKADHIA MANWA, MOLYN MPOFU

Abstracts: The purpose of this study was to find out factors that determine the implementation of Physical Education and Home Economics educational goals in Masvingo Primary Schools, Zimbabwe. The descriptive survey design based on the qualitative paradigm was adopted in which an open-ended questionnaires and in-depth interview were used as data collection instruments. A sample of fifty participants which was composed of forty (40) teachers and school heads was conveniently sampled and ten (10) school heads were purposively selected. The findings from this research revealed that most teachers did not understand the Physical Education and Home Economics Physical Education and Home Economics goals. The current study revealed that the major factors that impacted in the implementation of the goals were lack of knowledge and clarity of the goals. Other factors that influenced the implementation of subject goals included cultural norms and values, material, financial and human resources. The study recommends that teachers should be involved in the formulation of curriculum goals in order to reduce factors that negatively impact on the implementation of PE and HE. This would enhance teacher awareness and deepen their level of commitment to the teaching of the subjects.

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Pages: 201-207

Cite this Article: Jenet Mudekunye, Lilian Manwa, Lokadhia Manwa, Molyn Mpofu , "EDUCATIONAL GOALS FOR PRACTICAL SUBJECTS: FACTORS THAT DETERMINE IMPLEMENTATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HOME ECONOMICS CURRICULUM IN MASVINGO PRIMARY SCHOOLS, ZIMBABWE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 201-207 #ijarporg


ASSESSMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF GHANA HEALTH SERVICE IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF GHANA

Authors: GODWIN K. YAWOTSE, DAVID WELLINGTON ESSAW, ELIZABETH CORNELIA ANNAN-PRAH

Abstracts: Performance management system renders numerous benefits to the implementing organisations. Ghana Health Service is one of the public sector institutions that practices PMS for higher productivity and effective service delivery. The purpose of this study was to assess the PMS at Ghana Health Service in the Central Region of Ghana. Simple random sampling technique was used to select health directorates for the study. Questionnaire was distributed to and collected from ninety-three respondents from the selected Health Directorate in the Central Region. The findings indicated that most employees performed their duties based on set objectives. The category of workers who sometimes had targets were the Community Health Nurses and Disease Control Officers. It was revealed that performance review as an aspect of PMS was intermittently organised. Meetings were held to review the performance of workers, challenge under performance and set new performance targets given the various health indicators. Performance appraisal, as an element of PMS, was somewhat conducted in Ghana Health Service. Employees of the service were sometimes appraised annually. But then thorough appraisal was done only when a staff was due for promotion. The results also indicate that employees were not rewarded based on their outputs. Reward was the usual compensation packages designed for the staff of the service. Extra hard work does not merit any other motivation or remuneration than the monthly salary. The study recommends that managers of Ghana Health Service should take appropriate steps to ensure all the elements of PMS are linked for the realization of its fullest benefits in Ghana Health Service. Employees should be appraised based on their given targets and rewards should be based on performance appraisal outcomes. Performance review should also be based the set objectives. Health Service Council should have a clear Human Resource Policy on the conduct of PMS: Target setting, performance appraisal, performance review and administration of appropriate rewards for deserving, hardworking and committed employees.

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Pages: 208-217

Cite this Article: Godwin K. Yawotse, David Wellington Essaw, Elizabeth Cornelia Annan-Prah , "ASSESSMENT OF THE PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF GHANA HEALTH SERVICE IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF GHANA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 208-217 #ijarporg


A JOURNEY UNCOVERED: ADJUSTMENTS OF FOREIGN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PHILIPPINE SCHOOL DOHA

Authors: MAIDIE P. ACOSTA, RL, MAIE

Abstracts: Background: Adjustments could be a challenge especially to students being transferred to a new school. Although this manifestation varies, it is noticeable to foreign senior high school students enrolled in Philippine School Doha. This motivated the researchers to know their adjustment journey. Method: A phenomenological research design was employed in this qualitative paper to understand the adjustment journey of the international students enrolled in Philippine School Doha relative to the central question “How do foreign senior high students adjust in Philippine School Doha?”. Data were gathered through a thirty- one semi-structured interview and were analyzed using an inductive approach in theme development. Findings: Findings have shown the struggles of senior high school international students with regards to their adjustments in academics, non- academic involvement and ethnicity. Conclusion: The adjustments struggle encountered contributes to the capacity of the international students to learn and interact with other students. Recommendation: In order to fill the gap of this study, the paper suggests future researchers focus on ways to strengthen existing Filipino Second Language reinforcement programs intended for international students. Thus, the need to incorporate basic and simple Filipino terminologies should be learned carefully and be able to address various factors in adjustment such as personal, social and cultural.

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Pages: 218-234

Cite this Article: Maidie P. Acosta, RL, MAIE , "A JOURNEY UNCOVERED: ADJUSTMENTS OF FOREIGN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PHILIPPINE SCHOOL DOHA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/mar2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition, 218-234 #ijarporg