IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

MONITORING DESIGN AND POWER OPTIMIZATION FOR WIND TURBINE USING PERTURB AND OBSERVE (P&O) ALGORITHM BASED ON IOT

Authors: DETA BRIAN PRAYOGI, AZMI SALEH, TRIWAHJU HARDIANTO, DETA BRIAN PRAYOGI , AZMI SALEH ,TRIWAHJU HARDIANTO

Abstracts: Wind energy is one part of renewable energy in which the utilization is used as an alternative to the supply of electrical energy, especially for hard-to-reach areas. The constraints of the wind energy utilization are the monitoring of the energy produced that has been unmonitored quickly, and the results of power output are not yet stable. Therefore, this study proposes the use of TCP/IP network based on Internet of things and an optimization control of the Perturb & Observe algorithm to get a stable power output. The use of this network aims at monitoring the output parameters of wind power plants with the parameters of the wind blowing speed and electricity generated. Moreover, all the data will be stored in the cloud using the internet network, while for the Perturb & Observe (P&O) algorithm as an optimization, it works by searching for the optimal PWM point value. Thus, the power extracted from wind power plants can be channeled to the load optimally.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Deta Brian Prayogi, Azmi Saleh, Triwahju Hardianto, Deta Brian Prayogi , Azmi Saleh ,Triwahju Hardianto , "MONITORING DESIGN AND POWER OPTIMIZATION FOR WIND TURBINE USING PERTURB AND OBSERVE (P&O) ALGORITHM BASED ON IOT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF ORAL VITAMIN E SUPPLEMENTATION ON BLOOD AND SOME ELECTROLYTE PARAMETERS OF RABBIT WITH SHORT-TERM HYPOTHERMIA

Authors: NTINYA C. JOHNSON , BENBELLA IORLIAM

Abstracts: Effects of oral vitamin E supplementation on blood parameters and some electrolytes in acute hypothermia of rabbits were investigated. 24 New Zealand White rabbits, weighing 960 – 1000g were randomly divided into one of three experimental groups: 1 (control, without cooling); 2 (hypothermic) and 3 (hypothermic with vitamin E supplementation). The rabbits of group 3 received daily oral supplementation of 460mg/kg body weight (BW) for 4 days before inducing hypothermia. 24 hours after the last vitamin E supplementation, the rabbits of groups 2 and 3 were cooled by immersion into cold water (10 – 120C) while the control rabbits were immersed into water of body temperature (370C) up to their necks for 5 minutes without any anesthetic or tranquilizer. Rectal body temperatures of groups and blood samples were taken for biochemical analyses after cooling and were immediately snaps frozen. The body temperatures of hypothermic animals were lower (P < 0.05) (T2, 34 ± 1) and (T3, 34.2 ± 0.7) compared with the control (T1, 37.9 ± 0.5). However, white blood cell (WBC), lymphocytes (LYM), sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) of hypothermic animals + vitamin E were higher (P < 0.05) than those of control animals. The neutrophils (NEU) of the control and group 2 animals were higher (P < 0.05) than those of group 3 animals. All other parameters of group 3 and the control animals were not significantly (P > 0.05) different. It was concluded that oral supplementation of vitamin E can improve the quality of life by stimulating the immune system, maintain enhanced levels of RBC, Hb, WBC as well as those of Na+ and CL- of domesticated rabbits during short-term hypothermia. Therefore, vitamin E can improve rabbit quality of life during hypothermia.

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Pages: 6-9

Cite this Article: Ntinya C. Johnson , Benbella Iorliam , "EFFECT OF ORAL VITAMIN E SUPPLEMENTATION ON BLOOD AND SOME ELECTROLYTE PARAMETERS OF RABBIT WITH SHORT-TERM HYPOTHERMIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 6-9 #ijarporg


VITAMIN E, LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS OF RABBIT DURING HYPOTHERMIA

Authors: NTINYA C. JOHNSON , MOSES DIRI

Abstracts: Effects of oral vitamin E supplementation on the health statuses of liver and kidney of rabbits during hypothermia were studied. 24 male New Zealand White rabbits of 8 – 10 weeks old and weighed about 800 – 1000g were used in the study. The rabbits were randomly assigned to three treatment groups as: T1 (control), T2 (hypothermia) and T3 (hypothermia + vitamin E). Experimental duration was 6 weeks. Animals were fed similar diets throughout the experimental period except that T3 animals received oral vitamin E daily at 460mg/kg body weight in the last 4 days of study. 24 hours after the last administration of vitamin E T1 rabbits were dipped into water of body temperature (370C) whereas T2 and T3 rabbits were dipped into water of 10 - 120C with their heads up for 5-minutes after which their blood samples were immediately collected and snap frozen. Body temperatures of the animals after dipping were T1 (37.9 ± 0.5), T2 (34 ± 1.0) and T3 (34.2 ± 0.7), respectively. Alanine amino transferase (ALT) serum concentrations were similar (P > 0.05) for T1 and T3 but T2 had significant higher (P < 0.05) ALT. Aspartic amino transferase (AST) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in T2 compared with T1 and T3 that had similar (P > 0.0) AST values. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) serum concentration was significantly different (P < 0.05) for T1, T2 and T3 with T2 showing the highest concentration. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were similar (P > 0.05) in T1 and T3 while T2 had a significant higher (P < 0.05) BUN value. Creatinine levels were similar (P > 0.05) in T1 and T3 while T2 had a significant (P < 0.05) higher value. It was concluded that vitamin E supplementation can up-regulate liver and kidney functions in rabbits during hypothermic condition.

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Pages: 10-13

Cite this Article: Ntinya C. Johnson , Moses Diri , "VITAMIN E, LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS OF RABBIT DURING HYPOTHERMIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 10-13 #ijarporg


THE EFFECTS OF THE INGESTION OF SINGLE AND COMBINED DIETARY ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS ON BLOOD AND ELECTROLYTE PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS

Authors: NTINYA C. JOHNSON , OLADIMEJI S. POPOOLA

Abstracts: Haematological and electrolyte responses of growing pigs to ingestion of single and combined antioxidant vitamins were investigated. 36 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 6 ± 0.79 were randomly divided into one of six experimental groups. The animals received similar commercial diet for one week after which they were offered their experimental diets at 5% of their BW. Animals ingested dietary antioxidant vitamins as: To (control diet – contained vitamins at their basal levels); TA (200mg of vitamin A); TC (200mg of vitamin C); TAC (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin C); TAE (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin E) and TCE (100mg of vitamin C + 100mg of vitamin E)/kg of diet, respectively for 4 weeks. Packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) levels of animals on the combined vitamin diets were significantly (P < 0.05) better than the control and single vitamin diets. Concentrations of electrolytes were similar (P > 0.05). It was concluded that combined dietary antioxidant vitamins at 200mg/kg of diet better improved haematological parameters but had no effects on serum electrolytes.

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Pages: 14-16

Cite this Article: Ntinya C. Johnson , Oladimeji S. Popoola , "THE EFFECTS OF THE INGESTION OF SINGLE AND COMBINED DIETARY ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS ON BLOOD AND ELECTROLYTE PARAMETERS OF GROWING PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 14-16 #ijarporg


EFFICACY OF INTERFERENTIAL ELECTRICAL SIMULATION VERSUS PARA-SACRAL TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION IN MANAGEMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS

Authors: SARA GAMA, RASHID ELLIDIR

Abstracts: Background: Enuresis is a common childhood health problem affecting the quality of life of the child and his or her family. We have evaluated the efficacy of interferential (IF) electrical stimulation and Para-Sacral transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) in children with nocturnal enuresis (NE). Objective: To study the effect of the interferential electrical simulation versus the effect of Para-sacral transcutaneous electrical stimulation in children with nocturnal enuresis. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial in which 45 children, aged 6–18 years with NE were recruited and randomly divided into three groups. Children in the control group received standard urotherapy only (hydration, scheduled voiding, toilet training, diet), whereas children in the IF group underwent standard urotherapy + 12 sessions of IF electrical stimulation for 20 min three time per week and the children in the third group were treated with 12 session of Para-Sacral TENS. After the completion of the treatment program, the improvement score was calculated to identify relative decrease in wet nights for each child. All children were followed for one week before and after treatment. Results: In interferential electrical stimulation (IF) group, complete response was observed in 66.7%, partial response in 20% and13.3 % had no response. In Para-sacral transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) group, full response was observed in 53.3%, partial response in 26.7% and 20% had no response. In control group, full response was observed in 13.3%, partial response in 6.7% and 80% had no response. Significant reduction in mean of number of wet nights before and after treatment was seen in interferential electrical stimulation (IF) and Para-sacral transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) group (from 5.80 ±1.47 and 6.20 ± 1.52 to 0.73 ± 1.22 and 1.33 ± 1.75) respectively, P= 0.000. Conclusion: Interferential electrical stimulation (IF) and Para-sacral transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) were effective in reducing the number of wet nights without causing any side effects.

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Pages: 17-21

Cite this Article: Sara Gama, Rashid Ellidir , "EFFICACY OF INTERFERENTIAL ELECTRICAL SIMULATION VERSUS PARA-SACRAL TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION IN MANAGEMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 17-21 #ijarporg


APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED IMAGE CLASSIFICATION AND CA - MARKOV CHAIN PREDICTION MODEL FOR LANDUSE / LANDCOVER CHANGE ANALYSIS OF ONITSHA AND ENVIRONS, ANAMBRA STATE.

Authors: EJIKEME, J.O; IGBOKWE, J.I; IGBOKWE, E.C, PAUL C.

Abstracts: Knowledge-based classification have proved to be effective for complex object recognition and for image analysis Therefore, this study was aimed on carried out land use/ land cover change detection and prediction using knowledge-based classification and Cellular Automata (CA)_MARKOV model of Onitsha. Landsat images of 2008, 2013 and 2018 covering the study area was acquired and used to carryout LULC classification and change detection. The change detection was carried out using the matrix union overlay in ERDAS 2014. Result shows that build-up area increased from 39.4% to 43% and from 43% to 45.9% between year 2008 to 2013 and 2013 to 2018 respectively. The water body increased in year 2013 from 6.5% to 7.2%, then decreased in 2018 to 6.8%. While the vegetation keeps decreasing all through the year from 42% in year 2008 to 36.1% in year 2018. CA- MARKOV model was then used to predict the landuse/land cover changes in the study area to year 2025. The result shows that built-up area will increase from 45.9% to 48% and also, decreases in vegetation, open space, sand dunes and water body. The study Recommend that Knowledge based classification should be used as it gives a better understanding and classification for land use / land cover types.

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Pages: 22-28

Cite this Article: Ejikeme, J.O; Igbokwe, J.I; Igbokwe, E.C, Paul C. , "APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED IMAGE CLASSIFICATION AND CA - MARKOV CHAIN PREDICTION MODEL FOR LANDUSE / LANDCOVER CHANGE ANALYSIS OF ONITSHA AND ENVIRONS, ANAMBRA STATE.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 22-28 #ijarporg


REWARD AND EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PLAN INTERNATIONAL AND SAVE THE CHILDREN BY

Authors: NAKIYIMBA CHRISTINE, NDEJJE UNIVERSITY; EMURON LYDIA, KAMPALA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY; AUNO STELLA HOPE, KAMPALA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY.

Abstracts: Despite apparent high remuneration by Non-Governmental Organisations, they still experience retention challenges of key talent. This study examined the relationship between rewards and employee retention in Non-Governmental Organisations. Specifically, it sought to establish the different rewards administered as well as the relationship between rewards and employee retention using Plan International and Save the Children, both operating in Uganda. A cross-sectional comparative study design using both quantitative and qualitative approaches was employed. Questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions sourced the information. Quantitative and qualitative data was analysed using Pearson’s coefficient, ANOVA, content, logic and inference methods respectively. Results showed a positive correlation between rewards and employee retention in NGOs. The NGOs administered a reasonable base pay, some allowances and benefits. There however was lack of job evaluation, inflexible reward policies, rigid pay structures and consequently, extra effort from high performers was not catered for. It was recommended that NGOs carry out Job evaluation and adopt flexible reward policies to incorporate contingency pay and bonuses to cater for the extra effort put in by high performers.

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Pages: 29-42

Cite this Article: Nakiyimba Christine, Ndejje University; Emuron Lydia, Kampala International University; Auno Stella Hope, Kampala International University. , "REWARD AND EMPLOYEE RETENTION IN NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PLAN INTERNATIONAL AND SAVE THE CHILDREN BY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 29-42 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF COMPENSATION ON THE WORK PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR STAFF OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST

Authors: JOHN KOJO SAM

Abstracts: The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of compensation systems on the work performance of employees (junior staff) of the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. The sample size for the study was 346. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select the junior staff. Also, 24 administrators were selected purposively to help collect data from the respondents. Questionnaire and an annual assessment form were the instruments used in collecting data. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analysing the data. Findings from the study show that junior staff have positive view on the University’s compensation packages as a whole. However, junior staff view on the University’s compensation packages do not influence employees’ work performance directly. It does so only if it boosts their level of satisfaction which in turn boost their commitment to the University and in the long run increase their work performance. It was recommended to management of the University to ensure a congenial environment and improved its compensation packages, especially non-financial, to encourage and motivate staff to be committed to the University which will leads to a significant increase in the work performance of the staff.

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Pages: 43-48

Cite this Article: John Kojo Sam , "EFFECT OF COMPENSATION ON THE WORK PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR STAFF OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 43-48 #ijarporg


ENUMERATING OF STAR-MAGIC COVERINGS AND CRITICAL SETS

Authors: ANISATUL FARIDA, RATNA PUSPITA INDAH

Abstracts: A simple graph admits a H-magic covering if every edge in G belongs to a subgraph of G that isomorphic to H. Let be a complete bipartite graph on m and n vertices. Then graph G is a if there is a total labeling such that for each subgraph of G isomorphic to , there exists , where m(f) is a positif integer called magic sum. When f(V)= we say that G is and we donete its supermagic-sum by s(f). The aim of this research is to list all possible H-magic covering on complete bipartite graph, where H is star magic, especially for n=3. After we list all possible star magic covering on complete biparite graph, we tke s one example of the labeling to find the critical sets. The method f this research is a literary study and we carried outthe enumertion of all possible existing labeling. This research get a sum of 836 labeling which are not isomorphic. After we get list of all possible labeling, we choose a set of label vertices {1,3,4,5,7,10} from which we establish some 28 critical set, 21 of them are of size 1 and the others are of size 2

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Pages: 49-51

Cite this Article: Anisatul Farida, Ratna Puspita Indah , "ENUMERATING OF STAR-MAGIC COVERINGS AND CRITICAL SETS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 49-51 #ijarporg


EVALUATION OF GRADED LEVELS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD CHOLESTEROL (LDL) LEVELS OF GROWING PIGS

Authors: NTINYA C. JOHNSON , BENBELLA IORLIAM

Abstracts: The effects of graded levels of garlic were studied on growth performance and cholesterol (LDL) blood levels in growing pigs. 36 growing landrace pigs of average body weight (BW) of 23 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Pigs were assigned to six dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD). The trial lasted for four weeks (28d). The dietary treatments were: diet 1, control diet (0g garlic/kg of diet, 10g, 20g, 30g, 40g and 50g garlic/kg of diet for diets 2 – 6, respectively. Each dietary treatment was assigned to 6 pigs. Average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG) and feed efficiency (FE) as well as blood LDL parameters were determined for the study period. Although, there were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in the ADFI, the animals on the garlic-diets grew at better rates (P < 0.05) compared with the control with animals in treatment 3 (20g/kg of diet) had the best growth rate. FE also mirrored the ADG as the FE of the garlic-diets demonstrated better (P < 0.05) FE compared with the control diet with treatment 3 as the diet with most FE. Furthermore, the garlic-diets demonstrated significantly (P < 0.05) lowered LDL levels compared with the control with diet 3 showing the least LDL blood content. It was concluded that garlic improved animal performance and also reduced blood LDL levels, especially at 20g garlic/kg of diet.

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Pages: 52-54

Cite this Article: Ntinya C. Johnson , Benbella Iorliam , "EVALUATION OF GRADED LEVELS OF GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM) ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD CHOLESTEROL (LDL) LEVELS OF GROWING PIGS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 52-54 #ijarporg


THE ATTITUDES OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS' TOWARDS THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION

Authors: JULIANA IVY ARABA EKUBAN

Abstracts: The study examined the attitude of JHS pupils toward the teaching and learning of Religious and Moral Education (RME) in the Assin Foso township in the Assin North Municipality. The quota, multi-stage and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting 244 respondents from six Junior High schools (JHS). Data was collected through questionnaires. The instrument used for gathering data was questionnaire. The study revealed that schools cannot provide comprehensive education without RME, learning of RME prevents conflicts with teachers, parents, and others students, pupil should be made to study RME and many others. The study concluded that the students generally maintained a positive attitude towards RME. This was based on the fact that most of the students supported the teaching of RME in the schools, and were also in support of the fact that RME would help them to make good decisions about their lives. Similarly, the respondents generally had the attitude that RME was not destructive and was applicable to all religious beliefs.

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Pages: 55-62

Cite this Article: Juliana Ivy Araba Ekuban , "THE ATTITUDES OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL PUPILS' TOWARDS THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 55-62 #ijarporg


CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SAFETY OF GLYCOPYRRONIUM IN CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE AND ASTHMA COPD OVERLAP: ACOS STUDY

Authors: PRABHUDESAI PP , SINGH BP, BHATTACHARYA PS, KATIYAR S, KORUKONDA K

Abstracts: Introduction: The burden of Asthma-COPD Overlap (ACO) Syndrome is evolving especially in light of growing burden for nonsmoking risk factors in India. Glycopyrronium add on therapy offers quick and complimentary bronchodilation and anti-inflammatory actions in poorly controlled COPD or ACO. Material and Methods: A prospective, observational, case control, drug utilization study was conducted at four centers during Jan’ to Dec’ 18 for COPD and ACO cases defined as per GOLD and Roundtable ATS recommendations respectively were enrolled in 1:1 ratio at four centers after IRB approval, written informed consent and Clinical trial registry of India registration (CTRI/2017/09/009845). A study sample size (n=160) was based on assessment of primary endpoint for a pre-bronchodilator FEV1 difference of 50% between the two groups of ACO and COPD receiving Glycopyrronium add on therapy compared to baseline values at 12 weeks with a dropout rate of 25% Results: 128 COPD (n=64) and ACO (n=64) cases with at least one prior exacerbation were randomized to Glycopyrronium (50 mcg, once a day) ‘add-on’ with FORM6/BUD200 mcg, twice a day for 12 weeks. Baseline demographics, Male/Female (119/09); Age 59.911.1y; Wt 59.113.7kg; FEV1 49.9%15.8; Exacerbation ≥2/y, [82(64%)]; CAT (19.48.3); Smoker (90, 70.3%), Non-smoker (38, 29.7%). prebronchodilator FEV1 improvement difference between COPD and ACO groups met the pre-defined difference of 50% improvement at 12 weeks as 6.412.4% (127.1248 ml, p<0.03). Post-hoc analyses for COPD and ACO Smoker frequent exacerbators showed prebronchodilator FEV1 (change) 123.2356.4 ml (p<0.0001) and 320.9335.3 ml (p<0.0001) respectively. In COPD and ACO non-smoker frequent exacerbators pre-dose FEV1 (change) of 216.2354.9 ml (p=0.001) and 402.3406.1 ml (p=0.02) was observed respectively. Intent to treat analyses showed TEAEs (7, 4.3%) of mild to moderate intensity with none requiring any treatment withdrawal. Conclusion: Glycopyrronium 50 mcg ‘add-on’ therapy offers incremental bronchodilation that is meaningfully clinically significant (MCID) in poorly controlled symptomatic Severe COPD and ACO.

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Pages: 63-68

Cite this Article: Prabhudesai PP , Singh BP, Bhattacharya PS, Katiyar S, Korukonda K , "CLINICAL EFFECTIVENESS AND SAFETY OF GLYCOPYRRONIUM IN CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE AND ASTHMA COPD OVERLAP: ACOS STUDY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 63-68 #ijarporg


INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION AND THE GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN GREATER KAMPALA METROPOLITAN AREA, UGANDA

Authors: BENSON TUKUNDANE, MUHAMMAD KIBUUKA, ARTHUR SUNDAY

Abstracts: Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises plays a major role in improving a country’s economic development. Whereas research identifies the role played by Information Technology adoption in improving the growth of organizations, much emphasis has been given to understanding large organizations in developed countries. This has left SMEs in developing countries prone to low growth and limited survival in the market with the contemporary competitive business environment. More so, SMEs contribute approximately 20% of GDP in most developing countries. Apparently, due to a weak link between Information Technology adoption and Growth of SMEs. In Uganda, it appears that there is need for a greater emphasis on studies that link information technology adoption and growth of SMEs. In this study a mixed methods approach and cross-sectional research design was used to establish the effect of information technology adoption and growth of small and medium enterprises in greater Kampala metropolitan area on a sample of 189 top administrators of SMEs. Findings revealed approximately a large correlation between information technology adoption and growth of SMEs. Linear regression results revealed that 42.2% of growth of SMEs according to this study was explained by variations in information technology adoption practices. As a result, this study recommends that SMEs ought to take advantage of the existing sophisticated and the ever varying information technologies in order to achieve their ultimate goal which is growth.

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Pages: 69-74

Cite this Article: Benson Tukundane, Muhammad Kibuuka, Arthur Sunday , "INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION AND THE GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN GREATER KAMPALA METROPOLITAN AREA, UGANDA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 69-74 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF TSAM-TSAM TRANSPORT BY BICYCLE ON CARDIOVASCULAR, ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AMONG TRANSPORTERS IN THE CONGOLESE BASIN

Authors: YVON ROCK GHISLAIN ALONGO , INNOCENT SIMPLICE MOUSSOUAMI , RODRIGUES ARMEL ONGAGNA OLMICH STELLIN STEVEN OLOLO

Abstracts: The objective of our study was to evaluate the cardiovascular variables, the energy expenditure and anthropometric parameters of the motor bike and pedal transporters. Our sample concerned 23 transporters whose average ages varied between 29.45 ± 5.05 years and 32 ± 7.40 years divided as follows: 11 pedal bicycle transporters (TVP) and 12 motor bicycle transporters (TVM). The measured variables are carried out transversely and classified into three categories: anthropometric, metabolic cardiovascular variablesThe results obtained show that the transport of tsam-tsam by pedal bicycle (TVP) presents significant adaptations on the cardiovascular indices [PAS (123.18 ± 2.68 Vs 146.08 ± 6.58) (mm Hg) ; PAD (76.27 ± 1.42 Vs 98.67 ± 6.14) (mm Hg); MAP (91.91 ± 1.53 Vs 114.47 ± 5.74) (mm Hg)], Anthropometric (61.96 ± 2.85 kgVs 79.02 ± 2.09 kg) including BMI (20.74 ± 2.01 kg / m2 Vs 26.71 ± 1.23 kg / m2) and energy expenditure (4323.57 ± 60.48kcal Vs 126.79kcal). The data were entered on EPI Info version 5.1.0 and then processed using SPSS 23.0 software and Student's t test for unpaired series was used. Pedaling is a crucial factor for cycling. Indeed, it allows the preservation of lean mass, therefore avoiding overweight which would lead to overweight or even obesity. This is how the wish is that motor bike transporters (TVMs) should strengthen other daily activities to overcome overweight.

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Pages: 75-80

Cite this Article: Yvon Rock Ghislain ALONGO , Innocent Simplice MOUSSOUAMI , Rodrigues Armel ONGAGNA Olmich Stellin Steven OLOLO  , "EFFECTS OF TSAM-TSAM TRANSPORT BY BICYCLE ON CARDIOVASCULAR, ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE AMONG TRANSPORTERS IN THE CONGOLESE BASIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 75-80 #ijarporg


UNIVERSITY-COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP FOR WATER TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT AND CO-INNOVATION: A DECADE OF ENGAGEMENT

Authors: PAUL M. CABACUNGAN, GREGORY L. TANGONAN, NERISSA G. CABACUNGAN

Abstracts: The Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines), through its Ateneo Innovation Center (AIC), integrated existing simple technologies into one system – the Water-Electricity-Lighting System (WELS) – to respond to the need for potable water, lighting and communication. WELS is a portable clean water system with provision for lighting and cellular phone charging. It can be connected to a rainwater harvesting facility. Ten years of WELS deployments revealed its flexibility for customization in order to address varied water needs, especially for disaster response. Review of documentations done on past installation experiences highlights the value of engagement between university-based technology providers and community-recipients. This engagement leads to technology improvement and sustainability through co-innovation and contributes to community resilience and education through hands-on training. This paper narrates a decade of deployment experiences and presents the process of community involvement. We present a model of engaging the stakeholders that brings mutual benefit to both university and community through this partnership.

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Pages: 81-90

Cite this Article: Paul M. Cabacungan, Gregory L. Tangonan, Nerissa G. Cabacungan , "UNIVERSITY-COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIP FOR WATER TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT AND CO-INNOVATION: A DECADE OF ENGAGEMENT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 81-90 #ijarporg


APPLICATION OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL IN CONSUMER LOANS CREDIT SCORING

Authors: HOANG THANH HAI, DONG THI HONG NGOC

Abstracts: Credit scoring is one of the most crucial processes in banks’ credit management decisions. Various scoring techniques have been suggested to assess clients' creditworthiness during the last few decades. In this paper, we use logistic regression to construct a classification model based on data on 1000 loan applicants in Germany. This model is used to examine the correlation between customers’ characteristics and the probability of their loans to be good. Finally, we assess the benefits of banks when using this model in terms of profit.

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Pages: 91-96

Cite this Article: Hoang Thanh Hai, Dong Thi Hong Ngoc , "APPLICATION OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL IN CONSUMER LOANS CREDIT SCORING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 91-96 #ijarporg


CLONING, EXPRESSION, PURIFICATION, AND ASSESSMENT OF VIBRIO PARAHAEMOLYTICUS-AGGLUTINATING C-TYPE LECTIN FROM LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI FUSED TO GST TAG

Authors: PHUONG-THAO THI NGUYEN, LAN-VY HOAI NGUYEN, QUOC-GIA MAI, THUOC LINH TRAN, HIEU TRAN-VAN

Abstracts: C-type lectins (CTLs) are a group of Pattern Recognition Receptors (PRR) that contains at least one carbohydrate recognition domain. CTLs play important roles in innate immunity of invertebrates by identifying and eliminating invading microorganisms. Recent studies have shown that a new type of CTL, LvLdrlCTL (Litopenaeus vannamei Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor C-type Lectin) helps shrimp to resist to Acute Hepatopancreatic Necrosis Disease (AHPND) caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which is currently no effective preventing and treatment available. LvLdlrCTL protein was fused with GST by cloning the LvLdlrCTL gene from Litopenaeus vannamei into pGEX-5X-1 vector and being expressed by host strain E. coli BL21 (DE3). The expression of GST-tagged LvLdlrCTL protein confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot probed with GST antibody. The purified protein then was used for in vitro binding and agglutinating assay with V. paraheamolyticus. The result showed that GST-tagged LvLdlrCTL protein expressed in soluble form. Protein purification step could reach the purity above 85%. Lastly, purified protein could bind to and agglutinate AHPND-causing V. parahaemolyticus. This initial trial created the groundwork for expression and purification in large quantities of LvLdlrCTL. The recombinant protein could be used for further developing on anti-AHPND in white leg shrimps.

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Pages: 97-102

Cite this Article: Phuong-Thao Thi Nguyen, Lan-Vy Hoai Nguyen, Quoc-Gia Mai, Thuoc Linh Tran, Hieu Tran-Van , "CLONING, EXPRESSION, PURIFICATION, AND ASSESSMENT OF VIBRIO PARAHAEMOLYTICUS-AGGLUTINATING C-TYPE LECTIN FROM LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI FUSED TO GST TAG", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 97-102 #ijarporg


THE INFLUENCE OF E-MARKETING LEARNING AND SELF EFFICACY TOWARD STUDENTS’ INTERESTS IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Authors: SUHARTO, UMI HIDAYATI

Abstracts: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of E-Marketing learning and self-efficacy toward students’ interest in entrepreneurship. The research sample is from 109 students who have followed the course Entrepreneurship in STKIP PGRI Nganjuk Indonesia. Collecting data uses questionnaires, interviews, and documentation. Statistical test studies use multiple linear regression tests that aimed to determine the influence between variables. The results showed that (1) there is significant influence between E-Marketing learning to the interest in entrepreneurship, (2) there is significant relationship between self-efficacy toward entrepreneurship interest, and (3) there is significant relationship between E-Marketing learning and self-efficacy of the interest in entrepreneurship. The use of E-Marketing in entrepreneurship students has increased. Students are more motivated to entrepreneurship by leveraging online platforms such as social media Facebook, Instagram, market place, Youtube, and website. In addition, the increase of self-efficacy also makes the students more active in running businesses owned. Secondly, it is certainly able to increase student interest in entrepreneurship.

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Pages: 103-107

Cite this Article: Suharto, Umi Hidayati , "THE INFLUENCE OF E-MARKETING LEARNING AND SELF EFFICACY TOWARD STUDENTS’ INTERESTS IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 103-107 #ijarporg


ENERGY AUDIT ON A FOOD SUPPLY SITE: AN INDUSTRIAL CASE STUDY

Authors: VICTORIN CHéGNIMONHAN

Abstracts: The study is based on the refrigeration equipment of a food supply chain company. The Group is a specialist in the transport and logistics of fresh and frozen products, and wanted to have a report drawn up on its energy requirements and to undertake action plans to reduce the electricity consumption of its equipment. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the energy performance of two machine rooms, in order to determine whether it would be possible to share certain equipment. The secondary objective is to optimise engine room 7 with the aim of improving its energy performance. The audit predicted an economic gain on equipment maintenance close to 30,000€/year, with a significant reduction in the environmental impact of this site. In addition, this energy audit has identified additional areas for improvement in machine room 7, which could lead to additional energy savings equivalent to €16,600 and a potential reduction of 15 tons of CO2 emissions.

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Pages: 108-115

Cite this Article: Victorin Chégnimonhan , "ENERGY AUDIT ON A FOOD SUPPLY SITE: AN INDUSTRIAL CASE STUDY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 108-115 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF ABILITY AND CREATIVITY ON STUDENT BUSINESS SUCCESS

Authors: UMI HIDAYATI, SUHARTO

Abstracts: Increasing the competence, knowledge, and skills of students in higher education units needs to be improved in the face of the times. Entrepreneurship is one of the concrete solutions in overcoming the increasingly tight work world problems. This study aims to determine the effect of ability and creativity on business success. The research sample is 85 students of the Economic Education Department Faculty of Education in STKIP PGRI Nganjuk. Data collection techniques used library research and field studies (filed research) in the form of observation, interviews, and questionnaires. Research used descriptive analysis methods. Research statistic test used multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that (1) there was an influence of ability on business success, (2) there was influence of creativity on business success, (3) entrepreneurial ability and creativity simultaneously affected business success with a percentage of 44.6%. Improvement of student abilities is carried out such as the application of innovative and product-based learning models, through student activity units such as Student Cooperatives, student internships in industry, and entrepreneurial competitions. Through these programs, significantly it was able to provide enthusiasm and experience for students in managing their business. The findings obtained are that students must be continuously trained to run a business. This long-term experience, knowledge and partners will be able to contribute to the business they have.

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Pages: 116-120

Cite this Article: Umi Hidayati, Suharto , "EFFECT OF ABILITY AND CREATIVITY ON STUDENT BUSINESS SUCCESS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 116-120 #ijarporg


EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS IN THE GROWING PIG

Authors: NTINYA C. JOHNSON JOY A. OKEJIM , ANNIE, O. AMAKIRI

Abstracts: Effects of feeding graded levels of crude oil-containing diets were studied on liver enzymes: alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartic amino transferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as well as on kidney biomarkers: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in growing pigs. 24 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 9 ± 1.4 (Mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Animals were randomly assigned to their individual experimental pens. There were 4 graded crude oil dietary treatments: 0g (control group), 10g, 15g and 20g of crude oil/kg of diet. There were 4 replications per dietary treatment. Animals were fed at 5% of their BW for 4 weeks. Blood samples were collected from all animal in all the four dietary treatment groups at the end and snap frozen. ALT serum levels of diets 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) but significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those of diets 3 and 4 with diet 4 having the highest (P < 0.05) significant serum value of ALT. The trends of ALT were mimicked by AST and ALP, respectively. BUN serum levels of diets 1 and 2 were similar (P > 0.05) but significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those of diets 3 and 4 again with diet 4 showing the highest (P < 0.05) significant value. Creatinine mirrored BUN fashion. It was concluded that ingestion of 10g of crude oil/kg diet had no effect on the liver and kidney; however at 15g and above of crude oil/kg of diet the crude oil negatively affected the health of the liver and kidney based on increased sera levels of their biomarkers as yardsticks.

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Pages: 121-123

Cite this Article: Ntinya C. Johnson Joy A. Okejim , Annie, O. Amakiri , "EFFECTS OF FEEDING GRADED LEVELS OF CRUDE OIL-CONTAINING DIETS ON LIVER AND KIDNEY FUNCTIONS IN THE GROWING PIG", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 121-123 #ijarporg


IOT INFRASTRUCTURES, METHODS, CHALLENGES IN MULTIMEDIA

Authors: H.A. SAKR

Abstracts: bnet of factors (IoT) is a socio-technical phenomenon with the energy to disrupt our society together with the net before. IoT guarantees the (inter-) connection of myriad of factors proving services to human beings and machines. it's miles anticipated that via 2020 tens of billions of things will be deployed worldwide. It became evident that the traditional centralized computing and analytic technique does now not provide a sustainable version this new kind of information. a new kind of structure is wanted as a scalable and depended on platform underpinning the enlargement of IoT. The information gathered by way of the matters may be often noisy, unstructured and real-time multimedia requiring a decentralized shape storing and analysing the substantial quantity of data. in this paper, we offer an outline of the cutting-edge IoT challenges, will give a precis of funded IoT tasks in Europe, u.s., and China. moreover, it's going to offer certain insights into three IoT architectures stemming from such task.

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Pages: 124-127

Cite this Article: H.A. Sakr , "IOT INFRASTRUCTURES, METHODS, CHALLENGES IN MULTIMEDIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 124-127 #ijarporg


INTEREST RATE AND EXCHANGE RATE IN AN OIL DEPENDENT ECONOMY: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

Authors: FUNMILAYO GIFT ADESHOLA1, JANET DANIEL AJANG2, BRENDA MWANRET BWONLU3, YUNANA ISHEMU ZUMBA*4

Abstracts: We examine the long and short run impact of lending and deposit interest rates on exchange rate in Nigeria using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model and annual data for the period 1981-2018. In Nigeria, there are two lending rates, i.e., prime and maximum lending rates, thus, we carry out robustness check to find out if the two interest rates have different impact on exchange rate in Nigeria. The result indicates that the relationship between lending interest and exchange rates in Nigeria is not sensitive to the type of lending interest rate used. Our findings reveal that increase in lending rate causes the Naira to depreciate significantly; making other currencies to be expensive against the Naira. However, we find that increase in deposit interest rate insignificantly appreciates the Naira against other currencies. Furthermore, we establish a negative significant relationship between GDP and exchange rate and a positive significant association between money supply and exchange rate in Nigeria. Based on our findings, we conclude that while lending interest rate, economic growth and money supply strongly influence value of the Naira against other currencies, deposit interest rate is weak in determining the rate at which the Naira is exchanged for other currencies.

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Pages: 128-135

Cite this Article: Funmilayo Gift Adeshola1, Janet Daniel Ajang2, Brenda Mwanret Bwonlu3, Yunana Ishemu Zumba*4 , "INTEREST RATE AND EXCHANGE RATE IN AN OIL DEPENDENT ECONOMY: THE CASE OF NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 128-135 #ijarporg


MODEL-DRIVEN STRATEGY FOR ALIGNING BUSINESS MOTIVATION WITH ENTERPRISE BUSINESS PROCESSES

Authors: JOE ESSIEN

Abstracts: As modelling of enterprise continues to influence the way many organisations represent their business strategies and technologies, there is a commensurate growth in knowledge base with resolute lessons gained. This is despite criticism that Enterprise Architecture development should have started by the elaboration of an agreed architecture representation language in order to avoid contemporary perilous proposals. Many practitioners argue that since the advent of Enterprise Architecture (EA), a lot of prominence has continually been placed distinctively on business process modelling and information technology infrastructure with less emphasis on alignment and formalisation. Approaches such as top-down and bottom-up have been proffered with fastidious ambience of best practises for EA development. Without an extensible and comprehensive alignment strategy, it is difficult for enterprise to evaluate the usefulness of architectures as complex architectures are intricate and difficult to understand by stakeholders. This paper explores the adoption of EA models as an effective strategy for aligning EA models with business constraints and goals. It presents an approach for categorization and modelling of EA artefacts with focus on motivation abstraction to alignment of business processes with organizational goals. The paper proposes and exemplifies methods that can segregate domain knowledge from the operational knowledge and facilitates the analysis of the domain structures through formalised decomposition and systematic integration by use of standard modelling notations of ArchiMate. This approach contrasts significantly with other common perspective such as the maturity matrices, balanced scorecard and reference models and espouses the use of interrogative constructs of EA models to confirm that the EA model meets the intrinsic goals defined by their motivation.

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Pages: 136-143

Cite this Article: Joe Essien , "MODEL-DRIVEN STRATEGY FOR ALIGNING BUSINESS MOTIVATION WITH ENTERPRISE BUSINESS PROCESSES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 136-143 #ijarporg


CONTEXTUALIZATION OF ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE BUSINESS AND APPLICATION MODELS USING OWL VISUALIZER FOR COMPLEXITY ANALYSIS

Authors: JOE ESSIEN

Abstracts: Ontologies are an essential resource for knowledge exemplification. The ontology of a complex system can be intricate due to role relations between several concepts, diverse attributes and incongruent instances. In this paper, the visual analytics clarification, based on different coordinated viewpoints for exploring diverse ontology facets and an innovative deployment of queries to streamline traceability of abstractions is used to moderate the complexity of ontology visual representation. Though many researches have delved into the transformation of Enterprise Architecture models to ontologies, visualization of ontology abstractions have not been exhaustively exemplified especially in the context of system development. One of the major reasons why this is important is the need to effectively align business processes with application framework within organizations, especially those with numerous disparate systems. A method for ensuring the synchronization of the models and ontologies has remained a gap and an open area for more research. The transformed ontologies have not also been rigorously explored in terms of validation and traceability. In this paper, an innovative approach for aligning the business layer and the application layer of ArchiMate is presented to ensure that application can align its functionalities consistently with enterprise goals and motivation. This paper deploys the pension scheme system as a case in context to model the collaboration of business and application layers of an enterprise architecture viewpoint and transforms the viewpoint to ontology that can be queried for better visual analytics perception. The outcome of this work includes an elaborate design phase of enterprise architecture artefacts, and an executable OWL prototype that realizes architecturally significant of the case in context.

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Pages: 144-151

Cite this Article: Joe Essien , "CONTEXTUALIZATION OF ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE BUSINESS AND APPLICATION MODELS USING OWL VISUALIZER FOR COMPLEXITY ANALYSIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2020.html, Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition, 144-151 #ijarporg