IJARP
SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

EFFECT OF BOWEN TECHNIQUE ON PAIN, ROM AND FUNCTION IN SUBJECTS WITH NON-SPECIFIC LOW BACK PAIN-A PILOT STUDY.

Authors: DR. AKTA DABGAR, DR.SANDIP PAREKH, DR. DRASHTI JANI

Abstracts: BACKGROUND: The Bowen technique is a vital connective tissue treatment that was initiated by the “Late Tom Bowen” in Geelong Australia.In this therapy a therapist uses finger or thumb to apply painless, smooth rolling on muscle, tendons, other connective tissue in specific part of the body. PURPOSE: This study is carried out to see the effectiveness of dynamic soft tissue mobilization on pain, ROM and function in subjects with non-specific low back pain. METHODOLOGY: This study was undertaken on 30 participants with age 30-60 years and diagnosed with non-specific low back pain. All participants received protocol for 4 weeks 4 sessions per week. The modified ODQ, modified schober’s test and VAS were used for data collection before and after treatment. Data were analysed using MS Excel 2019 and SPSS version 20 software. RESULT: The mean score before treatment for MODIFIED ODQ, MODIFIED SCHOBER’S TEST, and VAS were respectively 48.78000, 3.4600, and 6.656. After treatment, they were and 35.8333, 4.1467 and 3.0067 respectively with p value (<0.5).CONCLUSION: Based on analysis and result it was concluded that, Bowen technique was highly significant for increasing ROM, function and reducing pain in subjects with non-specific LBP.

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Pages: 1-4

Cite this Article: Dr. Akta Dabgar, Dr.Sandip Parekh, Dr. Drashti jani , "EFFECT OF BOWEN TECHNIQUE ON PAIN, ROM AND FUNCTION IN SUBJECTS WITH NON-SPECIFIC LOW BACK PAIN-A PILOT STUDY.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 1-4 #ijarporg


REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM FROM TANNERY INDUSTRY BY ADSORPTION USING CHITOSAN

Authors: NIBRET MEKONEN AYELE

Abstracts: Chromium (Cr) is one of the most toxic heavy metals to living organisms, with different adverse health effects on humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms, and it must be reduced or removed from the body of water. The objective of this study was to remove hexavalent chromium from the tannery industry using chitosan. The batch adsorption experiments were conducted using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Equilibrium adsorption isotherms and the kinetic behavior of the process were also studied. The optimum conditions of the study were 120 min of contact time, 0.5 g adsorbent dose, and a solution pH of 3.0, which resulted in maximum Cr (VI) uptake. The maximum removal percentage of Cr (VI) was 86.00. The experimental data better fitted the Langmuir isotherm with a monolayer adsorption capacity of 20.82. The kinetic analysis revealed that the pseudo-second-order model fitted well to the acquired experimental data.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 5-11

Cite this Article: Nibret Mekonen Ayele , "REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM FROM TANNERY INDUSTRY BY ADSORPTION USING CHITOSAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 5-11 #ijarporg


TEACHING CLIMATE CHANGE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW FROM 2019-2021

Authors: MARLON F. ADLIT, MARLENE F. ADLIT

Abstracts: Climate change as a social issue challenged the disciplinary and methodological traditions of research. Moreover, climate change becomes more problematic as schools must be able to engage learners in learning situations that are challenging and rooted in geographical pedagogical traditions. Though it is present in the curriculum, the present study systematically reviews the teaching of climate change from selected literature from 2019 to 2021. The objective of this study is to investigate approaches and strategies in the teaching and learning of climate change as well as its integration across different learning areas in the basic education curriculum within a global continuum and the conception and operationalization of climate change education. Of the accessed meaningful related literature, the researchers selected one hundred fifty (150) pieces of literature further trimmed down into fifty-seven (57) and then to nineteen (19) from the year 2019 to 2021. The selection of literature is based on the following criteria set by the researcher: educational approach and implication, the methodology employed, and perspectives about climate change. Much of the present literature stressed science as a potent subject for discussing climate change, but others were covered as well, including climate education, arts, primary and middle school, after-school activities, and professional development. A systematic study of climate change, a model, computer games, classroom instructions, and learning capacities were all aims of the review. Teaching and learning approaches and strategies were identified. Methodology, perspectives, inferences, and recommendations were thematically discussed.

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Pages: 12-19

Cite this Article: Marlon F. Adlit, Marlene F. Adlit , "TEACHING CLIMATE CHANGE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW FROM 2019-2021", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 12-19 #ijarporg


STEM EDUCATION IN THE ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM

Authors: MONIKA BHARTI

Abstracts: The teaching of the integrated subjects of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is gaining importance in Grades K–12 in the United States (U.S.). STEM is viewed by many as an opportunity to collapse the teaching of these subjects individually by using a more interdisciplinary approach to learning. This paper will define STEM and provide a discussion of what does STEM look like at the elementary setting and why STEM is important in education in the U.S. today at the elementary level. Additionally, the paper will address to what extent the teachers teaching STEM at elementary level are getting the opportunities for their own professional learning to sharpen their STEM knowledge and teaching approaches, and how STEM can be implemented in schools, along with how STEM educators feel about integrating STEM subjects and do they integrate and apply them in the classrooms. Some people consider STEM as an opportunity while others view it as having problems. STEM offers some positive ways to integrate subject matter in four very important subjects, and how it is useful to incorporate STEM in the early years of education.

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Pages: 20-27

Cite this Article: Monika Bharti , "STEM EDUCATION IN THE ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 20-27 #ijarporg


SNR ENHANCEMENT BY DWT FOR IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF Φ-OTDR IN VIBRATION SENSING

Authors: ATUBGA DAVID ATIA IBRAHIM, KHUSHNOOD ABBAS, BONNY ERNESTINA LINDA

Abstracts: The distributed optical vibration sensors (DOVS) have been extensively investigated with regards to their significant impact in sensor applications. The Phase-sensitive Optical Time Domain Reflectometry (Φ-OTDR) which is one of the most distinguished distributed optical fiber sensing technologies has lately attracted enormous research attention due to its merits of high precision measurements, fast speed response, long perimeter monitoring, capabilities in vibration detection abilities, among others. However, it becomes very stressful when data meant for the said sensing technology in vibration detection is impeded by harsh environmental conditions. Therefore, in order to successfully enhance effective vibration detection by the Φ-OTDR sensing technology, noise filtering becomes very crucial. As a result, we executed Hilbert transform to first retrieve both the real and imaginary parts of the complex signal of the Φ-OTDR sensing data. Then a discrete wavelet transform (DWT) was identified and carefully applied to achieve the denoised results. We further performed angle and phase unwrapping for the vibration detection. In the experiment, the Signal-Noise-Ratio (SNR) of the location information is greatly improved from 16.2 dB to 30.2 dB on a 3km sensing fiber range. The proposed method has the potentials of precisely extract intrusion location from any strong noise background. As proof of concept, the theoretical and experimental setup are equally presented.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 28-33

Cite this Article: Atubga David Atia Ibrahim, Khushnood Abbas, Bonny Ernestina Linda , "SNR ENHANCEMENT BY DWT FOR IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF Φ-OTDR IN VIBRATION SENSING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 28-33 #ijarporg


THE EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION AMONG NURSES

Authors: JENNIFER M. SISON

Abstracts: This study assessed the effects of sleep deprivation encountered among nurses. It dealt with the profile of the respondents in terms of their age, gender, civil status, highest educational attainment, position, and number of years in service. It also focused on the sleep deprivation among nurses along with medication errors, documentation, attitude towards handling patient care, relationship with colleagues, unable to identify patients correctly, equipment-related injuries, and health-related harms. Strategies adopted by the nurses would also be determined to minimize sleep deprivation. A descriptive research design is use in the study to utilize questionnaire as the primary data gathering tool. Questionnaires are adapted from previous literature and studies. Different statistical tools are used in the study like frequency and percentage, weighted mean, t-test, and ANOVA. The study aimed to review the current situation and response regarding the effects of sleep deprivation on performance, health and cognitive functions among the members of the nursing staff. The modern 24-hour shifts progressively involve nursing staff working more than 40 hours a week, and few nurses sleep less than six hours before their change. Sleep deprivation impedes the performance that requires intensive and prolonged attention, which increases the number of errors inpatient care, and nurses were subject to increased risk of health and safety concerns during work. Few sleep-deprived members of the nursing staff were at risk of obesity, diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, cardio¬vascular disease, and risk factors for breast cancer and a significantly higher risk for colorectal carcinoma. Furthermore, measures and strategies are recommended to prevent the long-term effects of sleep deprivation. The studies propose programs that focus on lessening and, or eradicating medication errors, documentation issues, problems in identifying patient and safety concerns. Nurses would demonstrate a positive attitude towards patients and relatives, fully rested and ready for work. Lastly, adopt a balanced diet and exercise to maintain weight according to body mass.

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Pages: 34-52

Cite this Article: Jennifer M. Sison , "THE EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION AMONG NURSES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 34-52 #ijarporg


KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF RADIOGRAPHERS AND MEDICAL RADIOLOGY TECHNOLOGIST TOWARD RADIATION PROTECTION A CASE OF EAST HARERGE ZONE, DIRE DAWA CITY, AND HARERI REGION HOSPITALS,ETHIOPIA

Authors: EMRAN TESFAYE G/MEDHIN

Abstracts: Background: Occupational radiation protection is a necessity whenever radiation is used in the practice of medicine. Occupational radiation protection measures are necessary for all personnel who work in the diagnostic imaging departments. Ensure compliance with regulatory or generally accepted dose limits. So the level of awareness concerning radiation protection influences the behavior and practice of radiographers toward radiation protection. If they do have not enough awareness related to the mentioned issue, their action will not be safe and result in adverse effects. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and Practice of Radiographers and Medical Radiology Technologist toward radiation protection in the case of hospitals located in the Eastern Harerege zone, Hareri Region, and Dire Dawa city. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted and a Convenient sampling method was used to collect data from the study site 75 radiographers were interviewed were on job during the data collection period. Result: The result of this study showed that 58.66 % of radiographers had good knowledge of radiation protection. 38.66%of them score well on radiation protection practice. The majority of them know the health effect of ionization radiation which are 97.3%. Only 16% of radiographers have a personal dosimeter and 13.3% are wear it regularly. 9.3% are getting refreshment courses toward radiation protection. 62.7% of them admitted the presence of personal protective equipment (lead apron, Gonad shields, etc.) in their facility. Conclusion: current level of radiation protection practice of Radiographer and Medical Radiology Technicians were inadequate. Specific actions such as regular training must be considered to assure their safety and patient safety during the radiological examination. There are inadequate radiation protection devices and monitoring in most of the hospitals in this study area. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.

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Pages: 53-61

Cite this Article: Emran Tesfaye G/Medhin , "KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF RADIOGRAPHERS AND MEDICAL RADIOLOGY TECHNOLOGIST TOWARD RADIATION PROTECTION A CASE OF EAST HARERGE ZONE, DIRE DAWA CITY, AND HARERI REGION HOSPITALS,ETHIOPIA ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 53-61 #ijarporg


THE USE OF REMOTE SENSING IN SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT IN ETHIOPIA

Authors: GEMEDA TERFASSA FIDA

Abstracts: Remote sensing (RS) helps environmental scientists in obtaining information about objects or areas at the Earth’s surface by using electromagnetic radiation without being in direct contact with the object or area. It is a potential tool for environmental process modeling and to study environmental processes such as land cover changes, deforestation, vegetation dynamics, forest density, coastal morphology, agricultural crop growth, water quality dynamics, urban growth, status of reef and biodiversity of islands and etc. This paper explores the uses of RS in sustainable management of environment in Ethiopia. Several studies have been carried out on the use of RS related to sustainable management of environment and authors contribute to information generation for decision-makers, land managers and planners for sustainable development and management of the natural resource in the environment. They authors reported that land use land cover (LULC) changes and vegetation dynamics in complex landscapes in Ethiopia on a detailed spatial scale; investigated the potential of combining RS data from different Landsat sensors in the country are because of demographic pressure and associated demand on the environmental resources. Accordingly, the effects of human activities are immediate and often radical, while the natural effects take a relatively longer period and the difference in increase by households and land cover change indicates the pressure on forest and bush land. In order to make relevant natural resource planning and management, one has to properly consult situations of the past and present, i.e. socio-economic and biophysical aspects of the environment.

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Pages: 62-72

Cite this Article: Gemeda Terfassa Fida , "THE USE OF REMOTE SENSING IN SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT IN ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 62-72 #ijarporg


ADHERENCE LEVEL TO IRON-FOLIC ACID SUPPLEMENT AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CARE IN SELECTED PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES OF ILU ABA BOR ZONE, SOUTHWEST, ETHIOPIA 2018.

Authors: TARIKU NIGUSSIE, EBISA NEGERA, KENENI CHALI, KENENI CHALI REGASSA

Abstracts: Background: Nearly half (41.8%) of pregnant women in the world are anemic and more than 50% of anemia is due to iron deficiency anemia. Iron supplementation has been a major and effective strategy to reduce iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy. However, poor adherence to iron-folic acid supplements hinders the effectiveness of the iron-folic acid supplementation program. This study aimed to assess adherence levels to iron-folic acid supplements and associated factors among pregnant women. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in selected public health facilities in Ilu Aba Bor Zone from April–to May 2021. A systematic sampling technique was employed to select 527 study participants. A Binary logistic regression model was used to determine the association of covariates and dependent variable Result: A total of 511 pregnant women participated in the study, making the response rate 96.9%. The adherence level to the IFA supplement was found to be 45.8 %. In multivariable analysis, knowledge of pregnant women on anemia (AOR: 8.2, 95%CI :( 4.23, 15.98)), knowledge of pregnant women on IFA supplement (AOR: 2.79, (95%CI: 1.42, 5.51)), experienced side effects (AOR: 0.04, 95%CI: (0.02, 0.07)), complaining faced problem (AOR: 0:33, 95%CI: (0.16, 0.67)) and health education during prenatal follow up(AOR:2.27, 95%CI: (1.17, 4.40)) were significantly associated with adherence level to IFA supplement. Conclusion and Recommendation: The adherence level to iron-folic acid was low among pregnant women. Knowledge of anemia, knowledge of IFA & health education were positively associated factors. While experienced side effects & facing problems were negatively associated. Strengthen health education to improve knowledge of pregnant women on anemia, preparing guidance to manage side effects of IFA supplements were recommended.

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Pages: 73-83

Cite this Article: Tariku Nigussie, Ebisa Negera, Keneni Chali, Keneni Chali Regassa , "ADHERENCE LEVEL TO IRON-FOLIC ACID SUPPLEMENT AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CARE IN SELECTED PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES OF ILU ABA BOR ZONE, SOUTHWEST, ETHIOPIA 2018.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 73-83 #ijarporg


RELATIONSHIP OF EMOTIONAL INVALIDATION TO THOUGHT SUPPRESSION AND AVOIDANT STRESS RESPONSES

Authors: NIKKI D. ORITA, PAULO MANUEL L. MACAPAGAL, ROCEL P. ASOTEGUE, ZYRLL KATE YABUT, JEWEL ANNE DURAN

Abstracts: Emotional invalidation is a construct that has received very little attention despite its theoretical importance. The current study examined the relationship between emotional invalidation to thought suppression and avoidant stress responses among married couples residing in Metro Manila. Using the Perceived Invalidation of Emotion Scale, White Bear Thought Suppression Inventory, and Avoidant Stress Responses Scale the researchers have accelerated to study how married couples handle emotional invalidation. Descriptive-correlational design was utilized and respondents were chosen using a non-probability purposive sampling technique with a specific criterion wherein four hundred and seventy-five participants completed a forced-choice questionnaire about how they perceived invalidation with their spouse and a subset of this group (n=200) completed an additional measure about thought suppression and avoidant stress responses. The result indicated that 63% of the respondents perceived that they are very highly invalidated; 52% of the respondents scored high on the level of thought suppression while 51% of the respondents are moderately avoidant. The result of the statistical treatment of data using linear regression analysis shows that married couples who perceived that they are emotionally invalidated do not engage in thought suppression and avoidant stress responses. Therefore, the researcher concluded that emotional invalidation has no significant relationship to thought suppression and avoidant stress responses. In line with this, this current study can provide a foundation for future researchers to expand more study about invalidation.

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Pages: 84-99

Cite this Article: Nikki D. Orita, Paulo Manuel L. Macapagal, Rocel P. Asotegue, Zyrll Kate Yabut, Jewel Anne Duran , "RELATIONSHIP OF EMOTIONAL INVALIDATION TO THOUGHT SUPPRESSION AND AVOIDANT STRESS RESPONSES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 84-99 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF FASCIAL DISTORTION MODEL ON OSGOODSCHLATTER DISEASE - A CASE STUDY

Authors: DR. HIRAL PARMAR, DR. SANDIP PAREKH, DR. KOMAL CHAUHAN

Abstracts: Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease refers to pain isolated to the bump just below the front of the knee in active, growing children (usually aged 9-13 years).It is an inflammation of the bone, cartilage, and/or tendon at the top of the shinbone where the tendon from the patella attaches. Repeated stress can cause the tendon to pull away from the shinbone a bit, resulting in the pain and swelling associated with Osgood-Schlatter disease. Purpose: Aim of this study was to find out how treating distorted fascia improves ROM, Pain and function of the patient.Case Description: We present a case of 13 year old boy who was involved in sport activity karate had difficulty in performing karate and pain at anterior aspect of knee joint and also had difficulty in bending the knee Since 6 months. Orthopaedic doctor advised him for rest and given medication But there was no improvement for long duration so doctor advised him for physiotherapy. we started the treatment in form of ice pack application for 15 minutes and fascial distortion model techniques- trigger band technique and continuum distortion technique was given for 3 weeks and 5 sessions per week. The pre and post measures of data taken every week. Outcome Measures: Range of Motion, Visual Analogue scale, Wall Slide Test Conclusion: This study shows that FDM is effective in reducing pain, improving ROM and physical function in case of Osgoodschlatter disease.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 100-102

Cite this Article: Dr. Hiral Parmar, Dr. Sandip Parekh, Dr. Komal Chauhan , "EFFECT OF FASCIAL DISTORTION MODEL ON OSGOODSCHLATTER DISEASE - A CASE STUDY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 100-102 #ijarporg


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND RHEOLOGICAL STUDY OF POLYSACCHARIDE FROM EGGS OF APLYSIA DACTYLOMELA

Authors: JAO MANARIVO ULRICH ANITO, FENORADOSOA TARATRA ANDRé, DELATTRE CéDRIC, MICHAUD PHILIPPE, KALL BRIANT

Abstracts: Aplysia dactylomela is a sea hare having eggs with high potential as polysaccharide collected in the coastal sea of Madagascar (Vohemar). To determine the chemical compositions, rheological characteristics, colorimetric assays, HPAEC and viscometer, measurements were carried out. Crude polysaccharides (EPPOAD) were extracted from Aplysia dactylomela eggs by the aqueous solvent extraction method under neutral and alkaline conditions. The extraction yield was 20.9 % and 22.89 % under those both conditions respectively. The results showed 31.24 % total sugar, 27.51 % neutral sugar, 17.92 % uronic acid, 3.93 % protein and 38.93 % sulphate. It is composed of fucose, arabinose, glucosamine, galactose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid assigned in g/g of sample 0.022, 0.049, 0.048, 0.146, 0.020, 0.023, respectively. The result showed that the EPPOAD extract has a shear-thinning behavior and a recovery of the critical concentration (C*) at 17.42 g/L.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 103-107

Cite this Article: Jao Manarivo Ulrich Anito, Fenoradosoa Taratra André, Delattre Cédric, Michaud Philippe, Kall Briant , "CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND RHEOLOGICAL STUDY OF POLYSACCHARIDE FROM EGGS OF APLYSIA DACTYLOMELA ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 103-107 #ijarporg


LIVE: ONLINE LEARNING EXPERIENCES OF DOCTOR OF EDUCATION STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY X

Authors: KARL ERICKSON EBORA

Abstracts: University X, a learning institution in the Philippines that envisions to be a model of learning where relevant knowledge is acquired and skills are developed in response to the needs of the global community initiated e- learning class called the “Live” sessions. This paper examined the experiences of Doctor of Education students on “Live” sessions of University X. It determined the experiences of the participants on these sessions; identified the problems encountered by the participants; and determined the interventions suggested to improve the “Live” sessions. Through purposive sampling, a total of eight (8) Doctor of Education students enrolled under two (2) EdD subjects were identified as participants of this research. Utilizing Quantitative Content Analysis as the research design, written text in the form of feedback gathered thru the FB Messenger were analyzed in the study. The process also considered the steps in Quantitative Content Analysis. Findings of the study revealed that the respondents experienced the “Live” online sessions as convenient, interactive and natural as the normal classroom settings. On the other hand, availability of equipment such as computer and internet remain to be the problem during the “Live” online sessions. Hence, the respondents suggested that University X should establish an e-classroom that can support e-learning activities.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 108-113

Cite this Article: Karl Erickson Ebora , "LIVE: ONLINE LEARNING EXPERIENCES OF DOCTOR OF EDUCATION STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY X", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 108-113 #ijarporg


THE IMPACT OF PUBLIC EXTERNAL DEBT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF ETHIOPOIA

Authors: MOHAMMED ENDRIS AWOL

Abstracts: This study attempted to assess the impact of public external debt stock on economic growth of Ethiopia over the year from 1971 to 2018. Particularly, the study sought to answer weather public external debt stock and debt servicing has any significant impact on real GDP, the trends of public external debt stock and external debt repayment and this study also investigated the directional relationship between public external debt and real GDP of the country. The data used for this study was gathered from World Bank, world development indicator, international monetary fund, national bank of Ethiopia, ministry of finance and economic development and united nation conference for trade and development. The study was conducted by using Eviews 11 statistical software and employed Auto regressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to real GDP data as a function of stock of public external debt, public external debt servicing, fixed capital formation, inflation rate, export, real effective exchange rate and trade openness. The empirical finding result from the study revealed that public external debt stock has an adverse significant impact to economic growth of Ethiopia both in the long run and short run with a coefficient of 0.133 and 0.050 respectively, which possess a greater challenge for the growth of a country. While public external debt servicing has positive significant impact to real GDP both in short run and long run with a positive coefficient of 0.0433 and 0.1356 respectively. On the other hand, the variable fixed capital formation, inflation rate, export and real effective exchange rate has positive significant impact to economic growth of Ethiopia. Thus, the study recommended that the government should minimize the reliance on external debt by diversifying the sources of finance through mobilizing its own resource domestically and enhance the exports of country and reduce imports of luxuries goods and also they should conduct those measures which minimize fiscal deficit so as to tackling the problem of severe external debt burden. The government should place an embargo on further acquisition of public external finance, except for top priority projects public external debt should use wisely and effectively in attention with the country’s short-run and long run macroeconomic conditions.

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Pages: 114-125

Cite this Article: Mohammed Endris Awol , "THE IMPACT OF PUBLIC EXTERNAL DEBT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF ETHIOPOIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 114-125 #ijarporg


ONLINE KUMUSTAHAN: CONNECTING TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND STUDENTS THROUGH ONLINE COMMUNICATION

Authors: MICHAEL L. BORDEOS, KARLA ROXANNE M. LAGMAN, JULIET T. MANAS, MILETTE S. VILLARAZA

Abstracts: This study intends to investigate the impact of online kumustahan/conversation as a communication platform in providing learners with monitoring and feedback on their learning progress in a modular distance learning mode. In addition, to assess and recommend strategies to improve effective monitoring and feedback between teachers, parents, and students. An online survey was issued to a random sample of 50 Grade 10 students from Bagong Nayon II National High School to collect the data. The studied data and information from the students all agreed with the study's questions. According to the findings, the majority of students still prefer classroom monitoring to online kumustahan/conversation due to some issues they face when participating in online kumustahan/conversation, such as unstable internet connections and load budgets, decreased communication levels between teachers and students due to limited participants, and increased feelings of isolation due to the fact that not all students participate in online kumustahan/conversation. However, this study discovered that online kumustahan/conversation has a favorable impact on teachers and students evaluating learning progress. Because the sample was exclusively made up of students, this study only looked at the impact from the perspective of students.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 126-131

Cite this Article: Michael L. Bordeos, Karla Roxanne M. Lagman, Juliet T. Manas, Milette S. Villaraza , "ONLINE KUMUSTAHAN: CONNECTING TEACHERS, PARENTS, AND STUDENTS THROUGH ONLINE COMMUNICATION ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 126-131 #ijarporg


GOVERNMENT BONDS-A SAFE HAVEN FOR INVESTMENTS FOR THE SALARIED CLASS IN ZAMBIA

Authors: TAMARA MARTHA NYIRENDA

Abstracts: The world is constantly changing, and each day brings with it a new set of challenges. Salaried Class are not immune to the various other effects of changing tides, and as such, preparing for the uncertainty of the unknown future is a priority in order to avoid surprises that can wash everything once held dear away. It is no coincidence that investing in something that will assist one in preparing for an uncertain future is critical. This study aims to establish why government bonds can be considered a safe haven for investment for the salaried class in Zambia. A survey of the literature provided direction for the research questions that guided the development of the interview protocol. Participants included 40 respondents aged between 25 and 55.

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[Bibliography]  

Pages: 132-140

Cite this Article: Tamara Martha Nyirenda , "GOVERNMENT BONDS-A SAFE HAVEN FOR INVESTMENTS FOR THE SALARIED CLASS IN ZAMBIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 132-140 #ijarporg


REVIEWING IRRIGATION WATER SCARCITY AND SUFFICIENCY WITH A CASE STUDY OF JHIKHUKHOLA WATERSHED, NEPAL

Authors: RAGHU NATH PRAJAPATI, MANAL MOHSEN ABOOD, BHESH RAJ THAPA

Abstracts: Water scarcity is rapidly growing issue especially in water scarcity country. Projected population is a considerable factor in water scarcity because crop production is more in irrigated agriculture than rain-fed agriculture but only about 20 % agricultural land is facilitated by irrigation in the world. Rice is a main food grain in more than half the population in the world including in Nepal. Thus, rice production is an important crop as a food and economic growth of the country. The irrigation water is declined continuously every year due to rapidly increase in population growth, urbanization, depleting groundwater, high water demanding crop and inefficient irrigation for rice based farming which make a problem in self-sufficiency in food. “Jhikhukhola” is only one river in Panchkhal valley in Nepal is important river because of Jhikhukhola watershed (panchkhal valley) is economically very active in terms of agriculture, as most of the land in the watershed is covered by crop production. But nowadays, it is badly facing water scarcity in irrigation; so, different types of options of the technology to improve the water sufficiency in the Jhikhukhola watershed have been studied.

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Pages: 141-148

Cite this Article: Raghu Nath Prajapati, Manal Mohsen Abood, Bhesh Raj Thapa , "REVIEWING IRRIGATION WATER SCARCITY AND SUFFICIENCY WITH A CASE STUDY OF JHIKHUKHOLA WATERSHED, NEPAL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/may2022.html, Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition, 141-148 #ijarporg


DISCOVERING MAGNIFICATION RATE OF NEWS FLOW CONTROL PATTERN USING DIFFUSION

Authors: NAMAN JAIN, SHREYA SINGH, RAHUL ANAND

Abstracts: In the hour of competition, affiliations advance their things and augmentation their pay by taking advantage of their by and large open data. We can achieve this by perceiving the tendencies of per client for models and news type in news spread framework for virality area. Getting out the word over the web that in the end sets off the advancement of momentary frameworks is apparently an incessant method .This concise framework incorporates center points and edges, where centers are insinuated as disseminated articles and relative articles are related through edges. The huge point of convergence of this article is to revamp a frail spoiled "Helpless Infected scattering" model that will track down the spreading illustration of reports. For test examination, the dataset of reports is considered from four spaces (business, advancement, entertainment, and prosperity) and the speed of scattering of articles' is prompted and checked out. This will be helpful in building an idea structure, for instance it is recommending a particular space for publicizing and advancing. Accordingly, it will get up to speed to build the new strategies for reasonable thing endorsing for practical advantage.

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