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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE INTERNET ON HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF NURSING MOTHERS IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: FOLAYAN OPEOLUWA F., ADEOSUN FOLUKE O., ADEOSUN OLUWATOSIN T., ADEDEJI BETHEL O.

Abstracts: The use of internet services to investigate health-related issues is now on the increase among nursing mothers in Nigeria; however, the quality of health information provided on various online sites is questionable. Unfortunately, very little studies have been conduced to explore the influence the internet has on the health seeking behaviour of nursing mothers in Nigeria. This study investigates the influence of the internet on health seeking behaviours of nursing mothers and examines internet’s influence on their health seeking behaviour. A standardized 10-question survey on Internet use and health seeking behaviour was given to 150 nursing mothers in Ekiti State. It was found that out of 142 responses received, 109 nursing mothers (76.7%) reported using the Internet to find health information. 105 nursing mothers (96.3%) out of the 109 consult the internet for answers to their babies’ health problems before consulting a doctor or a care giver. 81.6% of the nursing mothers adhere to the online physician’s advice thereby leading to self medication. An aggregate of 101 (92.6%) nursing mothers submitted that the internet influences their health seeking decisions. Conclusively, the tests of hypothesis show a significant relationship between the use of internet and health seeking behaviours of nursing mothers and also, between the use of internet and self medication among them.

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Pages: 1-6

Cite this Article: Folayan Opeoluwa F., Adeosun Foluke O., Adeosun Oluwatosin T., Adedeji Bethel O. , "THE INFLUENCE OF THE INTERNET ON HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF NURSING MOTHERS IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 1-6 #ijarp


AN ASSESSMENT OF THE USE OF ONLINE BANKING CHANNELS AS A MEASURE OF QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA

Authors: SONEYE GBOLADE MICHAEL, PHD

Abstracts: This study assessed the use of online banking channels for effective service delivery in Nigeria banking sector. Four research questions and four null hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study covered 64 microfinance banks in Oyo State, South-West, Nigeria. The population was made up of 1275 staffs from the 64 microfinance banks. The sample size consisted of 28 microfinance banks of which 280 staffs were purposively selected. A 32 item structured questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. Four experts carried out the face and content validity of the instrument. The reliability was determined using Cronbach’s Alpha statistic Reliability Coefficient and reliability coefficient of 0.86 was obtained. The arithmetic mean and standard deviation were used to analyze data, answer research questions and determine the homogeneity or otherwise of the respondents’ means while ANOVA was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that microfinance banks in Oyo State have not use electronic payment cards and electronic fund transfer as online banking channels. It was recommended among other things, that management of microfinance banks should adopt most of the online banking channel used by commercial banks in order to boost their standard of operation within the banking sector also, microfinance bank management should engage, encourage and sponsor their staff for re-training programmes to update their ICT knowledge, skills and competencies to effectively use the resources for quality customer service delivery.

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Pages: 7-17

Cite this Article: SONEYE GBOLADE MICHAEL, PhD , "AN ASSESSMENT OF THE USE OF ONLINE BANKING CHANNELS AS A MEASURE OF QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 7-17 #ijarp


STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FED WITH LOCAL INTEGRATED FISH FEED

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE

Abstracts: A study on the performance of Clarias gariepinus (fingerlings) fed with integrated fish meal as diet with two various level of formulations was carried out. The feed trial was for 77 days to compare the length-weight gain of fish reared with commercial diets and those reared with 50% and 100% integrated fish meal respectively, the control group were fish fed with commercially procured feed with no integration. The fishes were fed twice on day-to-day basis at 5% body weight for the experimental period. A random sampling of ten (10) fishes was done weekly to determine the growth performance of the fish. Results divulge significant difference (p<0.05) in the final mean body weight, mean body length and specific weight gain within experimental diets with the highest in fingerlings bred with 100% integrated fish meal. Even though, fish fingerlings fed with commercial livestock feed consumed more feed and attaining advanced feed conversion ratio values than those fed with integrated fish meal of 50% and 100% formulations respectively. The study therefore inveterate that integrating fish meal into percentages of between 50% and 100% formulations could act as a substantial replacement and supplementary feed for C. gariepienus fingerling; encouraging 46-50% growth with decrease mortalities.

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Pages: 18-22

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe , "STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF CLARIAS GARIEPINUS FED WITH LOCAL INTEGRATED FISH FEED", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 18-22 #ijarp


EFFECT OF EDIBLE GUM COATING, GLYCERIN AND CALCIUM LACTATE APPLICATION ON THE POST-HARVEST QUALITY OF GUAVA FRUIT

Authors: AKHUNZADA BILAWAL, MAJID S. HASHMI, SHAH ZAREEN, MUHAMMAD NASIR AMIR, ISMAIL KHAN

Abstracts: Guava is one of the commercially important fruit of Pakistan. However due to the perishable nature its storage life is only few days. For this purpose we arranged a lab study to check the effectiveness of selected edible oils coatings on the storage life of guava fruit. Mature, fresh guava and disease free fruit were shifted to the lab in corrugated soft board cartons. Having uniform shape and colour, kept in Refrigerator at 5±1 °C. The study storage duration one month and data were recorded on each 7 days interval. Results revealed that firmness of guava fruit was maximum decreased during entire storage duration upto 88.89% in treated with 1% Calcium lactate and 2% Gum Arabic + 4% glycerin, whereas minimum decrease was recorded 87.60% in Control. In weight loss, the higher increase 16.67% observed in Control, while lowest increase 13.67% in Calcium lactate 2% and Xanthan gum 2% + glycerin 4%. Similarly, high increase 18.99% in pH value in 2% Calcium lactate and 2% Gum Arabic + 4% glycerin whereas minimum increases 10.83% in Control. Moreover, in case of total soluble solid (TSS), outmost increase 60.11% occurred in Calcium lactate 2% and Xanthan gum 2% + glycerin 4%, and the least increase was observed in Guava fruit coated with Calcium lactate 1% and Gum Arabic 1% + glycerin 4% (46.69%). From study it is decided that Calcium lactate, Gum Arabic, Xanthan gum and glycerin had significant effect on the fruit quality characteristics. Edible coating and low temperature storage had reduced the postharvest losses and enhanced shelf life of guava fruits. Guava with 2% calcium lactate, 2% Xanthan gum and 4% glycerine showed best results as compare to untreated fruit. So, suggested that coating fruits with edible additives can enhance the storage life of guava fruit.

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Pages: 23-27

Cite this Article: Akhunzada Bilawal, Majid S. Hashmi, Shah Zareen, Muhammad Nasir Amir, Ismail Khan , "EFFECT OF EDIBLE GUM COATING, GLYCERIN AND CALCIUM LACTATE APPLICATION ON THE POST-HARVEST QUALITY OF GUAVA FRUIT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 23-27 #ijarp


ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET AND ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS IN SMES IN RIVERS STATE.

Authors: JACK ADOKIYE, DR. A. D. ALAGAH, B. C. ONUOHA

Abstracts: This empirical study on entrepreneurial mindset and organizational success was to ascertain the relationship and possible effect of dimensions such as innovativeness, pro-activeness and risk-taking on measures such as customer satisfaction and market share. The study used the cross-sectional overview of the semi trial plan, while simple random technique was adopted. Data were collected through the questionnaire and analysis was done using spearman rank correlation order via statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 21. The respondents comprised of 100 participants drawn from 20 SMEs in Rivers State. It was revealed that a significant relationship exist between both variables (entrepreneurial mindset and organizational success), this is as a result of seven(7) null hypotheses that were all rejected based on insufficient evidence for acceptance. Based on the revelation, the study recommends therefore that SMEs operators and managers should be entrepreneurial in practice and Government ought to as matter of extreme importance pay attention to provisions of enabling policies and infrastructures that will enhance the success of SMEs in Rives State.

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Pages: 28-39

Cite this Article: JACK ADOKIYE, DR. A. D. ALAGAH, B. C. ONUOHA , "ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET AND ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS IN SMES IN RIVERS STATE.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 28-39 #ijarp


CHARACTERIZATION OF CELLULOLYTIC MULTI-ENZYMATIC COMPLEXES FROM FILAMENTOUS FUNGI BY SOLID-STATE FERMENTATION USING WHEAT STRAW AS CARBON SOURCE

Authors: LYDIA TOSCANO, MARGARITA STOYTCHEVA, GISELA MONTERO, LOURDES CERVANTES, GERARDO MEDINA, ROSA MARíA FéLIX

Abstracts: The aim of the present study is to identify thermostable and halostable enzymes from filamentous fungal strains. Trichoderma harzianum, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus show the highest cellulolytic enzyme activity. The cellulolytic enzyme activities of these species were characterized using filter paper, carboxymethyl cellulose and microcrystalline cellulose. The optimum temperature range for the activity of endoglucanase, a component of the enzymatic complexes, is 65–70 °C, whereas the optimum range for exoglucanase is 55–70 °C. All the enzymes are thermostable at 40–70 °C. At a temperature of 60 °C, for all three species, the optimal pH for endoglucanase and exoglucanase activity is 6 and 5.5 respectively. The results of a saline stability test indicate that more than 80% of the enzyme activity is retained for 1 h in 25% sodium chloride. Using carboxymethyl cellulose as substrate, T. harzianum exhibits a Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) of 19.53 mg.mL-1 (the lowest) and maximum velocity (Vmax) of 0.4 µmol.min-1.mL-1.The high halostability and thermostability of the cellulases produced by these fungal strains point to their potential use in harsh industrial processing conditions.

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Pages: 40-47

Cite this Article: Lydia Toscano, Margarita Stoytcheva, Gisela Montero, Lourdes Cervantes, Gerardo Medina, Rosa María Félix , "CHARACTERIZATION OF CELLULOLYTIC MULTI-ENZYMATIC COMPLEXES FROM FILAMENTOUS FUNGI BY SOLID-STATE FERMENTATION USING WHEAT STRAW AS CARBON SOURCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 40-47 #ijarp


RETEROSPECTIVE STUDY ON CALF MORTALITY IN DAIRY FARMS IN GONDAR TOWN

Authors: ESUBALEW SISAY, DEBEB DESSIE

Abstracts: A retrospective study was conducted on calf mortality in dairy farms in Gondar town from October 2013 to May, 2014 with the objective assessing the extent of calf mortality, investigating potential risk factors related to calf death. A total of 909 calves born from September 2010 to November 2013 in 20 dairy farms in the town were included in the study. Data on calf mortality and associated risk factors were collected by using a pretested questionnaire and from farm records. The overall calf mortality rate was 21.45%. Disease conditions or syndromes recorded or mentioned as causes of calf death were diarrhoea (11.55%), pneumonia (3.74%), septicaemia (3.41%), hypothermia (0.99%), trauma (1.21%) and other miscellaneous causes (0.55%). Among the 12 risk factors assessed for their association with calf mortality, parity of the dam, feeding of colostrums, calves care takers and their experience, calving pen, bedding and measures taken to treat sick calves were significantly related to calf mortality. Calves of exotic (37.5%) breed were having the highest mortality rate. Calves from older cows (30.5%) and heifers (24.8%) also showed high mortality rate. Low mortality rate (20.02%) and (4.23% ) were recorded in calves feeding colostrum and having calving pens than non-feeders and calves born in multiple cow calving pens (33.68%) and (22.91%) respectively. Mortality rate of 13.23, 16.35, 27.3 and 27.08% were recorded from educated, with more experience, non-educated and with less experienced attendants, respectively. Large numbers of calf mortality (25.51%) were recorded in farms assessed by technicians as compared to taking to clinic (17.24%) and veterinarians’ supervision (16.36%). In conclusion, high calf mortality was observed in Gondar town due to various factors. Therefore, dairy owners should give prime attention to calf management especially in avoiding calf diarrhoea and pneumonia, and should give emphasis to colostrum feeding to reduce calf mortality.

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Pages: 48-54

Cite this Article: Esubalew Sisay, Debeb Dessie , "RETEROSPECTIVE STUDY ON CALF MORTALITY IN DAIRY FARMS IN GONDAR TOWN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 48-54 #ijarp


EFFECT OF DEGREES OF DEACETYLATION ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF CHITOSAN

Authors: ENYERIBE C.C, KOGO A.A, YAKUBU M.K, OBADAHUN J, AGHO B.O , KADANGA, B

Abstracts: Chitosan, a natural polysaccharide polymer derived from chitin and was investigated for the effect of degree of deacetylation and its antimicrobial activity. The chitin was subjected to modification using 30%, 40% and 50% NaOH to obtain chitosan of various degree of Deacetylation and were subjected to physiochemical analysis such as: solubility, moisture content, ash content, viscosity and degree of deacetylation, Ultra-violet visible spectroscopy (UV-Visible), Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Analysis (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and the antimicrobial study (zone of inhibition, minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bacteriocidal/ fungicidal concentration) The degree of deacetylation was 80% when 50%w/v NaOH was used and 67% 30% w/v NaOH, which shows that as the concentration of NaOH increases the more acetyl groups are been removed.

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Pages: 55-61

Cite this Article: ENYERIBE C.C, KOGO A.A, YAKUBU M.K, OBADAHUN J, AGHO B.O , KADANGA, B , "EFFECT OF DEGREES OF DEACETYLATION ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF CHITOSAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 55-61 #ijarp


IMPACT OF DESTINATION IMAGE AND PERCEIVED RISK ON BEHAVIORAL INTENTION OF TRAVELERS TO NEPAL

Authors: DR. GANGARAM BISWAKARMA

Abstracts: Tourist behavior is always guided by the pre-visit decision making. This decision is based on the image that they have heard of the destination. The image tourists have of a destination is largely subjective, which may be further distorted or restored of the destination image with perceived risk associated with the visiting of the destination. Destination image is defined as an individual’s mental representation of knowledge (beliefs), feelings and overall perception of a particular destination. Making visitors feel secure and safe before and during a vacation can be critical for international competitiveness of a destination, since visitors, in their travel plans, often consider multiple alternatives. Perceptions of risk and feelings of safety during travel have a strong influence on the avoidance of particular regions. So, this study aims to examine the relation between Nepal’s destination image, its perceived risk among the tourists and their behavioral intention to revisit or recommendation. A total of 350 questionnaires were distributed among the tourists, of which 306 were collected and analyzed. The findings of the study indicate that destination image and behavioral intention of the tourist are positively correlated. The results show that natural and cultural attraction, carries the heaviest weight for destination image, followed by quality of hotels and restaurants, shopping facilities, local facilities and convenience and transportation. Likewise, perceived risk explain a variation in behavioral intention in tourist. In conclusion, destination image of Nepal is significantly related to the behavioral intention of visitors. This suggests that image of the destination and perceived risk factors plays an important role to attract tourists in a particular destination. Despite of being Nepal was recently hit by a severe earthquake, travelers have still made a favorable destination image about Nepal and continue to have positive behavioral intention to revisit or recommend. Similarly, reducing risk perception of travelers can also increase traveler behavioral intention. Besides the positive destination image attributes, risk perception should be taken into account for tourism marketing campaigns.

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Pages: 62-71

Cite this Article: Dr. Gangaram Biswakarma , "IMPACT OF DESTINATION IMAGE AND PERCEIVED RISK ON BEHAVIORAL INTENTION OF TRAVELERS TO NEPAL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 62-71 #ijarp


MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM PRACTICE IN NEPALESE COMMERCIAL BANKS

Authors: DR. ACHYUT GNAWALI

Abstracts: Management accounting measures analyzes, and reports financial and nonfinancial information that helps managers make decisions to fulfill the goals of an organization. Managers use management accounting information to develop, communicate, and implement strategy. They also use management accounting information to coordinate product design, production, and marketing decisions and to evaluate performance. The purpose of this article is to analyze the management accounting systems tools practices in Nepalese Commercial Banks. It was found that the perceptions of top management representative of commercial banks in Nepal perceived management accounting system tools as significant in their banking system and have also used these tools to increase their performance.

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Pages: 72-76

Cite this Article: Dr. Achyut Gnawali , "MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM PRACTICE IN NEPALESE COMMERCIAL BANKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 72-76 #ijarp


DETERMINANT OF ACCESS TO PIPED WATER SUPPLY ON PREMISES IN SEMI URBAN COMMUNITIES OF HARAR CITY, EAST ETHIOPIA.

Authors: SISAY YAMI GUDETA

Abstracts: Introduction: Access to piped water supply on premises, available when needed and free of fecal contamination is essential to prevent water borne diseases and facilitate hygiene by providing more water for a variety of purposes. This study aimed to assess the determinant of access to piped water supply on premises in semi urban communities of Harar city. Methods: The study area was semi urban communities of Harar City. Cross sectional study was employed and data collection was carried out from December 13-17/2016.Mutlistage sampling and proportionate simple random sampling was used to select 633 sample size. Results: Piped water supply on premises coverage was 52.4%. Households who have agricultural job have more access to piped water supply than others. Residential and commercial land uses were found to be more likely to have access to piped water supply than mixed land use. Plot area have inverse relationship with access to piped water supply. Those houses with plan have less likely to have access to piped water supply than informal. Houses built within 11-15 years were found to have less chance to have access to piped water supply than houses built within 10 years. Yet; Houses without latrine and kitchen were found to have less likely to have access to piped water supply. Conclusion: Piped water supply coverage was 52.4% and water consumption was very low. Employment, land use, plot area, land ownership, year of house constructed, toilet and kitchen status were found to be determinants of access to piped water supply on premises.

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Pages: 77-83

Cite this Article: Sisay Yami Gudeta , "DETERMINANT OF ACCESS TO PIPED WATER SUPPLY ON PREMISES IN SEMI URBAN COMMUNITIES OF HARAR CITY, EAST ETHIOPIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 77-83 #ijarp


LEADERSHIP TRUST AND EMPLOYEE LOYALTY IN MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN PORT HARCOURT

Authors: OTUONYE NKASIOBI, DR. S. A. C. ANYANWU, C. A. NWUCHE (PHD)

Abstracts: The study investigated the relationship between leadership trust and employee loyalty using Spearman’s Rank Order Correlation Coefficient with organizational culture as the moderating variable in manufacturing firms in Port Harcourt. The study utilized cross-sectional research design and used questionnaire to collect the primary data. Preliminary analysis was performed to ensure no violation of the assumptions of normality, linearity and equality of variance. The results of the analysis revealed that there were strong correlation between the dimensions of leadership trust and the measures of employee loyalty. Consequently, the study recommends the following: That manufacturing firms under study should benchmark, as there are organizations who have proven knowledgeable in the area of leadership trust, manufacturing firms under study should get employees input in taking decisions as it concerns them. Create surveys and give an incentive for the completion of the survey by each employee. Without incentive, most employees might not make effort to complete something they will not realize could prove beneficial to their future.

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Pages: 84-94

Cite this Article: OTUONYE NKASIOBI, DR. S. A. C. ANYANWU, C. A. NWUCHE (PhD) , "LEADERSHIP TRUST AND EMPLOYEE LOYALTY IN MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN PORT HARCOURT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 84-94 #ijarp


YIELD POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT CERTIFIED COMMON BEAN VARIETIES UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS IN KENYA A CASE OF LAIKIPIA COUNTY

Authors: PATRICIA WANGUI, MWORIA MUGAMBI, DAVID MUSHIMIYIMANA

Abstracts: Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important food legume for direct consumption with a higher per capita consumption in Africa estimated at 31.4 kg/year. Bean production is constrained by poor soil fertility, insufficient soil moisture, low yielding varieties and changes in weather. In order to improve yields, an integrated approach is required to address the limiting factors. The main objective of the study was to determine the yield potential of different common bean varieties under different tillage methods. Three tillage methods (zero, minimum and conventional tillage) and three bean varieties (Mwitemania, KAT b9 and Mwezi moja) were tested in a randomized completed block design with three replicates. All yield parameters for the three bean varieties (number of grains per pod, weight of 100 gains, biomass above ground, weight per plot and harvest index) were significant (p < 0.05). KAT B9 and Mwezi moja were found to have higher yield potential and are recommended for production in Laikipia.

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Pages: 95-100

Cite this Article: Patricia Wangui, Mworia Mugambi, David Mushimiyimana , "YIELD POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT CERTIFIED COMMON BEAN VARIETIES UNDER DIFFERENT TILLAGE METHODS IN KENYA A CASE OF LAIKIPIA COUNTY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 95-100 #ijarp


SURVEY OF ILLNESS BEHAVIOUR AND ITS EFFECTS ON ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES AMONG RURAL DWELLERS AT ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: NWANKWO, IGNATIUS UCHE (PH.D), EMERHO, GODSTIME EMERSON

Abstracts: This research work guided by three research questions interrogated the nature of illness behaviour amongst rural dwellers in Ethiope East Local Government Area (LGA), of Delta state, Nigeria. A cross sectional survey research design was adopted for the study with a sample size of 200 study participants selected through a combination of cluster and simple random sampling techniques. The questionnaire and in-depth interview guide (IDI) were the key instruments for data collection, while Health Belief Model (HBM) served as the theoretical framework. Quantitative data generated through questionnaire were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and presented in frequency tables and simple percentages; whereas manual content analysis was applied to qualitative data accumulated via interviews. On the other hand, two hypotheses formulated for study were tested using chi-square test statistics (X2). The study found that the nature/pattern of illness behavior among rural dwellers at Ethiope East Local Government was reasonably positive characterized by prompt response and preference of hospital services when ill health occur. It was also found that the prevailing nature of illness behaviour positively stimulates demand and access to available health services in the area. A major factor affecting illness behavior of rural dwellers at Ethiope East LGA was their low income level. Other factors include proximity to health centers, cost of health services and literacy level of the people of the area. The researchers recommended that cost of health services be reduced to stimulate further positive illness behavior among the people.

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Pages: 101-108

Cite this Article: Nwankwo, Ignatius Uche (Ph.D), Emerho, Godstime Emerson , "SURVEY OF ILLNESS BEHAVIOUR AND ITS EFFECTS ON ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES AMONG RURAL DWELLERS AT ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 101-108 #ijarp


MATERNAL HYGIENE PRACTICE AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH ACUTE DIARRHEAL DISEASE AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN: A CASE CONTROL STUDY IN BABILE DISTRICT, EAST HARARGHE ZONE, OROMIA REGION, EAST ETHIOPIA

Authors: SISAY YAMI GUDETA

Abstracts: Background: Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of mortality in developing countries, especially among children under the age of five years. Despite efforts to curb acute diarrheal disease, there exists knowledge gap in identifying maternal hygiene practice associated with diarrheal disease among under five years old children in Babile district. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess maternal hygiene practice & its association with acute diarrheal disease among under five children in Babile district, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, East Ethiopia. Methods: The study design was community based unmatched case control and data collection was conducted from May 10-30, 2016. Multi-stage sampling , then simple random sampling was employed to select four kebeles. Data entry, cleaning and analysis was done using SPSS software. Result: A total of 219 sample (73 cases and 146 controls) were interviewed in this study making 100% response rate. Occurrence of under five children diarrhea was significantly associated with unsanitary disposal of children feces (AOR=4.342,95% CI:1.021-18.459), mothers fail to wash hands with soap always in critical times (AOR=6.721, 95% CI:1.053-42.875) and recent episode of diarrhea in mothers (AOR=16.754,95% CI: 5.526-50.791)..Conclusion: Child feces management, proper hand washing in critical time and recent episode of maternal diarrhea were found to be predictors of under five diarrheal disease.

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Pages: 109-113

Cite this Article: Sisay Yami Gudeta , "MATERNAL HYGIENE PRACTICE AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH ACUTE DIARRHEAL DISEASE AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN: A CASE CONTROL STUDY IN BABILE DISTRICT, EAST HARARGHE ZONE, OROMIA REGION, EAST ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 109-113 #ijarp


EFFECTS OF LOCATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES ON COMMERCIAL PROPERTY VALUE IN SOKOTO, NIGERIA

Authors: ABDULAZEEZ HAKEEM OMILOLA, MUHAMMAD ABUBAKAR NASSARAWA

Abstracts: This study investigates the effect of infrastructural facilities on commercial property value in Sokoto, Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used, and stratified random sampling technique was employed with structured questionnaires to extract necessary information from 279 sample size using Kothari’s formular from study population of 1076 sample frame. Both descriptive statistic of mean, percentages and weighted mean; and inferential statistical tool of Pearson’s product moment correlation were adopted for data analysis. The study revealed that there is significant difference between facilities from one location to another; and that there was statistically significant effect of locational facilities on rental values of commercial properties in the study area. The study concluded that locational facilities play a significant role in determining value of commercial properties. The study recommended among other things that state government should provide infrastructural facilities where they are lacking within the metropolis. This will bring evenly distributed development and commercial activities and consequently attract more investors to the city.

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Pages: 114-118

Cite this Article: Abdulazeez Hakeem Omilola, Muhammad Abubakar Nassarawa , "EFFECTS OF LOCATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES ON COMMERCIAL PROPERTY VALUE IN SOKOTO, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 114-118 #ijarp


EFFECT OF URANYL IONS & HYDRAZINE DURING THE OXIDATION/REDUCTION OF CE(III)/CE(IV) IONS BY ELECTROLYSIS

Authors: J. KAVITHA, R. ANITHA, D. UMAMAHESHWARI

Abstracts: With a view to determine the influence of uranyl ions on the oxidation of Ce(III) and the effect of Ce(IV) on the reduction of U(VI), electrochemical oxidation/reduction studies were carried out (at a fixed current density of 10 mA/cm2) with 0.05 M pure Ce(III) and with 0.05 M Ce(III) in the presence of x M U(VI) (x = 0.028, 0.098, 0.246 and 0.411) in 11.5 M nitric acid medium.

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Pages: 119-121

Cite this Article: J. Kavitha, R. Anitha, D. Umamaheshwari , "EFFECT OF URANYL IONS & HYDRAZINE DURING THE OXIDATION/REDUCTION OF CE(III)/CE(IV) IONS BY ELECTROLYSIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 119-121 #ijarp


LIQUID-PHASE HYDROGENATION OF DIMETHYL-NITROBENZENE OVER NICKEL CATALYSTS

Authors: MANSOOR KAZEMIMOGHADAM

Abstracts: The kinetics of liquid-phase hydrogenation of dimethyl-nitrobenzene (DN) on nickel catalyst was studied in the temperature range of 343–403 and a pressure range of 4–10 bar H2, using ethanol as the solvent. Dimethyl-aniline (DA) was the only reaction product, generated through the hydrogenation of the Nitro group of dimethyl-nitrobenzene. The effects of hydrogen partial pressure, catalyst loading, dimethyl-nitrobenzene concentration and temperature on the reaction conversion have been reported. Furthermore, an increase in the catalytic activity as the reaction temperature, pressure and weight of catalysts was observed. Conventional Arrhenius behavior was exhibited by catalyst, Ni showed activation energies of 808 J/mol. A simple power law model was used for analysis of the reaction kinetic data.

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Pages: 122-127

Cite this Article: Mansoor Kazemimoghadam , "LIQUID-PHASE HYDROGENATION OF DIMETHYL-NITROBENZENE OVER NICKEL CATALYSTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 122-127 #ijarp


THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING IN THE TELECOMMUNICATION INDUSTRY: A CASE OF NETONE PLC. LTD, ZIMBABWE

Authors: MAKURA TICHAFA, NYONI THABANI

Abstracts: The study sought to investigate the impact of social media marketing on sales revenue at NetOne Plc. Ltd, Zimbabwe. The company is facing decrease in market share as evidenced in the decline in sales revenue which has seen it dropping to third in the industry. The purpose of the research was to find out if social media marketing can be adopted as a solution to the problem stated. The research design used in the study was a descriptive design and quantitative methods of data analysis were employed. In this research 80 employees of NetOne were interviewed. The researchers carried out the study on all NetOne shops in Harare and questionnaires which included both closed and open ended questions were used to collect data from the respondents during the study. Statistical tables and bar charts were used in data analysis and presentation. The research found out that a social media marketing campaign has a potential of increasing sales revenue by 70.09% among other marketing communication methods that can be employed by the company. Therefore it can be concluded that social media marketing has a potential to turn around the fortunes of a company but however firms need to be very cautious when carrying out a social media marketing campaign also as it has the potential to harm the organization as well. Firms need to integrate social media marketing with other traditional marketing techniques so as to achieve the maximum results.

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Pages: 128-134

Cite this Article: Makura Tichafa, Nyoni Thabani , "THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA MARKETING IN THE TELECOMMUNICATION INDUSTRY: A CASE OF NETONE PLC. LTD, ZIMBABWE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 128-134 #ijarp


ANALYSIS OF NON-UNIFORMLY PRESTRESSED TAPERED BEAMS WITH EXPONENTIALLY VARYING THICKNESS RESTING ON VLASOV FOUNDATION UNDER VARIABLE HARMONIC LOAD

Authors: JIMOH SULE ADEKUNLE

Abstracts: In this paper, the motion of non-uniformly prestressed tapered beams with exponentially varying thickness resting on Vlasov foundation under variable harmonic load moving with constant velocity is investigated. The governing equation is a fourth order partial differential equation. The solution technique is based on the method of Galerkin with series representation of Heaviside function, Struble's asymptotic method and Laplace transformation technique in conjunction with convolution theory. The result shows that, an increase in the values of the structural parameters such as foundation stiffnesses, axial force, moment of inertia of the beam and exponential factor reduces the response amplitude of the beam for the dynamic problem. Furthermore, it is found that the moving force solution is not always an upper bound for the accurate solution for the non-uniformly prestressed tapered beams.

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Pages: 135-142

Cite this Article: Jimoh Sule Adekunle , "ANALYSIS OF NON-UNIFORMLY PRESTRESSED TAPERED BEAMS WITH EXPONENTIALLY VARYING THICKNESS RESTING ON VLASOV FOUNDATION UNDER VARIABLE HARMONIC LOAD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 135-142 #ijarp


PREVALENCE OF URINARY INCONTINENCE AMONG THE WOMEN WITH LOW BACK PAIN: AN INSTITUTIONAL BASED STUDY

Authors: NIPA, SHAMIMA ISLAM, DR. AHMED KAMAL, MD. ISLAM SHOFIQUL, KHAN MOHAMMAD MUSTAFA KAMAL RAHAT, TAOHEED FARJANA

Abstracts: Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of Urinary incontinence among the women with low back pain. Methods and Materials: This descriptive cross sectional study conducted by using purposive sampling procedure. The study population was all the female patients with low back pain attended at musculoskeletal unit, Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP) Savar. To ensure the diagnostic criteria as well as the severity of urinary incontinence, The Royal Dutch Society Physiotherapy Guideline (KNFG) and PRAFAB questionnaire used. Data were analyzed through SPSS 20 version. Furthermore, Microsoft excel was used for the analysis of data and for the presentation of the data as well. Results: The prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among the women with low back pain, attended at musculoskeletal unit, CRP Savar was 68.4%. Study findings suggested that, different process of given birth of children influenced the severities of urinary incontinence. Women with urinary incontinence more likely faced difficulties in physical activities and were anxious about social participation. The severity of urinary incontinence enhances the ‘frequency’ and ‘body image’ to bother it. Conclusion: Urinary incontinence was a significant burden for the women with low back pain. Therefore, this cross sectional study findings will be utilize to understand the extent of distribution of the problem, priority setting, allocation of resources and planning for the intervention.

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Pages: 143-150

Cite this Article: Nipa, Shamima Islam, Dr. Ahmed Kamal, Md. Islam Shofiqul, Khan Mohammad Mustafa Kamal Rahat, Taoheed Farjana , "PREVALENCE OF URINARY INCONTINENCE AMONG THE WOMEN WITH LOW BACK PAIN: AN INSTITUTIONAL BASED STUDY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 143-150 #ijarp


COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE VERTICAL DISPLACEMENT OF FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS AND STEEL REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS

Authors: OGBODO MUNACHISO C, OTITE URINRIN BOSCO

Abstracts: In this study, the vertical displacements of three different fiber reinforced polymer (Carbon FRP, Glass FRP and Aramid FRP) reinforced concrete beams where compared with that of steel reinforced concrete (RC) beams for three different single span beams having different loading arrangement. The direct stiffness method of analysis was used to obtain the deflection equations for the beams. The results show that irrespective of the beam configuration and loading condition, the vertical displacement of FRP rebars are more than that of steel rebar. Mathematical models were developed relating the vertical displacements of the steel RC beams with the three FRP RC beams. It shows the ratios of CFRP to Steel, GFRP to steel and AFRP to steel as 1.3605, 4.651 and 1.6129 respectively. Other ratios obtained are CFRP to GFRP, CFRP to AFRP and AFRP to GFRP as 3.4186, 1.1855 and 2.8837 respectively. The results obtained clearly shows that Carbon FRP (CFRP) has relatively less vertical displacement when compared with GFRP and AFRP. Thus, it can be concluded if FRP should be used as rebar, CFRP should be considered. Also, the developed models should serve as a benchmark in reducing the vertical displacement of FRP rebar to the acceptable limits contained in design codes.

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Pages: 151-157

Cite this Article: Ogbodo Munachiso C, Otite Urinrin Bosco , "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE VERTICAL DISPLACEMENT OF FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS AND STEEL REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 151-157 #ijarp


FATIGUE LIFE ANALYSIS OF JOINT BAR OF INSULATED RAIL JOINT

Authors: WASHIMRAJA SHEIKH, PIYUSH M. SIRSAT, NAKUL K. MAHALLE

Abstracts: Rail joints are use for the purpose of joining the two rails. Traditionally, it was done by using bolted rail joint but due to large number of drawbacks and for safety purpose the number of joints in mainline track has been minimized by the widespread use of continuously welded rail (CWR) but for the track circuit there is no alternative for insulated rail joint. Insulated rail joint is use for signaling purpose to allow a railway signaling system to locate trains by maintaining a shorting circuits system. The IRJ is however substantially weaker than the rail and so is subjected to large stresses, causing failure. This paper is concern with to find the fatigue life of joint bar of IRJ and to suggest the proper profile design which will help to improve its fatigue life.

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Pages: 158-164

Cite this Article: Washimraja Sheikh, Piyush M. Sirsat, Nakul K. Mahalle , "FATIGUE LIFE ANALYSIS OF JOINT BAR OF INSULATED RAIL JOINT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 158-164 #ijarp


THE IMPLICATION OF SUBSOIL GEOLOGY IN FOUNDATION FAILURE USING GEOTECHNICAL METHODS:A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Authors: EMMANUEL OYEM UBIDO, OGBONNAYA IGWE, BERNADETTE UCHE UKAH, IBRAHIM GIZA IDRIS

Abstracts: Building failure in Lagos has been persistent in recent time, even though diverse possible sources have been emphasized. Regrettably, the subsurface geology has rarely been given an attention, even though it serves as base upon which these structures seat. This study focused on investigating the implication of the subsoil geology on the variation in the occurrence of foundation failure in Pen-Cinema (Agege) and Ogudu (Kosofe) local government area of Lagos using standard penetration test (SPT) and cone penetration test (CPT). Boreholes were drilled and samples were collected and subjected to Atterberg test, quick undrained triaxial test and Oedometer consolidation test. The result from the above test carried out showed that the Pen-Cinema is majorly underlain by very hard sandy silty lateritic clay with hard pans at the depth of 2.25m while Ogudu is underlain by dark grey, stiff medium grained clayey sand at the depth of 13m. results from Ogudu on plastic limit was in the range of 20-40, liquid limit; 40-70 and natural moisture content; 25-30% while for Pen-Cinema, plastic limit was in the range of 28-30, liquid limit; 45-48 and natural moisture; 17-19%. Based on undrained triaxial test, an allowable bearing capacity of 68.53KN/m2 calculated for the CPT in Pen-Cinema while in Ogudu, allowable bearing capacity of 10.96 KN/m2 was calculated. However based on results from the above test carried out, for any proposed structure in Ogudu, pile foundation will be suitable for engineering structures while in Pen-Cinema, raft foundation will be more preferable.

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Pages: 165-174

Cite this Article: Emmanuel Oyem Ubido, Ogbonnaya Igwe, Bernadette Uche Ukah, Ibrahim Giza Idris , "THE IMPLICATION OF SUBSOIL GEOLOGY IN FOUNDATION FAILURE USING GEOTECHNICAL METHODS:A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 165-174 #ijarp


A STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE OF MOTHERS REGARDING WEANING AMONG CHILDREN (6 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS) OF AGE IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS OF PUNJAB (INDIA)

Authors: NAVNEET KAUR, GURKIRAN KAUR, AMANPREET KAUR, RAJWINDER KAUR.

Abstracts: Mother is the significant person during infancy and she is mainly responsible for maintenance of nutrition and for the promotion of health during this period. First six months of pregnancy depends upon breast feeding and second half of the infancy is the important period to become accustomed with the family diet. The conceptual framework chosen for the study was based on Dorothy Orem’s Model of Self Care Deficit (1991). In this study, a non experimental research design was used. A self structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess mother’s knowledge regarding weaning. The data was collected from 100 mothers of children 6 months to 2 years of age with purposive sampling technique from rural areas of Punjab. The results of the study shown that 40% mothers had excellent knowledge and 12 mothers had poor knowledge. Among mothers of children 6 months 2 years the highest mean percentage score of weaning were found highest in supplementary diet (76.5) and least in weaning diet(46.5)the relationship of knowledge of mothers regarding weaning with demographic variables. Were tested and found significant with age of mother and dietary pattern at (p<0.05%) where as the other variables were found non significant at (p<0.05%). The main purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge of mothers regarding weaning. Formal and informal teaching should be conducted by health professionals for promoting knowledge of the mothers.

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Pages: 175-177

Cite this Article: NAVNEET KAUR, GURKIRAN KAUR, AMANPREET KAUR, RAJWINDER KAUR. , "A STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE OF MOTHERS REGARDING WEANING AMONG CHILDREN (6 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS) OF AGE IN SELECTED RURAL AREAS OF PUNJAB (INDIA)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 175-177 #ijarp


ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF UTILIZATION OF TRADITIONAL COOK STOVE IN COMPARISON WITH IMPROVED COOK STOVE ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD IN ADIYO WOREDA, KAFFA ZONE, SNNPRS. (THE CASE OF SELECTED KEBELES)

Authors: BEYENE BELACHEW, DEBREWORK DEBEBE, KERO ALEMU

Abstracts: Over 94 percent of energy consumption in Ethiopia comes from biomass fuels along with traditional cooking technologies and this pattern has major effect on livelihood in the country. To overcome these problems the government of Ethiopia and International development organizations, have recently ramped up efforts to promote the use of improved cook stoves (ICS) in the country, aiming to reduce impacts of the burning of biomass for cooking and heating. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of traditional cook stove in comparison with ICS utilization on rural livelihood in the case of Adiyo Woreda, Kaffa Zone. Among 28 kebeles in Adiyo Woreda, Boka and Mera Kebeles were selected using purposive sampling. Sample size between ICS and traditional CS users, was determined using proportionality principle and more proportion of sample was given to those ICS user households. Then, 298 sample households were selected using systematic random sampling technique. The household surveys, focus group discussion, personal observations and key-informants interview were used for primary data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The study revealed that traditional CS user household spending more than five hours additional cooking time per day; more likely to suffer from eye disease, lung cancer, respiratory disease, cough, headache and phlegm than the user groups. Women and children contributed over 98.95% and 80% of the domestic cooking and fuel wood collecting responsibility in the household of the study area respectively.

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Pages: 178-188

Cite this Article: Beyene Belachew, Debrework Debebe, Kero Alemu , "ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF UTILIZATION OF TRADITIONAL COOK STOVE IN COMPARISON WITH IMPROVED COOK STOVE ON RURAL LIVELIHOOD IN ADIYO WOREDA, KAFFA ZONE, SNNPRS. (THE CASE OF SELECTED KEBELES)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 178-188 #ijarp


REMOVAL OF GLOBAL WARMING USING CBGT DEVICE

Authors: SADDAM HUSAIN DHOBI, BIKRANT KARKI

Abstracts: The main objective of this paper is to clean the environment by converting the global warming gas into oxygen with CBGT device. This device intake global warming gas with various gases present in atmosphere and convert only global warming gas into oxygen and Bioproduct and it is more sensitive in such a place where the global warming gas concentration is high. These devices also help to identify where global warming gas is in high concentration and where is low and help to expert to forecast the global gas effect and prevention for future. The devices work both in natural and artificial condition i.e. if we are trying to clean global warming gas faster at high temperature than we apply artificial process (external energy source) but if we are trying to clean global warming gas slowly, we apply natural process ( no need of external energy source). The interesting things about these devices are the produce of oxygen and consumption is higher than the plants. The working nature of CBGT is depend visible light source also. Therefore, we needed artificial source of the light that produce visible wavelength of light for continuous working. This device is to not only clean the global warming gas but also help to astronomer in aircraft, solve the problem of oxygen shortage at any place of universe like some plant has global warming gas and we can used this device for oxygen to service. Hence, from the above CBGT device we can solve the global warming problem from different place of earth and Universe.

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Pages: 189-192

Cite this Article: Saddam Husain Dhobi, Bikrant Karki , "REMOVAL OF GLOBAL WARMING USING CBGT DEVICE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 189-192 #ijarp


YOUTH EMPOWERMENT THROUGH CITIZEN JOURNALISM: A CASE FOR BAUCHI DIOCESE, NIGERIA

Authors: JUSTINE DYIKUK

Abstracts: Youth-development is critical to the survival of any society. Since they constitute over 60 percent of most societies, their role is indispensable. This paper went in search for a platform to help the youth of Bauchi Diocese to reach their potentials. Through the qualitative method, the researcher used the Uses and Gratification theory to examine citizen journalism and discovered that it is an indispensable tool in engendering youth empowerment in the Diocese. It recommended organising citizen journalism classes and creating Parish Communications Committees as ways of empowering the youth and giving them a better voice in the Diocese and beyond.

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Pages: 193-199

Cite this Article: Justine Dyikuk , "YOUTH EMPOWERMENT THROUGH CITIZEN JOURNALISM: A CASE FOR BAUCHI DIOCESE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 193-199 #ijarp


GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT OF STRATEGY: THE CAUSES OF BUSINESS AND CORPORATE FAILURE

Authors: MAJOR BHEBHE

Abstracts: My research will examine the causes of business and corporate failure that has been a topical issue in the UK and the world over. I am hoping to expand on the previous studies by [12,13.14]on the subject by examining Strategic Management Capabilities of the affected organisations by giving consideration to the Critical Success Factors, resources and competences that provide products/services that customers value. The research will consider Corporate Governance principles looking at the effectiveness of the Board. I will argue that successful organisations are those that understand the business environment and that have adequate strategic leadership and an effective board.

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Pages: 200-204

Cite this Article: Major Bhebhe , "GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT OF STRATEGY: THE CAUSES OF BUSINESS AND CORPORATE FAILURE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 200-204 #ijarp


NON-PERFORMING LOANS: PERCEPTION OF SOMALI BANKERS

Authors: HASSAN HAIBE OSMAN, VIKNESWARAN

Abstracts: Among various indicators of financial stability, banks’ non-performing loan assumes critical importance since it reflects on the asset quality, credit risk and efficiency in the allocation of resources to productive sectors. Non-performing loans has become a concerning issue for banking sector in recent times. Thusly, this study examines the perception of Somali bankers regarding the determinants of NPLs of Somali banks using primary information collected from 180 bankers working in twelve Somali banks. The researcher applied multiple regression and correlation matrix analysis aiming to find out the factors that may have an effect on the non-performing loans of Somali banks. The bankers perceive that the selected variables of this study have an effect on the NPLs of Somali banks. The empirical results of the regression and correlation analysis established strong positive and significant relationship between NPLs of Somali banks and the three variables of unemployment rate, interest rate and inflation rate. The findings also reveal that GDP has a weak but positive and significant relationship with the NPLs, whilst credit monitoring, political interference and banker’s incompetence established a weak positive and insignificant relationship with the NPLs of Somali banks. The study suggests that the bank management should increase their expenditure for training and development programmes, which would enhance the loan quality monitoring, and debt collection management of the bankers. It is also suggested to the government and regulatory bodies that the country’s unemployment rate should be kept low, extra care should be given to inflation rate and interest rate fluctuations, political interference should be limited or reduced to zero and the country’s banking sector need to be revitalised by increasing the commercial banking services capacity of the Central Bank.

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Pages: 205-231

Cite this Article: Hassan Haibe Osman, Vikneswaran , "NON-PERFORMING LOANS: PERCEPTION OF SOMALI BANKERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 205-231 #ijarp


PERFORMANCE LEVEL OF TEACHERS IN TEST DEVELOPMENT SKILLS: IMPERATIVE FOR IMPROVING SCHOOL- BASED COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT.

Authors: DR. IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY

Abstracts: This study was carried out to determine the performance level of junior secondary school teachers in Ebonyi State, in test development skills. The population of the study was made up of 363 Junior Secondary school teachers. Three research questions were developed and answered while one null hypothesis was formulated and tested. A 23 structured item questionnaire was developed, which was validated by three experts. The instrument was administered to the respondents through the help of three research assistants. The Cronbach alpha method was used to test the internal consistency of the questionnaire items and obtained a co-efficient of 0. 92. Mean statistics was used to answer the research questions, while the null hypothesis was tested using t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study reveals that the performance level of the teachers in 7 principle and process skills was of little and very little extent; while their performance level in 6 specification skills shows very little extent. The study also revealed 10 constraints to effective performance of both male and female teachers in the skill required for good test development. It was therefore recommended that Tertiary institutions which train out teachers should create more time and practical exercises for in-service and pre- service teachers, Government should provide test development modules or materials, and then organize and sponsor test development workshops and seminars for teachers for improved school based cognitive (test) assessment.

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Pages: 232-237

Cite this Article: DR. IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY , "PERFORMANCE LEVEL OF TEACHERS IN TEST DEVELOPMENT SKILLS: IMPERATIVE FOR IMPROVING SCHOOL- BASED COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 232-237 #ijarp


INFLUENCE OF LIBRARY FACILITIES ON STUDENTS' ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH CENTRAL ZONE OF NIGERIA

Authors: AERNYI, INDIRA. ODEH, R. C. PH.D

Abstracts: This study investigated the influence of Library Facilities on Students' academic achievement in Colleges of Education in North Central Zone of Nigeria. The study looked at availability of Library Facilities, the utilization of Library Facilities on Students' academic achievement in Colleges of Education in North Central Zone of Nigeria. Three specific objectives were looked at while three research questions were raised and three hypotheses formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design 39,220 NCE (3) from the (14) fourteen public Colleges of Education in North Central Zone made up the population of the study while 3,800 students were proportionately sampled based on their numbers in the respective institutions. Two instruments were, used for data collection, Influence of Library Facilities on Students' Academic Achievement Questionnaire (ILFSAAQ) and 'Academic Record Profoma (ARP) was given to exam officers for collection of students grades between 2007/2010-20011/2014 sessions in English Language, Mathematics, Christian Religious Knowledge, Physical and Health Education (P.H.E) and Integrated Science for five academic sessions. The data collected was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The research questions were answered using frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC) at 0.05 level of significance. The decision for the extent of influence was determined by the following parameters 3.50-4.00 for High Extent (HE), 2.50-3.49 Moderate Extent (ME), 1.50-2.49 Low Extent (LE) and 0.50-1.49 No Extent (NE). The results of the findings among others revealed that, language laboratories facilities were available in the Colleges of Education in North Central Zone of Nigeria to a moderate extent, however students’ utilization of language laboratory facilities was to a low extent. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, Provost of colleges of education should always ensure that Library Facilities in their colleges are available to a high extent and Students utilization of the facilities should be improved to a high extent to positively influence their academic achievement.

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Pages: 238-244

Cite this Article: Aernyi, Indira. Odeh, R. C. Ph.D , "INFLUENCE OF LIBRARY FACILITIES ON STUDENTS' ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH CENTRAL ZONE OF NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 238-244 #ijarp


DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES OF CONTEMPORARY TIMES IN NIGERIA

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE, CLEMENT. C OBI, KOLADE S, FASOORE

Abstracts: Diagnosis of parasitic diseases are globally important requisite to realization of wholesome treatment of ailment and reduction in resultant morbidities and mortalities. Parasitic diseases are however hyper- and hypo-prevalent in Nigerian populace often due to socio-economics factors and ranges of little or no sequels. Low mortality from parasitic infection is due to alternative medication other than successful diagnosis as observed. Subsidizing cost of affording diagnosis, erection of government owned diagnostic facilities or mobile diagnostic facilities and enlightening the general public on needs of diagnosis are key factors to adequate treatment, disease deterrence and control of parasitic diseases. This review presents the qualities and drawbacks in parasitic disease diagnosis in Nigeria, pointing out major disease occurrences and diagnosis techniques used in medical facilities as related globally. Thus, contemporary diagnostic techniques available for prompt, accurate and easy presentation of results on pathobiology of disease patterns including immunoassays, conservative and molecular techniques for different biopsy from zoonotic and human parasitic infections. However psychological limitation in Nigeria such as affordability, variability in confirming results from other diagnostic areas, and adequate staffing, can be conquered by training personnel annually on the use of the available tools.

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Pages: 245-250

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe, Clement. C Obi, Kolade S, Fasoore , "DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES OF CONTEMPORARY TIMES IN NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 245-250 #ijarp


CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF WOMEN DECISION PARTICIPATION IN INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES IN THE WORLD

Authors: NAILA AWAN, NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: The Critical review was conducted in September 2017. The major objective of the study was to analyze the women decision participation in income generating activities in the world. Total fifteen studies were reviewed and fully analyzed the situation. The review shows that majority women are working as housewives and their husband planed and decided their selves the income generating activities for their home while few women were involved in decision participation and in income generating activities. The study further analyzed that education is the main accelerator which increase and decrease the decision participation in the income generating activities. The study also explained that majority women are involved in agriculture activities in the developing countries while in developed countries women participate highly in other business of the economy such as office management, teaching, kitchen gardening and embroidery etc. So women sharing shows great role in the development of a country. In developing countries the women are dominated by male and female is considered only the caretaker of the houses. In developed countries the female education is free and the household guardian allow and take interest in female education while in developing countries the situation is different. They were restricted due to religious basis and some norms. On the basis of study finding few suggestions were recommended for further improvement of world societies. Free basis technical education should be provided to women for income generating activities in the world; Security and peace should be provided to women in the world; Money and fund should be provided on free interest rate by bank to women for income generating activities particularly in developing countries of the world. Through this way their income will be generated which latter on improved the decision participation of the women in income generating activities of the world.

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Pages: 251-256

Cite this Article: Naila Awan, Naushad Khan , "CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF WOMEN DECISION PARTICIPATION IN INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES IN THE WORLD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 251-256 #ijarp


ANALYSIS OF SELECTED TRACE METALS FROM OIL (PETROLEUM PRODUCTS) IN A POLLUTED SOIL (A CASE STUDY OF OFFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Authors: ADEYEMI, CHRISTIANAH. OLUWAKEMI., GIRIGISU, SADISU., SHITTU, FATIMAH. BUKOLA., IBITOMI, O. O, OYEDEJI OYEDOYIN BUKOLA

Abstracts: The concentrations of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Cr, Pb and Ni) in soil samples of filling stations and those of a control area (about a kilometer away from the filling stations) were investigated by sequential extraction method using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). Results obtained showed the mean concentrations (mg/kg) of Fe, Cu, Cr, Pb and Ni in soil of studied areas as 18.43, 0.01, 0.012, 0.02, and 0.01 respectively while in controlled area soil are Fe, Cu, Cr, Pb and Ni had concentrations (mg/kg) of 10.376, 0.007, 0.004, 0.005 and 0.0048 respectively. Levels of the heavy metals in soils of both studied areas were observed to be lower than European Union safe limits.

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Pages: 257-260

Cite this Article: ADEYEMI, Christianah. Oluwakemi., GIRIGISU, Sadisu., SHITTU, Fatimah. Bukola., IBITOMI, O. O, OYEDEJI Oyedoyin Bukola , "ANALYSIS OF SELECTED TRACE METALS FROM OIL (PETROLEUM PRODUCTS) IN A POLLUTED SOIL (A CASE STUDY OF OFFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 257-260 #ijarp


IMPACT OF QUINALPHOS ON HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF MAMMALIAN MODEL ‘ALBINO MICE’.

Authors: SUDHAKARA RAO, P. MADHAVEELATHA

Abstracts: The organophosphate chemicalquinalphos banned or restricted in most nations istaking the major share of insecticides consumption in India. Since assessment of blood parametersdetectable variations under stress conditionsthe present study is concentrated on study of certain haematological parameters under quinalphosstress in mammalian model mice. Haematological parameters ofmice exposed to single and multiple dosesof quinalphos have shown remarkable changes in the present investigation.

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Pages: 261-264

Cite this Article: Sudhakara rao, P. Madhaveelatha , "IMPACT OF QUINALPHOS ON HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF MAMMALIAN MODEL ‘ALBINO MICE’.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 261-264 #ijarp


CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORLD

Authors: AMMARA AHMAD, DR.NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: Human resource development is the process which improves capabilities of all the people in world which further improve the world economy. Without human resource development the development of the world is impossible. Seeing to its importance the critical review was arranged and twenty five studies were purposively chosen from the literatures, to analyze the role of human resource development in the world. Thoroughly 20 times the past literature were reviewed and analyzed the situation. The results indicated that human resources are the source which practically involved in different activities of the world economy. They produce products for their survival and earn the money which latter on spent on their expenditures, facilities, enjoinment, shelter, clothes and on self respect in day to day life. Human resource development is the training of human which improve their skill for work and performance because to perform well in their field to produce more than before and earn more after training. After training income is improved which boost the socio-economic conditions of the concerned trainee? They spend the money on their children education which further improve the standard of living, attitude, political stability of the human being in the world. The study further explained that education particularly primary education has a vital role in human resource development. The educational institutions after training supply capable labor to industries and to other sectors of the economy which play important role in gross domestic product growth. Subsequently the study further shows that the main hurdle in human resource development is the poverty which make slow human resource development program in the world due to lack of fund. On the basis of findings the study recommend that human resource development program should be speed up in the world; Free base skillful training and free education should be provided to all community in the world; Scholar ship should be multiplied by all government in the world community; Scientific institution should be established in the world for formal education. Funding Agencies IMF and World Bank help for fund provision is required for uplifting the program. The program should be focused highly on below the poverty line community for poverty elevation in the world.

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Pages: 265-269

Cite this Article: Ammara Ahmad, Dr.Naushad Khan , "CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORLD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 265-269 #ijarp


LEADERS AND POWER IN THE SUB-CENTRAL AFRICAN REGION

Authors: CALVIN EBEN TABI

Abstracts: This article titled, Leaders and Power in the Sub Central African Region, is an investigation into the reasons for the long stay of some African leaders in power . The article is the outcome of data collected from some published works. The article reveals that some leaders in the Sub Central African Region have been in power for decades. Their being in power for long is attributed to some strategies which they have adopted. These strategies have helped to keep them in power for long, although some of them have lost legitimacy.

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Pages: 270-272

Cite this Article: Calvin Eben Tabi , "LEADERS AND POWER IN THE SUB-CENTRAL AFRICAN REGION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 270-272 #ijarp


ASSESSING MUSIC PIRACY AND ITS IMPERATIVES FOR UPCOMING ARTISTS: A QUALITATIVE INSIGHT

Authors: SILAS UDENZE

Abstracts: This study investigates music piracy and its imperatives for upcoming artists. The study adopted unstructured interview method; qualitative research methodology in sourcing its primary data. Findings from the study show that music piracy is synonymous with upcoming artists. Upcoming artists believe that music piracy has assisted them in their careers. However, from the scholarly literature, established music stars are of the opinion that music piracy is inimical to the music industry. Despite this belief, upcoming artists strongly hold the view that music piracy remains a pathway to stardom.

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Pages: 273-276

Cite this Article: Silas Udenze , "ASSESSING MUSIC PIRACY AND ITS IMPERATIVES FOR UPCOMING ARTISTS: A QUALITATIVE INSIGHT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 273-276 #ijarp


MODELING DEHYDRATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BY MEANS OF POLYMER MEMBRANES WITH HELP OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK AND COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS

Authors: MANSOOR KAZEMIMOGHADAM, ZAHRA AMIRI

Abstracts: The present study analyzes the amount of water-alcohol separation by pervaporation and use of polymer membranes with help of Artificial Neural Network and COMSOL Multiphysics. The influence of such parameters as volumetric flow rate, temperature, separation factor and permeate flux over the efficiency of dehydration process was analyzed through Artificial Neural Network. The reserarcher in this study used a Feed Forward multilayer Perceptron neural network with a back propogation algorithm and Levenberg-Marquardt function with two inputs and two outputs. The Tansig transfer function was used for the hudden layer and Purelin was used for the output layer; five nerons were defined for the hidden layer. After data precessing, 70 percent of the data was allocated for learning, 15 percent was allocated for validation, and 25 percent was allocated for testing. The output values of Artificial Neural Network modelling were compard with the real values of pervaporation for separation of water from Ethanol, Acetone, and butanol. The results revealed that the proposed model had a good performance. Moreover, the output of COMSOL software for pervaporation of five different alcohols were compared with the real values, and the error percentage of the actual amount of flux was calculated with the modeling value by means of related membranes. The results of COMSOL modeling showed that the error percentages of 3.049, 3.7, 3.51, 2.88, and 3.82 were respectively achieved for dehydration process of Acetone, Butanol, Ethanol, Isopropanol and Methanol.

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Pages: 277-284

Cite this Article: Mansoor Kazemimoghadam, Zahra Amiri , "MODELING DEHYDRATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BY MEANS OF POLYMER MEMBRANES WITH HELP OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK AND COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 277-284 #ijarp


THE CURSE OF CORRUPTION IN ZIMBABWE

Authors: NYONI THABANI

Abstracts: Corruption is very harmful and unacceptable. It is one of the major obstacles to sustainable economic growth and development. Corruption has a negative effect on every sphere of any economy. This is what many people think. We used to think so too! But, guess what? There is sufficient empirical evidence supporting the fact that corruption is not always harmful to the economy. In fact, there are some instances where corruption can be indeed fruitful, though; not, generally acceptable. Debatable, as it sounds; and yet this is the reality. Although the study neither recommend nor encourage corruption so far, the study still maintains its hyperopic view that corruption is not always harmful to the economy. In fact the research strongly argues that corruption, especially in Zimbabwe; has been and continues to be a blessing in disguise!

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Pages: 285-291

Cite this Article: Nyoni Thabani , "THE CURSE OF CORRUPTION IN ZIMBABWE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 285-291 #ijarp


TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF PHOTO-VOLTAIC MODULES: A REVIEW

Authors: AVIJIT MALLIK, MD. ARMAN AREFIN

Abstracts: Renewable Technology is a very common topic for engineering research. Researches on renewable engineering are mainly eyed on Solar Energy Technology which consist photovoltaic cells. Effectiveness and efficiencies of those PV modules are very important to make researches feasible. This paper is based on current advances of the temperature control methods of PV modules. Temperature control is a very important part for solar energy research; it normally inversely changes with respect to electrical efficiency of PV module. Increase in electrical efficiency depends on temperature controlling techniques, type and size of the panel along with geographical position rising about 3-5% of the overall efficiency. A perspective on other temperature controlling methods for PV modules will also be discussed in this paper.

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Pages: 292-297

Cite this Article: Avijit Mallik, Md. Arman Arefin , "TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF PHOTO-VOLTAIC MODULES: A REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 292-297 #ijarp


EXTRACTION AND DETERMINATION OF CHLOROPHYLL CONTENT FROM MICROALGAE

Authors: YU YU NWE OO , MYAT CHAW SU , KAY THI KYAW

Abstracts: In this experiment, we selected the two microalgae species, Chlorella and Nannochloropsis for their numerous benefits. The microalgae was cultured with Conway medium under laboratory condition to get biomass for the further experiments. The concentration of chlorophyll a and b was evaluated by these procedures; extraction of chlorophyll by solvent, determination of chlorophyll content by spectrophotometric method and calculation by SCOR-UNESCO equation. So, two types of chlorophyll a and b are present in the green microalgae. According to the results, Chlorella has chlorophyll a (8.45 µg/ml) and Chlorophyll b (4.33 µg/ml), Nannochloropsis has chlorophyll a (21.24 µg/ml) and chlorophyll b (9.66 µg/ml) respectively.

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Pages: 298-301

Cite this Article: Yu Yu Nwe Oo , Myat Chaw Su , Kay Thi Kyaw , "EXTRACTION AND DETERMINATION OF CHLOROPHYLL CONTENT FROM MICROALGAE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 298-301 #ijarp


BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA FOR GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS: THE WAY FORWARD.

Authors: IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY, EZEANYIM, UCHECHUKWU ELIZABETH

Abstracts: Basic Education for global competitiveness, should be the type of education that would be given to the citizenry (learners) to enable them acquire knowledge, skills, and work experience that are desirable to solve such global challenges as climate change, poverty, insecurity, ecology and economy. Unfortunately, the potentials of the basic education programme to fulfill these responsibilities is always challenged by poor funding, poor planning, inadequate infrastructure and instructional facilities. This paper therefore, tried to examine some of these challenges together with the strategies embark upon by the Federal Government of Nigeria in making Basic education globally competitive. Recommendations were made ,among which include that the Government Agencies in charge of Basic Education programme should review and include in the curriculum some elements of global challenges such as climate change, poverty, insecurity, among other things.

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Pages: 304-307

Cite this Article: IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY, EZEANYIM, UCHECHUKWU ELIZABETH , "BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA FOR GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS: THE WAY FORWARD.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 304-307 #ijarp


SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESOPOROUS SILICA USED AS CATALYST IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION

Authors: THIN THIN HLAING, THAR HTAT KYAW, THIDA KYAW, MIN MIN HTIKE

Abstracts: Synthesis and characterization of silica nanoparticles were investigated. Cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide (CTAB) was used as a templating agent for the preparation of mesoporous silica materials starting from sodium silicate solutions using a sol-gel method. Sodium silicate was used as the silica source. The morphology and size of silica nanoparticles was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Amorphous silica nanoparticle was characterized by Wide Angle XRD. The SEM images of the silica nanoparticles are pherical like aggregates was formed. But these samples have pore structure by TEM image and the size of nanoparticles is above 200 nm and the pore size is in the range 2 to 50 nm. The synthesized silica nanoparticles were used as catalyst in Biodiesel production by tranesterification method. The yield percentage of biodiesel produced by using silica nanoparticles is higher than without silica nanoparticles.

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Pages: 308-313

Cite this Article: Thin Thin Hlaing, Thar Htat Kyaw, Thida Kyaw, Min Min Htike , "SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MESOPOROUS SILICA USED AS CATALYST IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 308-313 #ijarp


EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES ON RAT BRAIN CONTENT OF MOOD REGULATING NEUROTRANSMITTERS

Authors: ABDEL-HAMID, NM, EL-SHAER, SS , GAD, A

Abstracts: The anti-depressant value of lithium on rat brain tissue was studied at different treatment periods to explore its impact on brain neurotransmitters related to mood disorders (dopamine and histamine) ,precursors with further highlighting on minerals implicated in their synthesis (magnesium and calcium). We examined a therapeutic dose (75 mg/kg/d) on four groups of rats, 6/each, grouped according to duration into, control group; given saline (group 1), acute study group; given single dose, left for 2 hours (group 2), sub-acute study group; given a dose each 3 days for 2 weeks (group 3) and a chronic study group; given a dose each 3 days for a month (group 4). Brain content of dopamine and histamine was significantly decreased on acute treatment, but increased for dopamine and decreased for histamine after 2 weeks while it flipped for each of them after one month of administration. Gama aminobutyrate (GABA), glycine and histidine were significantly decreased after each period of treatment while phenyl alanine was significantly decreased only after a month of treatment. These changes occurred with increased magnesium and decreased calcium brain content on both acute and sub-acute treatment. Brain content of both of them was decreased on chronic treatment. These actions reveal that lithium has a remarkable effect on brain neuronal function which probably postulates an interesting impact of lithium treatment in shifting amino acids and needed minerals in direction of improving the mood, through neurotransmission homeostasis. List of abbreviations: 5HT: serotonin; AA: arachidonic acid; Ach: acetylcholine; AD: Alzheimer disease; BD: bipolar disorder; BDNF: brain-derived neurotrophic factor; cAMP: cyclic adenosine monophosphate; Cdk5: cyclin-dependent kinase 5; ER: endoplasmic reticulum; GABA: gamma-Aminobutyric acid; GSK3: Glycogen synthase kinase 3; HDAC: Histone deacetylase; IL-1β: Interleukin 1 beta; IL-6: Interleukin 6; IP3: inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate; NMDA: N-methyl-D-aspartic acid; PAI-1: plasminogen activatorinhibitor-1; PD: Parkinson's disease; SNc: substantianigra pars compacta; TBARS: Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor alpha.

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Pages: 314-322

Cite this Article: Abdel-Hamid, NM, El-Shaer, SS , Gad, A , "EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES ON RAT BRAIN CONTENT OF MOOD REGULATING NEUROTRANSMITTERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 314-322 #ijarp


ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AS AN IMPERATIVE TO THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS’ CONTENT

Authors: OTUU OBINNA OGBONNIA

Abstracts: This study looked at various Artificial Intelligence systems in Education and coined the concept of Classroom Robotic Assistant (CRA) which is an expert system that helps in the delivery of lessons and Instructional Materials content in classrooms. It observed that the forms of Educational Technology applied in Nigerian classrooms are medieval; and advocated for modern enlightenment on the delivery of Instructional Materials content. Available studies have concentrated on the impact of ICT and Expert systems on academic performance of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Education without considering the practical use of Artificial Intelligence systems on the performance of teachers’ duties. Instructional materials are not readily updated in any prescribed knowledgebase and cheaply available for the students to procure; and the periods used by Teachers to deliver the materials to students are constrained by human factors of weakness, time and expertise. Therefore the key issue is the application of Artificial Intelligence as a substitute for tutoring, especially when the teacher is sick, tired or not available to deliver his course contents. The approach of the study was descriptive and data were gathered from related secondary sources through content analysis of relevant documents.

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Pages: 323-327

Cite this Article: Otuu Obinna Ogbonnia , "ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AS AN IMPERATIVE TO THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS’ CONTENT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 323-327 #ijarp


THE EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS SOURCES ON NODULATION AND DRY MATTER YIELD OF PIGEONPEA (CAJANUS CAJAN) (L) MILLIP).

Authors: YANQUOI H, ABEKOE K M, ALI M

Abstracts: Phosphorus (P) is an essential element which has been identified as a major plant nutrient that limits nitrogen (N2) fixation in legumes. Different sources of water soluble P have been used to increase growth, nodulation and N2 fixation in legumes , but there is inadequate information on the effect of phosphate rocks (PRs) on the growth, nodulation, and N2 fixation of pigeonpea. In this study, Togo rock phosphate (TRP), and water soluble triple superphosphate (TSP) were used to test the effect of P application on dry matter yield and nodulation of pigeonpea. The objectives of the study were to (i) compare Togo rock phosphate with Triple super phosphate with respect to: dry matter yield and nodulation of pigeonpea using two soil series (Toje and Bumbi), (ii) assess the rate of phosphorus application for maximum dry matter yield and nodulation in pigeonpea and (iii) compare the agronomic effectiveness of the two P sources in a green house experiment. The study was carried out in pots with phosphorus application rates of 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 kg P/ha and pigeonpea was used as a test crop. The plants were grown and harvested 6 weeks after planting. The shoots were analyzed for dry matter yield and phosphorus uptake and root nodule numbers were counted and weighed. The relative agronomic effectiveness (RAE) of the Togo rock phosphate was calculated using the dry matter yield and P uptake at 120 kg P/ha application rate. The results of the pot experiment showed that the dry matter yield (DMY) of the pigeonpea crop increased consistently from 0-P kg/ha to 120 kg P/ha and decreased at 150 kg P/ha in both soils. The DMY, nodule numbers and weight in the Toje soil series were significantly higher than in the Bumbi soil despite the relatively higher fertility status of the Bumbi soil series (p < 0.05). This suggests that soil fertility is not the only parameter to be considered for growth and development of crops. For soil productivity, both the chemical and the physical properties are equally important since they both contribute to the root development and exploration for nutrients and water in the soil. Dry matter yield, nodule numbers and weight of the pigeonpea obtained in the TSP treatments were significantly higher than those of the Togo rock phosphate treatments. The agronomic effectiveness of the TRP in the two soils showed that in the Toje soil series, the RAE was 27 % and in the Bumbi soil series, it was 18 % that of the TSP. This could be attributed to the fact that the Togo rock phosphate did not dissolve adequately well to supply the needed P to the pigeonpea during the six weeks growing period.

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Pages: 328-342

Cite this Article: Yanquoi H, Abekoe K M, Ali M , "THE EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS SOURCES ON NODULATION AND DRY MATTER YIELD OF PIGEONPEA (CAJANUS CAJAN) (L) MILLIP).", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 328-342 #ijarp


CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF FORESTATION AND IMPACTS ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF RURAL COMMUNITY OF THE WORLD

Authors: IMAD UR RAHMAN, NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: The study was carried out in 2017 and major objectives were to examine the critical review on past literature of forestation while to see the impacts on socio-economic conditions of rural community of different countries of the world. Total 23 studies were selected for the critical review and twenty times the studies were reviewed and regarding objectives data were collected from the past literature and analyzed. The critical review indicates that forestation increase the number of trees in the world which further improve ecosystem which positively affect every living organism and give benefits to human society such as increase their daily income and play key role in human livelihood. However deforestation destroy the ecosystem and affect human life adversely in the long run, such as increase carbon dioxide and deplete the ozone and create different diseases in human being as well as in plants and animals while creates changes in the climate which affect cropping pattern. Deforestation makes soil erosion which decrease fertility of the land and decrease per acre production while also speed up the wave of flood in the area. On the basis of results the study finally recommend that deforestation control by government is essential; Balance cutting of the wood by government and community is requested. Tree plantation by farmers on their farms for keeping balance is required. Monitoring team check and balance is required because to take action in proper time. Forestation program by government is requested. Best seedling and credit provision in time to farmers by government is required. Awareness program about deforestation in the world is requested. Industrial waste material cleanness is required for protection of environment. Love with tree is required by nation. Good policy preparation for forestation by government is requested.

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Pages: 343-349

Cite this Article: Imad ur Rahman, Naushad Khan , "CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF FORESTATION AND IMPACTS ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF RURAL COMMUNITY OF THE WORLD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 343-349 #ijarp


REGULATIONS ON STARTING A BUSINESS IN FIRST- AND SECOND-CLASS MUNICIPALITIES IN BATANGAS

Authors: DR. TEODORICA G. ANI

Abstracts: Good governance is particularly important for businesses. Transaction costs are lower when regulations are simple, transparent and predictable. In order to promote private sector growth, many economies have directed considerable resources toward simplifying the business registration process. The study aimed to assess the regulations on starting a business in terms of procedures, time, and cost. Also, it aims to determine significant difference on the assessments of entrepreneurs on regulations of starting a business in first and second class municipalities in Batangas. The study used descriptive research and self-constructed questionnaire. Respondents were 363 newly-registered businesses in 11 first- and 5 in second-class municipalities in Batangas. Entrepreneurs of first and second class municipalities assessed that there is ease on regulations on starting a business in terms of procedure, time, and cost. Also, entrepreneurs showed no significant differences on their assessment on regulations on starting a business in first and second class municipalities.

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Pages: 350-355

Cite this Article: Dr. Teodorica G. Ani , "REGULATIONS ON STARTING A BUSINESS IN FIRST- AND SECOND-CLASS MUNICIPALITIES IN BATANGAS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 350-355 #ijarp


PRINCIPALS’ HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES FOR ENHANCING STAFF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: NNEBEDUM CHIDI , AKINFOLARIN AKINWALE VICTOR

Abstracts: Unsatisfactory performance of secondary school students in external examinations in Oyo State seems to suggest lapses in principals’ application of human capital development practices especially in the areas of training and mentoring of teachers to enhance instructional delivery. This unpleasant state of affair necessitated the researchers to investigate principals’ human capital development practices for enhancing staff personnel administration in secondary schools in Oyo State. Two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The study population comprised all the principals and teachers in government owned secondary schools in Oyo State. The researchers adopted a proportionate stratified sampling technique to draw 94 principals and 588 teachers. Two version of the researchers developed instrument titled ‘‘Principals’ Human Capital Development Practices Questionnaire (PHCDPQ)’’ were used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts comprising two lecturers from the Department of Educational Management and Policy, and the other a specialist in Measurement and Evaluation all from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The reliability of the instrument were ascertained using Cronbach Alpha and the co-efficient obtained for cluster, I and II of principals’ version were .86 and .89 respectively while the co-efficient obtained for cluster, I and II of teachers version were .83 and .85 respectively. The administration of the instruments was done by the researchers together with ten research assistants who were briefed on what to do. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses. The results of the study showed among others that principals have not adequately employed training practices for enhancing staff personnel administration in secondary schools in Oyo State. It also revealed that there is no significant difference in the mean ratings of principals and teachers on principals’ mentoring practices for enhancing staff personnel administration in secondary schools in Oyo State. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that government should provide annual grants for principals to sponsor teachers workshops, seminars and conferences in order to enable them update their skills and knowledge on current issues and also help them adapt to innovation in educational practices. Conclusion was drawn.

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Pages: 356-361

Cite this Article: Nnebedum Chidi , Akinfolarin Akinwale Victor , "PRINCIPALS’ HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES FOR ENHANCING STAFF PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 356-361 #ijarp


SYNTHESIS OF POLYANILINE SUBSTITUTED DYES AND THE STUDY OF THEIR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

Authors: J OBADAHUN, K.A. BELLO, A.A KOGO, A.A. ABDELMALIK, B AYEBE, P.L. PASCALINA, ZUBAIR.H.S

Abstracts: Polyaniline substituted azo dyes were synthesized from polyaniline obtained by oxidative polymerization of aniline and different azo dyes obtained from 2-aminothiophene intermediates. Four different polyaniline substituted dyes were synthesized and there molecular weight ranges from 58,044-58,128g/mol. The melting point was observed to span from 286°C-319°C. The FT-IR bands of polyaniline substituted dyes showed absorption peaks in the range 3213.0-3242.8cm-1 due to the presence of an amino group, the benzenoid and quinoid rings for all the polyaniline substituted dyes showed in the range 1461-1487cm-1 and 1543-1595cm-1 respectively while the carbon nitrogen single bond (C-N) absorption were found in the range 1263.6-1285cm-1. The electrical conductivity measurements were obtained by employing a standard process using a programmable LCR meter at a frequency range of 200-100000Hz and the result was determined for polyaniline to be 5.957 x 10-3 S m-1. Thus electrical conductivity of synthesized dyes were observed to be within the range of 10-7-10-8 S m-1 while polyaniline substituted dyes lies within the range of 10-2-10-4 S m-1. The electrical conductivity of the dyes and polyanaline substituted dyes lies within the range of electrical conductivity for semiconductor which is between 10 12 102 S m-1.

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Pages: 362-368

Cite this Article: J Obadahun, K.A. Bello, A.A Kogo, A.A. Abdelmalik, B Ayebe, P.L. Pascalina, Zubair.H.S  , "SYNTHESIS OF POLYANILINE SUBSTITUTED DYES AND THE STUDY OF THEIR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 362-368 #ijarp


COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON GRAHAM GLASS CONDENSING MODEL TYPES “AS” AND “BS” FOR EXTRACTION OF NATURAL DYES FROM LAWSONIA INERMIS

Authors: JEKADA J.Z., GONAH C. M.,, GARKIDA A. D.,, LADAM Z

Abstracts: This study was undertaken with a view to investigating the effect of the number of bulbs on the performance Graham outer jacket glass condensers. AutoCAD was used to design Graham condensers varying the number of bulbs from one to ten (1-10) on the outer jacket; while maintaining the following specifications: outer bulbs size of θ48 mm, distance from bulb to bulb 18mm,inner tube length θ 9/679 mm, outer tube length θ 40/720, outlets and inlets θ 9/1.5 mm and the length of quick fit 84 mm. Ten (10) assorted pieces of each type “As” and “Bs” of this modified structures of Graham condensing models were fabricated. For types “As” Graham condensers, the outlet and inlet tubes were joined to their jackets while for the type “Bs” Graham models, the outlet and the inlet tubes were joined directly to their inner tubes. The performance of these condensers were evaluated using extraction protocol involving leave of lawsonia inermis (natural dye) acetone used as solvent. Results of extraction obtained showed types “As”Graham condensing models gave the highest yield of crude extracts of 43.00% and types “Bs” condensing models with 7 bulbs yielded 41.35%.

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Pages: 369-373

Cite this Article: Jekada J.Z., Gonah C. M.,, Garkida A. D.,, Ladam Z , "COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON GRAHAM GLASS CONDENSING MODEL TYPES “AS” AND “BS” FOR EXTRACTION OF NATURAL DYES FROM LAWSONIA INERMIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 369-373 #ijarp


ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURE OF UNION OF FUZZY SUB-TRIGROUPS AND FUZZY SUB–NGROUPS

Authors: N. DURAIMANICKAM, N. DEEPICA

Abstracts: In this paper, the definitions of union of Fuzzy subsets, Fuzzy subgroup, properties and union of Fuzzy subgroups.Some characteristic description and a kind of representation of the fuzzy sub-trigroup with respect to operation addition are Introduced.Fuzzy sub-trigroup,union of fuzzy trigroups is proved with examples.

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Pages: 374-378

Cite this Article: N. Duraimanickam, N. Deepica , "ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURE OF UNION OF FUZZY SUB-TRIGROUPS AND FUZZY SUB–NGROUPS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 374-378 #ijarp


PRODUCTION AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF IMITATION YOGHURT FROM BLENDS OF COW MILK AND CASHEWNUT MILK (ANACADIUM OCIDENTALE)

Authors: OLATIDOYE, O.P, SOBOWALE, S.S, OGUNDIPE, O.O, ADEBAYO-OYETORO, A.O, AKINWANDE, F.F

Abstracts: In recent years, research efforts in the developing countries have been geared towards the improvement of protein quality of foods using blends of legumes and edible nuts which is considered a nutritionally balanced product. The present study was aimed at finding local substitute for cow milk based with high protein content of a well-balanced amino acid composition and high digestibility using cashew nut milk. Yoghurt samples were produced from blends of cashew nut milk and cow milk using Streptococcus thermophillus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus as starter cultures. Ratio of cashew nut milk to cow milk was 90%:10%; 80%:20%; 70%:30%; 60%:40%, 50%:50% and 100% whole cow milk as control and were subjected to proximate, physico-chemical, mineral, microbiological and organoleptic assessment. The result of chemical analysis revealed that the most acceptable yoghurt was sample B(90;10%; whole cow milk: cashewnut milk) with moisture content, of 86.67±0.01%, protein contents, 3.25±0.02%, ash content,0.44±0.04%, fat content, 3.18±0.01%, lactose,6.77±0.02% which compares well with standard yoghurt. Also, the value of TTA, 1.36±0.001%, pH, 4.40±0.001, sugar level, 18.31±0.001% and relative density, 1.017±0.001. Yoghurt produced from whole cow milk did not differ organoleptically (p>0.05) from those produced cashew nut and cow milk in all quality attributes (appearance, mouth feel, taste and overall acceptability) but differ significantly ((p<0.05) and microbiological examination revealed a tolerable level for all the samples. This study has shown that it is feasible to produce acceptable and affordable yoghurt-like product from cashew nut and cow milk which could be of economic significance since cow milk is relatively expensive and highly perishable

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Pages: 379-385

Cite this Article: Olatidoye, O.P, Sobowale, S.S, Ogundipe, O.O, Adebayo-Oyetoro, A.O, Akinwande, F.F  , "PRODUCTION AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF IMITATION YOGHURT FROM BLENDS OF COW MILK AND CASHEWNUT MILK (ANACADIUM OCIDENTALE)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 379-385 #ijarp


ASSESSMENT OF POULTRY PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN TEGEDE DISTRICT, NORTH GONDAR ZONE, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA

Authors: WORKU AZANAW

Abstracts: The study was conducted from January to May 2017 to assess the poultry production practices in three rural kebeles located in Tegede district North Gondar Zone,North West Ethiopia. Three rural kebeles were purposively selected based on their potentiality of chicken production, accessibility of the kebele’s, area coverage and representativeness for the study areas. 30 households were purposively selected from the three kebeles for the survey part of the study and information were collected by using questionnaires from a total of 30 households. The study revealed that the objectives of keeping chicken were for income generation (51.3%), household consumption (46.7%) and hatching and rearing of chickens for replacement of flock (2%). The overall average flock size of respondent farmers in the study area was 17.9 chickens per household for local chicken and less than 5 cross-breed chickens per household. The major source of chicken for parent stock is market purchase (56.7%). The results of the study showed that the dominant chicken production system in the study area is an extensive type (83.3%). The average age of local village chicken at first egg laying was 6.3 months. The average egg production per hen per clutch of local hens, under existing farmer management condition, was 14.7. The number of clutch periods recorded per year was 4 giving a total of 58.7 per hen per year. The majority of farmers were housed their chickens by sharing the same room with perch (59%). The rest 30% and 11% respondents were used different shelter in the same room with the families and separate building house respectively.The major supplementary feed sources of chicken were obtained from their house (94.7%) and purchase from market (5.3%).The major water sources for chickens in the study area are pond and deep well water (39%) and river water (36.7%). Majority of the respondents (60%) experience daily cleaning of watering trough and others in varying times per week and depending on the conditions.The most widely used types of watering troughs in the study area were part of plastic equipments (43.3%), broken part of clay (30%), Purchased watering trough (3.3%) and other types (23.3%). The most important constraints of poultry production in the study villages were disease outbreak (26%) and predators (23.3%) were the first and second main constraints that devastating chicken productivity in the study areas. However, shortage of supplementary feed (20.3%) was the third village chicken production constraint in all study kebeles whereas credit access (17.8%) and animal health and extension service (12.7%) were the fourth and fifth most important chicken production constraints in the study area.

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Pages: 386-394

Cite this Article: Worku Azanaw , "ASSESSMENT OF POULTRY PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN TEGEDE DISTRICT, NORTH GONDAR ZONE, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 386-394 #ijarp


EFFECT OF HIGH LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES ON RAT BRAIN CONTENT OF SOME NEUROTRANSMITTERS

Authors: NABIL M. ABDEL-HAMID, AL-SAFFAR, MA, FAWZY, MA

Abstracts: We pursued the effect of high doses of lithium carbonate on rat brain neurotransmitters and their precursors, with spot on needed minerals for their synthesis at different periods. The use of high doses of anti depressants, was reported without reference advice, we tried toxic doses (150 mg/kg/d) on four groups of rats, 6/each. They were randomly recruited into, a control group, given only saline by same volume and duration (group 1), acute study, given a single dose, for 2 hours (group 2), sub-acute study group, given a dose each 3 days for 2 weeks (group 3) and a chronic study group, given dose each 3 days for a month (group 4). Brain content of ɣ- aminobutyrate (GABA), glycine, histamine precursor (histidine), dopamine precursors (tyrosine and phenyl alanine), were significantly decreased after 2 hours, 2 weeks and one month of administration, possibly assuming a role of lithium in depression management, with dual role in conversion of these amino acids into protein to maintain tissue integrity. These pathways, may explore better understanding for lithium actions with a non-harmful action of large doses at brain tissue level, apart from extra cranial tissues.

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Pages: 395-400

Cite this Article: Nabil M. Abdel-Hamid, Al-Saffar, MA, Fawzy, MA , "EFFECT OF HIGH LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES ON RAT BRAIN CONTENT OF SOME NEUROTRANSMITTERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 395-400 #ijarp


APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN ENVIRONMENT, IN CASE OF BIODEGRADATION POTENTIAL OF BACTERIAL ISOLATES FROM TANNERY EFFLUENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM

Authors: BUZAYEHU DESISA

Abstracts: Chromium is important metal due to its high corrosion resistance and hardness. The trivalent chromium (Cr (III)) is required in trace amounts for sugar and lipid metabolism in humans and its deficiency causes disease. But, due to environmental pollution caused as a result of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) is a highly toxic metal pollutant that affects the environment and is abundantly available in the environment and has toxicity and harmful effect on living system and its cleanup is highly essential such as contaminants contained hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI). To alleviate such problems by applying essential microorganisms were easily degradable by naturally occurring bacteria and the isolated one. Considering its potential for hazardous toxicity and exposure, Cr(VI) has been designated as a priority pollutant in many countries. Chromium (VI) is toxic and harmful to human health, mainly for the people who are working in industries where Cr(VI) is widely used. Therefore, this review article was initiated to study the application of isolated bacterial culture as biological tool for hexavalent chromium removal from tannery industry waste water and investigated to degrade Chromium (VI) and clean up the environments.

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Pages: 401-407

Cite this Article: Buzayehu Desisa , "APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN ENVIRONMENT, IN CASE OF BIODEGRADATION POTENTIAL OF BACTERIAL ISOLATES FROM TANNERY EFFLUENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 401-407 #ijarp


NOVEL NEUROPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES IN RAT BRAIN TISSUE DURING DIFFERENT TREATMENT INTERVALS

Authors: NABIL M. ABDEL-HAMID, SHEREEN S. EL SHAER, AMANY M. GAD

Abstracts: Amino acids are either neurotransmitters or precursors for neurotransmitters. This study aims to investigate the effect of therapeutic dose of lithium carbonate (75 mg/kg) on brain free amino acids thought to contribute in psychotic disorders and declare its effect on phosphate buffer insoluble protein fraction in rat brain at different treatment periods. Phosphate buffer insoluble protein fraction was chosen, being the more stable part of tissue protein. Four groups of rats, 6/each were recruited, randomly assorted into, a control group, given saline, acute study group, given single dose, left for 2 hours, sub-acute study group, given a dose each 3 days for 2 weeks and a chronic study group, given a dose each 3 days for a month. Brain content of l free amino acids; ɣ- aminobutyrate (GABA), aspartate, glutamate, glycine, phenyl alanine, tryptophan, branched chain amino acids and proline was significantly decreased on acute, sub-acute and chronic administration, while hydroxyl and dibasic amino acids were increased. Concomitantly, increased phosphate buffer-insoluble protein fraction after two hours of administration, decreasing to normal level after a month of therapy. These actions indicate an anabolic and neuroprotective impact of lithium on brain tissue with amelioration of nitrogen balance, activated amidation, hydroxylation and peptidases. These pathways, possibly published for the first time, elucidating a novel therapeutic prospect of lithium in psychotic disorders. Increasing a more stable fraction of tissue protein (phosphate-buffer insoluble), is a novel contribution to lithium tissue stabilization in affective disorders.

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Pages: 408-415

Cite this Article: Nabil M. Abdel-Hamid, Shereen S. El Shaer, Amany M. Gad , "NOVEL NEUROPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF THERAPEUTIC LITHIUM CARBONATE DOSES IN RAT BRAIN TISSUE DURING DIFFERENT TREATMENT INTERVALS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 408-415 #ijarp


GENERALIZED FACTORIANGULAR NUMBERS AND FACTORIANGULAR TRIANGLES

Authors: ROMER C. CASTILLO

Abstracts: A factoriangular number is defined as the sum of corresponding factorial and triangular number. This paper aims to generalize this number as sum of any factorial and any triangular number and explore such generalization. This study is a basic research in number theory that uses mathematical exposition and exploration. The generalized factoriangular number is of the form , where is the factorial of a natural number and is the triangular number. When , the sum is an ordinary factoriangular number. A consequence of the generalization is the creation of interesting Pascal-like triangles that are hereby called factoriangular triangles and formation of their corresponding integer sequences. Generalized factoriangular numbers and factoriangular triangles can be utilized as recreational mathematics for students. Further generalizations of factoriangular number and expositions on factoriangular triangles can be done next.

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Pages: 416-418

Cite this Article: Romer C. Castillo , "GENERALIZED FACTORIANGULAR NUMBERS AND FACTORIANGULAR TRIANGLES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 416-418 #ijarp


CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS TO PROMOTE MALE CIRCUMCISION UPTAKE IN MIDDLE AND LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: REVIEW

Authors: JACQUES LUKENZE TAMUZI , JONATHAN LUKUSA TSHIMWANGA , LEY MUYAYA MUYAYA , ESPERANCE MUSANDA MANWANA

Abstracts: Background: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces female-to-male HIV transmission by approximately 60% and is a recommended HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV prevalence and low levels of male circumcision. Mathematical models have illustrated that VMMC scale-up across Sub-Saharan Africa could prevent up to 6 million new HIV infections and 3 million deaths by 2025. Compared to the epidemic impact of scaling up ART to 90-90-90 levels, VMMC scale-up demonstrated additional reductions in HIV incidence and lower long-term annual program costs in models applied to several Sub-Saharan African countries. Therefore, low income countries are facing several challenges among which economic factors such as lost wages and opportunity costs of time are likely to be important barriers for VMMC uptake. Conditional cash transfers have shown its efficacy in many studies conducting low and middle countries where economic factors are impacting negatively on VMMC. Objectives: to assess the effectiveness of cash transfers to improve voluntary medical male circumcision. Methods: We searched eligible studies through each database from January 2017 to April 2017. We used the key words added with Boolean operators to search studies. The following databases were assessed: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, CINAHL and Web of Science (WOS). We also searched ongoing RCTs through: ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov/) and World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) search portal (apps.who.int/trialsearch/). We included randomized control trials that evaluated the impact of conditional cash transfers on male circumcision. All included studies were selected in low and middle income countries. JT identified studies through different database. JT and LM independently assessed eligible studies that met inclusion criteria. We used the statistical package RevMan 5.3 provided by Cochrane. As heterogeneity among included studies was not important, we conducted meta-analysis. We reported the typical (if at least two trials were included) odds ratio. All values were reported with their 95% CIs. Results : the main result has shown that conditional cash transfer was 4.78 times more likely to improve VMMC compared to the control group (OR 4.78 95%CI 4.17 to 5.48, 6286 participants, 6 studies, P< 0.00001). Heterogeneity: Chi² = 8.97, df = 5 (P = 0.11); I² = 44%. The evidence was graded high. Conclusion: based on the results, we can conclude that conditional cash transfer is beneficial in improving VMMC. The quality of evidence was judged high so this review could play an important role in VMMC policy in middle and low income countries.

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Pages: 419-426

Cite this Article: Jacques Lukenze Tamuzi , Jonathan Lukusa Tshimwanga , Ley Muyaya Muyaya , Esperance Musanda Manwana , "CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS TO PROMOTE MALE CIRCUMCISION UPTAKE IN MIDDLE AND LOW INCOME COUNTRIES: REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 419-426 #ijarp


THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCHOOL DISTANCE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OVIA NORTH-EAST LGA, EDO STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: EBINUM, UDOKA STANLEY , AKAMAGUNE, NELLY EMMANUEL, UGBONG, BENEDICT IGBOH

Abstracts: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between school distance and academic achievement of primary school pupils in Ovia North-East LGA. As a guide to this study, four research questions as well as three hypotheses were tested the correlational research design was adopted for this study. The population of the study comprised all primary schools in Ovia North-East LGA. There are one hundred and one primary schools out of which twenty schools (20%) were sampled using the random sampling technique and one hundred teachers were used as sample for the study. The research instrument was a structured questionnaire on relationship between school distance and academic achievement of primary school pupils (S.D.A.A.Q). The reliability of the instrument was established through the use of test re-test method. The collected data were analyzed using simple percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) statistic was used in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument was trial tested in Uselu primary school, Egor Local Government Area in Edo State using 20 teachers. The reliability coefficient was 0.86. The findings of the study revealed that: pupils in Ovia North-East LGA covered long distance to school; there is significant relationship between school distance and academic achievement of primary school pupils; there is a relationship between school distance and academic achievement of male primary school pupils While for the female, there is no significant relationship between school distance and academic achievement. It was thus recommended that primary schools should be located in different strategic locations in the Local Government Area to reduce the distance covered by the pupils. Alternatively, school buses should be made available to convey the pupils to and from schools to overcome the problem of late coming and tiredness on the part of the pupils thereby by enhancing their academic achievement. Parents and guardians should locate schools closer to their place of residence so as to prevent the pupils from walking long distance to schools which may reduce the level of their academic achievement. Furthermore, the Government should ensure that the available primary schools are made conducive for effective learning so as to improve the academic achievement of the pupils. Again, pupils should be motivated as well as reinforced on regular basis to encourage them to attend school regularly.

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Pages: 427-435

Cite this Article: Ebinum, Udoka Stanley , Akamagune, Nelly Emmanuel, Ugbong, Benedict Igboh , "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCHOOL DISTANCE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OVIA NORTH-EAST LGA, EDO STATE, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 427-435 #ijarp


DIMINISHING ROAD ACCIDENTS ON SHARP CURVES USING ARDUINO

Authors: RANGA SREEDHAR GALLA

Abstracts: The basic aim of this system is to reduce accidents on hilly and slippery roads. In curve roads the other road end of vehicle cannot seen by driver. At night time accidents may happens by intensity of head light from opposite side of vehicles. Also, the light intensity problem occurs both curved roads and mountain roads, Thousands of people lose their lives. The solution for this problem is alerting the driver about the vehicle coming from opposite side. This is done by keeping an ultrasonic sensor in one side of the road before the curve and keeping a LED light after the curve, so that if vehicle comes from one end of the curve sensor senses and LED light glows at the opposite side.

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Pages: 436-439

Cite this Article: RANGA SREEDHAR GALLA , "DIMINISHING ROAD ACCIDENTS ON SHARP CURVES USING ARDUINO", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 436-439 #ijarp


SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATION OF HETEROCYCLIC DISPERSE AND ACID DYES DERIVED FROM 2-AMINOTHIOPHENE AND CONVENTIONAL AMINES AS THE DIAZO COMPONENTS

Authors: AGHO, O.B, NKEONYE, P.O, KOGO, A.A, ENYERIBE C.C, OBADAHUN J, IDOKO G.O.

Abstracts: Heterocyclic disperse and acid dyes of low molecular weights derived from 2-aminothiophene and conventional amines as diazo components were successfully synthesized. The identity of these dyes and intermediate were investigated using spectroscopic analysis such as Uv-visible spectrometry, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry and GC-MS. The 2-aminothiophene intermediate and heterocyclic disperse dyes were synthesized using the method of Alaa and Tarek (2006) and the molar mass of the synthesized intermediate was 257 while that of the synthesized dyes ranges from 305 to 586 respectively. All the synthesized dyes absorbed within the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum but the heterocyclic disperse dyes were more bathochromic than those of the conventional azo acid dyes. The dyes gave good exhaustion ranging from 70 % to 85 % on polyester fibre and chrome tanned leather. The dyes gave deep pink to orange shades on dyed substrates and exhibited good to excellent wash fastness properties and moderate to good light fastness on the dyed substrates.

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Pages: 440-447

Cite this Article: Agho, O.B, Nkeonye, P.O, Kogo, A.A, Enyeribe C.C, Obadahun J, Idoko G.O. , "SYNTHESIS AND APPLICATION OF HETEROCYCLIC DISPERSE AND ACID DYES DERIVED FROM 2-AMINOTHIOPHENE AND CONVENTIONAL AMINES AS THE DIAZO COMPONENTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 440-447 #ijarp


REVIEW PAPER ON BREEDING DURUM WHEAT (TRITICUM TURGIDUM L. VAR. DURUM) FOR QUALITY TRAITS

Authors: HABTAMU ALEMU

Abstracts: Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) is the only tetraploid species of wheat of commercial importance that is widely cultivated today. Durum wheat (Triticum turgi¬dum durum, 2n = 4x = 28, genome AABB) has long remained an important food resource for human diets. It is used in different parts of the world for several food products, such as pasta, couscous, unleavened bread, bulgur, and mote, among others. It is preferred for the production of pasta or macaroni products; mainly because of its elevated level of yellow pigments and appropriate protein and gluten characteristics. It has been well established in durum wheat that protein quantity and gluten quality are widely responsible for the so-called al dente pasta cooking characteristics, whereas yellow pigments are effective on the color of pasta products. Even though durum wheat grain is used to produce various products, the acceptability of a variety is greatly influenced by its quality characteristics.

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Pages: 448-455

Cite this Article: Habtamu Alemu , "REVIEW PAPER ON BREEDING DURUM WHEAT (TRITICUM TURGIDUM L. VAR. DURUM) FOR QUALITY TRAITS ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 5, November 2017 Edition, 448-455 #ijarp