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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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EFFECT OF FERTILIZER AND GENOTYPE ON CROP QUALITY AND PROFITABILITY OF GROUNDNUT IN MOROGORO, TANZANIA

Authors: H.T. NYUMA, C.L. RWEYEMAMU, J.S. FAYIAH

Abstracts: Soil degradation has adverse effects on the growth, development and yield, hence quality and profitability of agricultural produce, as such, appropriate utilization of fertilizer resources could enhance crop yield, thus quality and profitability of crops. This study focused on the contribution of fertilizer and genotype to some nutritional qualities and profitability of groundnut in an experiment laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) at the Sokoine University of Agriculture Morogoro, Tanzania with three improved groundnut genotypes (Mangaka, Masasi and Pendo) using Minjingu mazao and DiAmmonium Phosphate as sources of Calcium and Phosphorus,respectively. Data was subjected to ANOVA using GENSTAT 14th software and means separation were made using Least Significant Difference (LSD) at 5% significance level. Results from the study showed significant influence of fertilizer and groundnut genotype on crop quality and profitability. Genotype x fertilizer interactions showed significant effect of calcium on kernel size, protein and oil contents of all genotypes, whereas the application of phosphorus significantly influenced yield and profitability. A value cost ratio (VCR) of >2.0 as obtained from the study is an indication that sustainable fertilizers use could enhance crop quality, hence profitability of groundnut. Further research involving fertilizer treatment combination in multi-locational trials, as well as other nutritional parameters of groundnut crop are suggested to determine specific recommendations for calcium and phosphorus as sustainable nutrient supply contribute to higher productivity of groundnut is crucial to curtailing nutrition security and farmers’ income.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: H.T. Nyuma, C.L. Rweyemamu, J.S. Fayiah , "EFFECT OF FERTILIZER AND GENOTYPE ON CROP QUALITY AND PROFITABILITY OF GROUNDNUT IN MOROGORO, TANZANIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH LOWER BACK PAIN AMONG ADULT PATIENTS AT SELECTED HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ADAMA TOWN, ETHIOPIA

Authors: ALEM DEKSISA, SILESHI GAROMA, WORKU DUGASA

Abstracts: Background: Lower back pain is a very common health problem worldwide and a major cause of disability - affecting performance at work and general well-being. Lower back pain affects people of all ages, from children to the elderly, and is a very frequent reason for medical consultations. Studying the risk factors for the development of low back pain will help in reducing the occurrence of back pain. The aim of this study is to assess factors associated with lower back pain among clients from selected health institutions in Adama town, Oromia region, Ethiopia, from Feb to March 2018. Methods: A case-control study design was employed. This study was conducted in selected health institutions of Adama town. The sample size comprised 150 cases and 150 controls. Data were collected by trained data collectors using interview-administered questionnaire. The collected data was cleaned and entered into Epi- info version 7, exported and analyzed using SPSS version 20. In the analysis process, the frequency distribution of variables was calculated. Binary logistic regression analysis with odds ratio of 95 % confidence interval was used to assess the association between independent and dependent variables. Independent variables with P _value of <0.25 was considered a candidate for the multiple logistic regression model. Results: A total of 300 respondents were included in this study. The median age of cases was 30 years (Inter-quartile range of 21-39) and, for controls 30 years (Inter-quartile range of 21-38). Respondents categorized in the age group of 15-24 years old were 97% less likely to develop lower back pain (AOR 0.07: 95% CI, 0.01-0.87). The odds of presenting with LBP among patients with BMI score of 20-25 and walking at least 1 day per week for 60 minutes during 5 working days were preventive factors (AOR 0.21: 95% CI, 0.09-0.51) and (AOR 0.18: 95% CI, 0.06-0.59), respectively. Arthritis was a risk factor for Lower Back Pain (AOR 55.79: 95% CI, 21.87-142.31). Conclusions: age group of 15-24, normal BMI, walking at least one day per week for 60 minutes and having arthritis were the independent predictors of Lower Back Pain. The medical workforce and managers should give emphasis to one of the Non-Communicable Diseases, LBP.

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Pages: 6-11

Cite this Article: Alem Deksisa, Sileshi Garoma, Worku Dugasa , "FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH LOWER BACK PAIN AMONG ADULT PATIENTS AT SELECTED HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ADAMA TOWN, ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 6-11 #ijarporg


PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ON THE MOBILE PHONE USAGE IN THE CLASSROOM

Authors: SEVERA B. PAGCALIWAGAN, RANDY M. BAJA

Abstracts: At present time, mobile phone is widely used as medium of communication. People around the globe from all walks of life started using mobile not just for calling but more importantly for texting, getting information, using as thesaurus dictionary, conducting business, among others. For students, it is mostly being used to look for the correct spelling, pronunciation, grammar, among others. Many people possess more than one mobile phone for business purposes or personal purpose. Mobile phones can be useful in the educational process. Sometimes students look for some information from the internet, or harness it for an instant information. It is like a part of our life. Today, the impact of mobile phones on the lives of students and teachers could not be ignored. Though it is useful in many ways, it has also harmful effects as well. Teachers and students use mobile phones on their daily activities, likewise in the classroom. Most often than not, they use it as a form of instructional material in teaching and learning process. Both derive advantages and disadvantages benefits from it. No one cannot live without it because it is anybody’s contact, navigator, time teller, entertainment, and life itself. There are two sides of the coin: constructive and destructive. For constructive, mobile phones consume most of our time, whether in calling, texting, studying, playing games or social networking. Some of the results improve the performance of students in the classroom.Another advantage of mobile phones is that it has made internet more accessible and affordable than ever before, thus, giving people a voice on the internet. Mobile phones easily promote collaborative and different types of learning through their wireless connection to the internet. On the destructive side, mobile phones when used by students in the classroom can create noise, distract other students’ listening powers to the lecture. Modesty aside, these can make students cheat, weaken the students’ mental capabilities, and increase the students’ dependence on them. However, they perceive something in common and differ in some concerns in using mobile in classroom. It uses the mean, weighted mean, to compute the average of the responses on the perceptions of teachers and students. While Independent T-Test is used to determine the results or the average of all indicators or items of the teachers and students. The perception of students and teachers towards mobile usage in the classroom showed that both mean scores fall in the category of Agree. That is, they are totally amenable on the items given.However, the perception of teachers towards mobile phone usage in the classroom showed that both have Uncertain verbal interpretation. Comparing the mean scores between the two universities, it revealed that there is no significant difference between the two groups. Although, the result revealed a failure mark, there were items which both groups accepted and agreed.

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Pages: 12-17

Cite this Article: Severa B. Pagcaliwagan, Randy M. Baja , "PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ON THE MOBILE PHONE USAGE IN THE CLASSROOM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 12-17 #ijarporg


EFFECT OF CONCEPT MAPPING ON LEARNER ACHIEVEMENT ON MOLE CONCEPT

Authors: KASOMPO DAMASO, ASIANA BANDA

Abstracts: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of concept mapping on learner achievement on mole concept. Participants comprised 80 grade 11 learners, 38 male and 42 female, at a government co-education secondary school in Kabwe district of Zambia. The study adopted a pretest-posttest counter balanced quasi-experiment research design. Two classes were randomly selected to participate in the study. The classes were then randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. The learners in the experimental group were instructed with the integration of concept mapping while those in the control group were instructed without integrating concept mapping. Both groups were taught the same content on mole concept. Data were analysed using independent sample t-test and descriptive statistics computed from the collected data using SPSS. Results show that there was a significant difference in the mean scores of the experimental (M= 53.37) and control (M=36.51) groups, t (63.208) = -4.109, p = .000, α = .05 two tailed for the first posttest and t (78) = 2.163, p = .034, α = .05 two tailed for the second posttest. The results indicate that those instructed with concept mapping did better than those instructed without concept mapping. The result also reveal that both males and females benefited from concept mapping and its impact is not gender dependent.

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Pages: 18-26

Cite this Article: Kasompo Damaso, Asiana Banda , "EFFECT OF CONCEPT MAPPING ON LEARNER ACHIEVEMENT ON MOLE CONCEPT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 18-26 #ijarporg


LEARNING ACTION CELL IMPLEMENTATION IN THE PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF CAVITE

Authors: ROCHELLE C. BINAUHAN

Abstracts: Learning action cell as quality learning circle for teacher takes a big part in the lives of teachers as it promotes professional development, with the end goal of improving the teachers teaching skills and pupils’ performance inside the classroom. This endeavor empowers them to become agents of change, able to meet both local needs alongside national agenda wherein teachers are active constructors of their own knowledge as they facilitate and share ideas with the group. The difficulties encountered by the Elementary School Teachers in implementing the Learning Action Cell propelled the researcher to conduct a descriptive research where a research-made questionnaire was the main data gathering instrument complemented by interviews and focus group discussion. Respondents were 375 elementary school teachers and 164 school heads. One sample t- test was employed in treating the gathered data. Moreover, percentage was used in the acquisition of the average responses of teachers when grouped according to profile variable, on the readiness of public elementary school teachers and implementers in the conduct of LAC session, while f test was able to establish significant relationship between the profile variables of public elementary school teachers and school heads in the conduct of learning action cell implementation. As revealed in the study, teachers and implementers performed their task well in the learning action cell implementation either as a LAC leader, facilitator, documenter, resources person, or even as member, it also revealed that teachers and implementers were great in the different indicators relative to Kto12 basic education program such as learner diversity and student inclusion, teaching content and pedagogy, assessment and reporting, curriculum contextualization, localization and indigenization, more importantly the research proved that teachers and implementers possess the skills relative to 21st century, they can be identified as 21st century teachers and implementers for 21st century learners. There was a significant difference in the assessment of roles of the teachers and implementers in their role in the conduct of the learning action cell. Moreover, the study proposed different activities to intensify the integration of the 21st century in the conduct of the implementation. The results proved the effectiveness of the conduct of the learning action cell in the different schools in the province of Cavite, with the end in view of developing competent teachers to provide quality learning outcomes among learners. The results suggested the continuous conduct of the Learning Action Cell, considering the proposed activities to intensify the 21st century skills integration while assigning each of the members of the LAC team in doing different roles to stretch out their expertise. Considerably, other researchers may conduct a related study with different set of respondents.

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Pages: 27-33

Cite this Article: Rochelle C. Binauhan , "LEARNING ACTION CELL IMPLEMENTATION IN THE PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF CAVITE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 27-33 #ijarporg


IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL-BASED READING PROGRAM IN THE DIVISION OF LUCENA CITY

Authors: MARILYN A. MERTO

Abstracts: This study aimed to examine the implementation of the school-based reading program in the Division of Lucena City. Specifically, it determined the performance of the grades 2 to 6 pupils in Phil-IRI, the extent of implementation of the school-based reading program, the difference in the assessment between the two groups of respondents, and the extent of stakeholder’s engagement in the program with an end view of proposing a Technical Assistance for SBRP. The descriptive method of research was utilized in this study where a research-made questionnaire was the main data gathering instrument complemented by interviews and focus group discussion. Respondents were 301 elementary school teachers and 43 school heads. Weighted mean, and t – test was utilized as statistical tools to treat the gathered data. Results revealed that the grade 2 to 6 pupils’ performance in Phil IRI from the school year 2016 to 2018 in the Division of Lucena City is generally categorized as frustration. The school-based reading program in the Division of Lucena City is moderately implemented. The school heads and the teachers have relatively the same assessment of the SBRP. The stakeholders moderately engage in the implementation of the SBRP. The proposed technical assistance for SBRP containing prioritized needs, gaps, alternative strategies, specific tasks and activities, time frame, and the resources was the output of this study. Based on the findings and conclusions drawn from the collected data, the researcher recommended that the Technical Assistance for SBRP be endorsed to the superintendent for initial implementation. Further and continued improvement on the aims of the program, teaching techniques, learning assessment strategies, intervention tasks, and monitoring and evaluation processes could be reinforced for the sustained implementation of school-based reading program. Engagement of the stakeholders could be further strengthened through constantly involving them in the implementation. Follow-up and similar studies may be conducted to explore other aspects of the implementation of school-based reading program.

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Pages: 34-41

Cite this Article: Marilyn A. Merto , "IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOOL-BASED READING PROGRAM IN THE DIVISION OF LUCENA CITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 34-41 #ijarporg


PHYSICAL WELLNESS PROGRAMS IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LUCENA CITY

Authors: HAZEL T. ABANTO

Abstracts: The study aimed at determining the implementation of the Physical wellness Programs in Public Elementary Schools in the Division of Lucena City. The subject of the study were the three hundred one (301) public elementary teachers and forty three (43) school heads in the division of Lucena City. Descriptive method of research was utilized in this study wherein interview and focus group discussion were used as instruments in data gathering. Results revealed that the school heads and the teachers are mostly under the age bracket of 36-45, females married, have bachelor’s degree and served for 6-10 years. The Physical wellness programs in the Division of Lucena City was moderately implemented. There is no significant difference on the assessment of school heads and teachers. The assessment of the implementation of the Physical Wellness Programs of the teachers and school heads differed in relation to their age, and civil status, length of service and between the school heads and the teachers in relation to sources of awareness, and civil status in relation to supervision while relatively similar when grouped as to sex, educational attainment, civil status in relation to the resources and processes, length of service and between school heads and teachers assessment in relation to supervision, resources and processes. The issues and problems associated with the implementation of the Physical Wellness programs referred to the physical fitness equipment and funding to provide materials and necessities to realize the program. The output of the study is a proposed Balanced Physical Wellness Program for Public Elementary Schools.

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Pages: 42-52

Cite this Article: Hazel T. Abanto , "PHYSICAL WELLNESS PROGRAMS IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN THE DIVISION OF LUCENA CITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 42-52 #ijarporg


INFLUENCE OF DIGESTS (FERTILIZERS) ON CERTAIN PARAMETERS AGRONOMIC AND BIOCHEMICAL OF BEANS (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) IN FARANAH (REPUBLIC OF GUINEA)

Authors: BARRY IBRAHIMA, BARRY ALPHA OUMAR SADIO, KEITA MAMBY, DIALLO SARA BAILO, ANSOUMANE SAKOUVOGUI

Abstracts: The results of this study, the vegetative cycle of the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) ranges from 60 to 65 days, the average height of the plants (45 cm). The digestate of Dinguiraye as a fertilizer on the number of pods by plant (23.45), followed respectively by Dabola and Faranah is 22.30 and 16.60. The number of control pods is 17.25 which is close to the average of the four values of 19.90. Faranah (3.65), Dinguiraye (3.55), Dabola (3.40) and control (2.75), with an average of 3.34 seeds per pod. Dabola digestate provided the largest weight of 1000 seeds compared to Faranah digestate at 546 g and 382 g, respectively, and the other digests gave intermediate values, with an average of 423.5. The high yield was provided by the Dinguiraye digestate (2.01 t/ha). That of Dabola (1.98 t/ha). The control gave a lower yield of 1.43 t/ha. Moisture content in the seeds grown according to the origin of the fertilizers (digests) have a value of 7.77% for Dalaba to 8.38% for Dinguiraye, with an average of 8,09%. The dry matter levels are relatively equal for an average of 91.92%. Protein levels ranged from 12.80% for the control to 15.40% for Dinguiraye, the overall average is 14.32%. The fat and mineral levels are respectively 2.91% to 3.70% and 3.43% to 3.85%, with the following materials: fat (3.12%) and mineral matter (3%). 65%). The crude fiber levels are relatively close, with an average of 16.30%. This experimental study on the use of different digestive states (Faranah, Dabola and Dinguiraye) is like a soil amendment, influenced by some agronomic and biochemical parameters of the bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).

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Pages: 53-58

Cite this Article: BARRY Ibrahima, BARRY Alpha Oumar Sadio, KEITA Mamby, DIALLO Sara Bailo, Ansoumane SAKOUVOGUI  , "INFLUENCE OF DIGESTS (FERTILIZERS) ON CERTAIN PARAMETERS AGRONOMIC AND BIOCHEMICAL OF BEANS (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L.) IN FARANAH (REPUBLIC OF GUINEA)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 53-58 #ijarporg


COMPARATIVE OF THE GROWTH & SURVIVAL RATES OF GENETICALLY IMPROVED FARMED TILAPIA (GIFT) USING FORMULATED SWEET POTATO GRANULES & COMMERCIAL FEEDS

Authors: RESTI TITO H. VILLARINO

Abstracts: Background: The issue caused by the amino acids from the costly fish feed in the growth of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia is the incredible cost of fish feeds. The study's aim is to look for an alternative & cheap fish feed. The research identified Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) growth & survival rates in the HAPA using formulated sweet potato granules & commercial feeds for 60 days as basis for the development of a Technology Guide. The experiment method has been used in the research. Results: The findings showed that the three formulated feeds have lower protein (20.33, 19.3, & 19.6) yet with higher fat (24.1, 15.69, & 10.72) than the commercial (24.1%, 3%). The initial & final weight in grams, length in centimeters & width in centimeters were highest on T1 then followed by T2 & T3. It was with the use of T1 which proved to be an effective feed. Conclusion: The ingredients utilized in the feed formulations are possible substitution of fish feed & the advancement of its usage is commendable.

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Pages: 59-63

Cite this Article: Resti Tito H. Villarino  , "COMPARATIVE OF THE GROWTH & SURVIVAL RATES OF GENETICALLY IMPROVED FARMED TILAPIA (GIFT) USING FORMULATED SWEET POTATO GRANULES & COMMERCIAL FEEDS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 59-63 #ijarporg


THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MARRIAGE AGE MATURING (PUP) PROGRAM AT HULU SUNGAI SELATAN (HSS) DISTRICT

Authors: RISWAN ERFA, ACEP SUPRIADI, TAUFIK ARBAIN

Abstracts: Data on the age of husband and wife who married at the age of less than twenty years in the HSS District indeed showed a fairly high number. In 2016 the number of marriages whose brides under the age of 20 was in the range of 34.76% of the 1,389 marriages, in 2017 was in the range of 27.78% of the 1,598 marriages, and in 2018 which ranged in 31.75% of the 1,140 marriages. The child marriage age rate which is still high becomes a problem because the HSS District government has made one of the efforts, namely the Marriage Age Maturing Program (PUP). This paper explains the implementation of the PUP program through qualitative research methods. The results of this study aim to place the authority of the implementation of the PUP program to the Department of Population Control, Family Planning, Women's Empowerment and Child Protection (PPKBPPPA) of the HSS District is appropriate because it is in accordance with its duties and functions. Implementation of the program is carried out through the formulation of the derivate program from the policies that have been put on it. The PUP program has not been fully implemented successfully in the HSS District if viewed from the indicators of success which requires the proportion of EFAs whose wife age is below 20 years must be below 3.5%. The selection of target groups is generally good, but the interventions given to target groups are not yet fully optimal because they have not been able to provide the power or ability to target groups to be able to mature the marriage age. Furthermore, based on A Model of the Policy Implementation, the implementation of the PUP program in the District of Hulu Sungai Selatan has not been able to meet all the variables needed to support the success of the PUP program.

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Pages: 64-72

Cite this Article: Riswan Erfa, Acep Supriadi, Taufik Arbain , "THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MARRIAGE AGE MATURING (PUP) PROGRAM AT HULU SUNGAI SELATAN (HSS) DISTRICT", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 64-72 #ijarporg


INDUSTRIAL USES OF HIGHLAND BAMBOO IN SELECTED CITIES IN ETHIOPIA

Authors: SAIFU AMANUEL, ZHANG CAIHONG

Abstracts: Bamboo is an alternative construction material to substitute the declining supply of wood raw material in the construction sector and this study aimed to assess its amount and industrial use type in cottage and medium scale bamboo industries. The study was done in Injibara town and Addis Ababa city in Ethiopia; a snowballing sampling technique was used and both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from primary and secondary sources. Descriptive statistics showed that except the two medium-scale bamboo industries, most of the cottage scale bamboo furniture industries processed insignificant share of the country’s huge bamboo resources and this study also found that most of the cottage factories in the study areas used bamboo culms for classical furniture products such as sofa, chair, stool, table and shelf, bed, etc. whereas only two medium-scale bamboo industries used bamboo for advanced products such as boards and floorings.

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Pages: 73-77

Cite this Article: Saifu Amanuel, Zhang Caihong , "INDUSTRIAL USES OF HIGHLAND BAMBOO IN SELECTED CITIES IN ETHIOPIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 73-77 #ijarporg


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS AND ESSENTIAL OIL OF EUPHORBIA HETEROPHYLLA

Authors: WELLINGTON, E.O, PETERS, D. E, ONYEIKE, E.N.

Abstracts: Introduction: Medicinal plants are very rich in bioactive source of drugs of traditional system of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. E. heterophylla is widely used in folklore medicine for the treatment of several bacterial infections. In traditional system of medicine, aqueous extract or decoction of the leaves that is used to prepare food such as yam porridge or taken directly to "wash out the bowels" or as a purgative. Objective: To qualitatively and quantitatively determine the phytochemical and essential oil composition of the aerial parts of E. heterophylla. Methodology: Phytochemical and essential oil screening and quantification of the aerial parts of E. heterophylla were carried out using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC). Results: Phytochemicals characterized include 719.19mg/100g alkaloid (euphorbin-A and C), 376.20mg/100g flavonoid (quercitrin and myricitrin ), 139.80mg/100g saponin (sapogenin, and saponine), 80.60mg/100g glycoside (rutin and kaempferol-3-glucopyranoside), 33.93 sterol (sistosterol and campesterol), 25.32 phenolic acid (vanillic and protocatechuric acid), 19.32mg/100g isoflavan (daidzein and genistein), 6.11mg/100g anthocyanins (Cyaniding-3-(6,6’caffeonyl-p-hydroxybenzoylso and cyaniding-3-(6,6’dicaffeonylsophoroside)-5-glucos), 1.92mg/100g terpenoid (B-amyrin and clovandiol), 1.19mg/100g anthraquinones (2,3-dimethoxybenzoquinone and heterophylline), 1.72x10-1mg/100g lignan (seroisolariciresino and epipinoresinol) in decreasing order and 100% essential oil. Conclusion: The presence of these essential oil and phytochemical constituents in E. heterophylla could be responsible for the therapeutic activities elicited by the plant.

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Pages: 78-85

Cite this Article: Wellington, E.O, Peters, D. E, Onyeike, E.N. , "CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS AND ESSENTIAL OIL OF EUPHORBIA HETEROPHYLLA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 78-85 #ijarporg


THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEADERSHIP STYLES AND EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION IN THE GHANA AUDIT SERVICE.

Authors: QUARSHIE FENUKU

Abstracts: Leadership is one of the most broad studied subjects in academic and research circles, yet it is least understood, invoking complex debates and discussions. Scholars and theorists have spent considerable time to define and explain the purpose which leadership serves in business and other entities. This article presents the results on the relationship between leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional and Laissez-faire) and employee motivation in the Ghana Audit Service. Statistical analyses were done on data gathered from employees of the Ghana Audit Service in the Headquarters. It was realized from the study that there is a positive significant relationship between the leadership styles and employee motivation. The article presents the results of the study.

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Pages: 86-90

Cite this Article: Quarshie Fenuku , "THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEADERSHIP STYLES AND EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION IN THE GHANA AUDIT SERVICE.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 86-90 #ijarporg


A DEEP NEURAL NETWORK SOLUTION FOR MALIGNANT MELANOMA DETECTION

Authors: BISHWA RAJ POUDEL, BIBASH ADHIKARI, AMRIT KOIRALA, SUNIL DAHAL

Abstracts: This paper is an approach to predict the probability of an infected dermatoscopic image being cancerous (malignant melanoma) or not (benign) using learning power of Layered Convolutional Neural Network. Since the infected part of malignant highly resembles benign images, melanoma being the deadly fatal disease and confusion of dermatologists on differentiating malignant from benign easily has made this research a perfect application of machine learning to ease the field of Medical Science. Also, this research aims to propose computerized detection of malignant melanoma thereby preventing costly biopsy procedures that is otherwise done in clinic for diagnosing the disease. For this research, multiple architectures of layered neural network are designed, implemented and training is done by feeding those networks to around 13K dermatoscopic images using different training algorithms, multiple filters and tuning hyper-parameters in those algorithms to get the optimum result. 3 of the best performing milestone architectures with their hyper-parameter values and result analysis of those architectures is reflected in this paper. The best result we could achieve was with transfer learning using Google’s Inception-v3 which resulted out the staggering 94.02% of training accuracy and 89.73% of validation accuracy with f1-score of 0.81.

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Pages: 91-98

Cite this Article: Bishwa Raj Poudel, Bibash Adhikari, Amrit Koirala, Sunil Dahal , "A DEEP NEURAL NETWORK SOLUTION FOR MALIGNANT MELANOMA DETECTION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 91-98 #ijarporg


USING SATELLITE IMAGES TO IDENTIFY SALINITY INTRUSION FOR FOUR PROVINCES NEAR NORTHERN DELTA’S COASTLINE IN VIETNAM

Authors: KIEU QUOC LAP, NGO VAN GIOI

Abstracts: Using satellite data from the MODIS image to develop the salinity map of four coastal provinces in the Red River delta in Vietnam with the advantage of high resolution and large research area (2,330 km). However, the disadvantage of MODIS is less accuracy, especially for mild and moderate degraded lands. Using the method of measured directly by pH meter and experimented by ultrasonic spectrometer at Giao Thuy district, Nam Dinh province to compare with the interpretation results of the MODIS image. The results obtained (non-saline soil) is a similarity. However, when combined with remote sensing data only shown compatibility in qualitative terms (the closer of the sea the higher salinity level, the Southwest’s salinity tends to be higher than the Northeast) but there is no compatibility in quantitative terms. To determine this correlation, need more field data and other in-depth studies of both space and time.

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Pages: 99-101

Cite this Article: Kieu Quoc Lap, Ngo Van Gioi , "USING SATELLITE IMAGES TO IDENTIFY SALINITY INTRUSION FOR FOUR PROVINCES NEAR NORTHERN DELTA’S COASTLINE IN VIETNAM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 99-101 #ijarporg


SYSTEMATIC STUDY ON IMPACT OF SERVICE CHARACTERISTICS ON COST DRIVERS WITH REFERENCE TO TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES IN INDIA

Authors: DR. MEGHA MEHTA

Abstracts: This study assesses the impact of service characteristics, viz. intangibility, inseparability, heterogeneity, perishability, on cost drivers of telecommunications services firms operating in an environment of increasing competition and customer expectations. Referring value chain, four cost drivers of telecommunications service provisioning are identified, viz. operating, marketing, employee, and capital expenditure. Responses to questionnaire on impact of service characteristics, competition and customer expectations on cost drivers are analysed using factor analysis. The analysis resulted in five factors, identified as structural cost drivers, viz. service drivers, service design, service positioning, customer service, and service capacity. The structural cost drivers are then analyzed using structural equation modelling. A statistically significant relationship of ‘service drivers’ influencing ‘service design’ and ‘service positioning’, which in turn, affecting ‘customer service’ and ‘service capacity’ is observed. Observations and findings are summarised projecting service characteristics as leverage in creating value in an environment characterised by increasing competition and customer expectations.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 102-110

Cite this Article: Dr. Megha Mehta , "SYSTEMATIC STUDY ON IMPACT OF SERVICE CHARACTERISTICS ON COST DRIVERS WITH REFERENCE TO TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES IN INDIA ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 102-110 #ijarporg


AN APPROACH TOWARDS DESIGNING A PRESCRIPTIVE ANALYTICAL LOGIC MODEL FOR SOFTWARE APPLICATION ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS

Authors: HOO MENG WONG

Abstracts: Most of the business operations utilize software application heavily in today’s business world. Software application cannot afford to stop its functioning in the production environment during business hours. However, it is hard to restore the software application service without identifying the root cause. Software application error can occur either within the software application layer or any other factor outside the software application layer. With an enterprise level of software application, the complexity is high as it involves multiple tiers and many middleware are running in the environment. The root cause analysis of software application will be easily prolonged due to more than one log file required. The duration on restoring the software application service back to the users can be hard to determine whenever error is occurred. Therefore, the objective is to mitigate prolonging on conducting root cause analysis activity. Indeed to identify the root cause of software application error in a more accurate manner, and shorten the duration of root cause analysis activity conducting on software application error. A Prescriptive Analytical Logic Model incorporates with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is proposed. This logic model contributes a new knowledge in the area of log file analysis to shorten the total time spent on root cause analysis activity. At the same time it contributes the knowledge in AHP to close the knowledge gap.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 111-121

Cite this Article: Hoo Meng Wong , "AN APPROACH TOWARDS DESIGNING A PRESCRIPTIVE ANALYTICAL LOGIC MODEL FOR SOFTWARE APPLICATION ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 111-121 #ijarporg


IMPACT OF GOAL SETTING AND NOTE-TAKING ON CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING OF MOLE CONCEPT AMONG 11TH GRADERS AT BROADWAY SECONDARY SCHOOL, ZAMBIA

Authors: WEBBY MULUKA, PATRICK HAYUMBU, ASIANA BANDA

Abstracts: The study has a dual focus: to investigate variation in five dimensions of executive function skills namely working memory, planning, organisation, metacognition and flexible thinking abilities among 11th graders enrolled for science 5124 syllabus at Broadway Secondary School in Kabwe district of Zambia; and to investigate the impact of goal setting and note-taking (executive function skills instruction strategies) on conceptual understanding of mole concept among pupils with self-reported weak executive function skills. Quantitative data was collected using executive function skills inventory-student report and mole concept achievement tests. Results show that there is variation in the distribution of executive function skills among grade 11pupils enrolled for science 5124 syllabus at Broadway Secondary School. Results further show that pupils with self-reported weak executive function skills who had received training in goal setting and note-taking outperformed pupils with self-reported strong executive function skills who were not trained in goal setting and note-taking. Goal setting and note-taking show to have positive impact on conceptual understanding of threshold concepts such as mole concept on learners especially those with weak executive function skills.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 122-130

Cite this Article: Webby Muluka, Patrick Hayumbu, Asiana Banda , "IMPACT OF GOAL SETTING AND NOTE-TAKING ON CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING OF MOLE CONCEPT AMONG 11TH GRADERS AT BROADWAY SECONDARY SCHOOL, ZAMBIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/nov2019.html, Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition, 122-130 #ijarporg