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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF MAIZE VARIETIES TO REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION

Authors: DAVID M. MUSHIMIYIMANA , PROF. PETER A. KAMAU , DR. JOHN M. MUCHIRI

Abstracts: Given the many options that agriculture offers for the mitigation of rainfall inadequacy, a dry year should not mean that the farmers will harvest nothing. However, crop production under limited water requires careful juggling with all the available resources. One of such resources that call for careful decision making under those circumstances is the genotype to be grown. This study investigated the response of two maize varieties (DUMA 43 and KDV2) to regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) treatments in the Kenayan dry areas. The study consisted of fields experiments at Marimanti in Tharaka Nithi county and Isiolo in Isiolo county. Two regulated deficit irrigation treatments (deficit irrigation except during exponential growth stage (DIE) and deficit irrigation except during the reproductive stage (DIR)) were compared to two controls (full irrigation throughout the season (FI) and deficit irrigation throughout the season (DI)). The experimental design was RCBD replicated three times. Growth parameters measured were plant height from the ground to the flag leaf and plant diameter measured every 15 days from 30 days after sowing while yield indicators used were stand count, number of productive plants per plot, ear diameter and length, above ground biomass, grain yield, and harvest index. The data collected was summarized in MS Excel and analyzed using SPSS version 22 for ANOVA and post-hoc tests at α = 5%. DUMA 43 gave significantly higher average yield (2379.45 kg/ha) than KDV 2 (2117.59 kg/ha) and significantly higher values for ear diameter under DIE and FI; ear height under DI; above ground biomass under DIE, DIR, and FI; and harvest index under FI. However, DUMA 43 produced both the lowest water productivity (0.3137 kg/m3under DI) and the highest water productivity (0.5510 kg/m3 under DIE). The study concluded that RDI increases water productivity and DIE was recommended as a viable practice when water for irrigation is limited, especially when a variety of medium yield potential like DUMA 43 is grown.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: David M. Mushimiyimana , Prof. Peter A. Kamau , Dr. John M. Muchiri , "GROWTH AND YIELD RESPONSE OF MAIZE VARIETIES TO REGULATED DEFICIT IRRIGATION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 1-5 #ijarporg


ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATUS OF QUALITY OF WATER IN INDIA

Authors: NEHA PARVEEN, MD SAFIKUL ISLAM, MD NAWAJ SARIF, LUBNA SIDDIQUI, ABDUL QADIR

Abstracts: We need water to sustain life and thrive. Water flourishes the cities and civilizations across the world. Without safe and adequate supplies, our communities simply cannot bloom. Less than 1 % of all the water available on the earth are fresh that we can actually utilize. We use water for purposes like drinking, cleaning, transportation, industrial activities, agricultural practices and in various other tasks. A Country like India, which has a shape of the peninsula and it is surrounded by an abundance of water has 1121 BCM Average Estimated Utilizable Water. Though estimates vary, each person uses about 80-100 gallons of water per day. The Government at various levels is trying to provide safe drinking water to maximum households. Though safe drinking water is not completely safe and there are a number of households which even do not have access to safe drinking water and that is why people have to fetch water from untreated sites and this lead to water borne diseases. In India, every year million of cases registered due to water borne diseases and over thousands of deaths occurred. So, water must be accessible and carefully treated in order to make it safe for drinking and other uses. It is the responsibility of all the citizens to be aware of the importance of clean water and help to preserve it.

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Pages: 6-13

Cite this Article: Neha Parveen, Md Safikul Islam, Md Nawaj Sarif, Lubna Siddiqui, Abdul Qadir , "ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATUS OF QUALITY OF WATER IN INDIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 6-13 #ijarporg


DETECTION OF COMPONENT OF NIGELLA SATIVA BREEDS UNDER THE INDIA CLIMATE

Authors: MEENA CHOUREY, SHIVALI VERMA

Abstracts: This paper aims to provide information on experimental study on chromatographically activities of nigella sativa grows up in India climate when mixed with different aromatic solvent. Nigella Sativa commonly known as Black Cumin is an annual flowering plant found in India and Other Asian countries. It has been used for several years for curing many of the diseases because of its multiple medicinal properties. Nigella Sativa was mixed up with different aromatic compounds and found different un-saponifiable mixture. Afterwards these un-saponifiable mixtures were subjected to Thin Layer Chromatograph (TLC) examination. By using aluminium grade III material as absorbent for column chromatography, we get three compound in it name as NS-1,NS-2 and NS-3.The characterization of this components are done by the IR spectrum ,HNMR spectrum and mass spectrum . All the components show different properties.

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Pages: 14-16

Cite this Article: Meena chourey, Shivali Verma , "DETECTION OF COMPONENT OF NIGELLA SATIVA BREEDS UNDER THE INDIA CLIMATE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 14-16 #ijarporg


THE BETA-HALFNORMAL DISTRIBUTION AND ITS PROPERTIES

Authors: AKOMOLAFE.A.A, MARADESA.A

Abstracts: In this research, we consider certain results characterizing the generalization of Beta and Half Normal distribution through their distribution functions and asymptotic properties. The resulting Beta-HalfNormal Distribution [BHND] was defined and some of its properties like moment generating function, survival rate function, hazard rate function and cumulative distribution function were investigated. The distribution was found to generalize some known distributions thereby providing a great flexibility in modeling symmetric heavy tailed, skewed and bimodal distributions.

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Pages: 17-22

Cite this Article: AKOMOLAFE.A.A, MARADESA.A , "THE BETA-HALFNORMAL DISTRIBUTION AND ITS PROPERTIES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 17-22 #ijarporg


INVESTIGATING MANURE POTENTIALS ON ZOOPLANKTON PERFORMANCES AND WATER QUALITY IN CONCRETE POND CULTURE

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE, JOHN. U. OKUSHEMIYA

Abstracts: An inquiry on the blatant effectiveness of manure on zooplanktons and water quality in a concrete pond culture was reviewed within durations of twelve weeks. Zooplanktons were obtained using scooping net and water sample analysisdetermined using standard techniques. Result revealed a higher culture of zooplanktons using poultry manure than those from cow dungs: 10 zooplankton species belonging to Rotifera, Cladocera and Crustacea was recorded with Brachionuscalyciflorusand Brachionusleydigi, Miona spp. and Daphnia spp. the dominating species in both ponds exposed to treatment manures while Asplanchnaherricki, Bosmina spp. and Nauplius spp. were encountered less in both treatment exposures. Water from cultured ponds were well oxygenated (5. – 7.5 mg/l for cow dung tank &6.4 – 7.8 mg/l for poultry dropping tank) with extremely low BOD5 (0.93 – 1.75 mg/l in cow dung tank and 0.77 – 1.55 mg/l in poultry dropping tank) and slightly acidic-alkaline pH (6.4-7.5 in cow dung tank and 6.5 – 7.3 in poultry dropping tank). The high abundance of rotifers and crustaceans in both culture media shows that manure fosters zooplanktons growth and development and can supplement for fish meal.

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Pages: 23-29

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe, John. U. Okushemiya , "INVESTIGATING MANURE POTENTIALS ON ZOOPLANKTON PERFORMANCES AND WATER QUALITY IN CONCRETE POND CULTURE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 23-29 #ijarporg


CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE OF DIFFERENT FACTORS ROLE IN RICE PRODUCTIVITY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

Authors: AMJAD KAMAL, NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: Agriculture is the most important sector in the world economy and without this sector the survival of life is impossible. It consist of many branches while cropping sector is important sector of agriculture and provide staple food to half population of the world. Among crops rice play key role as stable food world widely. Seeing to its importance, scope and demand, the mentioned topic study was selected, to analyze the factors which affect production of rice in different region of the world. The universe of the study was different countries of the world, namely Pakistan, Chaina, Malaysia, Nipal, Cambodia, Uganda, Nigiria , Vetnam and Mexceco. On the basis of more rice production the mentioned countries were selected. On the availability of data, total 14 reviews of past literature were chosen for the study, such as Pakistan literature review number was 3, Chaina 3, Nepal 1 Malysia 1, Uganda 1, Nigeria 2, Vetnam 1, Cambodia 1 and Mexceco 1 respectively. Thoroughly the literature were reviewed 20 times, analyzed the data and reached to conclusion which factors affect rice productivity in the mentioned countries where the researcher have done the research on this crop. These all fourteen study show that modern technology, Credit, Soil condition, Climate, Plough, Water availability, Genetically improved seeds, Planting methods, Chemical and organic fertilizer application, Water availability, knowledge, plough by tractor, labor wages, better management of farm, land reforms and price etc are the factors which positively and negatively affect the production of the rice productivity in different angle in different countries. On the basis of finding the study recommend that without development of the farmer the development of the country is impossible, so it is requested to every government to provide credit according to their requirement to purchase inputs in time for enhancing rice productivity; Support and subsidized price is required for development of the farmers and encouragement by government; Free facilities are requested for their children for uplifting their education; Training workshop should be arranged for agriculture knowledge transformation to farmers for enhancement of rice production in the mentioned countries; Tight security and peace is required to farmers for high production of rice in the study area; Proper water system is required for rice production in mentioned countries of the world; Best research team in the world for rice production enhancement is necessary; Better University in rice sector and transporting system also play key role in the development of rice production etc

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Pages: 30-33

Cite this Article: Amjad Kamal, Naushad Khan , "CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE OF DIFFERENT FACTORS ROLE IN RICE PRODUCTIVITY IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 30-33 #ijarporg


PHYSIC-CHEMISTRY AND LITTORAL MACROINVERTEBRATE OF UMONI RIVER IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA.

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE, FRANCIS. O ARIMOROAND, CLEMENT. C OBI

Abstracts: Water use for various human activities is a very high prevalent and demanding pursuit in the world. Many rustic Nigerians fetch and consume waters without proper scrutiny. The study was directed at estimating the physic-chemistry of water and macro benthic invertebrate diversity of Umoni River. Macro benthic invertebrates were obtained using kick sampling techniques while water samples were detailed using standard methods of analysis. Results disclose that Annelida, Ephemeroptera and Coleoptera were preeminent consisting (27.00% and 16.13% respectively) of total abundance. Waters from Umu River were ethically oxygenated (4.3 - 6.1 mg/l), contained low BOD5 (1.6 – 3.1 mg/l) and had a controlled flow rate (0.22 – 0.36 m/s). All in all, 18 taxa in total were encountered from the 6 months sampling (February – July, 2017) with all macro benthos represented in all stations except Naucoris spp (Hemiptera species) and Hydrophilis spp. (Coleoptera species) not occurring in all sampled stations. The high incidence of Annelida, Ephemeroptera, Coleoptera, Diptera in abundance and no plecoptera and low abundance of Tricoptera (3.83%) indicates the waters of Umoni to be of moderately polluted.

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Pages: 34-44

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe, Francis. O Arimoroand, Clement. C Obi , "PHYSIC-CHEMISTRY AND LITTORAL MACROINVERTEBRATE OF UMONI RIVER IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 34-44 #ijarporg


ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN WATER SAMPLES FROM THE HYDRAULICALLY CONNECTED WATER SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN DELTA DEPOBELT, NIGERIA.

Authors: OCHELI AZUKA, AIGBADON GODWIN OKUMAGBE, OGBEOVIE BENJAMIN, OCHELI PAUL CHUKWUJINDU

Abstracts: The concentration of heavy metals in the water samples collected from the hydraulically connected water systems: rivers, hand dug wells and boreholes in Northern Delta Depobelt, Niger Delta, Nigeria were investigated using Atomic Absorption Spectrometric method. The samples were studied and analyzed for seven (7) heavy metals namely; Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Lead (Pb), Arsenic (As), and Chromium (Cr). The range concentrations of these heavy metals obtained in the water samples in mg/l are as follows: Zn(0.02- 1.3), Cd (0.001-0.006), Cu (0.03-0.96), Fe (008- 25.74), Pb (0.10-0.80), As(0.001-0.006) and Cr (0.03-0.20).The results obtained were compared with the recommended standards of the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) and Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), and it was found that Zn, Cd, Cu, As and Cr concentrations in all the water samples were below the recommended level set by WHO and FEPA for safe drinking water except Fe and Pb. These imply contaminated status for the water collected from these sampling communities on the bases of Fe and Pb concentrations. The habitual use of the water for drinking, domestic and industrial purposes by inhabitants has possible health hazards. The shale lithology underlying the area and the increase in the production of oil as well as the oil facilities in the area fasten the rate at which toxic heavy metals are dispersed to the water table by leachate. I recommend regular monitoring assessment in these host communities to ensure adherence of oil producing companies to existing environmental and water laws.

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Pages: 45-49

Cite this Article: Ocheli Azuka, Aigbadon Godwin Okumagbe, OgbeOvie Benjamin, Ocheli Paul Chukwujindu , "ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN WATER SAMPLES FROM THE HYDRAULICALLY CONNECTED WATER SYSTEMS IN NORTHERN DELTA DEPOBELT, NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 45-49 #ijarporg


WORK HABITS AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS IN THREE INDUSTRIAL SUB-SECTORS IN RIVERS STATE.

Authors: DON-BARIDAM LETAM

Abstracts: This study examined the relationship between work habits and entrepreneurial success. Using data from 65 entrepreneurs, randomly drawn from three industrial sectors - tailoring, furniture and water bottling, in Rivers State, the Spearman’s rank order correlation was used to measure the relationship between the components or proxies of the independent variable and the measures of the dependent variable, while the partial correlation analysis was used to measure the moderating role of organizational culture in the relationship between the independent and independent variables. The SPSS version 20 was employed for the analyses. Results indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship among all the dimensions of work habit (interpersonal leadership and creative cooperation) and the measures of entrepreneurial success (branch expansion and entrepreneurial satisfaction). It was also found that organizational culture moderated the hypothesized work habit-entrepreneurial success relationship. Based on the above findings, it was recommended that entrepreneurs that wish to be successful need to develop and sustain good habits through abstract thinking, disciplined life style and setting macro goals and micro quotas. Also, entrepreneurs need to sustain positive and supportive work cultures that enable collaborative work efforts by members of the organization.

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Pages: 50-57

Cite this Article: DON-BARIDAM LETAM , "WORK HABITS AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS IN THREE INDUSTRIAL SUB-SECTORS IN RIVERS STATE.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 50-57 #ijarporg


THE EFFECT OF MOBILE BANKING, SECURITY SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS AMONG CUSTOMERS’ PREFERENCE OF BANKS IN BAHRAIN

Authors: SAWSANABDULLATIF , VIKNESWARAN S/O MANUAL

Abstracts: Technology plays in important role in enhancing the performance of banks, by contributing to the reduction of operational risk and enhancing the operational efficiency. This study was aimed at developing a better understanding on the influence of security systems, information systems and mobile banking among customers’ preference for banks in Bahrain. Even though there are many past researchers that studied the factors effecting customer choice of banks, there has not been any study that focused on examining the influence of technology variables on customers’ preference of banks, specifically in Bahrain. The data collection was conducted by distribution of questionnaire and the total valid respondents were 204, while the data analysis method included t-test and ANOVA. The findings from this study were interesting, as both security systems and information systems impacted the choice of bank for customers in Bahrain, but mobile banking had no influence on customers’ preference. This could be justified with the lack of awareness and resistance to change from traditional banking to mobile banking among Bahraini customers’. Finally, the study suggested a few implications for local banks, Government of Bahrain, Central Bank of Bahrain and regulators to further improve bank customers’ satisfaction based on the study’s findings.

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Pages: 58-64

Cite this Article: SawsanAbdullatif , Vikneswaran S/o Manual , "THE EFFECT OF MOBILE BANKING, SECURITY SYSTEMS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS AMONG CUSTOMERS’ PREFERENCE OF BANKS IN BAHRAIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 58-64 #ijarporg


IMPLEMENTATION OF MICRO-TURBINE WITH HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM IN VEHICLE (BUS)

Authors: MD. ARMAN AREFIN, AVIJIT MALLIK

Abstracts: This paper portrays the usage of Micro-turbine with heat recovery system in Bus. Obviously micro-turbine system is presently a days drawing in awesome thoughtfulness regarding address clients issue and decrease of fuel utilization. Coagulation of heat recovery system builds the system efficiency. This system is much compelling in diminishment of fuel utilization in correlation with ordinary diesel and gas engine. The system which is given in this address conveys an series connection of the system.

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Pages: 65-67

Cite this Article: Md. Arman Arefin, Avijit Mallik , "IMPLEMENTATION OF MICRO-TURBINE WITH HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM IN VEHICLE (BUS)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 65-67 #ijarporg


IMPLEMENTATION OF ULTRACAPACITOR BASED STOP-START SYSTEM USING MICRO-HYBRID TECHNOLOGY IN THREE-WHEELER

Authors: MD. ARMAN AREFIN

Abstracts: Implementation of automatic Start/stop (SS) technology in a traveler vehicle is a financially savvy approach to enhance fuel economy (FE) and decrease outflows without influencing consumer acknowledgment. In urban ranges, where a great part of the vehicle driving time is spent sitting at stop lights or in traffic, the engine can be closed down when the vehicle is halted to spare fuel. The engine is rapidly and discreetly restarted as the driver requests torque for quickening. This working technique is regularly used in full hybrid electric vehicles that have intense electric systems; however, is ending up more well known in micro-hybrid vehicles that utilizes customary starter/battery configurations. In this paper the system has implemented in a Three-Wheeler where the regenerative braking and Stop-Start system of the Micro Hybrid system is operated by Ultracapacitor along with Traditional battery. The feasibility analysis of the vehicle is also discussed in this paper.

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Pages: 68-70

Cite this Article: Md. Arman Arefin , "IMPLEMENTATION OF ULTRACAPACITOR BASED STOP-START SYSTEM USING MICRO-HYBRID TECHNOLOGY IN THREE-WHEELER", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 68-70 #ijarporg


PHOTOCATALYSIS OF BASIC BLACK 2 (JANUS BLACK) DYE USING TITANIUM DIOXIDE DOPED WITH ZINC (ZN-TIO2)

Authors: AYEBE B, YELLING M, AMANA B.S, OBADAHUN J, PASCALINA P. L

Abstracts: Photo-catalysis of Basic Black 2 (Janus Black) dye was carried out to evaluate the Effect of Time, Metal load Concentration and Light source on the Photo-degradation of Basic Black 2 dye. The catalyst was synthesized by wet-impregnation of Zinc onto Titanium dioxide followed by calcinations at 5000C. The catalyst characterization results indicated that the synthesized TiO2 powder had a pure two phases of Anatase and Rutile structures. The level of mineralization of Basic Black 2 dyes was monitored by taking the absorbance of the dye solution before and after irradiation with the light source at an interval of 20 minutes. The results obtained as shown in Figure 5 and 7 indicated that the efficiency of Photo-degradation of Basic Black 2 dye was 99.92%, 95.94% and 74.46% using 1%, 3% and 5% Zn-TiO2 under Visible light and 98.22%, 97.46% and 73.61% using 1%, 3% and 5% Zn-TiO2 under UV light after irradiation for 80 Minutes respectively.

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Pages: 71-75

Cite this Article: Ayebe B, Yelling M, Amana B.S, Obadahun J, Pascalina P. L , "PHOTOCATALYSIS OF BASIC BLACK 2 (JANUS BLACK) DYE USING TITANIUM DIOXIDE DOPED WITH ZINC (ZN-TIO2)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 71-75 #ijarporg


AIR PASSENGER DEMAND MODEL (APDM): ECONOMETRIC MODEL FOR FORECASTING DEMAND IN PASSENGER AIR TRANSPORTS IN NEPAL

Authors: DIPAK PRASAD BASTOLA

Abstracts: The basic objective of this research paper is to develop an econometric model to estimate demand in passenger air transport, measured by the number of passengers carried. The research has been carried out in Nepali context. The initial assumption of this study is that the number of passengers carried in Nepali air transport (Y) depends on the number of tourist arrivals (TA) and the gross domestic product (GDP). The results are based on statistical methods of regression and correlation analysis. There are several factors affecting air travel demand, each factor is composed of elements which can stimulate or constrain air travel growth. For air travel demand analysis purpose, these factors are more conveniently classified into two broad groups: those external to the airline industry and those within the industry itself. The external environment includes those factors which are outside the control of the individual airline and even the entire airline industry. These are basically long range economic, social, demographic, and political trends, for example, the age and income distribution of its population, its ethnic and cultural ties to other nations. Similarly, short-term conditions such as inflation, interest rate and currency exchange rates can have a strong effect on the growth potential of both individual airlines and the total industry. The obtained insights could help airlines and managers of all airports in Nepal. Usually the air travel demand will be sensitive to ticket fare and passengers’ income. GDP is the one that is directly proportional to air passenger demand, if GDP is increase, people can travel aboard and air demand will increase. Similarly, if GDP of the country increase, because of good infrastructure tourist arrival will also increase. From this research model any countries passenger demand can be easily find out after knowing the GDP of that country. Hence this model is valuable tool for everyone who wants to do economic analysis of his country.

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Pages: 76-80

Cite this Article: Dipak Prasad Bastola , "AIR PASSENGER DEMAND MODEL (APDM): ECONOMETRIC MODEL FOR FORECASTING DEMAND IN PASSENGER AIR TRANSPORTS IN NEPAL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 76-80 #ijarporg


PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RECOMBINANT SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE PROTEIN EXPRESSED IN E.COLI

Authors: SUSHMA KUDARI, MURALI PATRANA

Abstracts: Superoxide dismutases are currently attracting enormous attention because of their biotechnological potential. Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme that catalyzes the dismutation of superoxide radicals (O2⁻) to H2O2 and water in cells. It was thus aimed in the present study to isolate gene for the Cu, Zn -superoxide dismutase (SOD) from the Bacillus cereus was cloned, characterized and expressed in the Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and the desired enzyme was purified. The SOD gene sequence obtained has an open reading frame of 540 bp and encodes 179 amino acid residues and estimated molecular size of 19.6 kDa. The SOD gene sequence was cloned into the pET 24a and pET 28a vector. The linearized DNA, digested with restriction enzymes Nde1 and BamH1, which was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The expressed SOD protein exhibited 46.2% inhibition. Non-His tagged SOD (pET 24a) showed fold purity of 8.18 by ammonium sulfate precipitation and also showed 48.5% inhibition at 60% saturation. His-tagged SOD (pET 28a) showed fold purity of 10.76 by Ni-affinity chromatography and showed 82.5% inhibition. The characterization of the purified SOD exhibited maximum activity at room temperature and at pH 7.4. This relatively simple purification method produced a single band on analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), which indicated that the SOD protein obtained attained to higher purity and specific activity.

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Pages: 81-83

Cite this Article: Sushma Kudari, Murali Patrana , "PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RECOMBINANT SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE PROTEIN EXPRESSED IN E.COLI", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 81-83 #ijarporg


A NON-LINEAR PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL ACCRETIVE OPERATOR IN A CLOSED, BOUNDED AND CONTINUOUS DOMAIN

Authors: O. ECHUDE, M. T. Y. KADZAI, A. A. ABUBAKAR

Abstracts: A non-linear parabolic partial differential equation is investigated in a closed, bounded and continuous domain by converting such an equation into an abstract Cauchy problem. Using some results established in Egwurube and Garba (2003), this operator is shown to be m-accretive thus establishing that this partial differential equation has a solution by the fundamental results of Browder (1967) on the theory of accretive operators.

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Pages: 84-87

Cite this Article: O. Echude, M. T. Y. Kadzai, A. A. Abubakar , "A NON-LINEAR PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL ACCRETIVE OPERATOR IN A CLOSED, BOUNDED AND CONTINUOUS DOMAIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 84-87 #ijarporg


PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION (PIH): EXPECTANT MOTHERS’ CARE SEEKING BEHAVIOR IN EKITI-STATE NIGERIA.

Authors: ADEOSUN FOLUKE O., AYORINDE MARGARET A., OGUNDELE SAMUEL B., ADEWOLE JOSEPHINE O.

Abstracts: In Nigeria, women frequently suffer the outcomes of serious hypertensive disorders in pregnancy that may lead to death. Delay in seeking care is a key contributor to worsening the complications of Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). This study therefore aimed at contributing to the available body of research on the knowledge and Health seeking behaviour among pregnant women (18 to 40 years) diagnosed with PIH in Ekiti-state, Nigeria. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire from pregnant women who have been diagnosed with PIH. Research findings show that the level of knowledge of pregnancy induced hypertension among expectant mothers aged 18 to 40 years with PIH complications in Ekiti-state Nigeria is so low (15%). Again, the rate at which they seek healthcare (15.8%), calls for urgent attention. In order to checkmate early complications of unmanaged PIH, maternal, foetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity; it is therefore recommended that appropriate health interventions and education programmes for the pregnant women with PIH should be designed by the government of Ekiti-State, Nigeria. For interventions to work, the knowledge gained via this study would sensitize midwives on knowledge needs of pregnant women with PIH previously unrealized thereby strengthening the quality of antenatal care education. In conclusion, there is a significant relationship between the level of knowledge of expectant mothers and the frequency at which they seek health care, the point at which they seek healthcare; as well as the alternative choices available to them.

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Pages: 88-93

Cite this Article: Adeosun Foluke O., Ayorinde Margaret A., Ogundele Samuel B., Adewole Josephine O.  , "PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION (PIH): EXPECTANT MOTHERS’ CARE SEEKING BEHAVIOR IN EKITI-STATE NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 88-93 #ijarporg


ANALYSIS OF PULMONARY HYDATID CYST FACTORS USING FUZZY LOGIC SYSTEM

Authors: OUAHAB ILHEM, BEHAR ABDELAZIZ, BOUHARATI KHAOULA, BOUAOUD SOUAD, HAMDI-CHERIF MOKHTAR

Abstracts: The diagnosis of the hydatic cyst is relatively easy. Medical treatment is often the most recommended. The aim of this study is to evaluate the management of hydatid cyst interventions in our department and to analyze the results of our work. The study concerns 90 cases treated at the level of the surgery department of the university hospital of Setif in Algeria. The study period spans seven years and four months. The study concerned the epidemiological aspect, the clinical aspect and the therapeutic aspect. The hydatid cyst of the lung is an endemic zoonosis in our country. Contact with dogs has been found in almost all of our patients. The lung is most affected after the liver. Although the hydatid cyst of the lung is the most common, it is necessary to look for localization in particular liver. The hydatid cyst of the lung evolves spontaneously towards complications. Surgery is the reference treatment. The results of our interventions are analyzed by a technique of artificial intelligence in particular the principles of the fuzzy inference in view of the complexity and the vagueness of the factors that intervene in the process.

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Pages: 94-98

Cite this Article: Ouahab Ilhem, Behar Abdelaziz, Bouharati Khaoula, Bouaoud Souad, Hamdi-Cherif Mokhtar , "ANALYSIS OF PULMONARY HYDATID CYST FACTORS USING FUZZY LOGIC SYSTEM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 94-98 #ijarporg


COMMUNITY MEMBERS’ KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR ON PRETERM BIRTH IN BAWKU MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA.

Authors: FRANCIS ABUGRI AKUM, DR THOMAS B. AZONGO

Abstracts: Neonatal mortality has remained astronomically high globally and most of these deaths are from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Preterm birth is associated with a higher risk of neonatal deaths and accounts for about 31% of neonatal deaths in Ghana. The objective of the study was to explore the perceived causes, knowledge and health-seeking behaviour of preterm birth among community members in Bawku Municipality of Ghana.A total of 11 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted with the following study participants: women groups (n = 6) and men groups (n = 5) making a total of 67 participants. In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) were also conducted for 50 participants comprising mothers of preterm newborns (n = 21), Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) (n = 9), Grandmothers of preterm babies (n = 13) and grandfathers of preterm babies (n = 7) using discussion guide.Recognition of preterm/baby included a baby born with gestational age less than 9 months, low weight (baby born with weight less than 2.50kg), frail and skinny, floppy, lack of eyelashes and nails, transparent body among others. Perceived causes were teenage pregnancies, unsafe abortions, weak sperms of men, prolonged use of family planning method, extra marital sex by the father and witchcraft. Severe signs or symptoms which pose the critical need for care seeking prompts parents/caregivers to seek health care for their preterm babies such as convulsions, lethargy, severe diarrhoea and vomiting, localized infections and refusal to suck.The study participants were able to recognise preterm babies with various descriptions and reiterated that prematurity was a major health challenge which needed holistic care. Most study participants are aware of some of the causes of preterm births but the belief in supernatural causes was pervasive. Stepping up a sustained health education campaign on preterm birth in health facilities and communities is therefore strongly recommended.

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Pages: 99-104

Cite this Article: Francis Abugri Akum, Dr Thomas B. Azongo , "COMMUNITY MEMBERS’ KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR ON PRETERM BIRTH IN BAWKU MUNICIPALITY OF GHANA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 99-104 #ijarporg


ASSESSMENT ON THE SERVICE QUALITY OF TAYTAY SA KAUSWAGAN, INC. (TSKI)

Authors: BENDALYN M. LANDICHO

Abstracts: Microfinance is the practice of providing credit, insurance, savings, and other financial services to very poor clients who are unable to avail of such services from traditional banks and insurance companies. Microfinance gives them the tools to start small businesses and generate income, to move up the economic ladder and become self-sufficient. Service quality is determined by what the customers perceive. Very often, companies define service quality apart from what the customers perceive of the quality. The purpose of this study is to assess the service quality of Taytay sa Kauswagan, Inc. To meet the purpose, the descriptive method was utilized in the study. The researcher conducted library research for research literature as well as the browsing the internet. Focus Group Discussion was also used to determine the problems met by TSKI clients. After the analysis of data gathered, the researcher came up with the following findings. Most of the respondents are female, ages 45 – 54 years of age, belong to family with 4-5 members, married, able to finish their secondary level of education, and have no job. All assessments being considered on service quality of MFIs using its dimensions are indicative of differences or negative gap scores implying that the expectations are not met by these MFIs in delivering quality service to their clients. The common problems of the MFI’s clients are related to the behavior of MFI employees and co-members, MFI facilities and policies. The researcher proposed an institutionalized customer service program that may intervene to upgrade the customer satisfaction of clients through service quality.

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Pages: 105-109

Cite this Article: Bendalyn M. Landicho , "ASSESSMENT ON THE SERVICE QUALITY OF TAYTAY SA KAUSWAGAN, INC. (TSKI) ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 105-109 #ijarporg


PROVENANCE, DIAGENESIS AND PALEOGEOGRAPHYOF THE LATE CRETACEOUS SEDIMENTS, BENIN FLANK (WESTERN ANAMBRA BASIN)NIGERIA.

Authors: OCHELI AZUKA, ANTHONY UWAOMA OKORO, OGBE OVIE BENJAMIN, AIGBADON GODWIN OKUMAGBE

Abstracts: Integrated textural, thin section, heavy mineral species and paloecocurrent study of Late Cretaceous rocks of the Benin Flank, Nigeria were used to determine textural characteristics, mineralogical composition, paleocurrent direction, provenance and diagenetic history of the rocks in the study area. Textural analysis revealed that the sandstones are of two source derivatives and texturally sub-mature.Thin section analysis revealed the sandstones of the study area to be quartz arenite, sublithic arenite and subarkosic arenite. Petrographic analysis revealed that the sandstones are mineralogically matured and provenance of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Paleocurrent analysis shows bimodal patterns with primary mode in the NE-SW direction and secondary mode in the E-W direction indicating sediment derivation from igneous and metamorphic rocks of the western Nigerian Basement Complex and uplifted Benue Trough. The sandstoneshave undergone compaction, cementation and authigenetic diagenetic change on the basis of mineralogical composition as well as reaching intermediate (Locomorphic) stage based on the corroded quartz grains.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 110-121

Cite this Article: Ocheli Azuka, Anthony Uwaoma Okoro, Ogbe Ovie Benjamin, Aigbadon Godwin Okumagbe , "PROVENANCE, DIAGENESIS AND PALEOGEOGRAPHYOF THE LATE CRETACEOUS SEDIMENTS, BENIN FLANK (WESTERN ANAMBRA BASIN)NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 110-121 #ijarporg


ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION OF DATA HIDING IN AUDIO SIGNAL USING LSB ALGORITHM

Authors: G.KALAIARASI, A.S.NARMADHA, J.NANDHINI

Abstracts: In this recent scenario everyone use multimedia for the conveyance of data. The data we transmit in those social Media should be confidential and highly secure. As the number of users increases the number of intruders also increases. The cryptography and steganography is used to ensure the security of data. Especially they are used in military and defense application to ensure the security. The data is hidden in the image in the existing system,but the data is not unconfined.In the proposed system the data is encrypted using akey based algorithmsusing Linear Feedback Shift Register(LFSR)and the encrypted data is covered in the audio signal using Least Significant Bit (LSB) algorithm in a prudent manner and the stego file is formed.The stego file consist of cover audio and encrypted data is transmitted the key produced during encryption is only known to the receive.Decryption is the inverse process of encryption from which the audio signal is extracted and the data is decrypted .Thus the encryption and Decryption have been made using Verilog Hardware Description Language and simulated using ModelSim.The synthesis designs were implemented in Quartus-II software.

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Pages: 122-125

Cite this Article: G.Kalaiarasi, A.S.Narmadha, J.Nandhini , "ENCRYPTION AND DECRYPTION OF DATA HIDING IN AUDIO SIGNAL USING LSB ALGORITHM", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 122-125 #ijarporg


DETERMINANT OF ACCESS TO IMPROVED LATRINE IN HISTORICAL CITY OF HARAR,EAST ETHIOPIA,2016.

Authors: SISAY YAMI GUDETA

Abstracts: Background: According to the WHO, there are an estimated 1.7-million cases of diarrheal disease in the world each year, with 780,000 children dying from diarrhea. In sub-Saharan Africa, about 644,000 people died from diarrhea in 2012. Still, the majority of urban community in Ethiopia lacks improved latrine facility. So, this study is initiated to identify the determinant of access to improved latrine in the historical city of Harar. Methods: Historical city of Harar is located at 525 km east of Addis Ababa. The study was from conducted from December 13-17/2016. The study design was cross sectional study and simple random sampling technique was employed to select 422 sample size. Training was provided for data collector and supervisors. Standardized and pretested questionnaire was used to ensure the quality of data. Ethical issues were properly managed in data collection. Data entry and analysis was executed using SPSS edition 20. Result: Those household living in house built in Italian regime was 4.836 times to access improved latrine than those household who lives in historical Harari houses(AOR=4.836,95% CI:1.143-20.456).Household with private water supply were 4.758 more likely to access improved latrine than who did not have private meter water supply(AOR=4.758,95% CI: 1.701-13.304) and government employee were 0.282 times less likely to access improved latrine than private employee(AOR=0.282,95% CI: 0.080-0.997). Conclusion: it was concluded that determinants of access to improved latrine in the Historical City of Harar were having private water supply, living in houses built in Italian regime and being government employee.

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Pages: 126-130

Cite this Article: Sisay Yami Gudeta , "DETERMINANT OF ACCESS TO IMPROVED LATRINE IN HISTORICAL CITY OF HARAR,EAST ETHIOPIA,2016.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 126-130 #ijarporg


TEACHERS’ KNOWLEDGE OF LABORATORY PRACTICALS, FREQUENCY OF STUDENT LABORATORY PRACTICES AND, THE CONDUCT OF PRACTICAL EXAMINATION IN TANZANIA; REFLECTION FROM STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND SCHOOL QUALITY ASSURANCE OFFICERS

Authors: REVELIAN R TIBYEHABWA, ARNOLD K FULMENT, GIDEON C SANGIWA, PROF. BAJARANG BALI LAL SRIVASTAVA

Abstracts: This study analyses the perceptions of students, teachers and school quality assurance officers on contemporary teachers’ knowledge of laboratory practicals, frequency of student laboratory practices and the conduct of practical examination in Tanzania secondary education. The study involved thirteen secondary schools located in urban and rural areas of Dodoma municipal, Tanzania with a sample of 194 science students from junior classes (form 3 and 4) and senior classes (form 5 & 6) whereas 31 Chemistry teachers and 7 school quality assurance officers interviewed were those found in place. Data were gathered using questionnaires, through interviews, focus group and key informants. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS and Excel packages, through factor analysis to obtain principal components as reduced but more meaningful variables. The study noted that teachers have low to moderate knowledge of lab practicals acquired through mentorship and individual efforts but they are unable to deliver practical lessons to the students’ satisfaction level, practicals in schools are performed prior regional (mock) and national examination, where performed practicals are based on few and repetitively known practically examined topics in the National Examination Council of Tanzania (NECTA) examination. However, most respondents thought laboratory practicals in schools is inadequately supported and motivated, and that an improved laboratory practices requires; alternation of examined topics in NECTA practical examination, availability of lab facilities in schools, regular and in-service teachers’ lab based training and availability of learning spaces in schools. Alternation of examined topics is meant to avoid prediction of examination topics toward NECTA examination and little involvement of teachers in students’ practicals towards final examination. This study significant contributes to the understanding of current state of science studies in secondary education.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 131-136

Cite this Article: Revelian R Tibyehabwa, Arnold K Fulment, Gideon C Sangiwa, Prof. Bajarang Bali Lal Srivastava , "TEACHERS’ KNOWLEDGE OF LABORATORY PRACTICALS, FREQUENCY OF STUDENT LABORATORY PRACTICES AND, THE CONDUCT OF PRACTICAL EXAMINATION IN TANZANIA; REFLECTION FROM STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND SCHOOL QUALITY ASSURANCE OFFICERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 131-136 #ijarporg


EVALUATION OF LEARNING OUTCOMES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN THREE CORE SUBJECTS, IN EBONYI STATE- NIGERIA.

Authors: DR. IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY, DR. ELERI, NNANNA OTU-ELERI

Abstracts: This research study which focused on Evaluation of Learning Outcomes for both Public and Private Primary School pupils in Ebonyi State Nigeria, adopted a descriptive survey design. The sample size for the study was 3,041 pupils and was restricted to primary four (4) pupils, made up of 1503 males and 1538 females. Three research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. Instrument for data collection was 110 test items developed by the researchers in the areas of Numeracy, Literacy and Life-skills .The instrument was given to the Experts for face and construct validity and was finally subjected to a reliability test, using Kudar-Richardson formula 20(K-R 20) which yielded a reliability co-efficient of 0.78. The test instruments were administered to the pupils with the help of research Assistants. Mean, Standard deviation and Percentage were used to answer the research questions while t-test and Chi-square (x2) Statisticts were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the of the findings revealed that both male and female primary 4 pupils are very poor and have very low competencies in Numeracy, literacy and Life skills. It is therefore recommended that the Federal Government of Nigeria should mount training and retraining programmes for the teachers on the method teaching the pupils Mathematics, English language and Life skills, in addition to supply of adequate textbooks. Also Supervision Team to monitor classroom teaching and learning should be set up among recommendations

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 137-144

Cite this Article: DR. IKORO, IBEKWE STANLEY, DR. ELERI, NNANNA OTU-ELERI , "EVALUATION OF LEARNING OUTCOMES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN THREE CORE SUBJECTS, IN EBONYI STATE- NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 137-144 #ijarporg


A REVIEW OF WORLD ENGLISHES BY SANDRA LEE MCKAY, AND NANCY H. HANSBERGER’S

Authors: MOUNIR HARRAQI

Abstracts: This review scrutinizes the chapter of “world Englishes”. The aim behind this review is to familiarize the reader with the notion of varieties of world Englishes used across cultures. Accordingly, it emphasizes that effective communication among users of different Englishes requires awareness of the varieties in use and their cultural, social, and ideational functions. In line with, World Englishes, cultures and contexts are also of interests since the whole subjects are intertwined, as there is a kind of influence and shape and sometimes conflicts between the aforementioned constituents.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 145-147

Cite this Article: Mounir HARRAQI , "A REVIEW OF WORLD ENGLISHES BY SANDRA LEE MCKAY, AND NANCY H. HANSBERGER’S", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 145-147 #ijarporg


INVESTIGATINGACADEMICS’ AWARENESS & USE OF LINKEDIN FOR PROFESSIONAL NETWORKING

Authors: UDENZE, SILAS

Abstracts: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has engendered communication and collaboration across boundaries. The social media platforms are veritable tools that have made this scenario feasible. At the heart of the study is the investigation of academics’ awareness and use of LinkedIn for professional networking. The study adopted the survey research methodology. Primary data was collected through questionnaire. The Uses and Gratification Theory (UGT) was employed to guide the study. Findings from the research point to low level of awareness and use of LinkedIn by lecturers in the University of Abuja. The study concluded that the scholars should expose themselves to the use of LinkedIn in order to further academic collaboration in this ICT age.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 148-152

Cite this Article: Udenze, Silas , "INVESTIGATINGACADEMICS’ AWARENESS & USE OF LINKEDIN FOR PROFESSIONAL NETWORKING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 148-152 #ijarporg


DISTANCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA AND GENDER DIFFERENCE ON THE EXPERIENCE OF HIDDEN CURRICULUM USING MOBILE PHONES

Authors: NATHANIEL SAMUEL (PH.D), GLORIA OLUSOLAADEDOJA(PH.D)

Abstracts: The study aimed at determining the National Teachers Institute (NTI) students’ general use of mobile phone based on gender. Two hundred and sixty-eight of the subjects were randomly sampled comprising 137 males and 131 females from Oyo State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were used to determine the interests and frequency of use of mobile phones for diverse of operations as medium of experiencing hidden curriculum. The findings revealed that distance learners had flair and interest for general use of mobile phones, watches movies/videos, listens to music and frequently surfs the internet for fun, entertainment, making friends, chats, and the like; than surfing through educative, job or profession related sites to broaden their knowledge horizons regardless of their gender. It was recommended among others that the use mobile devices could be adopted by distance learners in re-channeling students’ flairs and interests towards academic/educative forum for learning collaborations, assignments and the related pedagogical experiences. This could be achieved by organizing seminars, workshops and trainings for distance learners on how to harmonize the use of mobile devices for effective teaching and learning, usefulness and ease of use of mobile technologies for accessing cutting edge discoveries, useful and current information that will help to broaden their knowledge-base.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 153-160

Cite this Article: Nathaniel Samuel (Ph.D), Gloria OlusolaAdedoja(Ph.D) , "DISTANCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA AND GENDER DIFFERENCE ON THE EXPERIENCE OF HIDDEN CURRICULUM USING MOBILE PHONES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 153-160 #ijarporg


PUBLIC RELATIONS: A MANAGEMENT TOOL IN THE WORKPLACE

Authors: UDENZE, SILAS

Abstracts: Managing any organization is not an easy task as we come across people of diverse economic, political and socio-cultural backgrounds. In an environment that is made up of persons with different personalities, care should be taken in order not to offend persons directly or indirectly. Work stress can also be a factor that might cause frictions at workplace. In the light of these, the principle of public relations should be streamlined into the management process in order for persons to get along in workplace. Management itself is a collective process and public relations is not done in isolation- is not a one man show. This work highlights the import of public relations in the workplace and how it can go a long way in maintaining continued good relationship among colleagues.

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Pages: 161-164

Cite this Article: Udenze, Silas , "PUBLIC RELATIONS: A MANAGEMENT TOOL IN THE WORKPLACE ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 161-164 #ijarporg


STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP KEY TO ORGANISATIONAL PERFOMANCE: FINDINGS FROM ZIMBABWE

Authors: MR. MAJOR BHEBHE

Abstracts: This paper examines the application and implementation of strategic management frameworks by strategic leaders of corporations and its role in the success or failure in corporate sector in Zimbabwe. The success will depend on understanding strategy and having effective leadership. An overview of collapsed companies in Zimbabwe revealed that poor application of strategic management principles, lack of understanding of the impact of the environmental changes, organisational capabilities and shareholder expectations and purposes on strategy, the importance of setting objectives and establishment of strategies to achieve the objectives, coupled with poor leadership skills and poor financial management was the main cause of businesses collapsing. The understanding of organisation`s position in the environment, the determinants of strategic capability, resources and competences, the factors that shape organisational purposes , corporate governance, business ethics and the cultural context, structure and management of change was lacking inmost of these companies. The study is based on a questionnaire survey obtained from employees of 10 failed companies and 5 declining companies on the verge of collapse. The study indicates that managers of these organisations have little or no knowledge of strategy as a whole and its importance in sustaining the business.

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Pages: 165-169

Cite this Article: Mr. Major Bhebhe , "STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP KEY TO ORGANISATIONAL PERFOMANCE: FINDINGS FROM ZIMBABWE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 165-169 #ijarporg


HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF PAKISTAN

Authors: DR. AHMAD HASSAN, DR. KHALID MAHMOOD, DR. HUDEBIA ALLAH BUKHSH

Abstracts: Paper is about healthcare delivery system, multiple challenges, weaknesses in health policies and recommendations to improve Healthcare System of Pakistan. Healthcare sector is very important for any country which directly affects the economy of country. If there would be healthy manpower there would be increase in the productivity and as a result the economy of the country will also see an increase that leads to human welfare. Pakistan inherited totally inadequate Healthcare delivery system that was a heritage of grand British period. Healthcare system in Pakistan is practically vertical and in part, horizontal. Healthcare system of Pakistan consists of private and public sector. The private sector serves nearly 70% of population and 30% by public sector (1). Pakistan is a low income country and according to Human Poverty Index (HPI), it ranks 65th among 102 developing countries (2). Only 27% of the population benefited from full healthcare coverage which includes mostly government employees and members of armed forces, and remaining 73% depends on out of pocket payments (3). In Pakistan public sector health expenditure is 0.919% of GDP as per World Bank data 2014 (4). As per Pakistan constitution provision of health is responsibility of provincial governments except in federally administered areas. State Healthcare Service delivery is being organized through a three-tiered Healthcare delivery system. The former includes Basic Health Units (BHUs) and Rural Health Centers (RHCs) forming core of primary Healthcare structure. Tehsil Head Quarters (THQs) and District Head Quarters (DHQs) for secondary care including first and second referral facilities which are supported by Tertiary care from teaching hospitals (3).

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 170-173

Cite this Article: Dr. Ahmad Hassan, Dr. Khalid Mahmood, Dr. Hudebia Allah Bukhsh , "HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF PAKISTAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 170-173 #ijarporg


BIOSORPTION OF FLUORIDE ON NON LIVING BIOMASS OF MICROALGA S.PLATENSIS: COLUMN STUDIES

Authors: SUSHMA KUDARI

Abstracts: Biosorption of fluoride on non living biomass of microalga S.platensis immobilized on calcium alginate beads was investigated in a fixed bed column. Experiments were conducted to study the effect of parameters such as pH of feed solution, bed height, flow rate of feed and initial concentration of fluoride in feed solution. Optimum operating conditions were found to be: pH=5.2, Flow rate=5 mL/min, Bed height=30 cm and initial concentration of F-=100 ppm. A maximum uptake capacity of 82.65 mg F-/g biosorbent was observed under these conditions. Yoon-Nelson model fitted well with the experimental data of breakthrough curves. The column was regenerated using 0.1 M HCl as an eluent and sorption-desorption studies were carried out for four cycles. Case studies conducted on real sample showed that apart from decrease in fluoride concentration, a reduction in alkalinity, sulphate and nitrate concentration were also observed upon biosorption. The mechanism of biosorption and surface structure of biomass were examined by Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) respectively.

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Pages: 174-178

Cite this Article: Sushma Kudari , "BIOSORPTION OF FLUORIDE ON NON LIVING BIOMASS OF MICROALGA S.PLATENSIS: COLUMN STUDIES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 174-178 #ijarporg


CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE ON INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN

Authors: NAUSHAD KHAN, ABDULLAH

Abstracts: The study was carried out in Pakistan since 20th, June, 2017. The major objective of the study was to critical review past literature on industrial development in Pakistan. Total 18 studies were selected purposively and were downloaded from the net and reviewed thoroughly 20 times for analysis. The review concluded that industrial development play key role in development of Pakistan and without industrialization the development of Pakistan is impossible. The industries generate employment and solve the problems of unemployment and improve the income level of individuals in the countries which further improve standard living of the country and GDP of Pakistan while smooth industrialization required good character, peace, sufficient finance, favourable environment, developed institutions for enhancement of industrial development. During review so many problems were viewed, which become hurdle and bottle necks for industrial development in Pakistan, such as tax, un-proper marketing, demand for products, smuggling and finance etc. On the basis of problems the study recommend that sufficient funds for industrialization is required; Free tax based policy for industrialization should be initiated by government; Sufficient finance by bank to industrialist is facilitated; Smuggling control is requested for safety of local industries ; Skill labours provision by government is facilitated; local labours availability is highly needed; Peace and security is requested by government; Raw material availability is highly required for smoothly industrial development; Foreign investors incentive policy should be arranged for industrial development in Pakistan by government.

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[Paper Details]  

Pages: 179-183

Cite this Article: Naushad Khan, Abdullah , "CRITICAL REVIEW OF PAST LITERATURE ON INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 179-183 #ijarporg


DENSITY DIVERSITY ASSESSMENT OF MACROINVERTEBRATES OF RIVER ILLAH, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

Authors: VICTOR.N ENWEMIWEAND, FRANCIS.O ARIMORO

Abstracts: The inquiry was directed at estimating the even nature of diversity to density quotient of macro benthic invertebrates at River Illah. Macro benthic invertebrates were obtained using kick sampling techniques while water samples were quantified using standard methods of analysis. Results divulge that Odonata and Crustacea were preponderant consisting (18.45%) of total abundance. Waters from River Illah were well oxygenated (5.2 - 6.8 mg/l), contained low BOD5 (2.4 – 3.5 mg/l) and had a moderate flow rate (0.11 – 0.25 m/s). Generally, 26 taxa in total were encountered from the 6 months sampling (March – August, 2016) with only Polymorphanisus bipunctatus (Tricoptera species) occurring at all sampled stations. Presence of Ephemeroptera, Zygoptera and Tricoptera in abundance and low abundance of Diptera (8.74%) portends the water body to be of fairly good quality.

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Pages: 184-190

Cite this Article: Victor.N Enwemiweand, Francis.O Arimoro , "DENSITY DIVERSITY ASSESSMENT OF MACROINVERTEBRATES OF RIVER ILLAH, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 184-190 #ijarporg


PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH AS A SOIL STABILIZING AGENT AND ITS OPTIMUM CALCINE TEMPERATURE

Authors: OGBODO MUNACHISO C

Abstracts: The correct assessment of agricultural by-products as soil stabilizing agents requires an in-depth knowledge of their characteristics. In thermally activated products, the calcine conditions have an important influence on the properties and later behaviours of cementitious matrices. This study was carried out to determine the effect of calcine conditions on the properties of Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA). The Calcine conditions considered were; 200oC, 400oC, 600oC, 800oC and atmospheric condition. Investigations were conducted using GBC Sens AA dual double beam Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) with flame emission capability in order to provide a complete understanding of the chemical properties of the calcined Palm Kernel Shell, as well as the possibility of using it as a pozzolan or in blended cement. The test for pozzolanicity was also considered according to BS EN 196-5. The result showed that the material is pozzolanic, even though the chemical properties are affected by the thermal conditions. Finally, it was established that the optimum calcine temperature is 200oC on the bases of the chemical compositions of the material after calcinations.

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Pages: 191-193

Cite this Article: Ogbodo Munachiso C , "PALM KERNEL SHELL ASH AS A SOIL STABILIZING AGENT AND ITS OPTIMUM CALCINE TEMPERATURE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 191-193 #ijarporg


WHAT IS SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROMOTION? WHAT ARE SEXUAL HEALTH ISSUES? HOW SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH STATUS CAN BE IMPROVED?

Authors: DR. AHMAD HASSAN, DR. MAQSOOD AHMAD, DR. KHALID MAHMOOD

Abstracts: Paper discusses the sexual and reproductive health issues which are common and important strategies to improve the sexual health status. In reproductive health, markers demonstrated generally high maternal and newborn mortality rates, a high and rising rate of sexually transmitted diseases and high premature birth rates in the low commonness of preventative use. Inside this lopsided weight of sick health certain populace gatherings are at specific danger. To start with and of most noteworthy worry among these gatherings is the teenagers. A huge extent of the prompted premature births in the youthful gathering; the expansion in sexually transmitted disease (STDs) influences the gathering to an expensive degree (1, 2 and 3). Undesirable pregnancy is normal, with its chaperon dangers of actuated fetus removed and obstetric confusions. There is a high rate of viciousness against the ladies, including rape. Ladies in creating nations and financially burdened ladies in the urban areas of some modern countries endure the most astounding rates of complexities from pregnancy, sexually transmitted sicknesses, and reproductive diseases. Absence of access to complete reproductive consideration is the principle reason that such a large number of ladies endure and kick the bucket. Men additionally experience the ill effects of reproductive health issues, most strikingly from sexually transmitted infections. However, the number and extent of the dangers are far more noteworthy for ladies for various reasons (2, 4 and 6).

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Pages: 194-197

Cite this Article: Dr. Ahmad Hassan, Dr. Maqsood Ahmad, Dr. Khalid Mahmood , "WHAT IS SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROMOTION? WHAT ARE SEXUAL HEALTH ISSUES? HOW SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH STATUS CAN BE IMPROVED?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 194-197 #ijarporg


DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF CYANOBACTERIA SPECIES IN LAKE CHILWA BIOSPHERE RESERVE

Authors: EATIM KATUNDU MSISKA

Abstracts: Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic organisms found in various habitats. Lack of current data on diversity and distribution of cyanobacteria in Lake Chilwa prompted the need for this study. This study investigated the diversity and distribution of cyanobacteria in the Lake Chilwa Biosphere Reserve. Water samples, containing cyanobacteria and other algae were collected from three sampling sites and these were the Typha marsh, interior open lake and the lake shore. From 133 sampling points, three cyanobacteria were identified using a microscope and an identification manual, and these were Oscillatoria,Anabaena and Spirulina in the order of abundance (n= 27, 3, 2). Other algal species were found and these were Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas and Euglena (n =21, 5, 4 respectively). The study showed dwindling levels of Spirulina abundance. Simpson-Yule and Berger-Parker indices showed similar levels of species diversity among the three sampled sites. Therefore, Oscillatoria is the most abundant species of cyanobacteria with Spirulina as the least.

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Pages: 198-199

Cite this Article: Eatim Katundu Msiska , "DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTION OF CYANOBACTERIA SPECIES IN LAKE CHILWA BIOSPHERE RESERVE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 198-199 #ijarporg


PREDICTIVE DRIVERS OF STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION IN OPEN DISTANCE LEARNING IN SRI LANKA

Authors: MJR PERERA, NALIN ABEYSEKERA, S.R.S.N. SUDASINGHE, ISURI ROCHE DHARMARATNE

Abstracts: The predictive drivers of students’ satisfaction in Open Distance Learning (ODL) has become an important and competitive criterion in service quality perspectives in higher education (HE). The customer service quality act as an antecedent of customer satisfaction, and their relationship has beenempirically proved by many of the researchers following literature based onmarketing.Distance Education (DE) is introduced as a supplementary method in the higher education system for the disadvantaged, and for those who have missed entering the traditional university system of higher education due to restrictions on the number of students allowed for university admission. The DE system removed the barriers of minimum qualifications for the courses giving moreopportunity to the public to obtain higher educational qualifications from recognised universities operating under the Open Distance Learning (ODL) concept. The ODL system developed rapidly with the increase in number of students, but does not reflect the number of students passing out as graduates. Just as in, ‘consumer behavior’ in marketing literature, most of the researchers have addressed the relationships between students’ perceived service quality, satisfaction, students’ persistence and attrition. The development of information technology influences ODL in a positive way by giving more interaction with web based on-line and e-learning systems. The problem of student dropouts or students’ attrition encountered not in the early DE environment days,even in the on-line courses have been observed as high. Many research studies have disclosed the reasons for this situation and recommendations made to increase and assess the quality of the programmes. This studywill examine the relationships between the independent variables of Reliability, Cost &Time and Website Content and dependent variable of Students’ Satisfaction. This study was conducted in the six main regional centers of the OUSL spread across the island. The sample size used was 760 undergraduate students who have more than,or equaled at least one year’s exposure with the ODL system. The statistical analysis revealed all the independent variables were significantly related with the Students’ Satisfaction.

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Pages: 200-211

Cite this Article: MJR Perera, Nalin Abeysekera, S.R.S.N. Sudasinghe, Isuri Roche Dharmaratne , "PREDICTIVE DRIVERS OF STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION IN OPEN DISTANCE LEARNING IN SRI LANKA ", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 200-211 #ijarporg


GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AND ITS NEXUS TO AGRICULTURE: MAKING IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY ACCESSIBLE TO FARMERS IN NIGERIA.

Authors: ASIRU MONDAY ABBAS, UNEKWU HADIZA AMANABO

Abstracts: The study examined agriculture, its challenges in Nigeria and how GIS can be applied effectively to help farmers to increase their yields. The study opined that agricultural production in Nigeria has taken a serious nosedive since the discovery of crude oil and for the country to regain her lost glory, improved technology must be applied to raise production in order to meet domestic needs, reduce dependence on imports which is costing the country billions of Naira on annual basis and one of such technologies is GIS. The study enumerated useful applications of GIS in agriculture in areas such as water quality control, soil suitability, agro-climatology, management of natural resources, disease and pest control. Also, the use of GIS helps to avoid excessive use of fertilizers and other chemicals which can have negative environmental effects based on analysis of data. It is recommended that government should make agricultural information, weather forecasts available to farmers in order to guide them in their decision making processes especially on annual rainfall pattern, soil suitability for a particular type of crop, disease and pest control, water quality control etc. The study suggested that farmers should embrace improved technologies such as GIS to plan their crop’s cultivation in cost effective manner so as to maximize yield.

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Pages: 212-214

Cite this Article: Asiru Monday ABBAS, Unekwu Hadiza AMANABO , "GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AND ITS NEXUS TO AGRICULTURE: MAKING IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY ACCESSIBLE TO FARMERS IN NIGERIA.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 212-214 #ijarporg


INVESTIGATION OF THE INFESTATION OF DERMESTES MACULATUS ON CLARIAS GARIEPINUS ATDIFFERENTINTERVALS

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE, F.O AKINWUMI, KOLADE S, FASOORE

Abstracts: Eating dried fish is one prevalent dietary habit for local Nigerians due to the requisite for nutritional quality, infested or not. The aim of this study is to investigate the infestation of smoked ready-to-eat dried Clarias gariepinus obtained from Oja-Oba market in Ikare, Ondo State, Nigeria and fresh catfishes processed in the laboratory by Dermestes maculatus at different intervals. A total of twenty catfish was obtained for the study. The twenty catfish were divided into 2 groups of ten catfish each as follows; group 1-smoked ready-to-eat and group 2-fresh catfish processed in the laboratory. The dried catfish were macerated and weighed in each group to obtain a weight of 500g. The macerated catfish in each group were infested with Dermestes maculatus larva in 3 replicates per group. The nutritional composition and moisture contents were determined every two weeks using proximal analysis in an experiment that lasted 56 days. Data were subjected to two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). P ≤ 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. The result revealed that carbohydrate content, crude protein, fat content, ash content, mineral composition and vitamin c in oven-dried fishes exposed to Dermestes maculatus were significantly different (P ≤ 0.05) from those obtained from the local market as days progressed from 0 – 56 days. Result also showed that moisture content (%) reduced from 0 – 56 days (146.32±9.22c to 132.09±2.58a and 146.32±9.22b -142.55±2.95c) for both smoked catfishes obtained from the local market and laboratory oven-dried catfishes respectively. This implies that the high moisture content influenced the nutritional composition of the laboratory processed catfishes compared to those obtained from the local market. Therefore, protecting smoked ready-to-eat dried catfishes from local market by Dermestes maculatus infestations are important to guide the nutritional quality.

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Pages: 215-222

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe, F.O Akinwumi, Kolade S, Fasoore , "INVESTIGATION OF THE INFESTATION OF DERMESTES MACULATUS ON CLARIAS GARIEPINUS ATDIFFERENTINTERVALS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 215-222 #ijarporg


COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE STRENGTH OF LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE PREPARED USING DIFFERENT REAGENTS

Authors: OGBODO MUNACHISO C, BOBMANUEL OPRITE NIMISOERE

Abstracts: This project presents the results of the investigation conducted on a lightweight foamed concrete using different reagents; Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) and Lithofoam, with a view to determining its potential as a construction material in Nigeria. The properties investigated on the foamed concrete having target density of 1800kg/m3 were: workability, bulk density and compressive strength. The foamed concrete was developed using a w/c ratio of 0.5 and a mix ratio of 1:3:0.0025. Concrete specimens were produced using two different fine aggregate grades. Specimens were cured in water for 7, 21 and 28 days. The results revealed that the curing ages significantly affected the strength and that suitable strengths can be achieved using SLS as a foaming agent. The 28th day strengths for the concrete specimens were 11.27N/mm2 and 11.04N/mm2 respectively. These strengths were about 23.2% and 25.8% less than that achieved using the Lithofoam as the reagent.

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Pages: 223-225

Cite this Article: Ogbodo Munachiso C, Bobmanuel Oprite Nimisoere , "COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE STRENGTH OF LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE PREPARED USING DIFFERENT REAGENTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 223-225  #ijarporg


PERFORMANCE OF AN ACCOUNTANCY SCHOOL IN CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT LICENSURE EXAMINATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Authors: ROMER C. CASTILLO

Abstracts: The study aims to present a trend analysis on the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) licensure examination performance of an accountancy school in the Philippines and compare this performance with those of other schools. The research method used is mostly quantitative, in which statistical tables and graphs were utilized as tools in the analysis. The data used in the analysis were taken from the website of a government agency in-charge of professional examinations. The schools considered for comparison were selected purposively: three competitor private schools in the city or nearby city, three state universities in the same region and three top performing schools in the country. Results show that the performance of the subject accountancy school in the CPA licensure examination was declining continuously in the past five years. Although it had still considerably good performances annually as evidenced by higher passing percentage compared to national passing percentage, the difference on the passing rates was also decreasing yearly. As compared to its competitor schools in the locality, its performance was best in 2012 but poorest in 2016. Among the four state universities in the region, it was ranked first in 2012 and second from 2013 to 2016. However, it was the only school among the ten schools considered here for trend analysis and comparison that had a continuous decline from 2012 to 2016. Further, the gap between its passing percentage and those of top performing schools was escalating yearly. It is suggested that the subject school should look for corrective measures to perform better in next examinations, retake the lead in the locality and region, and be at par with top performing accountancy schools in the country.

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Pages: 226-232

Cite this Article: Romer C. Castillo , "PERFORMANCE OF AN ACCOUNTANCY SCHOOL IN CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT LICENSURE EXAMINATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 226-232 #ijarporg


IMPACT OF WATER AND FERTILIZATION ON PER ACRE YIELD OF KINNOW IN TEHSIL SARGODA OF PUNJAB PROVINCE-PAKISTAN

Authors: FARHAT ULLAH KHAN, NOWSHAD KHAN, NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: The present study was carried out in tehsil Ssargoda Province Punjab in November 2011. The major objectives were to see the impact of water and fertilizer on per acre yield of kinnow in the project area. Purposively 20 union councils from Tehsil Sargodha were selected on the basis of more number of kinnow plantations in the project area. Due to time and financial constraints ten growers from each union council were chosen on random bases. Total 200 respondents were interviewed through interview schedule. Simple percentage and chi-square techniques were used for the purpose of analysis. The results show that there is a close association between water applications and fertilizer application, with per acre yield of kinnow. It was recommended that sufficient water should be made available for irrigation to the farmers at proper time. Drip irrigation is recommended to save the water and to overcome the shortage of water. Similarly fertilizers should be made available to the kinnow growers at proper time, conveniently located centers and subsidized price by the department of agriculture.

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Pages: 233-237

Cite this Article: Farhat Ullah Khan, Nowshad Khan, Naushad Khan , "IMPACT OF WATER AND FERTILIZATION ON PER ACRE YIELD OF KINNOW IN TEHSIL SARGODA OF PUNJAB PROVINCE-PAKISTAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 233-237 #ijarporg


THE RELATIVE EFFICACY OF A SIX-WEEK TRIPARTITE PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC MODALITY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN

Authors: OGUNDIRANOPEYEMIOLUFEMI, OGUNSANYAGBOLADEISAAC

Abstracts: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a six-week tripartite Physiotherapeutic modality in the management of non-specific chronic low back pain with the pain numerical rating scale serving as the principal outcome measure. A major research question was raised with a corresponding null hypothesis formulated for it and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A Quasi-experimental design involving one group pretest-posttest design was selected for the study with ten (10) participants purposively recruited with strict adherence to clearly defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The participants were managed with a ternary management technique involving fifteen minutes of Infrared Radiation (IR), twenty minutes of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) and ten minutes of Soft Tissue Massage (STM) to the low back region. Each participant was managed thrice a week for a duration of six weeks and the data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics to answer the raised research question while Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test was used to test the hypothesis. The results of this study showed that there was a significant reduction in the pain experienced by the participants. Hence, it was concluded that the Physiotherapeutic intervention was effective in the management of chronic low back pain judging by the overall decrease in the pain intensity.

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Pages: 238-240

Cite this Article: OgundiranOpeyemiOlufemi, OgunsanyaGboladeIsaac , "THE RELATIVE EFFICACY OF A SIX-WEEK TRIPARTITE PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC MODALITY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 238-240 #ijarporg


FACTORS AFFECTING RETIREMENT PLANNING OF GEN-Y WORKERS IN KLANG VALLEY PRIVATE SECTORS, MALAYSIA

Authors: MUHAMMAD AMIRUL MASRAN, HAFINAZ HASNIYANTI HASSAN

Abstracts: Retirement planning is a strategic approach that must be considered very well by every working people in this world. It is because in this challenging world nowadays, it is hard for individual to step back and predict what will happen to their life in 10, 20 and 30 years down the road. Early retirement planning is important to individual because it take many years to accumulate required funds when they no longer getting a salary in their life. Therefore, this study aims to assess the retirement planning of Gen-Y working adults who also known as millennial workers in Klang Valley private sector, Malaysia. Survey by using questionnaires was use as the main method to collect primary data for this study. The data was collected using the Drop-off and Pick-up (DOPU) survey method and online survey method such as by using google docs and social media. The survey was distributed to the Gen-Y workers in private sector in Klang Valley area. Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between retirement planning of Gen-Y workers in private sector in Klang Valley, Malaysia and four determinants, namely, personal saving behavior; financial education; inflation; and income tax. The findings revealed that financial education, and income tax also significantly influence the retirement planning of Gen-Y workers in private sector in Klang Valley. On the the other hands, inflation does not significantly affecting the retirement planning of Gen-Y workers in private sector. Findings in this study also has led to the action that must be taken by Gen-Y to improve their retirement planning as they already know what factors that should be taken into consideration when planning for their future retirement.

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Pages: 241-254

Cite this Article: Muhammad Amirul Masran, Hafinaz Hasniyanti Hassan , "FACTORS AFFECTING RETIREMENT PLANNING OF GEN-Y WORKERS IN KLANG VALLEY PRIVATE SECTORS, MALAYSIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2017.html, Volume 1 - Issue 4, October 2017 Edition, 241-254 #ijarporg