IJARP

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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ADAPTIVE RATE CONTROL WITH ERLANGIAN FOR UHD TRAFFIC OVER PARALLELED DSL

Authors: SURASEE PRAHMKAEW

Abstracts: In the Telecommunications network, the bandwidth is the major concerning to deliver quality of service (Qos) especially high definition content. In such a condition, to deliver uncompressed high definition content with paralleled digital subscriber lines is required for the continuous multimedia transmission and most obligations with QoS are submitted by each telecommunication network company. We had been more explored on Adaptive Rate Control (ARC) with Elrangian with multiple sources of UHD video and HD video to be serviced with multiple paralleled Digital Subscriber Lines (PDSL) operators. This research will explore the classical mechanism and adaptive rate control (ARC) with policing mechanism to provide more reliability services. The mean queue time, throughput, and number of sources served in telecommunication network will be collected and compared. In this paper we simulate the application for the multiple of PDSLs to deliver the multiple source types of viedo (UHD and HD) with the best QoS, the performance matrices is evaluated. Finally results were impressive to support by ARC with policing mechanism.

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Pages: 1-4

Cite this Article: Surasee Prahmkaew , "ADAPTIVE RATE CONTROL WITH ERLANGIAN FOR UHD TRAFFIC OVER PARALLELED DSL", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 1-4 #ijarp


STUDY OF THE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PROFILE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND SALMONELLA SPP. ISOLATED FROM CATTLE DUNG AT THE PORT-BOUëT SLAUGHTERHOUSE (ABIDJAN, IVORY COAST)

Authors: IBOURAHEMA COULIBALY, COULIBALY KALPY JULIEN, KOUAMé KOUADIO ERIC-PARFAIT, CONDé FATOUMATA, KONATé IBRAHIM

Abstracts: The overconsumption of antibiotics by livestock represents a productivity gain for the agri-food industry; but the emergence and growing development of bacterial antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem that is hurting the agri-food industry. This work aims to evaluate the use of antibiotics in farms and to determine the antibiotic resistance profile of strains of E. coli and Salmonella spp. isolated cattle dung at the abattoir of Port-Bouët (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire). Studies have been conducted to identify and identify the desired bacteria. Then, the sensitivity of the isolated bacterial strains to the antibiotics was determined by the standard method of diffusion on Mueller-Hinton agar medium. Samples (77) of bovine dung were collected and bacteriological analysis identified 23 strains of E. coli and 4 strains of Salmonella spp. used for the antimicrobial resistance test. Of the 77 cattle dung samples collected, the results showed the presence of resistant E. coli in 23 or 29.86% isolates and 4 isolates, or 5.19% of Salmonella spp., Of which 23 were E. coli strains tested. at 16 of the 21 antibiotics used, a resistance level of 71.19%, the 4 isolates of Salmonella spp. were mostly resistant to 4 antibiotics ie 19.04%. The highest levels of E. coli resistance were observed with β-lactams (100%) with the exception of Cefoxitin, Imipenem and 100% Tetracycline. For Salmonella spp. these levels were observed with Tetracycline (100%) and Ciprofloxacin (50%). The resistance phenotypes and the resistance rates observed on the isolates obtained at the Port-Bouët abattoir encourage increased surveillance of the use of antibiotics in the cattle industry in Côte d'Ivoire. This study revealed the presence of Salmonella spp. and important strains of E. coli in bovine dung, but mostly revealed the resistance of the strains to different antibiotics with high rates of resistance. Resistance having a considerable impact on the health of consumers causing many pathologies (Urinary tract infections, Typhoid fever, Food toxi-infection).

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Pages: 5-12

Cite this Article: Ibourahema Coulibaly, Coulibaly Kalpy Julien, Kouamé Kouadio Eric-Parfait, Condé Fatoumata, Konaté Ibrahim , "STUDY OF THE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PROFILE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND SALMONELLA SPP. ISOLATED FROM CATTLE DUNG AT THE PORT-BOUëT SLAUGHTERHOUSE (ABIDJAN, IVORY COAST)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 5-12 #ijarp


DETERMINANTS OF UNCONTROLLED HYPERTENSION IN GWERU CITY, ZIMBABWE, 2015.

Authors: TSHUMA SISASENKOSI C.

Abstracts: Hypertension in Zimbabwe was ranked highest among non-communicable diseases recorded in the out-patients registers in 2006. This study was aimed at investigating the determinants of uncontrolled hypertension in Gweru urban among patients aged 45-80years. An unmatched 1:1 case-control study design was used. Data was collected through interview-guided questionnaires from outpatients registered on the chronic disease registers at the 7 City Council Clinics of Gweru in 2015. The majority of the study participants were female (77%), males (23%) and 72% of the participants were 60years and above. Knowledge on hypertension was poor with 86% of participants stating that hypertension is curable. Independent risk factors in the study included being unhappy with clinic services (OR 4.6 95% CI 1.7039-12.5185) eating fried food (OR 2.77 95% CI 1.0185-7.5363), experiencing side effects (OR 3.2 95% CI 1.168-9.1866) and factors less likely to lead to uncontrolled hypertension included being less than 60years (OR 0.49 95% CI 0.2298-0.5162), having only primary education OR 0.36 95% CI 0.1378-0.9509), receiving health education (OR 0.42 95% CI 0.1841-0.9638), traveling short distances to the clinic (OR 0.22 95% CI 0.0905-0.5188), exercising often (OR 0.36 95% CI 0.1474-0.9036) being married (OR 0.65 95% CI 0.2888-0.7855) and having a treatment partner (OR 0.06 95% CI 0.0234-0.1754). It is therefore recommended that health staff should sensitize hypertensive patients on the risks of having uncontrolled hypertension. Also the patients should be educated that the anti-hypertensive medication works in combination with life style modifications.

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Pages: 13-17

Cite this Article: Tshuma Sisasenkosi C. , "DETERMINANTS OF UNCONTROLLED HYPERTENSION IN GWERU CITY, ZIMBABWE, 2015.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 13-17 #ijarp


STUDY ON THE ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF EMOTIONAL LABOR AT WORK OF LGU FRONT-LINE EM-PLOYEES IN BATANGAS PROVINCE

Authors: GINA D. BONIFACIO

Abstracts: This study determined the emotional labor (EL) at work of front-line employees in local government sector in Batangas Province. Specifically, it sought to describe the employees’ individual characteristics in terms of affectivity and empathy, consequences of EL in terms of job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion, and moderator of EL in terms of social support and job autonomy. Further, this study explained the emotional labor of the respondents with regards to effects of antecedents to EL, and the effects of EL to its consequences and when social support and job autonomy moderate. Lastly, proposed a human resource development program based on the results of the study.

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Pages: 18-22

Cite this Article: Gina D. Bonifacio , "STUDY ON THE ANTECEDENTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF EMOTIONAL LABOR AT WORK OF LGU FRONT-LINE EM-PLOYEES IN BATANGAS PROVINCE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 18-22 #ijarp


TEACHER TRAINEES’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE 21ST CENTURY LIFE SKILLS DEVELOPED AS THEY PURSUE UNDERGRADUATE TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MAKERERE UNIVERSITY.

Authors: ALFRED BULUMA, BETTY AKULLO EZATI, ROVINCER NAJJUMA, SARAH NABICCU

Abstracts: Very little information is known about teacher trainees’ perceptions of the life skills they develop while they are pursuing their undergraduate studies in the two teacher education programs of Makerere University. 112 teacher trainees from the 2015/2016 intake of Bachelor of Arts with Education and Bachelor of Science with Education participated in this study. The objectives were to find out the teacher trainees’ perceptions of the life skills they acquire and develop as they pursue studies in their respective teacher education programs. Secondly, to find out teacher trainees’ perceptions of the life skills they do not develop as they pursue studies in their respective teacher education programs. Open and close ended Questionnaires were used to collect data. Results show that teacher trainees perceive studies in teacher education programs help them acquire communication skills, leadership skills, time management, research skills, analytical skills, decision making skills, problem-solving skills among others in various ways. However, data revealed that teacher trainees at the end of the three years of their programs still perceived they were having underdeveloped life skills such as skills in operating different digital technologies in today’s classroom, critical thinking, writing professional curriculum vitae, entrepreneurship as well as interpersonal skills. Researchers recommend that teacher educators need to embrace the use of modern digital technologies in their lectures as well as employ teaching methods and assessment that promote the various life skills like digital literacy, critical thinking and interpersonal skills that were reported to be still underdeveloped.

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Pages: 23-27

Cite this Article: Alfred Buluma, Betty Akullo Ezati, Rovincer Najjuma, Sarah Nabiccu , "TEACHER TRAINEES’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE 21ST CENTURY LIFE SKILLS DEVELOPED AS THEY PURSUE UNDERGRADUATE TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MAKERERE UNIVERSITY.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 23-27 #ijarp


HEALTH PRACTICES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS OF NOTRE DAME OF DADIANGAS UNIVERSITY

Authors: CLAIRE TUDAYAN-ESPIRITU, RUE FLORA P. RUIZ

Abstracts: This study determined the extent of health practices of college students on the aspects of dietary, exercise, hygiene and lifestyle, and the extent of influences on the factors contributing to their health practices in terms of physiological, psychological, social and emotional. Two designs were utilized in this study. One was descriptive research design with a qualitative supplementation of data which was used to describe the health practices of college students along with the intent of exploring the influences of the factors affecting health practices. The other one was the developmental design which was used as basis for the development of a proposed health program. Results of the study revealed that the extent of health practices in terms of hygiene was Moderately Practiced as shown by the area mean of 3.94. Similarly, the extent of health practices, in terms of lifestyle was Moderately Practiced as revealed by an area mean of 3.92. In terms of dietary and exercise, the extent of health practices was Fairly Practiced as disclosed by an area mean of 3.48 and 3.14 respectively. Furthermore, of the factors affecting health practices was Moderately Influential as evidenced by mean scores of 3.90 for physiological, 3.82 for psychological, 3.81 for emotional and 3.68 social. Based on the results of the study, the researchers concluded that majority of the college students exhibited healthy habits in both hygiene and lifestyle. However, they showed some unhealthy eating behaviors like consuming high intake of added sugars and soft drinks and not eating a well- balanced diet. They also demonstrated decreased physical activity and more sedentary activities. Moreover, physiological, psychological, social and emotional factors contribute greatly to their health practices.

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Pages: 28-33

Cite this Article: Claire Tudayan-Espiritu, Rue Flora P. Ruiz , "HEALTH PRACTICES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS OF NOTRE DAME OF DADIANGAS UNIVERSITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 28-33 #ijarp


EFFECT OF FERTILIZATION AND SPACING ON GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELDS OF FINGER MILLET (ELEUSINE CORACANA L.) IN AINAMOI, KERICHO COUNTY, KENYA

Authors: ANDREW KORIR, PETER KAMAU, DAVID MUSHIMIYIMANA

Abstracts: Finger Millet is an annual cereal crop widely grown for their seed in various ecological zones in Kenya and was once a staple grain diet of Southern Africa. It is a highly nutritious cereal crop utilized as a good food for infant feeding, special dishes for sick people and for special beverages among some people for example “eraki” beer in Ethiopia. Farmers have a wrong notion that finger millet being a traditional crop does not need any nutrient and usually is grown on marginal lands without applying any fertilizer. This could be an important reason for low productivity in the country. Fertilizer application or nutrient improvement is known to increase yields, yield components of the crop and lead to an improvement in the quality of the produce. A field experiment was conducted in Ainamoi Location in Kericho County to evaluate the effect of spacing and fertilizer levels on growth and yields of Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana) variety P224. Three plant spacing of (i) 40x10 cm, (ii) 30x10 cm and (iii) 20x10 cm was applied with DAP fertilizer rates of 150 kg/ha, 125 kg/ha, 75 kg/ha and 0 kg/ha as basal fertilizer dose at sowing. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that spacing levels that were tested did not have a significant effect on plant height and leaf length but, significantly influenced the number of tillers with the closer spacing of 20 cm x10 cm showing a significantly lower tillering compared to the wider spacing of 30 cm x10 cm and 40 cm x10 cm. This led to a significantly higher grain yield for the closer spacing compared to the wider spacing of 30x10cm and 40x10cm. It is concluded that, though a wider spacing encouraged growth through stem and leaf elongation and tiller formation, this did not adequately compensate for the higher number of heads associated with the closer spacing and thus a closer spacing of 20x10 cm outperformed the wider spacing of 30x10cm and 40x10 cm and gave a significantly higher grain yield. The application of DAP fertilizer (18:46:0) had a significant influence on crop growth as measured by its plant height and leaf length. The higher rates of 125 and 150 kg DAP/ha showed superior growth in height and leaf length compared to no fertilizer and the lower dose of 75 kg DAP/ha. Fertilization had a significant effect on tiller formation; no-fertilizer treatment had a significantly lower number of tillers/plant. The higher dose of fertilizer gave the highest biomass and the highest grain yield. It is concluded that finger millet variety P224 was responsive to DAP application in both growth and yield variables and the higher dose of 150 kg/ha led to higher growth rate and higher performance in grain yield. The interaction between spacing and fertilizer application was ineffective on growth and yield variables for the finger millet variety P224. It is recommended that farmers adopt the closer spacing of 20x10 cm for Finger millet variety P224 in the study area for higher crop yield and farmers to apply a minimum of 125 kg DAP/ha. However, specific soil tests are recommended to establish the appropriate levels at which to apply the N and P fertilizers. Further research is recommended to establish the correct plant population for optimum production as the current three levels was inadequate for a conclusive determination of the exact plant population desirable for the variety P224.

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Pages: 34-44

Cite this Article: Andrew Korir, Peter Kamau, David Mushimiyimana , "EFFECT OF FERTILIZATION AND SPACING ON GROWTH AND GRAIN YIELDS OF FINGER MILLET (ELEUSINE CORACANA L.) IN AINAMOI, KERICHO COUNTY, KENYA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 34-44 #ijarp


THE EFFECT OF PLANT TYPES ON DUAL CHAMBER BIOLOGICAL FUEL CELLS TO THE GENERATED ELECTRICITY

Authors: FRESTY NURMALA SARI, M. MISBAHUDDIN, IZHAR A.F. NOOR, ANDREW SETIAWAN RUSDIANTO

Abstracts: Excessive use of fossil fuels causes a change in the climate cycle due to the accumulation of CO2 and CO emissions. The use of alternative energy from renewable energy sources becomes the main objective to reduce the positions of fossil fuel consumption. Biological fuel cells or microbial fuel cells are power plants that take advantage of the breakdown activity of organic substrates by microbes. Biological fuel cells are still little used as conventional power plants because it takes a long time to meet the needs of everyday energy. The density of the power can be increased by continuously substrate the anodic region, one of which can be done by utilizing the secretory system of some of the photosynthetic products in living plants. The use of ornamental plants sansevieria golden hahnii as a biomass-producing medium of organic exudate can produce power reaches 145.02 W / m2 in one day.

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Pages: 45-47

Cite this Article: Fresty Nurmala Sari, M. Misbahuddin, Izhar A.F. Noor, Andrew Setiawan Rusdianto , "THE EFFECT OF PLANT TYPES ON DUAL CHAMBER BIOLOGICAL FUEL CELLS TO THE GENERATED ELECTRICITY", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 45-47 #ijarp


GENDER DIFFERENCES IN MATHEMATICS PROFICIENCY AND MASTERY OF THE LEARNING COMPETENCIES IN GENERAL MATHEMATICS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Authors: EMIL C. ALCANTARA, RHEA ROSE M. ABANADOR

Abstracts: This study aimed to determine the gender differences in the mathematics proficiency and mastery of the learning competencies in General Mathematics of Grade 11 students in the senior high schools of San Pascual District, Division of Batangas, Philippines. This study utilized descriptive method of research. Two hundred seventy seven (277) students out of the total of 894 Grade-11 students during the SY 2016-2017 were used as the subjects of the study. There is no gender difference in learning strategies accounted for male and female in terms of mathematics proficiency. There is no significant difference between the male and female students’ extent of mastery of the learning competencies in functions and their graphs. Female students are more likely to have greater extent of mastery of the learning competencies in business mathematics than male students. Male students tend to have greater extent of mastery of the learning competencies in Math logic than female students. It can be attributed to the tendency of male students to use more novel problem-solving strategies, whereas female students are more likely to follow school-taught procedures. Intervention activities and preparation of strategic intervention materials that focus on these gender gaps are likely to yield educational benefits.

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Pages: 48-50

Cite this Article: Emil C. Alcantara, Rhea Rose M. Abanador , "GENDER DIFFERENCES IN MATHEMATICS PROFICIENCY AND MASTERY OF THE LEARNING COMPETENCIES IN GENERAL MATHEMATICS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 48-50 #ijarp


AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE INCIDENCE OF MALNUTRITION AMONG UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN BOLGATANGA MUNICIPAL AREA IN THE UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA USING BINARY LOGISTICS REGRESSION MODELS.

Authors: SYLVESTER ALOSUM ANABA, DONATUS NYAABA, ABDUL-MAJEED ISSAHAKU, FRANCIS ATINTONO

Abstracts: This study was conducted with the objective of identifying some factors associated with the incidence of malnutrition and kwashiorkor among under-five year old children in the Bolgatanga municipality using Binary Logistics Regression and Classification and Regression Trees (CRT). The study collected data through a health screening exercise in 2017 at five Nutrition centres that serve as catchment to communities in Bolgatanga and its surroundings. A sample size of 151 was randomly selected from 386 children screened during the exercise. The data revealed that under-nutrition is higher among boys than girls. Boys under the ages of five years appeared to be more prone to underweight and wasting compared with girls. The age, body weight, height and marital status of mothers were found to contribute, to some extent, the incidence of malnutrition of under-five-year old children. Analysis from classification and regression tress also revealed that each of the fifteen explanatory variables in the data [except mother’s education level (Elevel)] appears to be contributory factors to the prevalence of malnutrition and/or the occurrence of kwashiorkor among under-five-year-olds in Bolgatanga municipality. Underweight, wasting and stunting which were found be the main indicators of kwashiorkor, are a result of poor or insufficient provision of food and/or exposure to diseases from poor environmental and health services in the municipality.

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Pages: 51-60

Cite this Article: Sylvester Alosum Anaba, Donatus Nyaaba, Abdul-Majeed Issahaku, Francis Atintono , "AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE INCIDENCE OF MALNUTRITION AMONG UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN BOLGATANGA MUNICIPAL AREA IN THE UPPER EAST REGION OF GHANA USING BINARY LOGISTICS REGRESSION MODELS.", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/oct2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition, 51-60 #ijarp