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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

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Promoting Invention And Innovation In STEM Education By The Integration Of Makerspaces In Zambian Secondary Schools: STEM Teachers’ And Pupils’ Perceptions

Volume 5 - Issue 10, October 2022 Edition
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Author(s)
Moses Kayola Phiri, Vincent Chinyama, Lex Rourke, Jack George Jumbe
Keywords
Innovation, invention, makerspaces, STEM education.
Abstract
This study focussed on STEM teachers’ and pupils’ perceptions on the concept of integrating makerspaces in Zambian secondary schools to promote 21st century skills such as innovation. Despite gaining a lot of traction in most developed countries, the concepts of STEM education and makerspaces are either missing or given very little attention in most African countries. Critical case sampling, a type of purposive sampling was used for this study. The target population was selected based on the researchers’ inferences that they might represent a broader trend. Out of all the teachers who handle STEM related subjects on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia, only 53 teachers who attended the ZASE conference were included in the survey. 60 pupils who participated in the provincial JETS fair competition were targeted to represent all the STEM pupils on the Copperbelt Province. For teachers, a structured questionnaire with ordinal scaling questions was used to collect data and a questionnaire with structured ordinal scaling questions and open-ended questions was used to collect data from pupils. Quantitative descriptive statistics and qualitative methods were used for data analysis. The study established that STEM teachers and pupils were limited in their awareness on the concept of makerspaces in STEM education and their experience in making STEM-related products. It further established that STEM teachers and pupils would strongly recommend the integration of makerspaces in Zambian schools to promote the development of invention and innovation skills in learners. They perceived the concept of integrating makerspaces in Zambian secondary schools to be highly beneficial to learners.
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