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Analysis of Land Cover Change Using a Landsat imagery in Thapangthong District, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR

Volume 5 - Issue 12, December 2022 Edition
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Souvanthone Douangphachanh, Yuanchun Yu, Bounyore Koulavong, Maliphone Douangphachanh, Candle Sidthisone
Land cover change, Remote sensing, Geographic Information System, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR
The study aimed to quantify the change in land cover between the years 2005 and 2016; using remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS). The study is based on data collected from the satellite images- Landsat-5Thematic Mapper (TM) 2005 and Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) 2016. Also, did on imagination process. There are five classes of land-cover as the following numbers; 1) mixed deciduous forest, 2) dry dipterocarp forest, 3) agriculture land, 4) built-up land and 5) water were discriminated. The study found that during this 11- years period, dry dipterocarp forest has decreased by 8.72% of the total area whereas agriculture land increased by 7.13% of total area, followed by built-up land (0.85%), and water (0.62%). In addition, mixed deciduous has slightly increased by 0.85%, especially the agriculture land expanded to a mixed deciduous forest. Besides that, the overall classification accuracy of the map was 84.25% and Kapa Coefficient about 0.70%. In addition, the study found out the relative information due to land cover has been changing in Thapangthong district. This information is not currently known. The study is recommending the future research should study possibility sustainable forest management in the district.
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