IJARP
SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Disaster Risk Reduction Management Committee Capability- High Risk Barangays of Baguio City

Volume 5 - Issue 12, December 2022 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Jevilyn G. Pas-iwen
Keywords
Barangay, Capability , Disaster Management, local community, Philippines
Abstract
Natural disasters vary in impact and severity, but resilient communities can mitigate their impact. In the Philippines, RA 10121 established Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committee (BDRRMC), but its full potential has yet to be realized. The study is divided into two phases to determine the BDRRMC's capability in high-risk barangays in Baguio City, Philippines. The first quantitative phase-descriptive design uses a reliability-and-validity-tested questionnaire administered to 145 respondents that was chosen via total enumeration. According to a single-factor ANOVA, the BDRRMC has an overall weighted mean capability of 3.25, which means a very high capability in disaster management. Moreover, under the communication construct, the p-value for a length of service was 0.05, and the p-value for age was 0.03, indicating a statistically significant difference that suggests these variables affect DRRM capability. Because of this, a qualitative phase-case study was followed up to explain the quantitative result.Further, splitting the 12 participants chosen through homogeneous sampling into two groups based on the low and high weighted mean. Using a theme-by-theme joint display to integrate the data, with themes from group 1 promoting encourage awareness, prioritization, and increased coordination, while themes from Group 2 include compliance issues , budget issues and constituent support. The findings result in expansion as fit of integration because of the identified challenges in local disaster management. Therefore, DRRM officers are competent, but a lack of funding and support from constituents limits their effectiveness during disaster operations, resulting in a reactive rather than proactive approach.
References
[1] About Baguio City | City Government of Baguio.” n.d. [Online] Available: https://www.baguio.gov.ph/about-baguio-city. [Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[2] M. Adil, AG. Aadil , and B. Kamaiah. "Wagner’s hypothesis: an empirical verification." IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review 6, no. 1 (2017): 1-12.
[3] F.Al-Nammari and M. Alzaghal, 2015. Towards local disaster risk reduction in developing countries: Challenges from Jordan. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 12, pp.34-41.
[4] T. Alcayna, V. Bollettino, P. Dy, and P. Vinck. “Resilience and Disaster Trends in the Philippines: Opportunities for National and Local Capacity Building.” PLoS Currents 2016. doi.org/10.1371/currents.dis.4a0bc960866e53bd6357ac135d740846.
[5] A. Amor. “Wanted: Disaster Management Plan for Risk-Prone Baguio.” Verafiles, 2011. [Online]Available:https://verafiles.org/articles/wanted-disaster-management-plan-for-risk-prone-baguio. [Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[6] JM. Asio, .(2020). Disaster knowledge and household preparations of selected communities in Central Luzon, Philippines: Basis for enhanced community disaster education program. International Journal of Humanities, Management and Social Science, 3(2), 44-51.doi.org/10.36079/lamintang.ij-hum
[7] Commission on Audit, 2014., Assessment of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM)[Online]Available:https://coa.gov.ph/wpfd_file/assessment-of-disaster-risk-reduction-and-management-drrm-at-the-local-level/. Barangays of Baguio.(2006). [Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[8] WJ. Barbon . “Towards a Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.” [Online]Available:https://www.preventionweb.net/posthfa/dialogue/discussion/14/what-are-major-challenges-to-action-on-disaster-risk-reduction-and-building-resilience-how-do-we-tackle-them/p1.html. [Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[9] P.Bhandari,2022. "What Is Qualitative Research? | Methods & Examples". Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/qualitative-research/.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[10] G.Bankoff, and D. Hilhorst. 2009. “The Politics of Risk in the Philippines: Comparing State and NGO Perceptions of Disaster Management.” Disasters 33 (4): 686–704. doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2009.01104.x.
[11] J. Caulfield, Jack. 2019. “How to Do Thematic Analysis.” Scribbr. 2019. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/thematic-analysis/.
[12] R. Cawis, Redjie., 2014. Guv says Benguet people more ready for disaster. [online] Reliefweb.Availableat:https://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/guv-says-benguet-people-more-ready-disaster> [Accessed 19 July 2022]
[13] Commission on Audit,2013 . “Disaster Management Practices in the Philippines: An Assessment Commission on Audit.” [Online]Available:https://www.academia.edu/33753264/DISASTER_MANAGEMENT_PRACTICES_IN_THE_PHILIPPINES_AN_ASSESSMENT_COMMISSION_ON_AUDIT.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[14] K. Cox, and B. Kim, 2018. Race and income disparities in disaster preparedness in old age. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 61(7), pp.719-734.
[15] J. Creswell, 2007. "Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, And Mixed Methods Approaches".[Online]Available:.https://www.ucg.ac.me/skladiste/blog_609332/objava_105202/fajlovi/Creswell.pdf.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[16] R. Cretney, (2016), "Local responses to disaster: The value of community led post disaster response action in a resilience framework", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 27-40. doi.org/10.1108/DPM-02-2015-0043
[17] C. Daep, . 1 BARANGAY DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL DISASTER .. 2014. https://savecaramoanpeninsula.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/barangay-disaster-manual.pdf.
[18] A. Dunlop,;K. Logue, Kristi L. Vaidyanathan, A. Isakov, Facilitators and Barriers for Effective Academic-Community Collaboration for Disaster Preparedness and Response, Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: May/June 2016 - Volume 22 - Issue 3 - p E20-E28 doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182205087
[19] K. Dzigbede, S. Gehl, and K. Willoughby, , 2020. Disaster Resiliency of U.S. Local Governments: Insights to Strengthen Local Response and Recovery from the COVID ?19 Pandemic. Public Administration Review, 80(4), pp.634-643.
[20] Esri. 2019. “Arcgis.” Arcgis.com. 2019. [Online]Available: https://www.arcgis.com/index.html.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[21] MD. Fetters , L. Curry ,JW. Creswell . Achieving integration in mixed methods designs-principles and practices. Health Serv Res. 2013 Dec;48(6 Pt 2):2134-56. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12117.
[22] F. Terry, I. Portelli, G. Foltin, R Zimmerman, E Chachkes, and L Goldfrank. “Organization-Based Incident Management: Developing a Disaster Volunteer Role on a University Campus.” Disaster Management & Response 5, no. 3 (2007): 74–81. doi.org/10.1016/j.dmr.2007.06.001.
[23] R. Galindo, , G. Villanueva, M Enguito. 2014. “Organizational Preparedness for Natural Disasters in Ozamiz City, Philippines.” Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 3 .doi.org/10.7828/jmds.v3i1.623.
[24] M. Glindo,. “Level of Effectiveness of Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committee (BDRRMC) in the Selected Municipalities in the 3rdcongressional District of Quezon: Basis for a Proposed Program Enhancement.” Ascendens Asia Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Abstracts, 2018. https://ojs.aaresearchindex.com/index.php/AAJMRA/article/view/3398.
[25] S. Ikeda,.,T. Nagasaka, An emergent framework of disaster risk governance towards innovating coping capability for reducing disaster risks in local communities. Int J Disaster Risk Sci 2, 1–9 (2011).
[26] M. Ishiwatari, T. Koike, , K. Hiroki, , T. Toda, and T. Katsube, , 2020. Managing disasters amid COVID-19 pandemic: Approaches of response to flood disasters. Progress in Disaster Science, 6, p.100096.
[27] L. Jones,, and T. Thomas . “‘Subjective Resilience’: Using Perceptions to Quantify Household Resilience to Climate Extremes and Disasters.” Regional Environmental Change 17, no. 1 (2016): 229–43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0995-2.
[28] N. Kapucu, (2008), "Culture of preparedness: household disaster preparedness", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 526-535. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653560810901773
[29] K. Daellenbach, J. Parkinson , J. Krisjanous (2018) Just How Prepared Are You? An Application of Marketing Segmentation and Theory of Planned Behavior for Disaster Preparation, Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, 30:4, 413-443, DOI: 10.1080/10495142.2018.1452830
[30] R. Kearns, ,B. Cairns, and C. Cairns, , 2014. Surge Capacity and Capability. A Review of the History and Where the Science is Today Regarding Surge Capacity during a Mass Casualty Disaster. Frontiers in Public Health, 2.
[31] H. Keith, . “Disaster Management and Response: A Lifelines Study for the Queenstown Lakes District.” UC Library. University of Canterbury. Department of Geological Sciences, January 1, 1970. http://dx.doi.org/10.26021/6277.
[32] C. Kuhlman, A. Marathe, , A.Vullikanti, , N Halim, and P. Mozumder. "Increasing Evacuation During Disaster Events". Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems [Online]Available: https://par.nsf.gov/biblio/10204000.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[33] B. Kusumasari, Q. Alam, and K. Siddiqui. (2010), Bridging the gaps: the role of local government capability and the management of a natural disaster in Bantul, Indonesia. Nat Hazards 60, 761–779 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-011-0016-1
[34] S. Kwon, and R. Sang Il . 2020. "What Role Do Disaster Victims Play as the Mainstream for Future Disaster Preparedness in Korea? Case Studies of Foundations Established by Disaster Victims" Social Sciences 9, no. 10: 182. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci910018
[35] D. Lee, ., 2020. The expertise of public officials and collaborative disaster management. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 50, p.101711.
[36] EM. Luna “Disaster Mitigation and Preparedness: The Case of Ngos in the Philippines.” Disasters 25, no. 3 (2001): 216–26. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7717.00173.
[37] A. Luzerne., (2014). Disaster Risk Reduction and Management in the Philippines. Retrieved January 8, 2017 from [Online]Available: http://drrplatform.org/images/DocPub/RiskAssessment.pdf [Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[38] J. Madrigano, , A. Chandra, T. Costigan, and J. Acosta. 2017. "Beyond Disaster Preparedness: Building a Resilience-Oriented Workforce for the Future" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, no. 12: 1563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121563
[39] Malalgoda, Chamindi, Amaratunga, Dilanthi and Pathirage, Chaminda (2010) Role of local governments in disaster risk reduction. In: COBRA 2010: The Construction, Building and Real Estate Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. RICS, Paris, France. ISBN 978-1-84219-619-9 Management, Vol. 19 No. 4, pp. 438-451. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653561011070367
[40] E. Mathez, Climate Change: The Science of Global Warming and Our Energy Future. New York, United States: Columbia University Press , 2009.
[41] A. Matthies. 2017. “Community-Based Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines: Achievements and Challenges of the Purok System”. Advances in Southeast Asian Studies 10 (1):101-8. https://doi.org/10.14764/10.ASEAS-2017.1-7.
[42] S. McCombes,. 2022. "Descriptive Research | Definition, Types, Methods & Examples". Scribbr. [Online]Available: https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/descriptive-research/.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[43] M. McCrudden., G Marchand, and P Schutz. 2021. "Joint Displays For Mixed Methods Research In Psychology". Methods In Psychology 5: 100067. doi:10.1016/j.metip.2021.100067.
[44] E. Mohammad-pajooh, and K Ab. Aziz, : Investigating factors for disaster preparedness among residents of Kuala Lumpur, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 3683–3709, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-3683-2014, 2014.
[45] S. Morgan, Global Warming. Reed Educational & Professional Publishing Ltd. , 2002.
[46] N Mo?teanu, A. Faccia , and L. Pio Cavaliere Leonardo. 2020. Disaster Management, Digitalization and Financial Resources: key factors to keep the organization ongoing. In Proceedings of the 2020 4th International Conference on Cloud and Big Data Computing (ICCBDC '20). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 118–122. https://doi.org/10.1145/3416921.3416930
[47] National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan (NDRRMP .. n.d. Accessed July 19, 2022. [Online]Available: https://ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/41/NDRRM_Plan_2011-2028.pdf.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[48] F. Norris, S Stevens, B Pfefferbaum, K Wyche, and R Pfefferbaum. “Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness.” American Journal of Community Psychology 41, no. 1-2 (2007): 127–50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9156-6.
[49] A. Ollerenshaw,, M. Graymore, and K. McDonald, , 2016. Beyond the call of duty: the integral role of rural local government in emergency management. Rural Society, 25(3), pp.185-203.
[50] Statistics, Laerd. "One-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics. Statistics, laerd. com." (2018).Statistics.Laerd.Com. [Online]Available: https://statistics.laerd.com/statistical-guides/one-way-anova-statistical-guide.php.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[51] H. Onuma, JS Kong , and M. Shunsuke. 2017. “Household Preparedness for Natural Disasters: Impact of Disaster Experience and Implications for Future Disaster Risks in Japan.” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 21 (March): 148–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.11.004.
[52] R. Osti. (2004), "Forms of community participation and agencies’ role for the implementation of water?induced disaster management: protecting and enhancing the poor", Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 6-12. https://doi.org/10.1108/09653560410521643
[53] S. Othman, , MSteen, and JA Fleet. 2020. “A Sequential Explanatory Mixed Methods Study Design: An Example of How to Integrate Data in a Midwifery Research Project.” Journal of Nursing Education and Practice 11 (2): 75. https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v11n2p75
[54] J. Palaroan, . The extent of preparedness of the City Government of Baguio in meeting disasters: It’s implication to the safety and well-being of the City Constituents. Baguio City (2004)
[55] Presse, Agence. “10 Deadliest Natural Disasters in the Philippines.” Inquirer.Net, 2013. [Online]Available:https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/524569/10-deadliest-natural-disasters-in-the-philippines. Prioritization of Socioeconomic Policies and Legal Barriers to Rapid[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[56] Purposive Sampling | Lærd Dissertation". 2022. Dissertation.Laerd.Com. [Online]Available: https://dissertation.laerd.com/purposive-sampling.[Accessed: July 12, 2022]
[57] Republic Act No. 101211. n.d. [Online]Available: https://ndrrmc.gov.ph/attachments/article/45/Republic_Act_10121.pdf.[Accessed: July 20, 2022]
[58] B Rouhanizadeh, S Kermanshachi, 2019. A Systematic Approach to Analysis and Prioritization of the Socioeconomic Policies and Legal barriers to Rapid Post Disaster Reconstruction,7th CSCE International Construction Specialty …, 2019. [Online]Available: https://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=CoplFfAAAAAJ&citation_for_view=CoplFfAAAAAJ:Se3iqnhoufwC[Accessed: July 22, 2022]
[59] G. Rusch,Disaster Theory and Communication. 2010. [Online]Available:http://www.uni-siegen.de/ifm/projekte/sikomm/downloads_docs/panel-ica-text-gr-extended.pdf.[Accessed: July 22, 2022]
[60] JR Santos, , L Herrera, K Yu, S Pagsuyoin, and R Tan. 2014. “State of the Art in Risk Analysis of Workforce Criticality Influencing Disaster Preparedness for Interdependent Systems.” Risk Analysis 34 (6): 1056–68. https://doi.org/10.1111/risa.12183.
[61] Sato, Ryota., Ikaga, Toshiharu., Murakami, Shuzo., Seike, Tyuyoshi., & Otsuka, Kaichi. (2018). Evaluation of relationship between residence resiliency and residents' awareness of disaster prevention. Journal of Environmental Engineering (Japan), 83(749), 615-623. https://doi.org/10.3130/aije.83.61
[62] D. Sattler, C. Kaiser, and J. Hittner, 2000. Disaster Preparedness: Relationships Among Prior Experience, Personal Characteristics, and Distress1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30(7), pp.1396-1420.
[63] E. Silver, (2014). Priority, capacity, information: A three stage approach to implementing disaster risk reduction and management at the local level.[Online]Available:http://blog.noah.dost.gov.ph/2014/11/06/priority-capacity-information-a-three-stage-approach-to-implementing-disaster-risk-reduction-and-management-at-the-local-level/[Accessed: July 22, 2022]
[64] CM Shreve and I. Kelman. 2014. “Does Mitigation Save? Reviewing Cost-Benefit Analyses of Disaster Risk Reduction.” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 10 (December): 213–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.08.004. Social Service Research, 30(2)
[65] Swiss NGO. “DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES.” Risk assessment philippines - shareweb.ch , 2014. [Online]Available: https://www.shareweb.ch/site/DRR/Documents/About%20Us/Risk_Assessment_Philippines_2014.pdf. [Accessed: July 22, 2022]
[66] L. Talleo, The capability of Barangay Peacekeeping Action Team (BPATs) as Force Multipliers in Baguio City. Baguio City (2012)
[67] Tariq, Hisham, Chaminda Pathirage, and Fernando. “Measuring Community Disaster Resilience at Local Levels: An Adaptable Resilience Framework.” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 62 (2021): 102358. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102358.
[68] C. Teoxon,. Ms. Evaluation of the Typhoon Disaster Response Capabilities of Barangays in Baguio City. University of the Cordilleras/ Baguio City , 2017.
[69] L. Thompson, “Climate Change: The Evidence and Our Options.” The Behavior Analyst 33, no. 2 (2010): 153–70. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03392211.
[70] R. Tuohy., Stephens, C. and Johnston, D., 2014. Older adults? disaster preparedness in the context of the September 2010–December 2012 Canterbury earthquake sequence. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 9, pp.194-203.
[71] R. Tuohy,C. Stephens, C. and D. Johnston, , 2022. Disaster preparedness: older adults' perspectives. [online] International Journal of Emergency Management. Available at: [Accessed 31 July 2022].
[72] United Nation. “Progress and Challenges in Disaster Risk Reduction - Preventionweb.net.” United Nation, 2014. [Online]Available: https://www.preventionweb.net/files/40967_40967progressandchallengesindisaste.pd [Accessed: July 22, 2022]
[73] United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)Developing early warning system: A checklist, (2006). [Online]Available: http://www.unisdr.org/2006/ppew/info-resources/ewc3/checklist/English.pdf [Accessed 31 July 2022].
[74] L. Victoria, COMMUNITY BASED APPROACHED TO DISASTER MITIGATION. 2003. [Online]Available: https://www.preventionweb.net/files/602_8370.pdf. [Accessed 31 July 2022].
[75] L. Viloria, P. Mamon, C Escuadra, C. Anaya and J Landong. “BARANGAY GOVERNMENT DISASTER PREPAREDNESS : THE CASE OF TYPHOON SENDONG AFFECTED ILIGAN COMMUNITIES.” [Online]Available: https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/BARANGAY-GOVERNMENT-DISASTER-PREPAREDNESS-%3A-THE-OF-Viloria-Mamon/739a8b2bdf6b8f44327f7f2dbb3e79155856adf9[Accessed 31 July 2022].
[76] C. Walch, 2018. “Evacuation ahead of Natural Disasters: Evidence from Cyclone Phailin in India and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines.” Geo: Geography and Environment 5 (1): e00051. https://doi.org/10.1002/geo2.51.
[77] J. Whittaker, B. McLennan, and J. Handmer, , 2015. A review of informal volunteerism in emergencies and disasters: Definition, opportunities and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 13, pp.358-368.
[78] K.Wyche, , R. Pfefferbaum, BPfefferbaum, F. Norris, D Wisnieski, and H Younger. “Exploring Community Resilience in Workforce Communities of First Responders Serving Katrina Survivors.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 81, no. 1 (2011): 18–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01068.x.
[79] Xu, Dingde, Chen Qing, Xin Deng, Zhuolin Yong, Wenfeng Zhou, and Zhixing Ma. 2020. "Disaster Risk Perception, Sense of Pace, Evacuation Willingness, and Relocation Willingness of Rural Households in Earthquake-Stricken Areas: Evidence from Sichuan Province, China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020602