IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Evaluation Of Graded Levels Of Garlic (Allium Sativum) On Growth Performance And Blood Cholesterol (LDL) Levels Of Growing Pigs

Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Ntinya C. Johnson , Benbella Iorliam
Keywords
Performance, Cholesterol, Garlic and Pig.
Abstract
The effects of graded levels of garlic were studied on growth performance and cholesterol (LDL) blood levels in growing pigs. 36 growing landrace pigs of average body weight (BW) of 23 ± 0.7 (mean ± SD) kg were used in the study. Pigs were assigned to six dietary treatments in a completely randomized design (CRD). The trial lasted for four weeks (28d). The dietary treatments were: diet 1, control diet (0g garlic/kg of diet, 10g, 20g, 30g, 40g and 50g garlic/kg of diet for diets 2 – 6, respectively. Each dietary treatment was assigned to 6 pigs. Average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG) and feed efficiency (FE) as well as blood LDL parameters were determined for the study period. Although, there were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in the ADFI, the animals on the garlic-diets grew at better rates (P < 0.05) compared with the control with animals in treatment 3 (20g/kg of diet) had the best growth rate. FE also mirrored the ADG as the FE of the garlic-diets demonstrated better (P < 0.05) FE compared with the control diet with treatment 3 as the diet with most FE. Furthermore, the garlic-diets demonstrated significantly (P < 0.05) lowered LDL levels compared with the control with diet 3 showing the least LDL blood content. It was concluded that garlic improved animal performance and also reduced blood LDL levels, especially at 20g garlic/kg of diet.
References
[1]. Agarwal, K. C. 1996. Therapeutic Actions of Garlic Constituents. Med. Res. Rev. 16:111 – 124.

[2]. Ankri, S. and Mirelman, D. 1999. Antimicrobial properties of allicin from garlic. Microbes and Infect. 2 (2): 125-129.

[3]. Cromwell, G. L. 2002. Why and how antibiotics are used in swine production. Anim. Biotechnol. 13: 7-27.

[4]. Ernst, E. 1997. Cardio Protection and Garlic. Lancet. 34:131 – 136.

[5]. Friedman, M. 2007. Overview of antibacterial, antitoxin, antiviral and antifungal activities of tea flavonoids and teas. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 51:116-134.

[6]. Hoerr, F. J. 1998. Pathogenesis of enteric diseases. Poult. Sci. 77: 1150-1155.

[7]. Holden, P. J and McKean, J. D. 2002. Botanicals for nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (supplement 1): 41 (Abstract).

[8]. Gibson, G. R. 2001. Prebiotics for improved gut health. Food Sci. Technol. Abstracts, 3731.

[9]. Kommera, S. K. Mateo, R. D. Neher, F. J. and Kim, S. W. 2006. Phytobiotics and organic acids as potential alternatives to the use of antibiotics in nursery pig diets. Asian-Austra. J. Anim. Sci. 19: 1784-1789.

[10]. Nauck, M. Warnick, G. R. and Rafai, N. 2002. Methods for measurement of LDL-cholesterol: A critical assessment of direct measurement by homogeneous assays versus calculation. Clinic. Chem. 48 (2):236-254.

[11]. NRC, 2012. Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.

[12]. Tsai, Y. Cole, L. L. and Simmons, V. 2006. Antiviral properties of garlic: in vitro effects on influenza B, herpes simplex and coxsackle viruses. Planta Med. 15: 460 – 463.

[13]. Uchida, Y. Takahashi, T. and Sato, N. 2001. The characteristics of the antibacterial activity of garlic. Jpn. J. Antibiotics 87: 56-70.
[14]. Yamada, Y. and Azuma, K.1997 Evaluation of the in vitro antifungal activity of allicin. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 11: 743 -749.