IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Training Needs Assessment Of Health Personnel On The Management Of Diabetes Mellitus In The West Region Of Cameroon

Volume 2 - Issue 3, March 2018 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

MBUNKA Muhamed Awolu, Jerome ATEUDJIEU, BAYIHA Eugene Joel, YAKUM N. Martin, CHEUGUEU DJIOTSOP Manuella, DOOH Herve Claude, FOYOU DJEUMO Amerle Diane, Pierre WATCHO, Anne Cecile Zoung-Kanyi Bissek
Africa, Diabetes, diabetes awareness, knowledge of Health personnel
Background: Cameroon is one of the countries with highest burden diabetes in Africa; the adequate respond of health personnel to this burden depend on their knowledge in preventing and managing diabetic patients. Objective: To assess the knowledge of health personnel on the management of diabetes mellitus in the West Region of Cameroon Study design: It was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted in the West Region of Cameroon from May to July 2016. The Knowledge of consulting health personnel, selected using a multi-stage random sampling, was assessed on diabetes prevention and management using a structured pre-tested questionnaire administered face-to-face. We estimated proportions of health personnel who master the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, complications, risk factors, management and prevention with 95% CI. Results: Out of 193 health personnel included, 92.8% (CI 88.16-96.0), 119(61.7%), 66.8% (CI 54.4-68.6), and 57.5% (CI 50.2-64.6) of health personnel respectively knew that Polyuria, weights loss, polydypsia and polyphagia were primary signs and symptoms of diabetes. 72.5% (CI 65.7-78.7), 61.1% (CI 53.9-68.1) and 11.9% (7.7-17.3) personnel respectively knew that visual trouble, renal disorder and paralysis respectively were complications of diabetes mellitus. 51.8% (CI 44.5-59.1) of health personnel knew that eye should be frequently examined when exposing to diabetes. 74.6% (CI 67.9-80.6), 67.9% (CI 60.8-74.4) and 62.2% (CI 54.9-69.0) of health personnel knew that they need to advise patients on the importance of physical education, food hygiene and the mastery of primary signs and symptoms of diabetes. 68.9% (CI 61.9-75.4) of health personnel could diagnose diabetes using Fasting plasma glycemic test. Conclusion: The overall knowledge of health personnel regarding diabetes management is average; however, there are deficits in certain aspects of diabetes management. As such, there is an urgent need to improve and enhance the capability of health personnel to deliver adequate healthcare delivery services to diabetic patients through a more educational initiative like workshops, regular training. More so, new training methods should be developed and implement to appropriate health personnel.
WHO, GLOBAL REPORT ON DIABETES. France: © World Health Organization 2016, 2016.

[2] Nam Han Cho et al., IDF DIABETES ATLAS, Seventh Edition. 2015.

[3] O. Ogbera, O. Adeyeye, I. Odeniyi, and O. Adeleye, ‘Knowledge of diabetes mellitus in tuberculosis amongst healthcare workers in Nigeria’, Indian J. Endocrinol. Metab. vol. 17, no. 4, p. 704, 2013.

[4] ‘Survey of knowledge and attitudes regarding diabetic inpatient management by medical and nursing staff at Kalafong Hospital’, vol. 13(3), Kalafong Hospital, South Afrioca: JEMDSA, 2008, pp. 90–97.

[5] Alebiosu O, ‘Knowledge of diabetes and hypertension care among health care workers in southwest Nigeria. - PubMed - NCBI’, Jan-2009.

[6] IDF et al., ‘Réunion régionale de la Fédération Internationale du Diabète (FID) Afrique pour la Mise en œuvre de la Résolution des Nations Unies sur le diabète.’, Kenya, Dec. 2008.

[7] Livig Well, A Diabetes Care Handbook. Intermountain healthcare, 2006.

[8] Unadike BC and Etukumana EA, ‘Nurses Understanding about Diabetes in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital’, Pak J Med Sci, pp. 217–222, 2010.

[9] Okolie et al., ‘Knowledge of diabetes management and control by diabetic patients at Federal Medical Center Umuahia.’, Abia State, Nigeria, pp. 353–358, Sep-2009.
[10] Gavin III JR, Freeman JS, Shubrook JHJ, and Lavernia F, ‘Type 2 diabetes mellitus: practical approaches for primary care physicians’, 2011.

[11] The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) Research Group, ‘The effect of intensive treatment of diabetes on the development and progression of long-term complications in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus’, 1993.

[12] UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group, ‘Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylurea or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33’, 1998.

[13] Grundy SM, Cleeman JI, Merz CN, Brewer HBJ, Clark LT, and Hunninghake DB, ‘Implications of recent clinical trials for the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines’, 2004.

[14] A. M. Jingi, J. R. N. Nansseu, and J. J. N. Noubiap, ‘Primary care physicians’ practice regarding diabetes mellitus diagnosis, evaluation and management in the West region of Cameroon’, BMC Endocr. Disord. vol. 15, no. 1, p. 1, Apr. 2015.