Social Disparities And Accessibility Of Sanitation Marketing Factors Among Rural Community Of Myinmu Township: A Cross Sectional Analytical Study
Volume 4 - Issue 6, June 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Than Kyaw Soe, Kay Khine Nyein
accessibility, rural community, sanitation marketing, social disparities
Introduction: Still 68% of the world’s population about 5.0 billion people still used basic sanitation service. About 2.3 billion People do not have basic sanitation facilities. Accessibility of sanitation market is important to be sustainable development of sanitation and hygiene behavior in the long run. Objective: To identify the prevalence of sanitation marketing factors among rural community in Myinmu Township and to determine the social disparities influencing on the accessibility of sanitation marketing factors among rural community in Myinmu Township. Methodology: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 6 villages of Myinmu Township, Sagaing region, Myanmar. The 402 sample participants were selected by using multistage random sampling. Result: In 402 total participants, 366 household leaders (91.04%) were accessible to excellent sanitation marketing index. Multivariate analysis after controlling the confounding factors with backward elimination found that presence of university and higher education student, sanitation attitude, mechanism of sustained ODF, water collecting trips, having own toilet , number of people using on one toilet, access to desludging services, clinical treatment receiving times, and cost for current latrines were associated with the accessibility of sanitation and marketing factors among rural community who lived in Myinmu Township, Sagaing Region, Myanmar. Conclusions: This study encourages the ways to improve the accessibility of sanitation marketing factors in Myanmar by identifying the associated social disparity factors.
 The WHO UJMP. JMP Report. 2017.
 D. Pedi MJ, H. Aun, L. McLennan and G. Revell. The “hands-off” sanitation marketing model: Emerging lessons from rural Cambodia. 35th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 2011. 2011.
 K.Vrana CG, M.Wubshet, M.Yasin-Jemal, B.Getachew & M.Gizaw (Czech Republic). A comparative analysis of the impact of hygiene promotion and sanitation marketing in rural Ethiopia. 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 2017. 2017;Local Action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene services.
 Awoke W, Muche S. A cross sectional study: latrine coverage and associated factors among rural communities in the District of Bahir Dar Zuria, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:99.
 A.M.Mahama. Determinants of factors influencing householder' access to improved water and sanitation facilities in selected low-income urban areas of Accra. Institute of statistical, social and economic research, University of Ghana, legon. 2013.
 N Debesay LI, A Gebresilassie, H Assefa, D Yemane. Latrine utilization and associated factors in the rural communities of Gulomekada District, Tigray Region, North Ethiopia, 2013: A community based cross-sectional study. Community Medicine & Health Education. 2015;5:2.
 YT Yimam KG, DH Chercos. Latrine utilization and associated factors among people living in rural areas of Denbia district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013, a cross-sectional study. Pan African Medical Journal. 2014;18:334.
 Dube B, January J. Factors Leading to Poor Water Sanitation Hygiene Among Primary School Going Children in Chitungwiza. J Public Health Afr. 2012;3(1):e7.
 Z.Kugedera JTM. Achieving and sustaining open defecation free (ODF) villages: a study of four rural districts in Zinbabwe. 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 2017. 2017;Local Action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene services.
 I.R.Abubakar. Access to sanitation facilities among Nigerian households: Determinants and sustainability implications. MDPI, College of Architecture and Planning, University of Dammam. 2017;9(su9040547).
 Asfaw B, Azage M, Gebregergs GB. Latrine access and utilization among people with limited mobility: A cross sectional study. Arch Public Health. 2016;74:9.
 Gebremedhin G, Tetemke D, Gebremedhin M, Kahsay G, Zelalem H, Syum H, et al. Factors associated with latrine utilization among model and non-model families in Laelai Maichew Woreda, Aksum, Tigray, Ethiopia: comparative community based study. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11(1):586.
 Budhathoki SS, Shrestha G, Bhattachan M, Singh SB, Jha N, Pokharel PK. Latrine coverage and its utilisation in a rural village of Eastern Nepal: a community-based cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10(1):209.
 H.V.Minth HNV, N.H.Thanh, J.C.Yang. Assessing willingness to pay for improved sanitation in rural Vietnam. Environmental Health Prev Med 2013;18:275–284.