IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Peacekeeping Action Team In Crime Prevention Of Selected Villages In Cebu City, Philippines

Volume 2 - Issue 6, June 2018 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Jonathan O. Etcuban, Leo T. Batiles, Ma Cristina B. Monte, Arnel D. Arpon, Aahron M. Dinauanao, Philip Joel DR. Macugay
Keywords
Crime prevention, criminal justice, peacekeeping action team, Philippines
Abstract
Peacekeeping is the essential function of the police and police visibility is one of the main thrusts of this peacekeeping activity. Without this peacekeeping activity, it would be desperate for the police visibility may not work in addressing criminality in all situations. It is needed to maintain the harmonies living of the residents in the community. This study determined the performance of Village Peacekeeping Action Team (BPAT) about crime prevention of selected villages in Cebu City. The researchers employed a descriptive type of research characterized by gathering data on BPAT performance on crime prevention in the identified villages in Cebu, namely Luz, Ermita, Tisa, Guadalupe, and Tinago. Also, the study was employed by the five police stations of which these villages were under. The community, village officials, and the police officers were the respondents of the study. They were advised to answer the researcher made questionnaire. The gathered data were statistically treated using the weighted mean. The investigation revealed that on the deterrence of crime, apprehension of criminals, drug demand and supply reduction, and identification of dependents for rehabilitation the BPAT performance were rated effective by the respondents. Also, the study revealed that on the problems encountered by the BPAT in crime prevention, the drug demand and supply reduction, as well as the identification of dependents for rehabilitation, were moderately serious. It was concluded that the police in the community is a gesture of PNP's commitment to pursue a productive community partnership in support of sustained village-based anti-crime strategy in collaboration with the BPAT by intensifying public safety information campaign through regular police bulletins on criminal modus operandi. The researchers recommended strengthening the knowledge and skills of the BPAT in identifying the drug dependents for rehabilitation in the community through training and seminars.
References
[1] Baker, B. (2002). Living with non-state policing in South Africa: the issues and dilemmas. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 40(01), 29-53. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/U3pVOg

[2] Beckett, K., & Sasson, T. (2003). The politics of injustice: Crime and punishment in America. Sage Publications. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/7ZvdcB

[3] Beebe, N. L., & Rao, V. S. (2005, December). Using situational crime prevention theory to explain the effectiveness of information systems security. In Proceedings of the 2005 SoftWars Conference, Las Vegas, NV(pp. 1-18). Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/zxYjdJ

[4] Braga, A. A., & Weisburd, D. (2010). Policing problem places: Crime hot spots and effective prevention. Oxford University Press on Demand. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/ec5rg6

[5] Bratton, W. J. (1999). Great expectations: how higher expectations for police departments can lead to a decrease in crime. In Measuring What Matters: Proceedings from the Policing Research Institute Meetings, Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice (pp. 11-26). Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/X5Cxi9

[6] Broadhurst, R. (2006). Developments in the global law enforcement of cyber-crime. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 29(3), 408-433. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/AxwMlP

[7] Buntman, F., & Snyman, R. (2003). Policing in a diverse and multicultural society: The South African case. Police and Society, 7. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/iZA6Kv

[8] Buerger, M. (2007). Third-party policing: Futures and evolutions. Exploring the Future of Crime, Communities, and Policing, 452. Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/rg9bMQ

[9] Buys, C. G. (2003). The tensions between confidentiality and transparency in international arbitration. American Review of International Arbitration, 14(121). Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/whdyuy

[10] Caparas, D. L. A. (2000). Participation of the public and victims for more fair and effective Criminal Justice Administration in the Philippines. Resource Materials Series No. 56, 241. Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/LASYId

[11] Chadwick, A., & May, C. (2003). Interaction between States and Citizens in the Age of the Internet: “e‐Government” in the United States, Britain, and the European Union. Governance, 16(2), 271-300. Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/Ty88CV

[12] Chen, Z. (2016). Policing in China. In Measuring Police Subcultural Perceptions (pp. 21-34). Springer Singapore. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/aPcRA6

[13] Clarke, R., & Eck, J. E. (2014). Become a problem-solving crime analyst. Routledge. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/G2R5ve

[14] Cole, C. F., Labin, D. B., & del Rocio Galarza, M. (2008). Begin with the children: What research on Sesame Street's international coproductions reveals about using media to promote a new more peaceful world. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32(4), 359-365. Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/ThcLw5

[15] Del Carmen, A., & Guevara, L. (2003). Police officers on two-officer units: A study of attitudinal responses towards a patrol experiment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 26(1), 144-161. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/nllDZ2

[16] Desierto, D. (2010). A Universalist History of the 1987 Philippine Constitution (II). Historia Constitucional, (11), 427-484. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/eBnPCQ

[17] Diaz, B. L. (2015, June). Report: Cebu City’s crime rate up 22%. The Freeman. Retrieved November 2017 from https://goo.gl/xKAFln

[18] Dimaano, A. F. M., & Sumaylo, D. J. F. (2014). Crisis management: The case of Tacurong City. The Common Good in Global Perspective, 31(2), 41-62. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/OPmF42

[19] Dimino, M. R. (2009). Police Paternalism: Community Caretaking, Assistance Searches, and Fourth Amendment Reasonableness. Wash. & Lee L. Rev., 66, 1485. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/QjMpW1

[20] Domingo-Almase, A. D. (2013). What the subject of security really means. Research & Special Studies Division Editorial Team, 15. Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/aTgd07

[21] Durlauf, S. N., & Nagin, D. S. (2011). Imprisonment and crime. Criminology & Public Policy, 10(1), 13-54. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/9IkDLm

[22] Eck, J. E., & Maguire, E. R. (2000). Have changes in policing reduced violent crime? An assessment of the evidence. The crime drop in America, 207, 228. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/0HvvJt

[23] Epstein, M. J., Buhovac, A. R., & Yuthas, K. (2010). Implementing sustainability: The role of leadership and organizational culture. Strategic Finance, 91(10), 41. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/FAEbkD

[24] Feliciano, M. S., Agabin, P. A., Magallona, M. M., & Sison, C. V. (2001). Modernization of laws in the Philippines. Institute of Developing Economies. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/KlPWv6

[25] Felson, M., & Boba, R. L. (Eds.). (2010). Crime and everyday life. Sage. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/TJqxON

[26] Gatmaytan-Mango, D. (2007). Artificial Judicial Environmental Activism: Oposa v. Factoran as Aberration. Ind. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev., 17, 1. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/YxXSx2

[27] Giddens, A. (2013). The third way: The renewal of social democracy. John Wiley & Sons. Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/zqvUqE

[28] Gupta, A. C. (2013). Elephants, safety nets, and agrarian culture: Understanding human-wildlife conflict and rural livelihoods around Chobe National Park, Botswana. Journal of Political Ecology, 20, 238-254. Retrieved May 2017 from http://jpe.library.arizona.edu/volume_20/Gupta.pdf

[29] Gustaitis, P. J., & Guttieri, K. (2007). Finding the missing link to a successful Philippine counterinsurgency strategy (Doctoral dissertation, Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School). Retrieved July 2017 from http://calhoun.nps.edu/handle/10945/3393

[30] Ioimo, R. E., & Aronson, J. E. (2003). The benefits of police field mobile computing realized by non-patrol sections of a police department. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 5(3), 195-206. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/7VUSWr

[31] Knepper, P. (2007). Criminology and social policy. Sage. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/Ex2DMK

[32] Kraft, H. J. S. (2010). The foibles of an armed citizenry: Armed auxiliaries of the state and private armed groups in the Philippines (overview). Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/4h62hV

[33] Last, D. (2000). Organizing for effective peacebuilding. International Peacekeeping, 7(1), 80-96. Retrieved July 2017 from https://goo.gl/T6mVYq

[34] Lee, J., & Ingold, T. (2006). Fieldwork on foot: Perceiving, routing, socializing. Locating the field: Space, place and context in anthropology, 42, 67. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/M9EX3Y

[35] Lerbinger, O. (2012). The crisis manager. Routledge. Retrieved August 2017 from http://goo.gl/xvJu7z

[36] Lopez, G. M. J. (2013). Integrating national security into Philippine Regional Development Planning. Research & Special Studies Division Editorial Team. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/p4Q7Dv

[37] Lorenz, K. (2002). On aggression. Psychology Press. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/RWjXKi

[38] Lowry, K., White, A., & Courtney, C. (2005). National and local agency roles in integrated coastal management in the Philippines. Ocean & coastal management, 48(3), 314-335. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/WgMJMt

[39] McCoy, A. W. (2009). Policing America's Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the rise of the surveillance state. University of Wisconsin Press. Retrieved May 2017 from http://goo.gl/2r3l5L

[40] Mertes, T., & Bello, W. F. (2004). A movement of movements: Is another world really possible?. Verso. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/rOf2CV

[41] Mitchell, J. B. (2012). Crimes of misery and theories of punishment. New Criminal Law Review: In International and Interdisciplinary Journal, 15(4), 465-510. Retrieved November 2017 from https://goo.gl/13vqIG

[42] Pena, L. I. (2007). Finding the missing link to a successful Philippine counterinsurgency strategy. Naval Post-Graduate School Monterey CA. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/z5AbkF

[43] Querol, Jr., C. E. (2009). Village peacekeeping operations. PNP Manual. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/jQQonb

[44] Ratcliffe, J. H. (2017). Intelligence-led policing. Routledge. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/8gcBDp

[45] Sabijon, D.F., Etcuban, J.O., Nillama, V.R.A., Festejo, E.R., Luage, C., & Salazar, E.A. (2017). Effectiveness of police community relation in Cebu City’s mountain villages. IASPER: Interdisciplinary Research Journal, Vol 5 (2017), 60-79.

[46] San Juan, R. C. (2013). The Village Peacekeeping Action Team as implemented in Village San Isidro, Angono, Rizal. Retrieved November 2017 from https://goo.gl/sfpUac

[47] Sanchez, N. K. (2017). The Philippines: Ensuring inclusion to community responses to youth justice. In Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice (pp. 161-183). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/wdwDmi

[48] Sanidad-Leones, C. (2006). The current situation of crime associated with urbanization: Problems experienced and countermeasures initiated in the Philippines. Resource Material Series, (68). Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/Qaj1KA

[49] Sherman, L. W., & Eck, J. E. (2002). 8 Policing for crime prevention. Evidence-based crime prevention, 295. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/Vi6wff

[50] Slaughter, A. M. (2004). Disaggregated Sovereignty: Towards the public accountability of global government networks. Government and Opposition, 39(2), 159-190. Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/JuKJx5

[51] Sluka, J. A. (2012). Reflections on managing danger in fieldwork: Dangerous anthropology in Belfast. Ethnographic fieldwork: An anthropological reader, 283-95. Retrieved June 2017 from http://goo.gl/Z3VfHX

[52] Soto, B., Munthali, S. M., & Breen, C. (2001). Perceptions of the forestry and wildlife policy by the local communities living in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique. Biodiversity & Conservation, 10(10), 1723-1738. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/LU4QRY

[53] Sun, S. (2009). Organizational culture and its themes. International Journal of Business and Management, 3(12), 137. Retrieved July 2017 from https://goo.gl/QKTiHj

[54] The Freeman. (2017, June). During meeting with Osmeña: Illegal drug pushers, users promise to quit. Retrieved November 2017 from https://goo.gl/gcd6O4

[55] Thomas, M. B. (2005). Challenges in Implementing Community Policing; Conflict Between Paradigm and Practice. Does the Delivery System Reflect the Theoretical Paradigm? A Case Study (Doctoral dissertation, Royal Roads University). Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/rEkLwi

[56] Tyler, T. R., Schulhofer, S., & Huq, A. Z. (2010). Legitimacy and Deterrence effects in counterterrorism policing: A study of Muslim Americans. Law & Society Review, 44(2), 365-402. Retrieved July 2017 from https://goo.gl/NUyVsD

[57] Vila, B., Morrison, G. B., & Kenney, D. J. (2002). Improving shift schedule and work-hour policies and practices to increase police officer performance, health, and safety. Police quarterly, 5(1), 4-24. Retrieved June 2017 from https://goo.gl/jjKbdY

[58] Vindevogel, F. (2005). Private security and urban crime mitigation: A bid for BIDs. Criminal Justice, 5(3), 233-255. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/GJZuoA

[59] Wakefield, A. (2006). The value of foot patrol: A review of research. Police Foundation. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/HuIXtE

[60] Walsh, W. F. (2001). Compstat: An analysis of an emerging police managerial paradigm. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 24(3), 347-362. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/Jcnwr8

[61] Weisburd, D., & Eck, J. E. (2004). What can police do to reduce crime, disorder, and fear?. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 593(1), 42-65. Retrieved October 2017 from https://goo.gl/J3pyYc

[62] White, A. T., Aliño, P. M., & Meneses, A. B. T. (2006). Creating and managing marine protected areas in the Philippines. Fisheries Improved for Sustainable Harvest Project. Retrieved September 2017 from http://goo.gl/NQDmCU

[63] Wilson, J. (2013). Thinking about crime. Basic books. Retrieved May 2017 from http://goo.gl/053RzL

[64] Yilmaz, S., & Venugopal, V. (2013). Local government discretion and accountability in the Philippines. Journal of International Development, 25(2), 227-250. Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/WP7ry7

[65] Zakaria, H. S. W. (2014). Role of regulator in promoting safety culture. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 3(5). Retrieved July 2017 from http://goo.gl/QpLdQ2