The Chieftaincy Institution Among The Banyang And Ejagham Ethnic Groups Of Cameroon (1884-1990): An Intersection Of Flexibility, Partiality And Interference
Volume 1 - Issue 2, August 2017 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Tabe James Takor
Banyang, Chieftaincy, Chief, Elective, Ejagham, Flexibility, Hereditary, Interference, Partiality, and Rotatory.
The paper examines the mode of transfer of power in the chieftaincy institution among the Banyang and Ejagham ethnic groups of Manyu Division, South West Region of Cameroon. The succession principles in this land was liberally democratic but not without some shortcomings. The paper made use of secondary and primary sources for the collection of data. Concerning the secondary sources, use was made of literature that offered some general and specific information about the paper. To ensure an easy understanding of the paper, we adopted a conventional analytical pattern. We used both the chronological and topical approaches. Our findings reveal three central issues: Firstly, the chieftaincy institution among the Banyang and Ejagham ethnic groups was flexible and unpredictable. Secondly, the transfer power was smooth to an extent. Finally, the magnitude of power alternation made chieftaincy disputes obvious. Above all, the paper argues that the mode of power transfer had had considerable negative peaceful co-existence and stability in the society.
. V. B.Amaazee, Traditional Rulers (Chiefs) and Politics in Cameroon History, Presses Universitaaires de Yaounde, Yaounde, 2002.
. B. Fonlon, The Genuine intellectual, Press book Limbe, Limbe, 1978. p.93.
. C. R. Jesse, Decentralization, Participation and Accountability in Sahelian Forestry, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1999.
. V. J. Ngoh, History of Cameroon since 1800, Press Book, Buea, 1996.
. P. S. Reddy, Grass-roots Governance? Chiefs in Africa and the Afro- Caribbean, University of Calgary Press, Calgary, 2003.
. W Linder, “Political Challenges of Decentralization.” Berne, Institute of Political Science, p.19, 2002.
. W. V.Binsbergen, “The Dynamics of Power and the Rule of Law: Essays on Africa and Beyond,” Hamburg/London, LIT. Verlag, pp.101-149, 2003.
. B. Chem Langhëë, “The Question of Native Administration in Mamfe Division between the War,” Habary 32, pp. 99-121, 1980.
. V, Kessel and B. Oomen, “One Chief, One Vote: The Revival of Traditional Authorities in Post-Apartheid South Africa,” in Van Rouveroy, V. Nieuwaal and R. Van Dijk (eds), African Chieftaincy in a New Socio-Political Landscape, Munster-Hamburg-Londonm LIT Verlag, p.165, 1999.
. N. P. Nkwi, “Cameroon Grassfield Chiefs and Modern Politics,” PAIDEUMA, p.104, 1979.
. I. D. Ray, “Rural Local Governance and Traditional Leadership in Africa and the Afro-Caribbean: Policy and Research Implications from Africa to the Americas and Australasia,” In D. I. Ray and P. S. Reddy (eds) Grass-roots Governance Chiefs in Africa and the Afro-Caribbean , University of Calgary Press, 2003
. T. Ranger, “The Invention of Tradition in Colonial Africa,” in Hosbawa E. and Ranger T. (eds) The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Theses and Dissertations
. B. P. Ayuk “Besongabang Socio Cosmological Beliefs and institutions in the Process of Change,” Post Graduate Diploma Dissertation in History, University of Yaounde, Yaoundé, p.108. 1979.
National Archives Buea (NAB)
. NAB., File No.504,Vb/b1961/4, “Administrative District Office Mamfe,”1961.
. NAB., File No. A1918/24, “Natives in British Sphere.” 1924.
. NAB., File No. Id/1971/ “ Chieftaincy Dispute in Afab Village of Manyu Division” 1971.
. NAB., File No. AB77/245 “Concerning the Reorganization of Chieftaincy and Traditional Authority in the National Territory.” 15 July 1977.
. NA.B. File No. Ce .1947/1, “Annual Report for Mamfe Division,” 1947.
. NAB., File No. Id/ 1965/2, “Afab Village Chieftaincy Dispute,” 1965.
. NAB. , File No. 1147,Id/1971/1, “Chieftaincy Dispute in Eyanchang Village,” 1971.
. NAB., File No 1147, Ia 1960/1, “Chieftaincy Dispute Policy,”1960.
. NAB., File No. 77/245, “Concerning the Reorganisation of Chieftaincy,”1977.
. NAB. , File No. C2 793, I /1960/11 “Recognition of Chiefs Law,” 1960.
. NAB. , File No. Id /1966/I, “Chiefs Recognition , Certificate of Award Mamfe Divisio” 1966.
Divisional Achieves Mamfe (DAM
. DAM. , “Divisional Officer of Mamfe Central Sub-Division Kingue Nkembaene, in his letter No AME/29/147,” February 4,1972, p,12.
Media House: Cameroon Radio and Television(CRTV)
. CRTV. Radio News Magazine Programme, “Cameroon Calling,” Tazoacha Asonganyi, 21st October 2013.