IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Autonomous Vehicles: Ethical Dilemmas

Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Maulik Patel, Rushit Dave, Evelyn R Sowells Boone
Autonomous Driving, Autonomous Vehicle, Self- Driving Vehicle, Driverless car, Automation, Morality, Ethics, Dilemma, utilitarianism, risk management, Safety, Trolley problem.
With the rapid urban development, sustainable, reliable and safe transportation solutions are required, to satisfy the demand and minimize potentially negative impacts. The field of autonomous vehicles (AVs) has got lot of attention among media, researchers, politicians and industry since its introduction. It can fundamentally change road transportation and improve quality of life. Although, on one hand the benefits of AVs can bring revolution in transportation field and can solve many engineering problems. On the other hand, there are some serious concerns about social and ethical problems such as so-called trolley problem. In certain situations, AVs forced to take some decision where harming someone cannot be avoided, i.e. whether it protect its passenger or to protect other road users. Therefore, it needs proper ethical guideline and crash-optimization algorithm to make decision in certain situations and so we believe applied software engineering ethical approach can be the solution to these problems. In this paper, we will explore the regulative instruments, standards, legal and moral responsibilities of AVs to act and make decision in unavoidable situations.
[1]. Barbara, M. & Andrew, F., 2014. Ethics: Theory and contemporary issues. s.l.:Nelson Education.

[2]. Bonnefon, J.-F., Shariff, A. & Rahwan, I., 2016. The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles. Science, 352(6293), pp. 1573-1576.

[3]. Earth Imaging Journal(EIJ), 2012. LiDAR Boosts Brain Power for Self-Driving Cars. [Online] Availa-ble at: https://eijournal.com/resources/lidar-solutions-showcase/lidar-boosts-brain-power-for-self-driving-cars

[4]. Goodall, N. J., 2014. Vehicle Automation and the Duty to Act. [Online] Available at: https://www.academia.edu/22479919/Vehicle_Automation_and_the_Duty_to_Act [Accessed 03 2019].

[5]. J., C. G. & Sarah, M. T., 2016. Implementable Eth-ics for Autonomous Vehicles. In: Autonomous Driv-ing. Berlin(Heidelberg): Springer, pp. 88-102.

[6]. Jan, G. & Mu¨ller, J. F., 2016. Autonomous Cars: In Favor of a Mandatory Ethics Setting. Springer Sci-ence+Business Media Dordrecht, Issue 23, pp. 681-700.

[7]. Lim, H. S. M. & Taeihagh, A., 2018. Autonomous Vehicles for Smart and SustainableCities: An In-Depth Exploration of Privacy andCybersecurity Im-plications. MDPI, 11(5).

[8]. Matt, M., n.d. Immanuel Kant: Metaphysics. [Online] Available at: https://www.iep.utm.edu/kantmeta/[Accessed 05 2019].

[9]. SCHÄFFNER, V., n.d. Caught Up in Ethical Di-lemmas: An Adapted Consequentialist Perspective on Self-Driving Vehicles. [Online] [Accessed 03 2019].

[10]. Taeihagh, A. & Lim, H. S. M., 2018. Governing au-tonomous vehicles: emerging responses for safety, liability, privacy, cybersecurity, and industry risks. Taylor and Francis Group, pp. 103-128.

[11]. Tobias, H., Gordana, D.-C. & Patrizio, P., 2018. Ethical and Social Aspects of Self-Driving Cars, s.l.: Arxiv.