Investigating The Teaching Methods Based On The Development Of Future Studies In The Higher Education In Afghanistan
Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
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Mohammad Fawad Bayan
Higher education, Futures Studies, Curriculum, teaching.
Universities play have a key role in the sustainable development of countries and one of the most important responsibilities of them is the empowerment of students in different fields, including the identification of the future or future studies. The enhanced capacity of student futures can be advanced through education during the years of study, so one can claim that one of the important variables that can be the ability of future student studies to influence students is the quality of teaching and learning techniques. The purpose of this study was to investigate teaching methods based on the improvement of future studies in higher education in Afghanistan. This aim was conducted employing qualitative research methodology and using a strategy based on the data theory of the phenomena. In this regard, semi-structured interviews with 20 faculty members in the field of Humannities in public and private universities of Kabul were carried out using a purposeful approach and application of theoretical saturation criterion. To obtain the reliability and validity of the data from the participants, the review method and review of non-participating experts in the research were used. Then some concepts through three stages, open source coding, theoretical coding and selective coding were obtained. The used software were SPSS and LISREL and finally, 16 general categories were obtained. This article presents the findings of the study in the framework of the paradigmatic model including: causal conditions (4 categories), pivotal phenomenon (futures studies as a general approach to teaching), strategies (3 categories), fields (4 categories), interventional conditions (2 categories) and outcomes (2 categories).
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