IJARP Impact Factor(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Paper Details: Effects Of Single And Combined Antioxidant Vitamins On Growing Pig Performance And Pork Quality

Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Johnson, N. C., Popoola, S. O., Owen, O. J.
Keywords
Antioxidant vitamins, Pig performance and Pork quality.
Abstract
The effects of the pharmaceutical levels of single and combined antioxidant vitamins: A, C, AC, AE and CE on growing pig performance, pork quality in respect to malondialhyde (MDA) serum concentrations and drip loss were investigated. 36 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 6 ± 0.79 were randomly divided into one of six experimental groups. The animals received similar commercial diet for one week after which they were offered their experimental diets at 5% of their BW as: To (control diet – contained vitamins at their basal levels, TA (200mg of vitamin A), TC (200mg of vitamin C), TAC (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin C), TAE (100mg of vitamin A + 100mg of vitamin E) and TCE (100mg of vitamin C + 100mg of vitamin E)/kg of diet, respectively for 4 weeks. Animals on the antioxidant vitamins, especially those on the combined vitamins gained at significant (P < 0.05) better rates compared with the control group. Similarly, the feed efficiency (FE) of the vitamin diets were significantly (P < 0.05) superior compared with control despite the similar (P > 0.05) feed intakes. Furthermore,the vitamin diets particularly the combined vitamin diets demonstrated lower MDA concentrations as well as lower drip loss (P < 0.05) compared with the control group. It was concluded that antioxidant vitamin combinations improved pig performance and pork quality by significantly reduced MDA levels and drip loss.
References
[1]. C. Corino, G. Oriani, L. Pantaleo, G. Pastorelliand G. Salvatori. 1999. Influence of dietary vitamin E supplementation on “heavy” pig carcass characteristics, meat quality, and vitamin E status. J. Anim. Sci. 77:1755-1761.

[2]. P, Gatellier, Y. Mercier, E. Rock and M. Renerre. 2000. Influence of dietary fat and vitamin E supplementation on free radical production an on lipid and protein oxidation in turkey muscle extracts. J. Agric. Food Chem. 48:1427-1433.

[3]. F. Monahan, J. I. Gray, A, Asghar, A. Haug, G. M. Strasburg, D. J. Buckley and P. A. Morrissey. 1994. Influence of diet on lipid oxidation and membrane structure in porcine musclemicrosomes. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42:599.

[4]. NRC, (2012). Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th Ed. Natl. Acad. Press. Washington, DC.

[5]. G. E. Onibi, J. R. Scaife, I.Murray and V. R. Fowler. 2000. Supplementary alpha-tocopherol acetate in full-fat rapeseed-based diets for pigs: effect on performance, plasma enzymes ad meat drip loss. J. Sci. Food Agric. 80:1617-1624.

[6]. A. Rasmussan, and J. R. Stouffer. 1996. New method for determination of drip loss in pork muscles. Pages 286-287 in Proc. 42th Int. Congr. Meat Sci. Technol., Lillehammer, Norway.

[7]. D. J. Buckley, P. A. Morrissey and J. I. Gray. 1995. Influence of Dietary Vitamin E on the Oxidative Stability and Quality of Pig Meat. J. Anim. Sci. 73:3122-3130.

[8]. Q. Guo, B. T. Richert, J. R. Burgess, D. M. Webel, D. E. Orr, M. Blair, G. E. Fitzner, D. D. Hall, A. L. Grant and D. E. Gerrard. 2006. Effects of dietary vitamin E and fat supplementation on pork quality. J. Anim. Sci. 84:3089-3099.

[9]. H. Sisk, M. Molloy, P. A. Morrissey and d. J. Buckley. 1994. Uptake ofα-tocopherol in porcine plasma and adipose tissue. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 54: 13A.

[10]. A. Asghar, J. I. Gray, E. R. Miller, P. K. Ku, A. M. Booren and D. J. Buckley. 1991. Influence of supranutritional vitamin E supplementation in the feed on swine growth, performance and deposition in different tissues. J. Food Agric. 57:19.

[11]. J. P. Salonen, K. Nyyssonnen, R. Salonen, H. M. Lakka, E. Sarataho, S. Voutilainen, T. A. Lakka, T. Ressanen and L. Leskinen, 2000. Antioxidant supplementation in atherosclerosis prevention (ASAP) study: a randomized trial of the effect of vitamin E and C on 3-years progression of carotid atherosclerosis. J. Intern. Med. 248: 377-386.

[12]. R. Varshney and R. K. Kale. 1990. Effect of calmodulin antagonist on radiation-induced lipid peroxidation in microsomes. Int. J. Rad. Biol. 58:733-743.