A Novel Approach For Planning An Aerocity (Aerotropolis) In Negombo-Katunayake Peri-Urban Region
Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
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E Dineth J Perera, P K S Mahanama, Prasanna Gamage
extended city, urban development, airport city, airport corridor, Aerotropolis
Airports have historically positioned in the periphery of the cities to be used as a global gateway to the city thereby mitigating the spatial disconnection and become a major economic hub in economic development. By being so, has hampered the substantial future economic development. With the emerging twenty-first-century aviation economic era, airports become strategic economic hubs in new cities. Urbanization is the diffusion of the influence of urban centers and to the rural hinterland via peri-urban. It is often argued that the urban and economic centers such as airports been highly vulnerable to chaotic land use changes, which are not compatible or not in best use. Significant growth of Asia-Pacific aviation business in next few decades and position of Sri Lanka and its socio-political stability require to reconceive the Airport city as a new urban form through expanding the Bandaranaike International Airport (BIA), Colombo, Sri Lanka towards a sub-metro region of Negombo-Katunayake metro-region. The analysis guided by the notion of the integrated airport region that ultimately requires a rapprochement between the airport master plan and broader urban planning strategies. The research paper explains, how and in what scenarios been capitalized in the processes of applying this novel approach (Aerotropolis) to BIA centric Negombo-Katunayake Metro sub-region. Ultimately, it explains its complexity and market-oriented model, which was redesigned, and the adaptation methodology in order to achieve the long-term sustainability of the new urban form.
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