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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

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Translating AIDS Terminology In Ivorian Languages

Volume 1 - Issue 3, September 2017 Edition
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Author(s)
Nahounou Angenor Yao
Keywords
HIV/AIDS, terminology, translation strategies, term acceptance, term rejection
Abstract
Faced with unknown notions or items, all languages use various strategies for creating new terms enabling them to cope with development issues. One area where term creation is prolific is HIV/AIDS. There is a growing need to translate medical guides as to the nature of the disease, how it is transmitted, and how it can be treated. However, translation of such terms can pose enormous challenges to translators of African languages. This study is a survey of terms dealing with this subject in four Ivoirian languages, representing the four major linguistic families of Ivory Coast. Various strategies are adopted including word formation, transliteration, as well as adoption of known items (egg, insect, etc.) to refer to unknown elements such as “virus”. After describing the various processes of new term creation, we elaborate on how these items can be fully integrated into the language.
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