Demographic And Aging Intensity And Its Economical Threats Chinese Experiences
Volume 1 - Issue 3, September 2017 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Ntogwa N. Bundala
Health Care Policy, Economic Growth, Population Aging and Demographic Crisis
The study aimed to examine the health care policy implications on demographic and aging phenomena and its economical threats in China. The study use the panel data from 1950-2015 mainly extracted from International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations (UN), China NBS, China Statistical Yearbook and World Bank. The multivariate regression model is used to analyse the data at 5% level of significance, with the aid of Minitab 17 English Software. The study finds that the health care policy implementation and practices and the implementation of one child policy will threat the economic growth in China by 2030. The study recommends that, the redefining of the working age population to reflect the life expectancy level in a country. The higher the life expectancy is the higher the retirement age or wide working age; the job redesigning should be done to increase the capacity and ability of the elderly staff to stay in the office and to encourage the immigration as the means of supplementing the workforce in the country.
 Ashton, B., Hill, K, Piazza, A. and Zeitz, R.(1984). Famine in China, 1958-61. Population and development Review, 10(4), p.613-645
 Banister, J, Bloom, D,E and Roseberg, L.(2010). Population Aging and Economic Growth in China. Program on the global demographic of Aging. Working paper series, 53
 Bermingham, J. R.(2001).Immigration Not a Solution to Problems of Population Decline and Aging. Colorado Population Coalition. A journal of interdisciplinary Studies 22(4). p.355-363.
 Bloom, D.E., Boersch-Supan, A., McGee, P. and Seike, A.(2011). Population Aging: Facts, Challenges and Responses. PGDA Working Paper No. 71.
 Burtless, G.(2013). The Impact of Population Aging and Delayed Retirement on Workforce Productivity. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, Hovey House, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chastnut Hill, MA 02467.
 Cai, F. and Wang. M. (2006). Challenges Facing Chinaâ€™s Economic Growth in its Aging but not affluent Era. China &world economy, 14(5), 20-31.
 Cangping, W.(2013). The Aging of Population in China. The Institute of population research, The peopleâ€™s University of China, 39 Haidian Road, Beijing china
 Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS), (2006). The Impact of the Aging Population on Health Workforce in the United States: Summary of the Key Findings. School of Public Health, University of Albany, 7 University Place Rensselaer, NY 12144-3458
 Certified General Accountants Association of Canada (CGAAC). (2005). Growing up: The Special and Economic Implication of Aging Population.
 Chan, A.(2011). Singaporeâ€™s Changing structure and the Policy implications for Financial security, Employment, Living Arrangements and Health Care. Asian Meta Center Research Paper Series No. 3.
 Chan, K.W.(2010). The global Financial Crisis and Migrant Workers in China; There is no future as a labourer; Returning to the village has no meaning. International journal of urban and regional research, 34(3), p.659-677
 Clarke, E. (2001). Population trends and challenges in Jamaica. Journal of Aging in Emerging Economies. p.22-32.
 Das, M., and Nâ€™Diaye, P.(2013). Chronicle of a Decline Foretold: Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point? IFM working paper, 13/26
 Denton, F.T. and Spencer, B.G.(1999). Population Aging and Its Economic Costs. A survey of the issues and evidence. QSEP Research Report Series ,340
 Feng, W.(2014). Chinaâ€™s population destiny: The Looming Crisis. Chinaâ€™s Population Destiny, p.244-251
 Feng, W. and Mason, A.(2005). â€œpopulation Aging in China; Challenges, opportunities, and institutionâ€™ University of Hawaii and the East-west center.
 Fiedler, M.(2007). Older People and Public Transport. Challenges and Chances of an Ageing Society. Rupprecht Consult â€“Forschung and Beratung GmbH, Germany
 Gavrilova, N.S. and Gavrilov, L.A.(2009). â€œRapidly Aging populations: Russia/Eastern Europeâ€ International Handbook of Population aging, p.113-131.
 Gergen, K.J. and Gergen, M.M.(2000). The New Aging: Self Construction and Social values. Social Structures and Aging. New York: Springer.
 Grundy, E. (2007). Population Ageing: Causes and consequences. London school of Hygiene and Tropical medicine, UK, CAS Fellow 2006/2007.
 Healy, J. (2004). The Benefits of Aging Population. Discussion Paper Number 63
 Herloson, K. and Hagestad, G.O.(2011). Challenges in Moving from Macro to Micro: Population and Family structures in ageing societies. Demographic research, 25(10), 338-361.
 Hou, L.(2011), challenges and opportunities: The impact of the population. Aging on Marketing in China and Chinese Economy. International Journal of China marketing, 1(2), 70-80
 Howe, N. and Jackson, R. (2011). Global Aging and the 2020s. Current history, p. 20-25
 Jackson, R. and Howe, N(2004). The greying of the middle kingdom: the demographic and economics of retirement policy in China. Center for strategies and international studies. Prudential foundation.
 John. R. B. at el. (2011). Global Population Ageing: Peril Promise, Geneva; World Economic Forum.
 Kaufman, J(2011). China Case study on UNFPA. Center for Global Development working Group on UNFPAâ€™s Leadership Transition.
 Kim, I.K., Liang, J., Rhee, K. and Kim, C.(1996). Population Aging in Korea: Changes since the 1960s. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 11, 369-388. Kluwer Academic Publication, Netherlands.
 Knodel, J. and Chayovan, N.(2008). Population Aging and the Well-being of Older person in Thailand Population studies Center, Research report 08-659.
 Kulik, Ryan, Harper, and George.(2014). Aging Population and management. Academy of management Journal, 57(4), p.929-935.
 Lee, R., Mason, A. and Cotlear.(2010). Some Economic Consequences of Global Aging. A Discussion Note for the World Bank. The international Banks for Reconstruction and Development. The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW. Washington, DC 20433
 Liang, J., Tu, E.J and Chen, X.(1986). Population Aging in the peopleâ€™s Republic of China. Social Science medical, 23(12), p.1353-1362
 National Institute on Aging (NIA). (2013).Why Population Aging Matter. A global perspective. National Institute of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services.US Department of State.
 Oizumi, K., Kajiwara, H. and Aratame, N.(2005). Facing up to the Problem of Population Aging in developing Countries. New perspectives for Assistance and cooperation. Institute for International Cooperation, Japan International Cooperation Agency.
 Olive, D., Foot, C., and Humphries, R. (2014). Making our Health and Care Systems fit for an Ageing population. The Kingâ€™s Fund, 11-13, Cavendish Square, London, W1G0AN.
 Peng, X.(1987). Demographic consequences of the Great Leap Forward in Chinaâ€™s provinces. Population and development review, 13(3), p639-670.
 Riley, N.E.(2004). Chinaâ€™s population: New Trends and Challenges. Population Bulletin,59(2)
 Singh, T.(2012). Demographic dividend in China; The challenge a head. IPCS Series on inside China. China research Programme, IPCS Special Report, 121.
 St.John, S., Dale, M.C. and Ashton, T.(2012). A new Approach to Finding the Costs of New Zealandâ€™s Ageing population. New Zealand Review, 38, p.55-76
 United Nations Population Funds (UNFPA).(2006). Population Ageing in Thailand: Prognosis and Policy Responses. 12th Floor, United nations Buildings.
 United Nations.(UN), (2013). World population aging 2013. Department of Economic and Social affairs population division. United nations publications.
 Wang, F. (2011). Chinaâ€™s population destiny: The Looming Crisis. Brookings, Current History
 Wiener, J.M. and Tilly, J. (2002). Population Aging in the United States of America: Implications for Public Programmes; International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, p.776-781.
 World Health organisation,(WHO), (2012), Global Health and Aging. National Institute on Aging, National institute of Health, US Department of Health and Human services.
 Zaidi, A.(2008). Features and Challenges of Population Ageing: The European perspective. Policy brief, 1, p.1-16.
 basis function networks,â€ IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 570-578, July 1993.
 J. U. Duncombe, â€œInfrared navigationâ€”Part I: An assessment of feasibility,â€ IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34-39, Jan. 1959.
 C. Y. Lin, M. Wu, J. A. Bloom, I. J. Cox, and M. Miller, â€œRotation, scale, and translation resilient public watermarking for images,â€ IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 767-782, May 2001.