SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

An Assessment Of The Nutrient Profile Accumulated Laying Hens Manure And Ammonia Emissions Reduction Strategies For Quality Of Egg Production, Resident Safety And Environment In The Rivers West Senatorial District, Nigeria.

Volume 1 - Issue 3, September 2017 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Ndukwu E.C., Ezenwanne N.H.
Accumulated manure, ammonia emission reduction, egg production and environment.
Unused nitrogen in the manure in the form of uric acid has contributed immensely to ammonia emissions. However, diet manipulation and management (an ideal dietary crude protein) as well as litter treatment with acidifiers and manure removal have been recognized as a means to reduce ammonia emissions from poultry operations. This study was an assessment of the nutrient profile accumulated laying hens waste and ammonia emissions reduction strategies for quality of egg production, resident safety and environment in Rivers West Senatorial District, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to 21 egg producers to obtain relevant information. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result indicated that egg producers had high understanding of choke/offensive odour (57.14%) and air-borne infections (28.5%) respectively. The study also revealed that farmers are aware of the adverse effects of the ammonia emission but lack the ability to easily adopt new innovations and possible ways to reduce ammonia emissions. Training on emission reduction strategies will be a great assistance to farmers. Most egg producers were between the ages of 30 and 50 (57.14%) and had more involvement in egg production and operated small-scale farm.
[1] C. H. M. Novak, S. Yakout, and S. E. Scheidelar, (2006). The effect of dietary protein level and total sulfure amino acid. Lysine ratio on egg production parameters and egg yield in hy-line w-98 hens, 2006 poultry science, 85:495-2206.
[2] NRC, (2002). Air emissions from animal feeding operations. Current knowledge, future needs, final report, National Research Council (NRC), 2004.

[3] M.S. Dawkins, C. A. Donnelly, and T.A. Jones, (2004). Chicken welfare is influenced more by conditions than by stocking density. Nature, 427(1):342-344.

[4] L.A.F. Akinola, and M.O. Ironkwe, (2012). An assessment of the awareness level of occupational and environmental hazards among poultry farmers in Rivers State, Nigeria. Proc. 17th Ann. Conf. Animal Science Association of Nigeria, 9-13th Sept, 2012, Abuja.

[5] J.D. Latshow and L. Zhaol, (2011). Dietary protein effects on hen performance and nitrogen excretion poult. Sci.2011. Jan, 90(1):99-106.doi:10.3382/ps.2010-01035.

[6] G. Lopez and S. Leeson, (1995). Response of broiler breeders to low-protein diets 1: Adult breeder performance. Poult. Sci. 74,685-695.

[7] S. D. Boling and J.D. Firman, (1997). A low protein diet for turkey pullets. Poult. Sci. 76:1298-1301.

[8] D. H. Baker, (1997). Ideal amino acid profiles for swine and their applications in feed formulation. Pages 15-18 in Biokyowa Technical Review, 9. Bokyowa.inc.chesterfield,mo.

[9] D. Shafer, J.B Carey and J.F Prochaska, (1996). Effect of dietary methionine intake on egg component yield and composition. Poult. Sci. 75: 1080-1085.

[10] C. L Novak, and S.E. Scheideler, (1998). The combined effects of lysine and TSAA in two strains of laying hens. Poult. Sci. 40:257-265.

[11] J.B Schutte, J. Dejong and J.P. Holsheimer, (1992). Dietary protein in relation to requirements in poultry and pollution. Pages 231-235 in proc. Xix world’s poult. Congr. Amsterdam. The Netherlands. WPSA. Beekbergen, the Netherlands.

[12] J.D. Summers, (1993). Reducing nitrogen excretion of the laying hen by feeding lower crude protein diets. Poult. Sci. 72:1473-1478.

[13] D.J. Jamroz, Orda, J. Skorupinska and A. Wiliczkiez,(1996). Reducing of nitrogen excretions of the laying hens by feeding low crude protein mixtures and applying of feed supplements, archive Geflugelk. 60:72-81.

[14] J.D. Summers and S. Leeson, (1994). Laying hen performance as influenced by protein intake to sixteen weeks of age and body weight at point of lay. Poultry Science, 73:495-501.

[15] K. Keshavarz, and R.E. Austic, (2004). The use of low protein, low-phosphorus, amino acid and phytase-supplemented diets on laying hen performance and nitrogen and phosphorus excretion. Poultry science, 83:75-83.

[16] P. Latimier, and J.Y. Dourmad, (1993). Effect of three protein feeding strategies, for growing pigs, on growth performance and nitrogen output in the slurry and in the air. In: M.W. A, L.A. in the den Hartog, G.J.M. Van Kempen and J.H.M. Metz (eds.) Nitrogen flow in pig production and environmental consequences. EAAI publication No. 69, Pudoc. Scientific publishers, Waqeninqen, the Netherlands, p. 242-245.

[17] Y. Lrang, Xin, Gates and E.F. Wheeler, (2003). Updates on ammonia emission from Iowa layer houses. Iowa Eqqsymposium, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. P.39-34.

[18] B.J. Keer and R.A. Easter, (1995). Effect of feeding reduced protein, amino acid-supplemented diets on nitrogen and energy balance in grower pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 73:3000-3008.

[19] J.O. Ajetomobi, F.O. Ajagbe and J.O. Adewoye, (2010). Occupational hazards and productivity of poultry farmers in Osun State of Nigeria. Intl. J. of poultry science. 9(4), 330-333.

[20] L.A.F Akinola , S.O and George, (2009). Profitability of small-scale family poultry production in Khana Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Proc. Of the 3rd Nig. Intl. Poultry summit. 22-26th February 2009, Abeokuta, Nigeria, Pp. 199-204.

[21] L.A.F. Akinola, and O.S.George, (2012). Family poultry production; A continuous source of benefit to rural farmers. Nig. Poultry science J.

[22] L.F. Caswell, J. P. Fontenot and K. E. Jr, (1975). Effect of processing method on pasteurization and nitrogen components of broiler litter and on nitrogen utilization by sheep. J. anim. Sci. 40. 750-759.

[23] D.C. Alexander, J.A.Y. Carrine, and K.A. Mckay, (1968). Bacteriological studies of poultry litter fed to livestock. Can.vet. J. 9:127-131.