IJARP Impact Factor(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Paper Details: Correlation Of Blood Pressure With Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference And Waist To Hip Ratio

Volume 3 - Issue 9, September 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
W. N. I. Kularathne, E.M.I.A Bandara, S. Humsavathani, K.A.I. Jayamali, N. Jeevanantham, G. Jigashalja, K.M.S.A Konara, B.M.H.S.K. Banneheka
Keywords
Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist to Hip Ratio, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure
Abstract
Obesity, one of the most commonly prevailing conditions is recognized as an important risk factor for the development of hypertension. The purpose of the study was to identify the association between body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and blood pressure among students in the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Although there had been studies that have assessed these parameters and its risk factors for older adults and the elderly, there is a paucity of such data among Sri Lankan young adults. Thorough knowledge of these parameters and predisposing risk factors is vital in the modification of lifestyle and to enhance the quality of life. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among 646 students of the University of Peradeniya in 2017. Anthropometric measures, blood pressure measures were collected and family history status was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Standard equipment and procedures used to measure Body weight, height, waist and hip circumference and blood pressure of the subjects. Prevalence of obesity was 5% and 2.6% among male and female subjects respectively. The prevalence of hypertension among male participants was 3.15% and 1.41% among female participants. BMI had significant positive correlation with systolic blood pressure (SBP) (r=0.383) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (r=0.336) for all subjects (p<0.01). Waist to hip ratio had positive correlation with SBP(r=0.273) and DBP (0.175) for males (p<0.01) and positive correlation with SBP(r=0.109) and DBP (0.118) for females (p<0.05).Family history of obesity and hypertension were associated with BMI and Blood pressure values respectively.
References
[1] Who.int. (2016). Obesity and overweight. [online] Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight [Accessed 5 Aug. 2016]
[2] Katulanda, P., Ranasinghe, P., Jayawardena, R., Constantine, G., Rezvi Sheriff, M. and Matthews, D. (2014). The prevalence, predictors and associations of hypertension in Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional population based national survey. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, 36(7), pp.484-491
[3] Chopra, S., Misra, A., Gulati, S. and Gupta, R. (2013). Overweight, obesity and related non-communicable diseases in Asian Indian girls and women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(7), pp.688-696
[4] Mungreiphy, N., Kapoor, S. and Sinha, R. (2011). Association between BMI, Blood Pressure, and Age: Study among Tangkhul Naga Tribal Males of Northeast India. Journal of Anthropology, 2011, pp.1-6
[5] Tesfaye, F., Nawi, N., Van Minh, H., Byass, P., Berhane, Y., Bonita, R. and Wall, S. (2006). Association between body mass index and blood pressure across three populations in Africa and Asia. Journal of Human Hypertension, 21(1), pp.28-37
[6] Kalani, Z., Salimi, T. and Rafiei, M. (2015). Comparison of obesity indexes BMI, WHR and WC in association with Hypertension: results from a Blood Pressure Status Survey in Iran. Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research, 6(2), pp.72-77
[7] Jervase, E., Barnabas, D., Emeka, A. &Osondu, N. (2009). Sex differences and relationship between blood pressure and age among the Ibos of Nigeria. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology, 3(2)
[8] Ranasinghe, P., Cooray, D., Jayawardena, R. and Katulanda, P. (2015). The influence of family history of Hypertension on disease prevalence and associated metabolic risk factors among Sri Lankan adults. BMC Public Health, 15(1)
[9] Khoo, J., Eng, S. and Foo, C. (2011). Recommendations for Obesity Management from Singapore. Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies, 26(2), pp.110-116
[10] Bray, G., Bouchard, C., James, W. (1998) Definitions and proposed current classification of Obesity, Handbook of obesity, pp. 31-40
[11] Smith, L. (2016). New AHA Recommendations for Blood Pressure Measurement. [online] Aafp.org. Available at: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1391.html [Accessed 5 Aug. 2016]
[12] Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Dans T, Avezum A, Lanas F, McQueen M, Budaj A, Pais P, Varigos J, Lisheng L.(2004). Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. The Lancet, 364(9438):937-52.
[13] Jayatissa, R., Hossain, S., Gunawardana, S., Ranbanda, J., Gunathilaka, M. and De Silva, P. (2012). Prevalence and associations of overweight among adult women in Sri Lanka: a national survey. Sri Lanka Journal of Diabetes Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2(2), p.61
[14] Katulanda, P., Jayawardena, M., Sheriff, M., Constantine, G. and Matthews, D. (2010). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Sri Lankan adults. Obesity Reviews, 11(11), pp.751-756
[15] Wijewardene, K., Mohideen, M., Mendis, S., Fernando, D., Kulathilaka, T., Weerasekara, D. and Uluwitta, P. (2010). Prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and obesity: baseline findings of a population based survey in four provinces in Sri Lanka. Ceylon Medical Journal, 50(2), p.62