Study Of The Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Escherichia Coli And Salmonella Spp. Isolated From Cattle Dung At The Port-Bouët Slaughterhouse (Abidjan, Ivory Coast)
Volume 2 - Issue 10, October 2018 Edition
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Ibourahema Coulibaly, Coulibaly Kalpy Julien, Kouamé Kouadio Eric-Parfait, Condé Fatoumata, Konaté Ibrahim
E. coli, Salmonella spp., Antibiotic, resistance, cattle
The overconsumption of antibiotics by livestock represents a productivity gain for the agri-food industry; but the emergence and growing development of bacterial antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem that is hurting the agri-food industry. This work aims to evaluate the use of antibiotics in farms and to determine the antibiotic resistance profile of strains of E. coli and Salmonella spp. isolated cattle dung at the abattoir of Port-Bouët (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire). Studies have been conducted to identify and identify the desired bacteria. Then, the sensitivity of the isolated bacterial strains to the antibiotics was determined by the standard method of diffusion on Mueller-Hinton agar medium. Samples (77) of bovine dung were collected and bacteriological analysis identified 23 strains of E. coli and 4 strains of Salmonella spp. used for the antimicrobial resistance test. Of the 77 cattle dung samples collected, the results showed the presence of resistant E. coli in 23 or 29.86% isolates and 4 isolates, or 5.19% of Salmonella spp., Of which 23 were E. coli strains tested. at 16 of the 21 antibiotics used, a resistance level of 71.19%, the 4 isolates of Salmonella spp. were mostly resistant to 4 antibiotics ie 19.04%. The highest levels of E. coli resistance were observed with β-lactams (100%) with the exception of Cefoxitin, Imipenem and 100% Tetracycline. For Salmonella spp. these levels were observed with Tetracycline (100%) and Ciprofloxacin (50%). The resistance phenotypes and the resistance rates observed on the isolates obtained at the Port-Bouët abattoir encourage increased surveillance of the use of antibiotics in the cattle industry in Côte d'Ivoire. This study revealed the presence of Salmonella spp. and important strains of E. coli in bovine dung, but mostly revealed the resistance of the strains to different antibiotics with high rates of resistance. Resistance having a considerable impact on the health of consumers causing many pathologies (Urinary tract infections, Typhoid fever, Food toxi-infection).
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