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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Sustainability Assessment of Non-Public Sector Initiatives in Housing for Marginalized Groups: Cases of Dhurmus Suntali Foundation

Volume 4 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition
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krishna ram bhandari

Sustainable housing can be defined as the housing that can address the social, economic, and cultural needs of the residents. Sustainable housing should be energy efficient and affordable for the low income groups. Nepal Government has listed 22 ethnic groups as a marginalized groups among which 17 ethnic groups reside in Terai region. Among those 17 groups, the highly marginalized group is Musahar group who are socially deprived. Many private sectors have been involved in the making of affordable housing who are mainly focused in quantity rather than quality. So, the main purpose of this research is to assess the sustainability of the integrated model settlement established by Dhurmus Suntali Foundation both in Terai as well as in Hilly region of Nepal. This research also attempted to study the socio-cultural aspects, economic aspects and environmental aspects of the settlement with an exploratory and descriptive approach of research, following case study as a research design strategy and observations, interviews, ethnography, questionnaire survey as a research methods. For this, first of all, list of indicators were developed based on the literature review which were precised more and then the performance indicators were derived which was followed by methodology. Deductive approach of research has been applied to compare the list of performance indicators with the data obtained from site visit. The study showed that Tamang people in Giranchaur are not ethnically marginalized but from the perspective of social participation and economic dimension they seem to be marginalized. In terms of marking of individual indicator parameters, all the settlements have scored very small marks in indicator parameters like passive solar design, energy efficient appliances, use of materials, orientation, economic opportunities etc. Based on these findings, different design strategies has been recommended on those low scoring indicators. Keywords Sustainability – Sustainable Housing – Thermal Comfort – Resiliency – Livelihood