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Influence Of Organisational Structure And Communication Flow On Teacher Performance In Public Secondary Schools In Akinyele Local Government, Oyo State, Nigeria

Volume 2 - Issue 12, December 2018 Edition
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Author(s)
Osemwegie, Osayomwanbor
Keywords
communication flow, organizational structure, secondary schools, teacher performance.
Abstract
This study investigated the influence of organizational structure and communication flow on teacher performance in Akinyele Local Government Area, Oyo State. The study used formalization, centralization, specialization, departmentalization, hierarchical level, informal structure, span of control, downward communication, upward communication and horizontal communication as indices to investigate the influence of organizational structure and communication flow on teacher performance. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. 20 public secondary schools which comprised 434 teachers and 20 principals were purposively selected and managerial systems theory provided the framework for the study.Four hypotheses were formulated while two questionnaires were designed (OSCFTPO) for teachers and (OSCFTPS) for principals which were used to collect data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and Multiple Regression were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings among others revealed no significant relationship between organizational structure indices and teacher performance in public secondary schools (r = -0.039; P> 0.05) On the other hand, the findings showed a significant relationship between communication flow indices and teacher performance (r = 0.191; 0.05) The findings also revealed that organizational structure indices and communication flow indices jointly have positive and significant contribution to teacher performance ( 8.146; P< 0.05). However, organizational structure did not have relative contribution to teacher performance while communication flow has relative contribution to teacher performance. The study recommended among others that the principals of public secondary schools in Akinyele local government, Oyo state should know that school as a formal organization cannot be separated from social interaction and informal communication. Therefore, principals should integrate informal organization to the schools to enhance the social behaviour and instincts of teachers. Through this practice, the teachers will have a feeling of belongingness to the school. Conclusively, in view of the findings, regardless of the communication flow prevalence in the school, it could only be significant if the right organizational structure was implemented.
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