Comparative Of The Growth & Survival Rates Of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (Gift) Using Formulated Sweet Potato Granules & Commercial Feeds
Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Resti Tito H. Villarino
Formulated Feeds; Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia; Fish Feed
Background: The issue caused by the amino acids from the costly fish feed in the growth of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia is the incredible cost of fish feeds. The study's aim is to look for an alternative & cheap fish feed. The research identified Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) growth & survival rates in the HAPA using formulated sweet potato granules & commercial feeds for 60 days as basis for the development of a Technology Guide. The experiment method has been used in the research. Results: The findings showed that the three formulated feeds have lower protein (20.33, 19.3, & 19.6) yet with higher fat (24.1, 15.69, & 10.72) than the commercial (24.1%, 3%). The initial & final weight in grams, length in centimeters & width in centimeters were highest on T1 then followed by T2 & T3. It was with the use of T1 which proved to be an effective feed. Conclusion: The ingredients utilized in the feed formulations are possible substitution of fish feed & the advancement of its usage is commendable.
 Abro, R., (2014). Digestion & Metabolism of Carbohydrates in Fish. (Vol. 2014, No.1)
 Asian Development Bank. Operations Evaluation Department. (2005). An evaluation of small-scale freshwater rural aquaculture development for poverty reduction. Asian Development Bank.
 Adewolu, M. A. (2008). Potentials of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) leaf meal as dietary ingredient for Tilapia zilli fingerlings. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 7(3), 444-449.
 Ansah, Y., Frimpong, E., & Hallerman, E. (2014).
 Genetically-improved tilapia strains in Africa: Potential benefits and negative impacts. Sustainability, 6(6), 3697-3721.
 Banrie, (2013). Principles of Fish Nutrition. The Fish Site. https://thefishsite.com/articles/principles-of-fish-nutrition Accessed July 2, 2018
 Coghlan, A. (2012). Nutrient-boosted foods protect against blindness New Scientist. Health.
 Coxon KM, Chakauya E, Ottenhof HH et al. (August 2005). "Pantothenate biosynthesis in higher plants". Biochemical Society Transactions 33 (Pt4): 743–6.
 Craig, S., Helfrich, L. A., Kuhn, D., & Schwarz, M. H. (2017). Understanding fish nutrition, feeds, and feeding.
 Equia, R.V. & M.R.R. Equia. (2007). Tilapia Broodstock & Hatchery Management. 48 pp.
 Fitzsimmons, K., Naim, S., & Alghanim, K. (2010). Tilapia: 2009 State of the Industry. Tilapia Session. San Diego WAS, 44-54.
 Go, M. B., Velos, S. P., Bate, G. P., & Ilano, A. S. (2018).
 Growth Performance of Milkfish (Chanoschanos) Fed Plant-Based Diets. Journal of Academic Research, 3(4), 18-29.
 Guerrero III, R. D., Center, P. H., & City, T. Farmed Tilapia
 Production in the Philippines Is Declining: What Has Happened and What Can Be Done.
 Khaw, H. L., Bovenhuis, H., Ponzoni, R. W., Rezk, M. A., Charo-Karisa, H., & Komen, H. (2009). Genetic analysis of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) selection line reared in two input environments. Aquaculture, 294(1-2), 37-42.
 Magondu, E.W., Mokaya, M., Ototo, A.Nyakeya, K.,
 Nyamora, J., (2016).Growth performance of milkfish (Chanos chanosForsskal) fed on formulated & non-formulated diets made from locally available ingredients in South Coast region, Kenya. International Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Studies 2016; 4(1): 288-293
 Pemsl, D. E., Chen, O. L., Tongruksawattana, T., Garcia, Y.
 T., Vera Cruz, E., Abella, T., & Waibel, H. (2008). Adoption and farm-level impact of genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) in the Philippines.
 Pilobello, K. T., & Mahal, L. K. (2007). Deciphering the glycocode: the complexity and analytical challenge of glycomics. Current opinion in chemical biology, 11(3), 300-305.
 Ponzoni, R. W., Nguyen, N. H., & Khaw, H. L. (2007).
 Investment appraisal of genetic improvement programs in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, 269(1-4), 187-199
 Towers, L., (2018). Effect of dietary salt supplementation on growth, survival & feed utilization of tilapia. The Fish Site. https://thefishsite.com/articles/effect-of-dietary-salt-supplementation-on-growth-survival-&-feed-utilization-of-tilapiaAccessed March 1, 2018
 Yosef, S. (2009). Rich food for poor people: Genetically improved tilapia in the Philippines (Vol. 925). Intl Food Policy Res Inst.
 Dionaldo, P. (2004). Fish & Shellfish Instant Noodles:
 Technology Guide For Livelihood & Entrepreneurship
 Program. Cebu State College of Science & Technology, Cebu City
 Maribao, C. (2004). The Survival & Growth Rates of Siganid Cultured in Fresh Cage using Blue-Green Algae & Pellets as their Main Feeds: A Comparative Study. Cebu State College of Science & Technology System, Moalboal Campus, Moalboal, Cebu
 Obiasada, N. (2005). A Comparative Study on the Growth & Survival Rates of Freshwater Prawn Cultured in an Aquarium with Aerator using Trash Fish & Commercial Feeds as their Main Feeds. Cebu State College of Science & Technology System, Moalboal Campus, Moalboal, Cebu
 Tabanao, C. (2005). Effects on the Growth & survival Rates of Marine Water Eels Cultured in an Aquarium using Commercial Feeds & Trash Fish with Aerator. Cebu State College of Science & Technology System, Moalboal Campus, Moalboal, Cebu