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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Disaster Preparedness Of Schools In Region 8, Philippines After Super Typhoon Haiyan

Volume 4 - Issue 2, February 2020 Edition
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Author(s)
Nelson R. Bello
Keywords
Disaster Risk Reduction and Management, DRRM, Super Typhoon, Haiyan, Yolanda, Tacloban City, Storm Surge, tsunami, Region 8, Eastern Visayas
Abstract
Philippines is one of the countries in the world that are mostly hit by the highest number of disasters each year. On November 8, 2013; the Super Typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon “Yolanda” swept the central Philippines, particularly in Region 8 which composed of Leyte and Samar Island and killed over 6,000 people, displaced some four million. The devastations it brought to schools and communities were unquestionably beyond imagination. The same super typhoon scenario can occur without warning at any time, and children are the most vulnerable. The study aimed to determine the status of Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) Program implementation of public elementary and secondary schools. The research methodology used in this study was descriptive assessment research design using questionnaire as the principal data-gathering instrument. Findings revealed that public schools in the Island of Samar were prone to typhoons/tropical storms, floods/flash floods and severe rainfall. The problem encountered by the respondents on the implementation of the DRRM Program includes insufficient fund subsidy from DepEd for DRRM implementation in school; limited financial support from the stakeholders; limited facilities and equipment of the school for DRRM implementation; and absence of modern technology needed for the implementation. The output of the study was the DRRM Program Enhancement Strategies/Plan believed to create a paradigm shift from reactive to proactive DRRM wherein school heads, teachers, pupils/students, and internal/external stakeholders have increased their awareness and understanding of DRRM in school, with the end in view of increasing school resilience and decreasing vulnerabilities.
References
[1] Adelman, D. (2011). Nature of Disasters. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, USA. LLC: 1-2
[2] UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2016). Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in the Pacific: An Institutional and Policy Analysis. Suva, Fiji: UNISDR, UNDP, 76pp. Copyright © UNISDR Asia and Pacific 2012
[3] Philippine Education Cluster (2013). Philippines Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) – 3 Months on Snapshot of Education Needs, Progress and Gaps.
[4] National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and UNDP. National Assessment on the State. 2013