International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Roles Of Women In Livestock Raising In Lao Pdr

Volume 6 - Issue 1, January 2023 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Saiphou Lormaisim, Josefina T. Dizon, Candle Sidthisone, Bounyore Koulavong, Thongsa Tounmanysone
Livestock, gender, production, labor-use, decision-making
In a typical Lao family, women contribute essentially to its livestock and crop production. However, there is much variety in women’s roles and over-generalization undermines policy relevance, ethnic groups, and planning. In Lao PDR, women are involved in the workforce more than men, and in both crop and livestock production, women also play more roles than men. Women in the rural areas of Lao PDR still have a harder time than men because of ethnic/traditional practices. Although the law is equal for both men and women, customary practices principally through inheritance always override official laws. The application of the customary laws is predominantly determined by the matrilineal and patrilineal practices of the different ethnic groups. Many activities in livestock raising were strictly separated by gender as men dominate activities such as management of ruminant animals and building houses for them, while women attend to all livestock but they focus on pig, goat, and poultry production. Women in livestock raising in Lao PDR need to be recognized. This paper aims to determine the women’s role in livestock production in Lao PDR and analyze the gender-related tasks in livestock raising in Xiengkhor district Houaphanh province, Lao PDR. The respondents comprising of 180 households from selected villages in Xiengkhor District, namely, Natong village and Phouk village, participated in the study
[1] Worldometers 2019. Laos Population. Retrieved 11 September, 2019 from https://www.worldometers.info/world-population /laos-population/

[2] Rex, H.C. 2013. Gender equality in Laos: first impressions can be deceptive. Retried on 12 September, 2019 from https://blogs.worldbank.org/eastasiapacific/gender-equality-in-laos-first-impressions-can-be-deceptive

[3] World Food Programme Insight. 2017. In Laos, putting women’s empowerment at the heart of our work. Equality is essential for world with zero hunger. See how the World Food Programme is stepping up its gender programming. Retried on 12 September, 2019 fromhttps://medium.com/world-food-programme-insight/in-laos-putting-womens-empowerment-at-the-heart-of-wfp-s-work-851064d2490a

[4] Narayanasamy, N. (2009). Participatory rural appraisal: Principles, methods, and application. New Delhi, India: SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd.

[5] Department of Livestock and Fisheries. 2017. Statistics of Animal Production in Lao. Annual Report, Vientiane Lao PDR. p. 8.

[6] Theonakhet, Saphakdy. 2018. Asian Development Blog Straight Talk from Development Experts. Turning women’s aspirations into reality in Lao PDR. Retried on 13 October, 2019 from https://blogs.adb.org›blog›turning-women-s-aspirations-reality-lao-pdr.

[7] Asian Development Bank. 2018. Agriculture, Nature Resources, and Rural Development Sector Assessment, Strategy, and Road map. Lao People Democratic Republic. p. 8-15.

[8] Phengsavanh, P., Ogle, B., Stur, W., Frankow-Lindberg, B. E andLindber, J.A. 2010. Feeding and performance of pigs in smaller-holder production systems in Northern Lao PDR.Tropical Animal Health Production 42(4):1627-1633.DOI10.1007/s11250-010-9612-4.

[9] Department of Planning, Investment and Finance. 2017. Social Assessment. Lao Agriculture Commercialization Project (P161473)