Roles Of Women In Livestock Raising In Lao Pdr
Volume 6 - Issue 1, January 2023 Edition
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Saiphou Lormaisim, Josefina T. Dizon, Candle Sidthisone, Bounyore Koulavong, Thongsa Tounmanysone
Livestock, gender, production, labor-use, decision-making
In a typical Lao family, women contribute essentially to its livestock and crop production. However, there is much variety in women’s roles and over-generalization undermines policy relevance, ethnic groups, and planning. In Lao PDR, women are involved in the workforce more than men, and in both crop and livestock production, women also play more roles than men. Women in the rural areas of Lao PDR still have a harder time than men because of ethnic/traditional practices. Although the law is equal for both men and women, customary practices principally through inheritance always override official laws. The application of the customary laws is predominantly determined by the matrilineal and patrilineal practices of the different ethnic groups. Many activities in livestock raising were strictly separated by gender as men dominate activities such as management of ruminant animals and building houses for them, while women attend to all livestock but they focus on pig, goat, and poultry production. Women in livestock raising in Lao PDR need to be recognized. This paper aims to determine the women’s role in livestock production in Lao PDR and analyze the gender-related tasks in livestock raising in Xiengkhor district Houaphanh province, Lao PDR. The respondents comprising of 180 households from selected villages in Xiengkhor District, namely, Natong village and Phouk village, participated in the study
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