Knowledge and Practice of Radiographers and Medical Radiology Technologist toward Radiation Protection a case of East Harerge zone, Dire Dawa city, and Hareri Region Hospitals,Ethiopia
Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Emran Tesfaye G/Medhin
Ionizing radiation; Knowledge; Medical imaging Practice; Radiography; Radiographrs; Radiation Protection.
Background: Occupational radiation protection is a necessity whenever radiation is used in the practice of medicine. Occupational radiation protection measures are necessary for all personnel who work in the diagnostic imaging departments. Ensure compliance with regulatory or generally accepted dose limits. So the level of awareness concerning radiation protection influences the behavior and practice of radiographers toward radiation protection. If they do have not enough awareness related to the mentioned issue, their action will not be safe and result in adverse effects. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and Practice of Radiographers and Medical Radiology Technologist toward radiation protection in the case of hospitals located in the Eastern Harerege zone, Hareri Region, and Dire Dawa city. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted and a Convenient sampling method was used to collect data from the study site 75 radiographers were interviewed were on job during the data collection period. Result: The result of this study showed that 58.66 % of radiographers had good knowledge of radiation protection. 38.66%of them score well on radiation protection practice. The majority of them know the health effect of ionization radiation which are 97.3%. Only 16% of radiographers have a personal dosimeter and 13.3% are wear it regularly. 9.3% are getting refreshment courses toward radiation protection. 62.7% of them admitted the presence of personal protective equipment (lead apron, Gonad shields, etc.) in their facility. Conclusion: current level of radiation protection practice of Radiographer and Medical Radiology Technicians were inadequate. Specific actions such as regular training must be considered to assure their safety and patient safety during the radiological examination. There are inadequate radiation protection devices and monitoring in most of the hospitals in this study area. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.
. Abdellah, R.F.Attia, S.A., Fouad, A.M. and Abdel-Halim A.W. (2015). Assessment of Physicians’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Radiation Safety at Suez Canal University Hospital, Egypt Open Journal ofRadiology250-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojrad.2015.54034.
. Abdul Saeed Shah, Naseem Begum, Shahida Nasreen and Ayub Khan. (2007). Assessment of Radiation Protection Awareness Levels in Medical Radiation Science Technologist, Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (IRNUM), Campus Peshawar M– Pakistan, JPMI, PP169-72.
. Ahmed RM, Elamin AM, Elsamani M, Hassan WB. (2015). Knowledge and performance of radiographers towards radiation protection, Taif, Saudi Arabia.IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS). 2015; 14(3):63-8.
. Bury B. (2004).X ray dose training are we exposed to enough. ClinRadiol; 59:926.
. Engel-Hills, P. 2006. Radiation protection in medical imaging. Elsievier Ltd .Australia. 32.
. Bhat CR, Widmark A, Shrestha SL, Khanal T, Ween. (2012).OccupatonalRadiaton Exposure in Health Care Facilites. Kathmandu Univ Med J; 39(3):48—51.
. Briggs-Kamara MA, Okoye PC, Omubo-Pepple VB. (2013). Radiation safety awareness among patients and radiographers in three hospitals in Port Harcourt.Am J SciInd Res 4:83–88 Google Scholar.
. Dagmawit Shimelis, MesfinTsige, AsfawAtnafu. (2011).Status of radiological services in Addis Ababa public hospitals. Ethiop Med J.; 49: 377.
. Dellie.ST, Admassie D, Ewnetu Y. (2014). An assessment of final-year medical students and intern’s awareness of radiation exposure to common diagnos-tic imaging procedures. Advances in Radiology.
. Daphne J., Paul Cardew, Hellen Warren. (2011). Determining the Pregnancy Status of Patients Before Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine Procedures: The Australian Experience Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology 39, no. 3 (2011): 220-225
. Donya, M., Radford, M., ElGuindy, A., Firmin, D., &Yacoub, M. \H. (2014). Radiation in medicine: Origins, risks and aspirations. Global Cardiology Science & Practice, 2014(4), 437–448. http://doi.org/10.5339/gcsp.2014.5).
. Dewey, P. George, S. & Gray, A. 2005. Ionising radiation and orthopaedics. Elsievier Ltd Australia
. Doolan, A. Brenman, P.C. Rainford, L.A. & Healy, J. 2004. Gonad protection for the antero-posterior projection of the pelvis. Elsievier Ireland.
. Elamin, M.T. (2015). Radiation Safety Awareness and Practice in Sudanese Medical Facilities.
. Linnet.S., Kim, K. P., Miller, D. L., Kleinerman, R. A., Simon, S., & de Gonzalez, A. B. (2010).Historical Review of Cancer Risks in Medical Radiation Workers. Radiation Research, 174(6), 793–808. http://doi.org/10.1667/RR2014.1.
. Khadoura, K., Abu Zer, S., Yassin, S., & Al Agha, M. (2016). Radiation Protection Measures in Radio-Diagnostic Centers in Gaza Hospitals, Palestine. Asian Review of Environmental and EarthSciences, 3(1), 10-17.Retrievedfromhttp://www.asianonlinejournals.com/index.php/AREES/article/view/659
. Kjawosani, Mto Ibrahim, SaiduSmmaji, M danfulani, Euyunusa, Dbikhuenbor, Taige. (2016).A Journal of clinical and Diagnostic Research. Vol-10(8): LC07-LC12l.
. M. C Okeji, A. M. Anakwue, and K. Agwuna, (2010). Radiation exposure from diagnostic radiography: an assessment of X-ray beam collimation practice in some Nigerian Hospitals," Internet Journal of Medical Update-EJOURNAL, vol. 5.