SJIF(2020): 5.702

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Knowledge and Practice of Radiographers and Medical Radiology Technologist toward Radiation Protection a case of East Harerge zone, Dire Dawa city, and Hareri Region Hospitals,Ethiopia

Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition
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Emran Tesfaye G/Medhin
Ionizing radiation; Knowledge; Medical imaging Practice; Radiography; Radiographrs; Radiation Protection.
Background: Occupational radiation protection is a necessity whenever radiation is used in the practice of medicine. Occupational radiation protection measures are necessary for all personnel who work in the diagnostic imaging departments. Ensure compliance with regulatory or generally accepted dose limits. So the level of awareness concerning radiation protection influences the behavior and practice of radiographers toward radiation protection. If they do have not enough awareness related to the mentioned issue, their action will not be safe and result in adverse effects. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and Practice of Radiographers and Medical Radiology Technologist toward radiation protection in the case of hospitals located in the Eastern Harerege zone, Hareri Region, and Dire Dawa city. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted and a Convenient sampling method was used to collect data from the study site 75 radiographers were interviewed were on job during the data collection period. Result: The result of this study showed that 58.66 % of radiographers had good knowledge of radiation protection. 38.66%of them score well on radiation protection practice. The majority of them know the health effect of ionization radiation which are 97.3%. Only 16% of radiographers have a personal dosimeter and 13.3% are wear it regularly. 9.3% are getting refreshment courses toward radiation protection. 62.7% of them admitted the presence of personal protective equipment (lead apron, Gonad shields, etc.) in their facility. Conclusion: current level of radiation protection practice of Radiographer and Medical Radiology Technicians were inadequate. Specific actions such as regular training must be considered to assure their safety and patient safety during the radiological examination. There are inadequate radiation protection devices and monitoring in most of the hospitals in this study area. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.
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