International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

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The Evidence-Based Anticipatory Actions And Lessons For The Future In Nepal.

Volume 6 - Issue 3, March 2023 Edition
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Rudra Narayan Adhikari
Anticipatory action, Disaster risk reduction, Forecast- based- financing, Humanitarian actions, Threshold, Triggers.
Frequent and intense extreme weather events cause significant damage and losses to people every year in Nepal. Unmanaged cities, climate-induced risks, environmental degradation, and haphazard urbanization are the key factors that intensify disaster risks and threats to the people's lives and livelihoods who are living in high-risk areas. Anticipating the resilience of people, it is important to identify and reduce those risks and threats. Similarly, it is obliged to be well prepared through implementing preparedness measures and anticipatory actions based on the weather forecast and scientific triggers with appropriate strategies that can help to mitigate the impact of disasters. Climate shocks are being increasingly severe damage and increasing humanitarian needs. Present practices in Nepal show that except for a few cases, humanitarian action has been mostly responsive rather than preventive, arriving after a crisis has materialized. With recent advances in forecasting, humanitarian and development organizations have been able to anticipate and respond ahead of crises. This paper discusses and reviews the principles, and evidence on anticipatory action taken emerging from forecast-based financing-shock responsive social protection (FbA-SRSP), early warning early actions, and capacity building initiatives by Nepal Red Cross Society, UN OCHA, and WFP to the date in Nepal. Based on the evidence and learnings, explores the recommendations and lessons for the future to promote anticipatory action on the way to reduce losses on the lives and livelihoods of people in Nepal.
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