The Relationship Between Student Motivation Level And Achievement In Physical Education
Volume 6 - Issue 5, May 2023 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Hasmiati Baharuddin, Wan Ahmad Munsif Wan Pa
Students, Motivation, Physical Eeducation, Academic Achievement
This study aims to identify the relationship between motivation and the achievement of Physical Education subjects based in secondary schools in the Tawau district. This quantitative study uses the survey method to answer the research objectives. A total of 250 2nd-grade students were identified as respondents to answer the questionnaire. This study uses a questionnaire instrument adapted from "The Sports Motivation Scale (SMS-28) to measure the level of student motivation. In contrast, the achievement of Physical Education subjects is measured by using the achievement grade that the Malaysian Ministry of Education has set. The student's motivation relationship result shows the mean motivation level = 4.21, SP = 0.880. In contrast, the subject achievement is obtained through data collection from the mid-semester summative assessment of 2022, which is mean = 60.00, SP = 14.064. The results of the study found that there was no significant relationship between the level of motivation and the achievement of Physical Education subjects (r = 0.050, p > 0.05). Therefore, the school needs to play an important role in influencing student involvement and motivation in physical education subjects .
. Abutabenjeh, S., & Jaradat, R. (2018). Clarification of research design, research methods, and research methodology: A guide for public administration researchers and practitioners. Teaching Public Administration, 36(3), 237-258.
. Acain, B., Ortiz-Ocariza, A. G., Cabales, V. I., Matutinao, R. G., Rubin, J. L., Ancheta Jr, R. A., & Etcuban, J. O. (2022). Barriers of Distance Learning in Physical Education of Learners with Hearing Impairment. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(2), 1759-1768.
. Adigun, O. B., Fiegener, A. M., & Adams, C. M. (2022). Testing the relationship between a need thwarting classroom environment and student disengagement European Journal of Psychology of Education, 1-15. doi:10.1007/s10212-022-00622-z
. Baek, D., Choi, Y., & Lee, H. (2019). Universal welfare may be costly: Evidence from school meal programs and student fitness in South Korea. Sustainability, 11(1290), 1-18.
. Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum. (2015). PendidikanJasmani dan Pendidikan Kesihatan Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran. Putrajaya: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
. Bakar, R. (2018). The influence of professional teachers on Padang vocational school students' achievement. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 39(1), 67-72.
. Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum. (2016). Pendidikan Jasmani dan Pendidikan Kesihatan Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran Tingkatan 2. Putrajaya: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
. Ballafkih, A. H., & Middelkoop, D. V. (2019). Beliefs about Student Achievement Held by Teachers at Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences. International Journal of Higher Education, 8(5), 45-55. Materials Science and Engineering (pp. 1-7). IOP Publishing
. Bichi, S. M. (2017). Factors Hindering Girl And Women Participating In Physical Education And Sporting Activities. Journal of Research in Health and Sports Sciences, 16(1), 37-50
. Bardach, L., Oczlon, S., Pietschnig, J., & Lüftenegger, M. (2020). Has achievement goal theory been right? A meta-analysis of the relation between goal structures and personal achievement goals. Journal of Educational Psychology, 112(6), 1-81.
. Chhang, M. T., & Forhad, M. Z. (2020). A Comparative Study of Students’ Perceptions Toward Physical Education Course and Their Actual Behaviors Toward Physical Activities in Grades 10 and 11 in a Public High School at Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Scholar: Human Sciences, 12(2), 111-126.
. Chen, R., Wang, L., Wang, B., & Zhou, Y. (2020). Motivational climate, need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and physical activity of students in secondary school physical education in China.
. Demirda?, S. (2021). Communication skills and time management as the predictors of student motivation. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 8(1), 38-50
. Dinçer, B. (2021). The predictors of senior pre-service teachers’ teacher self-efficacy: achievement goal orientations, and communication skills: The predictors of senior pre-service teachers’ teacher self-efficacy. International Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, 13(3), 3273-3294.
. Er, O. Y., & Zainuddin, Z. A. (2021). Current Issue in National Evaluation Standard of Physical Education in Malaysia and The Way Forward. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, 3(3), 23-30.
. Fan, W., & Williams, C. (2018). The mediating role of student motivation in the linking of perceived school climate and achievement in reading and mathematics. Frontiers in Education, 3(50), 1-12.
. Farghaly, A. (2018). Comparing and Contrasting Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches in Education: The Peculiar Situation of Medical Education. Education in Medicine Journal, 3-11. doi:10.21315/eimj2018.10.1.2
. Gani, A., Imtiaz, N., Rathakrishnan, M., & Krishnasamy, H. N. (2020). A pilot test for establishing validity and reliability of qualitative interview in the blended learning English proficiency course. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(5), 140-143
. Gauthier, A. J., Guertin, C., & Pelletier, L. G. (2022). Motivated to eat green or your greens? Comparing the role of motivation towards the environment and for eating regulation on ecological eating behaviours–A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Food Quality and Preference, 99, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2022.104570
. Hashim, J. M., Ambon, S. A., Nor, M. F., Embi, M. Z., Jamil, M. H., Mohamad, A., & Yahya, R. (2021). Readiness of prospective physical education teachers to mastering subject content in new normative situations towards the improvement of teaching professionalism. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 8(4), 87-91.
. Hernando-Garijo, A., Hortigüela-Alcalá, D., Sánchez-Miguel, P. A., & González-Víllora, S. (2021). Fundamental pedagogical aspects for the implementation of models-based practice in physical education. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7152), 1-12
. Ho, W. K., Ahmed, M. D., Khoo, S., Tan, C. H., Dehkordi, M. R., Gallardo, M., & Shu, C. (2019). Towards developing and validating Quality Physical Education in schools—The Asian physical education professionals’ voice. Plos one, 14(8), 1-19.
. Iliyasu, R., & Etikan, I. (2021). Comparison of quota sampling and stratified random sampling. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal, 10(1), 24-27.
. Indartonoa, S., Jaidib, N., Darmawatic, A., Endarwatid, L., & Balakrishnane, B. (2020). The Antecedents and Outcomes of Higher Education Student Ethics. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 11(9), 486-507
. Jaakkola, T., Barkoukis, V., Huhtiniemi, M., Salin, K., Seppälä, S., Lahti, J., & Watt, A. (2019). Enjoyment and anxiety in Finnish physical education: achievement goals and self-determination perspectives. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(3), 1619 - 1629.
. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2019, Februari 19). Senarai sekolah. Retrieved from Portal Rasmi Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia: https://www.moe.gov.my/en/muat-turun/laporan-dan-statistik/senarai-sekolah
. Kolovelonis, A., & Goudas, M. (2018). The relation of physical self-perceptions of competence, goal orientation, and optimism with students' performance calibration in physical education. Learning and Individual Differences, 61, 77-86. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2017.11.013
. Leisterer, S., & Gramlich, L. (2021). Having a Positive Relationship to Physical Activity: Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Age as Predictors for Students’ Enjoyment in Physical Education. Sports, 9(90), 1-9
. Liu, Z., & Li, H. (2020). Research on Physical Education of Individualized Development of Chinese Students. 2020 4th International Conference on Economics, Management Engineering and Education Technology (ICEMEET 2020) (pp. 660-664). Francis Academic Press
. Mata, C., Onofre, M., Costa, J., Ramos, M., Marques, A., & Martins, J. (2021). Motivation and perceived motivational climate by adolescents in face-to-face physical education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainability, 13(23), 1-13.
. Melki, H., & Bouzid, M. S. (2021). What Physical Education Trainees Think about Teaching Profession and Mentoring during a TVET Practical Traineeship? Journal of Technical Education and Training, 13(2), 34-43.
. Muttaqin, T., Wittek, R., Heyse, L., & Duijn, M. V. (2020). The achievement gap in Indonesia? Organizational and ideological differences between private Islamic schools. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 31(2), 212-242.
. Ndlovu, N. (2018). School Resources and Student Achievement: A Study of Primary Schools in Zimbabwe. Educational Research and Reviews, 13(7), 236-248.
. Omar, R. A., Mohamed, H. M., Garf, F. S., Mahmoud, T. M., Mohammed, E., & Salem, M. A. (2021). Correlation between Weight and Body Image among Secondary School Students. Egyptian Journal of Health Care, 12(2), 584-593.
. Stephani, M. R., Nur, L., Hambali, B., Suherman, A., & Subarjah, H. (2019). Comparative Analysis of Student Learning Motivation and Motion Intensity in Tactical and Technical Learning Models in Invation Games. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 4(2), 225-230.
. Stringam, C. D. (2022). The Effects of Relatedness Support on Motivational Profiles in Rural vs. Urban Physical Education Students. (Master's Thesis, Brigham Young University), 1-67.
. Trigueros, R., Aguilar-Parra, J. M., Lopez-Liria, R., Cangas, A. J., González, J. J., & Álvarez, J. F. (2020). The role of perception of support in the classroom on the students’ motivation and emotions: the impact on metacognition strategies and academic performance in math and english classes. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(2794), 1-10. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02794
. Ullah, A., & Rafiq, M. (2021). Education and learning about research methodology: Views of LIS authors in Pakistan. Information Development, 1-16. doi:10.1177/02666669211022022
. Vasileiadou, D., & Karadimitriou, K. (2021). Examining the impact of self-assessment with the use of rubrics on primary school students’ performance. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 2, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.ijedro.2021.100031
. Wagiman, M. B. (2019). Relationships Of Emotional Literacy, Social Competence With Intellectual And Physical Students Achievement. 8th UPI-UPSI International Conference 2018 (UPI-UPSI 2018) (pp. 133-137). Atlantis Press.
. Yee, L. W., Latif, B. Z., & Kwong, L. P. (2021). Development in Ball Kicking Skill with Problem–Based Learning in Year 4 Physical Education. Journal of Social Sciences and Technical Education (JoSSTEd), 2(1), 65-75.
. Yu, J., & Jee, Y. (2020). Analysis of online classes in physical education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 11(3), 1-14. doi:10.3390/educsci11010003
. Zhang, J., Liu, Y., & Zhang, L. (2022). Research on Teaching Materials of National Traditional Sports in School Physical Education. Structure, 5(4), 1-4.
. Zhang, P., Zhang, T., & Lee, J. (2020). The Role of Psychosocial Factors in Predicting Students' Achievement Outcomes in Physical Education. JTRM in Kinesiology an Online Peer-reviewed Research and Practice Journal, 7-14.