Reviewing Irrigation Water Scarcity And Sufficiency With A Case Study Of Jhikhukhola Watershed, Nepal
Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2022 Edition
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Raghu Nath Prajapati, Manal Mohsen Abood, Bhesh Raj Thapa
Water scarcity in irrigation, Water sufficiency in irrigation, Jhikukhola river, Panchkhal valley
Water scarcity is rapidly growing issue especially in water scarcity country. Projected population is a considerable factor in water scarcity because crop production is more in irrigated agriculture than rain-fed agriculture but only about 20 % agricultural land is facilitated by irrigation in the world. Rice is a main food grain in more than half the population in the world including in Nepal. Thus, rice production is an important crop as a food and economic growth of the country. The irrigation water is declined continuously every year due to rapidly increase in population growth, urbanization, depleting groundwater, high water demanding crop and inefficient irrigation for rice based farming which make a problem in self-sufficiency in food. â€œJhikhukholaâ€ is only one river in Panchkhal valley in Nepal is important river because of Jhikhukhola watershed (panchkhal valley) is economically very active in terms of agriculture, as most of the land in the watershed is covered by crop production. But nowadays, it is badly facing water scarcity in irrigation; so, different types of options of the technology to improve the water sufficiency in the Jhikhukhola watershed have been studied.
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