International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

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Matrix For Development And Validation Of Proposed Instrument On Leadership

Volume 6 - Issue 7, July 2023 Edition
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Jovita G. Rivera
content validity index, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory analysis, educational leadership, leadership attributes.
Valid measures on leadership attributes of leaders are necessary tools for assessing the innate characteristics of leaders regardless of their cross-cultural biases and prejudices which results could be sound bases for the creation of relevant leadership skills enhancement programs. Premised on such awareness, this study systematically endeavored to develop a proposed educational leadership attribute scale (ELAS). A pool of 60 items was generated for the first draft of the proposed ELAS composed of three dimensions: leadership potential, leadership behavior and leadership traits. Four experts in the field of educational management were invited to validate the content; a content validity index of 0.98 was statistically established. A total of 301 school heads consented to be the respondents in which two were from a state university, four from private higher education institutions, and 295 from public primary and secondary schools. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) rationalized the outcome of the proposed instrument. The strength and direction of a factor on measured variables eventually ensued to modify the previous layout of the variables into the following: leadership potential with five sub-dimensions resulted in the formulation of two factors (Factor 1 and 2); leadership behavior with two sub-dimensions resulted in the formation of only one factor (Factor 1), and leadership traits with no sub-dimension resulted in the creation of two factors (Factor 1 and 2). The EFA trimmed down the 60 items into 31 that represented all the variables being studied and uncovered the underlying relationship between the measured variables.
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