International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

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Impact Of Dietary Diversity And Its Associated Factors Among Adolescent Girls In Bangladesh

Volume 6 - Issue 7, July 2023 Edition
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Evana Yasmin, Muhammad Salim, Naima Siddika Rn, Kabir Hossen
Adolescent, Dietary Diversity, Public Health, Bangladesh.
Background: Dietary diversity is crucial for the optimal growth and development of adolescent girls, as nutrition plays a pivotal role in their overall health. Some of the socio demographic factors significantly impact the adolescent dietary habits. Moreover, malnutrition leads to issues such as underweight, irregular menstruation, depression, and irritability, which can have long-term consequences. Implementing school-based education, mass media nutritional programs, and community-based public health interventions can raise awareness and encourage positive dietary changes. The government of Bangladesh should ensure uninterrupted electricity supply and accessible drinking water sources for all households. Objective: This study aimed to examine the Impact of dietary diversity and its associated factors among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Methodology: This study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional analysis focused on adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Data collection was conducted through self-reported questionnaires administered online, and the subsequent analysis was performed using the SPSS software. Findings: The study highlights a significant relationship between the dietary habits of adolescents and their father's occupation. Findings indicate that near half of the adolescent girls with fathers in uncategorized occupations consume fewer food categories. Additionally, half the of girls without a TV at home consume less than five food categories. Furthermore, more than half of the adolescents living in houses with mud floors show a lower intake of diverse foods. Notably, irregular menstruation (17.3%) and symptoms of depression (11.8%) and irritability (23.7%) were reported among those due to malnutrition. Conclusion: The study findings reveal that various socio demographic factors, such as the father's occupation, access to electricity, financial status related to flooring, drinking water sources, and ownership of domestic animals, significantly affect the dietary habits of adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Furthermore, the study highlights the concerning impact of malnutrition on these girls, leading to underweight conditions, irregular menstruation, and feelings of depression and irritability. These findings emphasize the potential long-term consequences on their overall well-being.
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