SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Comparism Of Growth Performance Of Local, Hybrid And Exotic Chickens On Different Management Systems At Njala University Sierra Leone West Africa

Volume 5 - Issue 8, August 2022 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Sanpha Kallon, Abdul Rahman Sesay, Saidu Kanu, Foday .Y. Koroma
Exotic breed, FCR, Hybrid, Local breed
This research was conducted using local breed of chickens, exotic breed (Bovan gold line) and hybrid. These breeds reared under traditional and modern husbandry systems. The research focused on attributes such as mortality, weight gain and feed conversion efficiency. The result of the experiment revealed that in the first week of free range management, the hybrid cross out-performed (930.10g) the exotic breed (900.10g) in weight gain. However, on the 20th day under the caged management system, the Exotic out-performed the Hybrid cross with weight gains of 2190g (Exotic) and 1955g (Hybrid), and under the deep Litter system of management with weight gains of 2155g (Exotic) and 1950g (Hybrid), respectively. During the first week of management under the caged management system the FCR of the local breed (1.93) was better than that of Exotic breed (2.0) and the hybrid cross (2.29). However, at the end of the third week, the FCR of the Exotic (4.8) was far better than the Local breed (6.83) and the hybrid Cross (5.24). Under the deep Litter system of management, the FCR of the Exotic Breed (4.87) at the end of the experiment was better than that of Hybrid cross (5.39) and Local breed (6.89). The higher the FCR the poorer the performance of the birds. The mortality for the Exotic breed under the free range management system was 48% compared with 16% for Local breeds except in the deep litter management where a similar (4%) mortality rate was experienced for each breed. It was therefore concluded that a hybrid F1 (Local x Bovan Gold line) was developed with promising performance characteristics with respect to improve weight gain as demonstrated by improved FCR and mortality especially under the caged and deep litter systems of management.
[1]. Pierre Boudry François Allal Muhammad, L.Aslam LucaBargelloni TimP.Bean SophieBrard-Fudulea Marine S.O. Brieuc Federico, C.F.Calboli, JohnGilbey ,,JeanBaptisteLamy ,RomainMorvezen,CatherinePurcell Paul Geoffrey C.Waldbieser Anna K.SonessonRoss D.Houston, (2021).Current status and potential of genomic selection to improve selective breeding in the main aquaculture species of International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) member countries. ScienceDirect. Vol20 (2021)100700

[2]. Sammy K. Kiplagat, Moses K. Limo and Isaac S. Kosgey, (2012). Genetic Improvement of Livestock for Milk Production. Submitted: March 2nd, 2011 Published: September 26th, 2012.DOI: 10.5772/50761

[3]. Dorota Cygan-Szczegielniak andJoanna Bogucka.(2021).Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Organically Reared Broiler Chickens Depending on Sex. Animals 2021, 11(11), 3274; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11113274

[4]. Kayitesi Aline, (2012). Management Systems and Location Effects on Growth and Carcass Traits of Kuroiler and Local Chickens. Makerrere University. UgandaURI.http://hdl.handle.net/10570/6448

[5]. Abdulai Mahmood Conteh , Abdul Rahman Sesay (2019). Current Status of Indigenous Chicken Production in Moyamba District, Sierra Leone. International Journal of Research Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology (IJRSMB) Volume 5, Issue 3, 2019, PP 7-16 ISSN No. (Online) 2454-9428 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2454-9428.0503003

[6]. El Hadji Fallou Guèye, (2000). Women and Family Poultry Production in Rural Africa. Development in Practice Vol. 10, No. 1 (Feb., 2000), pp. 98-102 (5 pages) .Published By: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4029778

[7]. Bounds M.I; Zinyemba O, (2018). Poultry farming: Lessening poverty in rural areas South African Journal of Agricultural Extension. On-line version ISSN 2413-3221.Print version ISSN 0301-603X

[8]. FranciscaDi Pillo GustavoAnríquez PabloAlarcón PedroJimenez-BluhmePabloGaldames VanesaNietoaStaceySchultz-CherrygChristopherHamilton (2019)-West. Backyard poultry production in Chile: animal health management and contribution to food access in an upper middle-income country. Preventive Medicine. ELSEVIER. Volume, 1 March 2019, Pages 41-48

[9]. H.B. Gharib , Y.A. Abdel-Aziz , M.A. El-Menawey and R.E. Hamouda(2012) .Characterization of Family Poultry Production System in the Rural Sector of Al-Sharkia Governorate, Egypt.Egyptian J. Anim. Prod. (2012) 49(2):195-205

[10]. C C Kyarisiima, F A Naggujja, H Magala, H Kwizera, D R Kugonza and J Bonabana-Wabbi ,( 2011).Perceived tastes and preferences of chicken meat in Uganda. Livestock Research for Development, 2011. 2311

[11]. Farina Malik Khattak, Thomas Acamovic, Nicholas Sparks, Talat Naseer Pasha, Mussarat Hussain Joiya, Zafar Hayat2and Zulifqar Ali,( 2012). Comparative Efficacy of Different Supplements Used to Reduce Heat Stress in Broilers Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 44(1), pp. 31-41, 2012

[12]. Claude E. Boyd, (2021). A low feed conversion ratio is the primary indicator of efficient aquaculture. Global Sea food Alliance. Responsible Sea Food Advocate

[13]. El Sadig Hasssn El Hussein Dikeir Kojoor Hussein1Ibrahim AdamIsmail Younes1,, Mohamed Alhadi Ebrahiem1 and Jumaa Barram Jadalla (2020). Comparative Performance of Commercial Layerson Deep-Litter Floor and Battery Cages System .Journal of Animal Science Volume 1| Issue 5