Motivation Factors For Young Basketballers In Aso Modele And Elan Sportif Clubs
Volume 5 - Issue 11, November 2022 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Adolphe AHONNON, David C. AKOUETE, Jules Marie GANDAGBE, Aaron AVOCETIEN, Alassane Boukary BIGA
motivation, practice, basketball, youth, club
The objective of this research is to study the factors that motivate young basketball players from Aso Modèle and Elan sportif. For this purpose, a mixed survey was conducted among 31 subjects, including 27 young basketball players and 4 coaches, to study the factors that motivate young people to play basketball in both clubs and to analyze the motivation of young people in both clubs; to this end, the theory of self-determination of Déci and Ryan (2002) was used. Thus, we were able to show that the age of the respondents is between 14 and 20 years old (18.00 ± 1.76); results have been obtained that reveal that Aso Modèle players are more intrinsically motivated to achieve while Elan players are more interested in maintaining good relationships with friends (extrinsic motivation with external regulation); and that the motivation of young basketball players varies from one club to another. It was suggested that coaches should take into account the motivation of young people in order to find ways and methods to increase it; in this way, these young people will not only produce better performance but will also be loyal to the club.
. Archambault, A. and Venet, M. (2007). The development of the imagination according to Piaget and Vygotsky: from a spontaneous act to a conscious activity, Revue des sciences de l’education, Volume 33, Number 1, 2007, p. 5–24
. Barkoukis, V., Lazuras, L., Tsorbatzoudis, H., & Rodafinos, A. (2011). Motivational and sportspersonship profiles of elite athletes in relation to doping behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(3), 205–212. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.10.003
. Biddle, J.H., & Mutrie, N. (2001). Psychology of physical activity: Determinants, well-being and interventions. London: Routledge.
. Boiche, J., and Gernigon, C. (2012). Motivation in a sports context: Commitment, persistence and performance. In G. Décamps (Ed.), Psychology of sport and performance (pp. 153–166). Brussels, Belgium: De Boeck
. Bouzelata, R. (2013). Study of the conditions favoring the motivation for the practice of volleyball in physical education classes in secondary school. [Thesis presented as a partial requirement of the master's degree in kinanthropology at the University of Quebec in Montreal]
. Brière, N.M., Vallerand, R.J., Blais, M.R., & Pelletier, L.G. (1995). Development and validation of a measure of intrinsic, extrinsic and amotivation in a sports context: The Sports Motivation Scale (EMS). International Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, 465-489.
. Chalabaev A. and Sarrazin, P.G. (2009). Relationship between gender stereotypes associated with sports practices and the self-determined motivation of students in physical education and sports. Science and Motricity. 66:61-70. DOI:10.3917/sm.066.0061
. Choquet, M. Bourdessol, H., and Arvers, P. (2001). Young people and sports practice. Sports activity in adolescence. Associated disorders and behaviors. 94p
. Dakpo, C.P. (2003). Political and sports dynamics in Benin: the associative sports movement or the issues of power (1960-2001).
. Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2012). Self-determination theory. In P.A.M. Van Lange, A.W. Kruglanski, & E.T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of theories of social psychology (pp. 416–436). Sage Publications Ltd. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446249215.n21
. Deci, E.L., and R.M. Ryan. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological inquiry, Vol. 11, No. 4, p. 227-268.
. Gillet, N., and Vallerand, R.J. (2014). The effects of motivation on sports performance with regard to the theory of self-determination: towards an intra-individual approach. Psychol. fr.p.1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psfr.2014.01.001
. Kanfer, R. (2012). Work motivation: Theory, practice, and future directions. In S.W.J. Kozlowski (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology, Vol. 1, p. 455–495). Oxford University Press.
. Kavussanu, M. Willoughby, A. and Ring, C. (2012). Moral identity and emotion in athletes. J. Sport Exercise Psychol. 34(6):695-714. doi: 10.1123/jsep.34.6.695.
. Mack, C.A. (2011). Fifty Years of Moore's Law, in IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 202-207, doi: 10.1109/TSM.2010.2096437.
. Mageau, G.A., & Vallerand, R.J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 883-904.
. Mahoney, J. (2000). Path dependence in historical sociology. Theory and Society 29, 507–548. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007113830879
. Mahoney, J.L., Larson, R.W., Eccles, J.S., & Lord, H. (2005). Organized activities as development contexts for children and adolescents. In J. L. Mahoney, R. W. Larson, & J. S. Eccles (Eds.), Organized activities as contexts of development: extracurricular activities, after-school and community programs (pp. 3-22). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
. Reinboth, M., & Duda, J.L. (2006). Perceived Motivational Climate, Need Satisfaction and Indices of Well-Being in Team Sports: A Longitudinal Perspective. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 7, 269-286.
. Vallerand, R.J. (2007). A hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for sport and physical activity. In M. S. Hagger, and N. L. D. Chatzisarantis (Eds.), Self-determination theory in exercise and sport (pp. 255–279).
. Vallerand, R.J. and Thill, E.E. (1993). Introduction to the psychology of motivation. Laval: Editions Etudes Vivantes.
. Vallerand, R.J., & Grouzet, F.E. (2001). For a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sports practices and physical activity. In F. Cury & P. Sarrazin (Eds.), Theories of motivation and sports practice. State of research (pp. 57-95). Paris: PUF.
. Viau, R. (1995). Motivation in the school context. French journal of pedagogy. 113, p. 154-155
. Wentzel, K.R., & Wigfield, A. (2009). Introduction. In K. R. Wentzel, & A. Wigfield (Eds.), Handbook of Motivation in School (pp. 1-8). New York: Routledge.