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Evaluation Of Proximate Chemical Components, Nutritional Value, Antinutritional And Antioxidant Properties In Yellow Mustard Seeds.

Volume 2 - Issue 3, March 2018 Edition
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Proximate Chemical components, Antinutrient, Antioxidants Properties, Aminoacid Profle, Mustard Seeds.
The yellow mustard seeds was analysed for the Proximate composition, Mineral content, Antinutrient composition, Antioxidant properties and the Amino acid profile. The result obtained showed that yellow mustard seeds had a high content of fat (51.60%), followed by protein (23.11%) and fiber (9.34%) and low contents of total carbohydrates (8.23%). It is also a rich source of Potassium (K), Magnessium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Sodium (Na) and Iron (Fe). Also, the antinutritional composition of yellow mustard seed shows that phytates, phytic acid, oxalates, tannins and phenols were 42.74mg/g, 12.04mg/g, 5.79mg/g 1.38mg/g, 14.44mg/g respectively and its antioxidant properties, phenol, flavonoid, and FRAP in this particular seed were 3.97mg/g, 0.54mg/g and 46.96mg/g respectively and the result on chelating Fe2+, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) and total antioxidant (T.A) were 42.17%, 63.13% and 25.06% respectively. Furthermore, both essential and non essential amino acids were found in yellow mustard seeds in high amounts, which contained a higher contents of Glutamate, Proline and Aspartate. In addition the yellow mustard seeds under investigation contained considerable amount of aromatic amino acids (Phenylalanine and Tyrosine), sulphur containing amino acids (Methionine and cystine), Leucine, Valine, and Lysine. The result showed that Mustard seeds powders had high nutritional value due to its high dietary fiber, antioxidant properties, mineral content, protein and amino acids. Its also possesses high antinutritional components such as phytates, phytic acid and tannins.
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