Growth And Electrolytes Responses Of Grower Pigs Fed Crude Oil-Contaminated Diets
Volume 4 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Ntinya C. Johnson, Joy A. Okejim, Annie O. Amakiri
Growth parameters, Electrolytes, Crude Oil-Contaminations and Pig.
This study was conducted to examine the effects of the ingestion of graded levels of crude oil-contaminated feeds on the growth performance and electrolytes parameters in the growing pig. 24 landrace growing pigs weighing on average 8 Â± 1.1 (mean Â± SD) kg of body weight (BW) were randomly assigned to six dietary treatment groups of 4 pigs per treatment. Dietary groups were: 0g, 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g and 10g of crude oil/kg of diet. Animals were fed at 5% of their BW. The experiment lasted for four weeks. At the end of study all pigs were weighed to obtain their final BW. Average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily gain (ADG) and feed efficiency (FE) were evaluated. Blood samples were also collected from all animals in the treatment groups into tubes and snap frozen for electrolytes analyses: sodium (Na+), potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl-). There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in all parameters measured. It was concluded that the levels of crude oil contaminations used in the study were below the threshold for growing pigs.
. Akporhuarho, P. O. Okpara, O. and Oridje, S. O. 2015. Performance and blood indices of finisher broilers given graded level of crude oil contaminated water. J. Bio. Agric. Healthcare, 5(16):22-93.
. Amakiri, A. O. 2006. Production and physiological responses of broiler chickens to crude petroleum flame. Ph.D. thesis. Department of Animal Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt.
. Anifowose, B. 2008. Assessing the Impact of Oil and Gas Transport on Nigeriaâ€™s Environment, U21 Postgraduate Research Conference Proceedings 1, University of Birmingham.
. AOAC, 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. Arlington, V. A.
. Berepubo, N. A. Johnson, N. C. and Sese B. T. 1994. Growth potentials and organ weights of weaner rabbits exposed to crude oil contaminated feed. Int. J. Anim. Sci. 9:73-76.
. George, O. S. and Sese, B. T. 2012. Effect of crude oil contaminated feed on performance organ weights of growing rabbits in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Advances in Food and Energy Security 2:43-49.
. Monsi, A. Kwuinji, Z. N. and Akpan, O. U. 1991. Responses of broiler chickens to dietary and water administered Nigerian (Bonny Light) crude petroleum. J. Anim. Prod. Res. 11(1):99-110.
. Ngodigha, F. M. 2009. Haematological characteristics and performance of West African Dwarf Goats fed crude oil contaminated forage. African J. Biotechnol. 8(4):82-91.
. Ngodigha, F. M. Olayinka, F. O. Oruwari, B. M. Ekweozor, I. K. and Wekhe, S. N. 1999. Toxic effects of crude oil on organ weights and blood cells of west African Dwarf Goat. Nig. Vet. J. 20(1):82-91.
. NRC, 2012. Nutritional Requirements of Swine. 11th (Ed.). National Academic Press, Washington, D. C.
. Onunkwo, D. N. Sese, B. T. George, O. S. and Ugwunene, M. C. 2013. Toxic effect of crude oil contaminated feed on performance parameters of cockerel reared under intensive system. J. Vet. Advances, 3(11):292-299.
. Onuoha, F. C. 2008. Oil Pipeline Sabotage in Nigeria: Dimensions, Actors and Implications for National Security L/C. African Security Review. 17 (3).
. Ovuru, S. S. Berepubo, N. A. and Nodu, M. B. 2004. Biochemical blood parameters in semi adult rabbits experimentally fed crude oil contaminated diets. Afr. J. Biotech. 3:343-353.
. Ovuru, S. S. and Ekweozor, I. K. E. 2004. Haematological change associated with crude oil ingestion in experimentation rabbits. Afr. J. Biotech. 3(6):346-348.