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Implications Of Feed-Borne Mycotoxins In Swine And Poultry Productions – A Review

Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition
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Author(s)
Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B
Keywords
F. graminearum, DON, Production, Poultry and Swine
Abstract
Mycotoxins are byproducts of fungi (fusaria) metabolism in crops in the field during production and in storage. There are many species of fusaria that produce mycotoxins. However, deoxynivalenol (DON) produced by Fusarium graminearum is most ubiquitous and mainly responsible for the observed toxicological impacts of mycotoxins in swine and poultry productions probably due to F. graminearum ability to produce more than one mycotoxin. Presence of DON in rations consumed by livestock, particularly swine and poultry negatively impact animal growth and performance with its attendant economic losses. Poultry have the ability to tolerate DON more than swine. This trend has resulted in diverting mycotoxins-contaminated grains for poultry feeding. However, this is still dangerous since diets formulated with mycotoxins also impact poultry production negatively, especially layers. Special precautions therefore should be taken before grain-containing mycotoxins are incorporated into poultry feeds, particularly during the so-called “fusarium years.”
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